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Table 2 Changes in mean percent of messages provided during antenatal visit by topic and study arm

From: Antenatal counseling in maternal and newborn care: use of job aids to improve health worker performance and maternal understanding in Benin

Mean % of messages provided Intervention Arm Control Arm Difference in differences
  Pre- Post- Differ-ence (Δi) Pre- Post- Differ-ence (Δc) Δic(95% CI)
No. of pregnant women 211 204   119 152   
Adjusted Scoresa        
   Mean % of messages given (total) 51.4 67.9 +16.5 35.5 32.4 -3.1 +19.6 (12.2, 26.9)
   Mean % of messages given (by topicb)        
Prenatal Care 64.5 68.6 +4.1 51.4 47.4 -4.1 +8.2 (-2.6, 19.1)
Birth preparedness 53.7 66.5 +12.9 40.5 35.4 -5.1 +17.9 (6.7, 29.1)
Danger signs during pregnancy 38.8 63.5 +24.7 24.4 23.1 -1.3 +26.0 (14.6, 37.4)
Clean delivery 49.1 70.4 +21.3 15.1 14.7 -0.4 +21.7 (10.9, 32.6)
Newborn carec 20.6 49.3 +28.7 3.8 6.3 +2.5 +26.2 (13.5, 38.9)
   Mean % of communication techniques used 46.2 75.4 +29.2 42.7 43.0 +0.3 +28.8 (22.5, 35.2)
   Mean duration of antenatal consultationd 18.3 23.9    +5.6 15.8 15.5 -0.3 +5.9 (3.0, 8.8)
  1. [a] Scores adjusted for differences at baseline and correlation of observations; site- and provider-level characteristics (random effects); counseling mode; and patient age, education, first antenatal visit, and total number of antenatal visits (fixed effects). [b] Total number of messages by category include: prenatal care (n = 5), birth preparedness (n = 7), danger signs during pregnancy (n = 9); clean delivery (n = 2); newborn care (n = 6); communication techniques (n = 6). [c] Includes only women at 6 - 9 months of pregnancy. [d] Excludes additional time for women who participated in individual counseling following group session.