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Table 1 T -test results comparing midwives and doctors’ responses for each survey item

From: Maternity care providers’ perceptions of women’s autonomy and the law

Item Midwives Doctors t p 95% CI η 2
M (SD) M (SD) LL UL
In collaborative practice, working with primary carers, the final decision should always rest with the woman 5.72 (1.19) 4.82 (1.65) −3.87 .001*** −1.37 -.44 .04
Collaboration involves midwives and doctors working together but the doctor is the most competent in making the final decision 2.54 (1.55) 4.95 (1.42) 11.29 .001*** 1.98 2.82 .28
For the safety of the baby, the maternity care team sometimes need to override the needs of the woman 4.27 (1.77) 4.89 (1.48) 2.71 .008 0.17 1.08 .02
Encouraging women to have more control over their childbearing compromises safety 2.14 (1.30) 3.22 (1.33) 5.61 .001*** 0.70 1.46 .08
Legally, doctors are ultimately responsible, even in collaborative models 2.69 (1.57) 5.75 (1.34) 15.04 .001*** 2.65 3.46 .04
The current maternity care system allows all to be legally accountable for their own actions in a collaborative team 4.21 (1.61) 3.13 (1.40) −4.61 .001*** −1.54 −0.62 .06
  1. Note. Bonferroni adjustment of .008. CI = confidence interval; LL = lower limit, UL = upper limit.
  2. ***p < .001.