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Table 5 Subpopulation specific racial effect (relative risk) of infant mortality # decomposed into direct and indirect multiplicative factors

From: Racial disparities in infant mortality: what has birth weight got to do with it and how large is it?

Racial Effect Females Males
  estimate LCI UCI estimate LCI UCI
"Normal" Subpopulation     
   Relative Risk 1.89 (1.71; 2.14) 1.77 (1.63; 1.98)
Direct Factor 2.11 (1.87; 2.49) 2.00 (1.71; 2.68)
Indirect Factor 0.89 (0.78; 1.01)* 0.88 (0.71; 1.00)*
"Compromised" Subpopulation     
   Relative Risk 5.19 (4.29; 6.16) 5.12 (4.37; 6.08)
Direct Factor 0.18 (0.01; 0.69) 0.43 (0.11; 1.55)*
Indirect Factor 29.38 (13.83; 91.15) 11.80 (4.31; 33.46)
Total Birth Cohort     
   Relative Risk 3.10 (2.83; 3.41) 3.09 (2.89; 3.37)
  1. #: mortalities are calculated by the method of direct standardization using European American births as the reference (standard) population
  2. LCI = lower 95% confidence interval; UCI = upper 95% confidence interval
  3. *: relative risk or factor is not significantly different from 1 based on the bias-adjusted 95% CI