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Table 4 Factors associated with occurrence of obstetrics fistula among cases and controls attending Coast Provincial, Kenyatta National and Nyanza Provincial hospitals in Kenya, October to December 2010

From: Factors associated with obstetric fistulae occurrence among patients attending selected hospitals in Kenya, 2010: a case control study

Variables Cases freq (%) Control freq (%) OR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Level of education Secondary + =1.00 57/70(81.4) 46/140(32.8) 8.9 4.3-19.4 9.6 3.3-27.9*
Referred to another facility(Yes/NO) 23/51(45.1) 10/118(8.5) 8.9 3.5-22.8 8.6 2.7 -27.0*
Duration of labour before deciding to seek delivery services >6hrs/<6 42/51(82.3) 48/118(51.7) 6.8 2.9-16.6 6.9 2.2 -21.3*
Time taken to reach the h/facility (>2hrs/<2hrs) 38/51(74.5) 24/118(20.3) 11.5 4.9-26.9 5.7 2.9 -11.5*
Labour duration >24hrs/<24 67/70(95.7) 21/140(15) 119 32-520 4.7 2.4-9.2*
Age at marriage >18/≤18yrs 30/57(52.6) 95/120(79.3) 0.3 0.1-0.6 0.2 0.03-1.1
Age at first child >18/≤18yrs 30/70(42.9) 117/140(83.6) 0.15 0.07-0.3 0.4 0.08-2.3
Antenatal clinic attendance(Yes/No) 52/70(74.3) 131/140(93.6) 0.2 0.08-0.5 0.13 0.006-2.4
Formal occupation (Yes/No) 2/70(2.9) 23/140(16.4) 0.2 0.02 -0.6 0.4 0.05-1.3
Antenatal visit (>1/1) 42/52(80.8) 129/131(98.5) 0.07 0.01-0.3 0.1 0.03-4.6
Primi parity 35/70(50) 36/140(25) 2.9 1.5-5.5 1.5 0.36-6.9
  1. *Significant at Multivariate analysis.