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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics of pregnant women by birth status.

From: The association between parity, infant gender, higher level of paternal education and preterm birth in Pakistan: a cohort study

Characteristics Birth Status p value
  Term Preterm  
  n = 117 n = 15  
Age (year), Median 26 27 0·62†
Occupation, n (%)    0·52‡
Housewife 112 (95·7) 14 (93·3)  
Working 5 (4·3) 1 (6·6.7)  
Ethnicity, n (%)    0·82‡
Muhajir 57 (48·7) 6 (40·0)  
Memon 25 (21·4) 4 (26·7)  
Others 35 (29·9) 5 (33·3)  
Education level, n (%)    0·26†
No education 6 (5·1) 0 (0·0)  
Schooling 28 (23·9) 6 (40·0)  
Intermediate 22 (18·8) 4 (26·7)  
Graduate and above 61 (52·1) 5 (33·3)  
Education level of husband, n (%)    0·23†
No education 2 (1·7) 0 (0·0)  
Schooling 20 (17·1) 7 (46·7)  
Intermediate 23 (19·7) 0 (0·0)  
Graduate and above 72 (61·5) 8 (53·3)  
Monthly income (Rs.), n (%)    0·85†
< 10,000 (low) *25 (23·8) 5 (33·3)  
10,001 to 40,000 (medium) 75 (71·4) 7 (46·7)  
> 40,001 (high) 5 (4·8) 3 (20·0)  
Family system, n (%)    0·76‡
Joint family system 84 (71·8) 10 (66·7)  
Nuclear family system 33 (28·2) 5 (33·3)  
  1. > = greater than. < = less than. Rs. = Rupees. * = data missing. †Mann-Whitney U test. ‡Fisher exact test.