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Table 3 Incidence of complications of women during hospitalization post-partum by mode of delivery

From: Effects of caesarean section on maternal health in low risk nulliparous women: a prospective matched cohort study in Shanghai, China

Factors Caesarean section N (%) Vaginal delivery N (%) RR 95%CI aRR* 95%CI
Total complications 29 (9.4) 15 (5.0) 1.9 1.1-3.5 2.2 1.1-4.4
Haemorrhage# 12 (4.0) 2 (0.6) 6.0 1.4-26.6 5.6 1.2-26.9
Infection$ 7 (2.3) 3 (1.0) 2.3 0.6-9.0 2.3 0.5-9.8
Puerperal fever 13 (4.3) 10 (3.3) 1.3 0.6-2.9 1.8 0.7-4.5
  1. * Adjusted for propensity score and medical indications.
  2. Some patients had more than one. When fever and infection co-existed in a woman, it was counted only once in the total morbidity statistics.
  3. # Post-partum haemorrhage was defined as the total loss of blood more than 400 ml from the start of the labour until 2 hours post-partum [22].
  4. $ Including endometritis, wound infection, urinary infection.