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Table 2 Scores on QLI, GHQ-20, and CES-D for cases and controls

From: Long-term impact of intrauterine fetal death on quality of life and depression: a case–control study

  Cases Controls Pvalue
Mean (SD) 95% CI Median (IQR) Mean (SD) 95% CI Median (IQR)
QLI (0–30) n = 104    n = 259    
Health/functioning 22.3 (5.0) 21.3–23.2 22.9 (5.3) 23.5 (4.5) 22.9–24.0 24.1(6.4) .023
Socioeconomic 22.8 (3.9) 22.1–23.6 23.3 (4.8) 23.4 (4.0) 22.9–23.9 23.9 (5.4) .224
Psychological/spiritual 22.6 (4.7) 21.6–23.5 23.0 (6.2) 22.7 (4.4) 22.1–23.2 23.1(5.6) .798
Family 26.2 (4.4) 25.4–27.1 27.6 (6.0) 26.6 (4.2) 26.1–27.1 27.3(4.5) .383
Global QLI 22.9 (4.0) 22.2–23.7 23.5 (4.6) 23.7 (3.9) 23.2–24.1 24.2 (5.4) .108
GHQ-20 (0–60) n = 103    n = 259    
Global GHQ-20 20.6 (6.8) 19.3–22.0 20.0 (9.0) 19.4 (6.5) 18.6–20.1 18.0 (7.0) .094
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR)  
CES-D n = 103 n = 259  
Depressed affect (0–21) 2.0 (5.0) 1.0 (3.0) .004
Positive affect (0–12) 2.0 (5.0) 2.0 (4.0) .220
Somatic affect (0–21) 3.0 (4.0) 2.0 (5.0) .094
Interpersonal (0–6) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) .322
Global CES-D (0–60) 7.0 (10.5) 5.0 (9.0) .017
  N % N %  
Value ≥16 18 17.1 41 15.8 .747
  1. SD, standard deviation; CI, confidence interval; IQR, interquartile range.