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Table 1 Percent Distribution of Unwanted and Wanted Births by Selected Background Characteristics under Full Sample Model and 1:3 Case Control Approach

From: Determinants of unwanted pregnancies in India using matched case-control designs

Explanatory Variables Unwanted (Full Sample) Wanted (Full Sample) Wanted (Control in Ratio 1:3)
Percentage Sample size Percentage Sample size Percentage Sample size
Region       
Central 42.95 1434 26.14 6429 26.44 2682
North 8.56 491 12.91 4734 13.76 2089
East 27.55 746 24.77 4466 23.82 1787
Northeast 3.12 813 4.17 5154 4.72 2607
West 6.73 233 14.16 3604 13.73 1611
South 11.10 470 17.85 4410 17.53 1785
Place of Residence       
Rural 77.78 2721 72.74 17285 71.24 7339
Urban 22.22 1466 27.26 11512 28.76 5222
Religion       
Hindu 74.32 2681 79.76 20607 78.34 8703
Muslim 22.10 918 15.26 4333 16.12 1869
Others 3.58 588 4.98 3857 5.53 1989
Caste       
Others 70.43 2728 70.4 19604 70.38 8493
Scheduled Caste 21.65 791 19.73 4909 19.32 2028
Scheduled Tribe 7.92 668 9.87 4284 10.3 2040
Women's Education       
Illiterate 63.73 2263 46.56 10843 50.28 4913
Literate but below Primary 7.34 378 7.04 2062 6.53 849
Primary but below Middle 11.87 597 14.9 4285 12.52 1603
Middle but below High School 8.51 434 12.21 4169 9.69 1555
High School and above 8.55 515 19.3 7438 20.98 3641
Partner’s education       
Illiterate 38.65 1417 27.94 6602 30.73 3017
Literate but below Primary 8.38 387 7.38 2047 7.42 907
Primary but below Middle 15.62 696 15.26 4237 14.37 1712
Middle but below High School 14.81 667 16.87 5142 15.04 2027
High School and above 22.55 1020 32.55 10769 32.46 4898
Wealth index       
Poorest 31.19 977 23.72 4705 25.01 2079
Poorer 25.59 903 21.10 4903 20.68 2065
Middle 20.41 931 19.20 5628 17.36 2241
Richer 14.64 811 18.58 6356 17.48 2640
Richest 8.17 565 17.41 7205 19.47 3536
Sex of last child       
Male 50.94 2122 54.71 15661 54.86 6862
Female 49.06 2065 45.29 13136 45.14 5699
Age of the respondent       
Less than 25 years 15.35 608 43.70 11023 17.74 1824
25-29 years 30.91 1281 32.81 9791 32.04 3843
30+ years 53.73 2298 23.49 7983 50.22 6894
Ever Used Contraceptive       
Never Used 31.07 1265 44.66 11930 40.13 4723
Used 68.93 2922 55.34 16867 59.87 7838
Sex Composition of Living Children       
No. of Sons Greater than Daughters 42.48 1725 38.77 11096 37.53 4670
No. of Sons Less than Daughter 38.47 1650 38.67 11256 39.53 4984
No. of Sons Equal to Daughters 19.05 812 22.56 6445 22.94 2907
Experience of Child Loss       
None 63.94 2874 80.13 23892 74.49 9951
At least one 36.06 1313 19.87 4905 25.51 2610
Previous Birth Interval       
First Birth 2.93 183 30.93 9346 19.43 2783
Less than 24 months 23.06 944 15.36 4322 14.85 1779
24 to 36 months 34.29 1361 24.35 6551 25.09 2921
More than 36 months 39.72 1699 29.36 8578 40.64 5078
Total 100 4187 100 28797 100 12561