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Table 2 Key maternal and neonatal indicators by antenatal model of care, 2004–2009

From: The Murri clinic: a comparative retrospective study of an antenatal clinic developed for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women

Indicator Definition MC SC % difference p
   n (%) n (%)   
Number of antenatal visits at MC or hospital 2-4 57 (15.8) 44 (11.0) 4.9 0.007
5-7 85 (23.6) 79 (19.7) 3.91
≥8 101 (28.1) 151 (37.7) −9.5
Preterm (<37 weeks)   44 (12.2) 58 (14.5) −2.2 0.365
Onset of labour Spontaneous 245 (68.1) 261 (65.1) 3.0 0.101
Induced 81 (22.5) 82 (20.5) 2.1
No labour- c/s performed 34 (9.4) 58 (14.5) −5.0
Mode of birth Non-instrumental vaginal 254 (70.6) 250 (62.5) 8.1 0.060
Forceps 5 (1.4) 3 (0.8) 0.6
Vacuum 15 (4.2) 26 (6.5) −2.3
Caesarean section 86 (23.9) 121 (30.3) −6.4
Analgesia Inhalational 167 (46.8) 183 (47.0) −0.3 0.942
Opioid 98 (27.5) 99 (25.5) 2.0 0.536
Epidural 68 (19.1) 101 (26.0) −6.9 0.024
5 min Apgar <7 a   4 (1.1) 9 (2.2) −1.1 0.274
Perineal trauma b Intact or 1st degree tear 263 (96.0) 230 (83.2) 12.8 <0.001
2nd degree tear 7 (2.6) 32 (11.5) −8.9
3rd or 4th degree tear 0 2 (0.7) −0.7
Episiotomy 4 (1.5) 13 (4.7) −3.2
Low birth weight (<2500g)   46 (12.5) 60 (14.5) −2.0 0.425
Post partum haemorrhage (>500mls blood loss)   44 (12.3) 46 (11.5) 0.8 0.738
NICU admission a   58 (15.9) 90 (21.8) −5.9 0.036
Feeding at discharge a Breast milk 234 (69.4) 262 (72.2) −2.7 0.248
Breast & formula 27 (8.0) 22 (6.1) 2.0
Formula 73 (21.7) 70 (19.3) 2.4
Gavage 3 (0.9) 9 (2.5) −1.6
  1. a Excluding stillbirths b Excluding Caesarean sections.