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Table 3 Odds ratio of various covariates on type of delivery assistance among young women in Kenya

From: Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: Insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003

  Panel A: Bivariate Panel B: Multivariate
  TrueNone vs (TBA/SPa) True (None/TBA) vs SP TrueNone vs (TBA/SP) True (None/TBA) vs SP
  Col. 1 Col. 2 Col. 3 Col. 4
Place of residence (Ref: Urban)         
   Rural 0.942 ** 0.264 ** 0.791 ** 0.561 **
Household wealth (Ref: Poor)         
   Medium 1.400 ** 2.726 ** 1.157   1.540 **
   Rich 4.285 ** 8.256 ** 3.033 ** 3.033  
Education (Ref: Primary)         
   None 0.978   0.243 ** 1.602 ** 0.359 **
   Secondary+ 2.864 ** Sameb   1.776 ** Same  
Ethnicity (Ref: Kikuyu)         
   Luhya 0.627 * 0.165 ** 0.890   0.200 **
   Luo 1.402   0.307 ** 1.681 * 0.284 **
   Kamba 0.556 ** 0.211 ** 0.667 0.218 **
   Other 0.475 ** 0.184 ** 0.671 * 0.391 **
Parity (CEB) (Ref: 1)         
   2 0.530 ** 0.386 ** 0.456 ** Same  
   3+ 0.419 ** 0.219 ** 0.378 ** Same  
Age at birth of last child (Ref 15-19)         
   20-24 0.925   Same   1.600 ** 1.130  
Marital status (Ref: Never married)         
   Formerly married 1.821 ** Same   0.892   Same  
   Currently married 1.792 ** Same   1.071   Same  
Timing of ANC (Ref: None)         
   Late 1.338 4.133 ** 1.123   2.053 **
   Early 1.897 ** 6.611 ** 1.592 3.524 **
  1. †p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01
  2. aSP: Skilled Professional
  3. bSame: The odds ratio for None vs (TBA/SP) is the same as that of (None/TBA) vs SP.