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Table 3 Odds ratio of various covariates on type of delivery assistance among young women in Kenya

From: Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: Insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003

 

Panel A: Bivariate

Panel B: Multivariate

 

TrueNone vs (TBA/SPa)

True (None/TBA) vs SP

TrueNone vs (TBA/SP)

True (None/TBA) vs SP

 

Col. 1

Col. 2

Col. 3

Col. 4

Place of residence (Ref: Urban)

        

   Rural

0.942

**

0.264

**

0.791

**

0.561

**

Household wealth (Ref: Poor)

        

   Medium

1.400

**

2.726

**

1.157

 

1.540

**

   Rich

4.285

**

8.256

**

3.033

**

3.033

 

Education (Ref: Primary)

        

   None

0.978

 

0.243

**

1.602

**

0.359

**

   Secondary+

2.864

**

Sameb

 

1.776

**

Same

 

Ethnicity (Ref: Kikuyu)

        

   Luhya

0.627

*

0.165

**

0.890

 

0.200

**

   Luo

1.402

 

0.307

**

1.681

*

0.284

**

   Kamba

0.556

**

0.211

**

0.667

0.218

**

   Other

0.475

**

0.184

**

0.671

*

0.391

**

Parity (CEB) (Ref: 1)

        

   2

0.530

**

0.386

**

0.456

**

Same

 

   3+

0.419

**

0.219

**

0.378

**

Same

 

Age at birth of last child (Ref 15-19)

        

   20-24

0.925

 

Same

 

1.600

**

1.130

 

Marital status (Ref: Never married)

        

   Formerly married

1.821

**

Same

 

0.892

 

Same

 

   Currently married

1.792

**

Same

 

1.071

 

Same

 

Timing of ANC (Ref: None)

        

   Late

1.338

4.133

**

1.123

 

2.053

**

   Early

1.897

**

6.611

**

1.592

3.524

**

  1. †p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01
  2. aSP: Skilled Professional
  3. bSame: The odds ratio for None vs (TBA/SP) is the same as that of (None/TBA) vs SP.