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Table 4 Clinical events within one year after discharge by mode of delivery #

From: Effects of caesarean section on maternal health in low risk nulliparous women: a prospective matched cohort study in Shanghai, China

Factor Caesarean section N (%) Vaginal delivery N (%) RR 95%CI aRR* 95%CI
Anaemia 40 (13.6) 40 (13.5) 1.0 0.7-1.5 1.2 0.7-1.8
RTI 20 (6.8) 26 (8.87) 0.8 0.4-1.3 1.0 0.5-1.8
Wound complications 31 (10.5) 32(10.9) 1.0 0.6-1.5 1.2 0.7-1.9
Waist/back pain 60(20.3) 50 (17.0) 1.2 0.9-1.7 1.2 0.8-1.7
Chronic abdominal pain 13 (4.4) 5 (1.7) 2.6 0.9-7.2 3.6 1.2-11.0
Rehospitalization 5 (1.7) 5$ (1.7) 1.0 0.3-3.4 0.7 0.2-3.6
  1. # The clinical event was counted only once when women had the same outcome twice or more after discharge from hospital at 1, 6 and 12 months post-partum.
  2. * Adjusted for propensity score and medical indications.
  3. Wound complications refers to incisional pain without infection and delayed healing of abdominal incisions and episiotomies due to infection or abscess not manifested while in hospital, all reported at follow-up interviews.
  4. $ There were 5 women (6 times) rehospitalized due to medical reasons within one year post-partum in the vaginal delivery group.
  5. Exact Logistic regression.