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  1. Previous studies have reported an intergenerational association between maternal and offspring preterm birth (PTB) but the nature of the association remains unclear. We assessed the association between materna...

    Authors: Marcelo L. Urquia, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Chelsea A. Ruth, Xiaoqing Liu and Leslie L. Roos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Preeclampsia is associated with chronic inflammation. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway regulates systemic inflammation through activating α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR) expressed in mo...

    Authors: Hongmei Xu, Qingyang Shi, Yanxiang Mo, Linlin Wu, Jishuang Gu and Ying Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pregnancy-associated stroke is a rare but life-threatening event, with an estimated incidence of 30/100000 deliveries. Data on the risk of stroke recurrence and the risk of other adverse pregnancy outcomes are...

    Authors: Liisa Karjalainen, Minna Tikkanen, Kirsi Rantanen, Hannele Laivuori, Mika Gissler and Petra Ijäs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Gestational hemodynamic adaptations, including lowered blood pressure (BP) until mid-gestation, might benefit placental function. We hypothesized that elevated BP from early to mid-gestation increases risks of...

    Authors: J. Gunnarsdottir, T. Akhter, U. Högberg, S. Cnattingius and A. K. Wikström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:186

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In countries where the proportion of births attended by skilled providers is low, maternal mortality is high. According to the 2016 EDHS report, the proportion of births attended by skilled providers was only ...

    Authors: Ahmed Siraj, Woubishet Teka and Habtemu Hebo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Adolescents are especially vulnerable due to increased biological, social and economic risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth, yet most pregnancy and childbirth-related complications are preventa...

    Authors: Kristy Hackett, Lindsey Lenters, Ashley Vandermorris, Curtis LaFleur, Sam Newton, Sidney Ndeki and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a common problem in reproductive-aged women and has become a major public health problem worldwide. The effect of VDD in pregnancy has been associated with several adverse pregnan...

    Authors: Arif Sabta Aji, E. Erwinda, Y. Yusrawati, Safarina G. Malik and Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Traumatic birth experience has undesirable effects on the life of the mother, child, family, and society. The identification of predictive factors can be useful in improving birth experiences among women. This...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Zahra Fardiazar, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Worldwide, around 289,000 maternal mortalities occur each year from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In Ethiopia, the maternal mortality rate is among the highest in the world. This is mainly...

    Authors: Zeray Baraki, Fthi Wendem, Hadgu Gerensea and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  10. It is well established that the risks of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus are elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the relationship between SLE pregnancy and gestational di...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Dong, Ziwei Dai, Zhihui Wang, Hong Wang, Feifei Yuan, Ying Zhu, Dongqing Ye and Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Majority of causes of maternal and newborn mortalities are preventable. However, poor access to and low utilization of health services remain major barriers to optimum health of the mothers and newborns. The o...

    Authors: Lelisa Sena Dadi, Melkamu Berhane, Yusuf Ahmed, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Tasew Berhanu, Kyung Hwan Kim, Masrie Getnet and Muluemabet Abera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Little is known of the burden of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization among pregnant women in Jordan. We conducted a pilot study to determine the prevalence of GBS among pregnant women in Amman, Jordan, where...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Asem Shehabi, Abel Mani Suleimat, Samir Faouri, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Abeer Al Jammal, James Chappell, Kimberly B. Fortner, Anna B. Chamby, Tara M. Randis, Adam J. Ratner, David M. Aronoff and Natasha Halasa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing worldwide leading to an increased risk for maternal and neonatal complications in the subsequent pregnancy and labor. Previous studies have demonstrated that s...

    Authors: Katariina Place, Heidi Kruit, Aydin Tekay, Seppo Heinonen and Leena Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Gaps in postnatal care use represent missed opportunities to prevent maternal and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. As one in every three non-facility deliveries in Nigeria is assisted by a traditional bir...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Margaret McConnell, Thomas J. Bossert and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:150

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Because maternal depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are strongly associated with poor health of the mother and the developing child, understanding the predictors of women’s mental health problems ...

    Authors: Janina Eichler, Ricarda Schmidt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess and Anja Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Each year, about 20 million Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies are born with very high proportion (96.5%) occuring in developing countries. In the last decade, the incidence of LBW in Ghana has not declined. Brong ...

    Authors: Zakariah Adam, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscillia Nortey, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Monotonous and less diversified diets are associated with micronutrient deficiency. Evidence on maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy is essential to achieve the 2025 global nutrition target and reduce mat...

    Authors: Tebikew Yeneabat, Haweni Adugna, Tarekegn Asmamaw, Muluken Wubetu, Melaku Admas, Getachew Hailu, Asres Bedaso and Tadele Amare

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pregnant and lactating women are at high risk of insufficient water intake. The cross-sectional study was mainly designed to evaluate the water intake, including total water intake (TWI), plain water intake, a...

    Authors: Yalin Zhou, Xiaoyu Zhu, Yong Qin, Yong Li, Minjia Zhang, Wei Liu, Hanming Huang and Yajun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant...

    Authors: Miteku Andualem Limenih, Habitamu Gebrehana Belay and Habitamu Abie Tassew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Perinatal depression and/or anxiety disorders are undertreated pregnancy complications. This is partly due to low rates of engagement by women. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to women a...

    Authors: Alice Ayres, Renee Chen, Tracey Mackle, Emma Ballard, Sue Patterson, George Bruxner and Alka Kothari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Tubal pregnancy is recognized as one of the most common ectopic pregnancy types. Salpingitis may result in tubal pregnancy by causing fallopian tube occlusion and hydrosalpinx. B cell activation factor (BAFF) ...

    Authors: Jianying Xu, Xingguang Luo, Shihao Qu, Guiyan Yang and Nianchun Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Non-pharmacological interventions hold promise in reducing labour pain, with minimal or no harm to the mother, foetus and the progress of labour and are simple and cost-effective. Yet their use has not been ad...

    Authors: Edward Appiah Boateng, Linda Osaebea Kumi and Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  23. As maternity services evolve and the population of women served also changes, there is a continuing need to effectively document the views of women with recent experience of care. A woman’s maternity experienc...

    Authors: Maggie Redshaw, Colin R. Martin, Emily Savage-McGlynn and Sian Harrison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common reproductive tract disorder in women of child bearing age, accounting for one third of vaginal infections. It is characterized by an increase in vaginal pH, decreased Lacto...

    Authors: Yiewou Marguerithe Kamga, John Palle Ngunde and Jane-Francis K. T. Akoachere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Regular fetal heart rate monitoring during labor can drastically reduce fresh stillbirths and neonatal mortality through early detection and management of fetal distress. Fetal monitoring in low-resource setti...

    Authors: Sara Rivenes Lafontan, Hussein L. Kidanto, Hege L. Ersdal, Columba K. Mbekenga and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Preeclampsia remains a significant danger to both mother and child and current prevention and treatment management strategies are limited. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the current...

    Authors: Sophia Grimes, Kira Bombay, Andrea Lanes, Mark Walker and Daniel J. Corsi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Korea is in a condition where the impact of patient and supplier factors on cesarean section rates can be clearly described. The cesarean section rates in Korea are among the highest in the world while the num...

    Authors: Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon and Yoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  28. This report describes the results of recruitment efforts and the subsequent participation of pregnant women in study activities in a 2010–2012 observational study focused on influenza illness and vaccination i...

    Authors: Mark G. Thompson, De-Kun Li, Allison L. Naleway, Jeannette R. Ferber, Michelle L. Henninger, Pat Shifflett, Leslie Z. Sokolow, Roxana Odouli, Tia L. Kauffman, Rebecca V. Fink, Joanna Bulkley, Janet D. Cragan and Sam Bozeman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Prenatal risk stratification of women with previous cesarean section (CS) by ultrasound thickness measurement of the lower uterine segment (LUS) is challenging. There is a wide range of proposed cutoff values ...

    Authors: Janine Hoffmann, Marc Exner, Kristina Bremicker, Matthias Grothoff, Patrick Stumpp and Holger Stepan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Diabetes during pregnancy is an increasingly common metabolic disorder, associated with significantly increased risks for both mother and child. Aim of this study was to compare maternal and perinatal outcomes...

    Authors: Anna Stogianni, Lena Lendahls, Mona Landin-Olsson and Maria Thunander

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:159

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal related to maternal and neonatal outcomes, the World Health Organization advocates for a first antenatal care (ANC) contact before 12 weeks of gestation. In order to...

    Authors: Thinley Dorji, Mrinalini Das, Rafael Van den Bergh, Myo Minn Oo, Sonam Gyamtsho, Karma Tenzin, Tashi Tshomo and Sonam Ugen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:158

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Muslim women of child-bearing age make up a fair part of the UK society, however, literature addressing their health needs or experiences of health services have not been extensively researched. The term ‘Musl...

    Authors: Shaima Mohamed Hassan, Conan Leavey and Jane S. Rooney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Globally, an increasing number of women give birth in a healthcare facility. Improvement in the quality of care is crucial if preventable maternal mortality and morbidity are to be reduced. A Patient Reported ...

    Authors: Fiona Dickinson, Mary McCauley, Helen Smith and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Expectant parents often have optimistic expectations of the obstetric ultrasound examination and are unprepared for a diagnosis of foetal anomaly. Research that gives voice to the experiences of immigrants fac...

    Authors: Tommy Carlsson, Banaz Balbas and Elisabet Mattsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Birth ball is one of the non-pharmacologic pain relief methods to help mothers cope with the labouring process. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and harm o...

    Authors: May Pui Shan Yeung, Katrina Wai Kay Tsang, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Wing Hung Tam, Wan Yim Ip, Florence Wai Lei Hau, Margaret Kit Wah Wong, Judy Wai Ying Ng, Sau Ha Liu, Sophia Shu Wing Chan, Chi Kin Law and Samuel Yeung Shan Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate health care...

    Authors: Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:152

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In 2002, the MOREOB (Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently) obstetrical patient safety program was phased-in across hospitals in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of the MOREOB ...

    Authors: Deborah Weiss, Deshayne B. Fell, Ann E. Sprague, Mark C. Walker, Sandra Dunn, Jessica Reszel, Wendy E. Peterson, Doug Coyle and Monica Taljaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to assess the risk of preeclampsia among women who conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Authors: Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Reza Omani-Samani, Maryam Mohammadi, Payam Amini, Behnaz Navid, Ahad Alizadeh, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Saman Maroufizadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The use of post-partum family planning (PPFP) methods such as post-partum intrauterine device (PPIUD) in general remains low despite its benefits for the women. The reasons or factors affecting the uptake and ...

    Authors: Kusum Thapa, Rolina Dhital, Sameena Rajbhandari, Shreedhar Acharya, Sangeeta Mishra, Sunil Mani Pokhrel, Saroja Pande, Emily-Ann Tunnacliffe and Anita Makins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  40. We investigated the association between antidepressant and anxiolytic exposure during the first and early second trimester of pregnancy (< 16 weeks), and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (including preeclam...

    Authors: Nathalie Bernard, Jean-Claude Forest, George M. Tarabulsy, Emmanuel Bujold, Damien Bouvier and Yves Giguère

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) is common among women with overweight or obesity, increasing their risks for pregnancy complications, delivering a large infant, and postpartum weight retention. To date, o...

    Authors: Susan D. Brown, Monique M. Hedderson, Samantha F. Ehrlich, Maren N. Galarce, Ai-Lin Tsai, Charles P. Quesenberry and Assiamira Ferrara

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:145

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The EVERREST Prospective Study is a multicentre observational cohort study of pregnancies affected by severe early-onset fetal growth restriction. The study recruits women with singleton pregnancies where the ...

    Authors: Merryl E. Harvey, Anna L. David, Jade Dyer and Rebecca Spencer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:144

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pregnancy increases the risk of recurrent bacteriuria and acute pyelonephritis which is associated with significant maternal and fetal risks. The prevalence of bacteriuria varies worldwide. Clinical diagnosis ...

    Authors: Charlotte Tchente Nguefack, Cecile Okalla Ebongue, Chrystelle Nouwe Chokotheu, Cedric Ebong Ewougo, Théophile Nana Njamen and Emile Mboudou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Most women who have a caesarean can safely have a vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) for their next birth, but more women have an elective repeat caesarean than a VBAC.

    Authors: Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns and Hannah Grace Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:142

    Content type: Research article

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  45. There is evidence that supervised delivery has the potential to improve birth outcomes for both women and newborns. However, not all women especially in low-income settings like Ghana use supervised delivery s...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Mathew Loyarl Kombet and Leonard Baatiema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:141

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Previous research examining the birth of the placenta has focussed on quantitative outcomes comparing active and expectant (physiological) management. However, it is also important to understand women’s experi...

    Authors: Rachel Reed, Laura Gabriel and Lauren Kearney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In Sweden, three to four out of every 1000 pregnancies end in stillbirth each year. The aim of this study was to investigate whether women who had experienced stillbirth perceived that they had received an exp...

    Authors: Berit Höglund, Ingela Rådestad and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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