Skip to main content

Table 1 Category, frequency and level of prevention of the interventions for maternal health extracted from the included programs

From: Maternal health interventions in resource limited countries: a systematic review of packages, impacts and factors for change

SN Category of interventions Level of
prevention
Frequency/
percentage
n = 54
Community based interventions
1. Community based Information, Education and Communication:
Focus: awareness of danger signs of pregnancy complications and birth preparedness and importance of health facility delivery services
2,3 20 (37%)
2 Establishing community based funds for obstetric complications [loans and/or transport programs]: 2 10 (19%)
3 Training and/or linking traditional birth attendants to the health system:
Focus: Clean delivery and shorten delays for complications of pregnancy and childbirth.
2,3 15 (28%)
4 Supplementing vitamin A or β carotene during pregnancy:
To prevent infectious maternal morbidity and mortality
2 2 (4%)
Health facility based interventions
5 Establishing/refurbishing blood banks and blood policies 3 11 (20%)
6 Training on CEmOC, placement and motivation of care providers 3 35 (65%)
7 Refurbishing/upgrading existing health facility infrastructure and equipment for obstetric care 3 28 (52%)
8 Improving supply of drugs, consumables and equipment for obstetric care 3 30 (56%)
9 Strengthening referral system and transport of patients 2,3 25 (46%)
10 Construction of new health facilities for CEmOC services 2 2 (4%)
11 Enabling policies and political commitment:
Focus: To increase health facility utilization and accessibility of essential obstetric care services
1,2,3 10 (19%)
12 Establishment of revolving funds at the EmOC health facility 3 4 (7%)
13 Establishing family planning services 1 3 (6%)
14 Establishing maternity waiting homes 2 1 (2%)
15 Establishing mobile maternal health services, outreach and/or supportive supervision programs 2 7 (13%)
16 Improving and/or promoting antenatal care 2,3 6 (11%)
  1. *Level 1: primary prevention (preventing pregnancy; 2: secondary prevention (preventing obstetric complications); 3: tertiary prevention (preventing death once obstetric complications have occurred).