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Table 4 Occurrence of lumbopelvic pain and the respective pain scores of the intervention and control group

From: Evaluation of a birth preparation program on lumbopelvic pain, urinary incontinence, anxiety and exercise: a randomized controlled trial

Prevalence of pain BPP group N (%) Control group N (%) RR (95%CI) n
Lumbar pain     
Baseline 57 (58.8) 65 (65.0) 0.90 (0.73–1.13) 197
Intermediate evaluation 53 (59.6) 47 (63.5) 0.94 (0.74–1.20) 164
Final evaluation 54 (63.5) 48 (63.2) 1.01 (0.79–1.27) 161
Pelvic pain)     
Baseline 14 (14.4) 15 (15.0) 0.96 (0.49–1.89) 197
Intermediate evaluation 24 (27.0) 15 (20.3) 1.33 (0.75–1.34) 164
Final evaluation 24 (28.2) 21 (27.6) 1.02 (0.62–1.68) 161
Intensity of pain VAS (cm) VAS (cm) Mean difference (95% CI)  
Lumbar pain (mean±sd)     
Baseline 4.7 ± 2.7 4.5 ± 2.2 0.23 (-0.64–1.09) 122
Intermediate evaluation 5.1 ± 2.3 5.1 ± 2.5 0.08 (-0.86–1.03) 99
Final evaluation 5.1 ± 2.3 4.8 ± 2.5 0.34 (-0.61–1.28) 102
Pelvic pain (mean±sd)     
Baseline 3.8 ± 2.1 4.7 ± 2.4 -0.9 (-2.49–0.78) 29
Intermediate evaluation 4.9 ± 2.7 5.4 ± 2.3 -0.47 (-2.12–1.19) 39
Final evaluation 5.5 ± 2.9 5.9 ± 2.8 -0.38 (-2.09–1.33) 44