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Table 3 Maternal sociodemographic variables and fathers’ involvement in key aspects of pregnancy, birth and childcare by parity, maternal and paternal age (years), black and minority ethnic group status and IMD (Index of Multiple Deprivation) by quintile

From: Fathers’ engagement in pregnancy and childbirth: evidence from a national survey

  Father overjoyed or pleased in reaction to pregnancy (%) Father present for 1 or more AN checks (%) Father present for labour (%) Father involved in accessing information and decision-making AN or IP (%) Father involved ‘a great deal’ in all aspects of baby care (%)
Primiparous:      
Mother’s age      
<25 76.2* 81.9 96.1 88.4 38.6
25-34 88.4 78.0 97.1 92.1 40.7
35+ 89.8 74.5 95.1 90.8 42.3
Multiparous:      
Mother’s age      
<25 78.5 64.5* 92.9 74.7 32.3
25-34 85.8 56.2 92.1 76.5 29.1
35+ 85.7 48.9 90.0 79.6 26.8
Primiparous:      
Father’s age      
<25 68.7* 82.4 94.9 87.2* 36.2
25-34 88.5 78.1 97.1 93.2 41.5
35+ 88.1 76.6 96.1 93.1 40.4
Multiparous:      
Father’s age      
<25 82.9 71.0* 95.7 77.6 32.9
25-34 85.4 56.1 91.6 81.4 30.6
35+ 85.6 51.5 90.7 80.8 26.7
Primiparous:      
IMD      
1 89.0* 78.2 97.5 93.0 38.2
2 90.6 77.9 97.6 89.7 43.0
3 83.4 78.3 96.7 92.1 43.0
4 84.3 77.0 96.9 89.3 39.6
5 85.3 79.3 93.9 90.8 38.3
Multiparous:      
IMD      
1 85.7 48.2* 94.1* 79.9 25.5
2 88.9 50.3 93.0 80.8 31.4
3 84.8 59.6 92.4 74.3 29.4
4 83.0 54.6 88.5 76.6 29.2
5 83.1 59.6 87.0 74.4 27.3
Primiparous:      
White 86.2 78.4 97.2* 91.1 42.1*
BME 88.3 75.8 92.6 92.0 31.0
Multiparous:      
White 85.6 53.5 93.1* 77.7 29.7*
BME 84.5 58.2 81.2 76.2 22.4
  1. * p < 0.01 AN Antenatal, IP Intrapartum, IMD(1-least deprived), BME Black and Minority Ethnic group.