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  1. Restriction of fetal growth and compromise of fetal wellbeing remain significant causes of perinatal death and childhood disability. At present, there is a lack of scientific consensus about the best strategie...

    Authors: Rachel K Morris, Khalid S Khan, Aravinthan Coomarasamy, Stephen C Robson and Jos Kleijnen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Increasing caesarean sections rates (CSR) are a major public health concern and the prevention of the first caesarean section, which often leads to repeat operations, is an important issue. Analyzing caesarean...

    Authors: Jeroen van Dillen, Tarek Meguid, Vera Petrova and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:2

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Adequate vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy are necessary to neonatal calcium homeostasis, bone maturation and mineralization. The aim of study is to evaluate serum vitamin D concentrations in mothers a...

    Authors: Zhila Maghbooli, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Ali Reza Shafaei, Farzaneh Karimi, Farzaneh Sadat Madani and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:1

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Refugee and asylum-seeking women in Canada may have significant harmful childbearing health outcomes and unmet health and social care needs. The most vulnerable of these women are: those who have left their co...

    Authors: Anita J Gagnon, Olive Wahoush, Geoffrey Dougherty, Jean-François Saucier, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Elizabeth Stanger and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:31

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Glycaemic control in women with diabetes is critical to satisfactory pregnancy outcome. A systematic review of two randomised trials concluded that there was no clear evidence of benefit from very tight versus...

    Authors: Melanie E Inkster, Tom P Fahey, Peter T Donnan, Graham P Leese, Gary J Mires and Deirdre J Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:30

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Pre-eclampsia, a syndrome of hypertension and proteinuria, is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Accurate prediction of pre-eclampsia is important, since high risk women could ben...

    Authors: Jeltsje S Cnossen, Joris AM van der Post, Ben WJ Mol, Khalid S Khan, Catherine A Meads and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. There is evidence to suggest that human papillomavirus (HPV) can cross the placenta resulting in in-utero transmission. The goal of this study was to determine if HPV can be detected in amniotic fluid from wom...

    Authors: Mack T Ruffin IV, Joanne M Bailey, Diane Roulston, Daisy R Lee, Ruth Ann Tucker, David C Swan and Elizabeth R Unger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:28

    Content type: Research article

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  8. About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at h...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Hari S Joshi, Binu V Sreekumaran, Sabitri Giri and Neena Chuni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:27

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Effective confirmation of pregnancy is a basic component of reproductive health services. It is a prerequisite for accessing antenatal care (AnC) if the pregnancy is wanted and abortion services if the pregnan...

    Authors: Chelsea Morroni and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:26

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is increasing interest in carrying out pre-induction cervical ripening on an outpatient basis. However, there are concerns about the use of prostaglandins, the agents commonly used in hospital settings f...

    Authors: Shrikant Bollapragada, Fiona Mackenzie, John Norrie, Stavros Petrou, Margaret Reid, Ian Greer, Inass Osman and Jane E Norman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Although maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) is a highly sensitive marker for certain congenital malformations such as open neural tube and ventral wall defects, its usefulness as a screening test for fet...

    Authors: Terrence P Szajkowski, Bernard N Chodirker, Karen M MacDonald and Jane A Evans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:23

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Antenatal care (ANC) is a widely used strategy to improve the health of pregnant women and to encourage skilled care during childbirth. In 2002, the Ministry of Health of the United Republic of Tanzania develo...

    Authors: Claudia von Both, Steffen Fleβa, Ahmad Makuwani, Rose Mpembeni and Albrecht Jahn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There are limited data on the extent of women's use of herbal medicines during pregnancy, despite the fact that knowledge of the potential benefits or harms of many of these products is sparse, particularly wi...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Angela Denning, Gemma Wills, Melissa Bolger and Elizabeth McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A randomised controlled trial of participatory women's groups in rural Nepal previously showed reductions in maternal and newborn mortality. In addition to the outcome data we also collected previously unrepor...

    Authors: Angie Wade, David Osrin, Bhim Prasad Shrestha, Aman Sen, Joanna Morrison, Kirti Man Tumbahangphe, Dharma S Manandhar and Anthony M de L Costello

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Azithromycin is an azalide antibiotic with an extensive range of indications and has become a common treatment option due to its convenient dosing regimen and therapeutic advantages. Human studies addressing g...

    Authors: Moumita Sarkar, Cindy Woodland C, Gideon Koren and Adrienne RN Einarson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:18

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Domperidone, a drug that enhances upper gastric motility, is an anti-dopaminergic medication that also elevates prolactin levels. It has been shown to safely increase the milk supply of lactating women. To dat...

    Authors: Marsha L Campbell-Yeo, Alexander C Allen, K S Joseph, Joyce M Ledwidge, Victoria M Allen and Kent C Dooley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. It is well known that smoking and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) are associated with decreased fetal growth. It has been reported that in preeclampsia the fetal growth deficit attributable to smoking is ...

    Authors: Svein Rasmussen and Lorentz M Irgens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nutritional status of women has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have evaluated patterns of weight gain and pre-pregnancy body mass index in developing regio...

    Authors: Zahra Yekta, Haleh Ayatollahi, Reza Porali and Azadeh Farzin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although intrapartum analgesia has been in use since Victorian times, there have been few attempts to study its usage from routinely collected data. This population based epidemiological study aimed to analyse...

    Authors: Sohinee Bhattacharya, Tao Wang and Fiona Knox

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In the first year after childbirth, 94% of women experience one or more major health problems (urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence, perineal pain, back pain). Difficulties in intimate partner relationshi...

    Authors: Stephanie J Brown, Judith M Lumley, Ellie A McDonald and Ann H Krastev

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Prior research has shown that resources have an impact on birth outcomes. In this paper we ask how combinations of telemedical and hospital-level resources impact transports of mothers expecting very low birth...

    Authors: David W Britt, Janet Bronstein and Jonathan D Norton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Prenatal micronutrient combinations with high iron content are associated with high rates of gastrointestinal symptoms. This coupled with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy results in women often discontinuing t...

    Authors: Eric Ahn, Nicholas Pairaudeau, Nicholas Pairaudeau Jr, Yves Cérat, Bernard Couturier, Andre Fortier, Éric Paradis and Gideon Koren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicates up to 2% of all pregnancies and is the cause of 40% of all preterm births. The optimal management of women with PPROM prior to 37 weeks, is not known....

    Authors: Jonathan M Morris, Christine L Roberts, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, David J Henderson-Smart and Glenn Salkeld

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Enemas are used during labour in obstetric settings with the belief that they reduce puerperal and neonatal infections, shorten labour duration, and make delivery cleaner for attending personnel. However, a sy...

    Authors: Luis Gabriel Cuervo, María del Pilar Bernal and Natalia Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Pre-eclampsia is thought to have an important genetic component. Recently, pre-eclampsia has been associated in some studies with carriage of a common eNOS gene Glu298Asp polymorphism, a variant that leads to ...

    Authors: Christina KH Yu, Juan P Casas, Makrina D Savvidou, Manpreet K Sahemey, Kypros H Nicolaides and Aroon D Hingorani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although medical interventions play an important role in preserving lives and maternal comfort they have become increasingly routine in normal childbirth. This may increase the risk of associated complications...

    Authors: Allan M Cyna, Marion I Andrew, Jeffrey S Robinson, Caroline A Crowther, Peter Baghurst, Deborah Turnbull, Graham Wicks and Celia Whittle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The question about outcome in twins delivered early versus late remains unanswered. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of the timing of delivering twins and the perinatal outcome.

    Authors: Ahmad F Bakr and Tarek Karkour

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Several studies have assessed the risks of uteroplacental bleeding disorders in relation to maternal characteristics. The association between uteroplacental bleeding disorders and paternal characteristics, how...

    Authors: Darios Getahun, Cande V Ananth and Anthony M Vintzileos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Maternal depression during pregnancy has been studied less than depression in postpartum period. The aims of this study were to find out the prevalence of prepartum and postpartum depression and the risk facto...

    Authors: Janice Wissart, Omkar Parshad and Santosh Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:15

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Our objective was to determine the role of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), markers of immune activation and endothelial dysfunction, in patients with preeclampsia.

    Authors: J Tavakkol Afshari, N Ghomian, A Shameli, MT Shakeri, MA Fahmidehkar, E Mahajer, R Khoshnavaz and M Emadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:14

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A range of strategies have been adopted to prevent early onset Group B Streptococcal (EOGBS) sepsis, as a consequence of Group B Streptococcal (GBS) vertically acquired infection. This study was designed to pr...

    Authors: Janet E Hiller, Helen M McDonald, Philip Darbyshire and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. On Aug 9th 2004 Health Canada released an advisory, which followed a similar one from the FDA regarding the use of SSRI's and other antidepressants during pregnancy and potential adverse effects on newborns. In n...

    Authors: A Einarson, AK Schachtschneider, R Halil, E Bollano and G Koren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  33. No previous studies have examined the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) on early infant growth. The objective was to study infant growth patterns of babies born to mothers with PIH at 28 and 42 da...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Baulon, William D Fraser, Bruno Piedboeuf, Pierre Buekens and Xu Xiong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Death of an infant in utero or at birth has always been a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Infant mortality remains a challenge in the care of pregnant women worldwide...

    Authors: Shingairai A Feresu, Siobán D Harlow, Kathy Welch and Brenda W Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:9

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an interve...

    Authors: Joanna Morrison, Suresh Tamang, Natasha Mesko, David Osrin, Bhim Shrestha, Madan Manandhar, Dharma Manandhar, Hilary Standing and Anthony Costello

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure involving suturing the cervix with a purse type stitch to keep it closed during pregnancy. This procedure has been used widely in the management of pregnancies conside...

    Authors: Catrin Tudur-Smith, Andrea L Jorgensen, Zarko Alfirevic and Paula R Williamson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Chorioamnionitis is a common underlying cause of preterm birth (PTB). It is hypothesised that polymorphisms in immunoregulatory genes influence the host response to infection and subsequent preterm birth. The ...

    Authors: Margaret F Annells, Prue H Hart, Charles G Mullighan, Susan L Heatley, Jeffrey S Robinson and Helen M McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Some currently available birth weight for gestational age standards are customized but others are not. We carried out a study to provide empirical justification for customizing such standards by sex and for wh...

    Authors: K S Joseph, Russell Wilkins, Linda Dodds, Victoria M Allen, Arne Ohlsson, Sylvie Marcoux and Robert Liston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fetal growth restriction is associated with significantly increased risks of neonatal death and morbidity and with susceptibility to hypertension, cardiovascular disease and NIDDM later in life. Human birth we...

    Authors: Ronald M Adkins, Caroline Campese, Rehana Vaidya and Theonia K Boyd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Information on the extent of postpartum maternal morbidity in developing countries is extremely limited. In many settings, data from hospital-based studies is hard to interpret because of the small proportion ...

    Authors: Lisa Vallely, Yusuf Ahmed and Susan F Murray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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