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Table 7 Secondary outcomes

From: Comparison of midwife-led and consultant-led care of healthy women at low risk of childbirth complications in the Republic of Ireland: a randomised trial

Outcome MLU
(1101)
Event [%]
CLU
(552)
Event [%]
Summary statistic
95% CI
Ultrasound examinations 1.98 (1.4) 2.49 (1.8) MD -0.51, 95% CI -0.68, -0.34
Antenatal cardiotocographs 2.38 (3.6) 3.39 (3.8) MD -1.01 95% CI -1.39, -0.63)
Antenatal admission 487 [44.2%], 229 [41.5%] RR 1.07, 95% CI0.95, 1.20
Pregnancy complications 248 [22.5%] 110 [19.9%] RR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93, 1.38
Fetal loss prior to 24 weeks 17 [1.5%] 5 [0.9%] RR 1.70, 95% CI 0.63, 4.60
Epidurals 202 [18.3%] 134 [24.3%] RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.62, 0.92
Included transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) 64 [16.0%] 170 [12.0%] RR 1.33, 95% CI 1.02, 1.74
Hydrotherapy 257 [23.3%] 18 [3.3%] RR 7.16, 95% CI 4.49, 11.42
One or two caregivers 297 [27.0%] 94 [17.0%] RR 1.58, 95% CI 1.29, 1.95
Length of labour (hrs) 4.6 (3.3) 4.0 (2.4) MD 0.53, 95% CI 0.25, 0.81)
Spontaneous pushing 726 [65.9%] 308 [55.8%] RR 1.18, 95% CI 1.08, 1.29
Upright positions for birthing 300 [27.2%] 55 [10.0%] RR 2.73, 95% CI 2.09, 3.58
Physiological management of third stage of labour 137 [12.4%] 1 [0.2%] RR 68.69, 95% CI 9.63, 489.80
Spontaneous vaginal birth 761 [69.1%] 372 [69.0%] RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.96, 1.10
Intact perineum 421 [38.2%] 225 [40.8%] RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.85, 1.09
Estimated blood loss mls 323 (317) 324 (401) MD 6.17, 95% CI -32.12, 44.46
Postnatal stay of 1 day or less 184 [16.7%] 57 [10.3%] RR 1.62, 95% CI 1.22, 2.14
Paediatric care required 292 [26.5%] 150 [27.2%] RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.82, 1.15
Facial oxygen 130 [11.8%] 63 [11.4%] RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.78, 1.37
Bag-and-mask resuscitation 23 [2.1%] 12 [2.2%] RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.48, 1.92
Admission to special care baby unit 128 [11.6%] 60 [10.9%] RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.80, 1.43