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  1. It is well known that smoking and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) are associated with decreased fetal growth. It has been reported that in preeclampsia the fetal growth deficit attributable to smoking is ...

    Authors: Svein Rasmussen and Lorentz M Irgens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Nutritional status of women has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have evaluated patterns of weight gain and pre-pregnancy body mass index in developing regio...

    Authors: Zahra Yekta, Haleh Ayatollahi, Reza Porali and Azadeh Farzin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although intrapartum analgesia has been in use since Victorian times, there have been few attempts to study its usage from routinely collected data. This population based epidemiological study aimed to analyse...

    Authors: Sohinee Bhattacharya, Tao Wang and Fiona Knox

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In the first year after childbirth, 94% of women experience one or more major health problems (urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence, perineal pain, back pain). Difficulties in intimate partner relationshi...

    Authors: Stephanie J Brown, Judith M Lumley, Ellie A McDonald and Ann H Krastev

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Prior research has shown that resources have an impact on birth outcomes. In this paper we ask how combinations of telemedical and hospital-level resources impact transports of mothers expecting very low birth...

    Authors: David W Britt, Janet Bronstein and Jonathan D Norton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Prenatal micronutrient combinations with high iron content are associated with high rates of gastrointestinal symptoms. This coupled with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy results in women often discontinuing t...

    Authors: Eric Ahn, Nicholas Pairaudeau, Nicholas Pairaudeau Jr, Yves Cérat, Bernard Couturier, Andre Fortier, Éric Paradis and Gideon Koren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicates up to 2% of all pregnancies and is the cause of 40% of all preterm births. The optimal management of women with PPROM prior to 37 weeks, is not known....

    Authors: Jonathan M Morris, Christine L Roberts, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, David J Henderson-Smart and Glenn Salkeld

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Enemas are used during labour in obstetric settings with the belief that they reduce puerperal and neonatal infections, shorten labour duration, and make delivery cleaner for attending personnel. However, a sy...

    Authors: Luis Gabriel Cuervo, María del Pilar Bernal and Natalia Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Pre-eclampsia is thought to have an important genetic component. Recently, pre-eclampsia has been associated in some studies with carriage of a common eNOS gene Glu298Asp polymorphism, a variant that leads to ...

    Authors: Christina KH Yu, Juan P Casas, Makrina D Savvidou, Manpreet K Sahemey, Kypros H Nicolaides and Aroon D Hingorani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although medical interventions play an important role in preserving lives and maternal comfort they have become increasingly routine in normal childbirth. This may increase the risk of associated complications...

    Authors: Allan M Cyna, Marion I Andrew, Jeffrey S Robinson, Caroline A Crowther, Peter Baghurst, Deborah Turnbull, Graham Wicks and Celia Whittle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. The question about outcome in twins delivered early versus late remains unanswered. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of the timing of delivering twins and the perinatal outcome.

    Authors: Ahmad F Bakr and Tarek Karkour

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several studies have assessed the risks of uteroplacental bleeding disorders in relation to maternal characteristics. The association between uteroplacental bleeding disorders and paternal characteristics, how...

    Authors: Darios Getahun, Cande V Ananth and Anthony M Vintzileos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Maternal depression during pregnancy has been studied less than depression in postpartum period. The aims of this study were to find out the prevalence of prepartum and postpartum depression and the risk facto...

    Authors: Janice Wissart, Omkar Parshad and Santosh Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:15

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Our objective was to determine the role of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), markers of immune activation and endothelial dysfunction, in patients with preeclampsia.

    Authors: J Tavakkol Afshari, N Ghomian, A Shameli, MT Shakeri, MA Fahmidehkar, E Mahajer, R Khoshnavaz and M Emadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:14

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A range of strategies have been adopted to prevent early onset Group B Streptococcal (EOGBS) sepsis, as a consequence of Group B Streptococcal (GBS) vertically acquired infection. This study was designed to pr...

    Authors: Janet E Hiller, Helen M McDonald, Philip Darbyshire and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:12

    Content type: Research article

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  16. On Aug 9th 2004 Health Canada released an advisory, which followed a similar one from the FDA regarding the use of SSRI's and other antidepressants during pregnancy and potential adverse effects on newborns. In n...

    Authors: A Einarson, AK Schachtschneider, R Halil, E Bollano and G Koren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  17. No previous studies have examined the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) on early infant growth. The objective was to study infant growth patterns of babies born to mothers with PIH at 28 and 42 da...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Baulon, William D Fraser, Bruno Piedboeuf, Pierre Buekens and Xu Xiong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Death of an infant in utero or at birth has always been a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Infant mortality remains a challenge in the care of pregnant women worldwide...

    Authors: Shingairai A Feresu, Siobán D Harlow, Kathy Welch and Brenda W Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:9

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an interve...

    Authors: Joanna Morrison, Suresh Tamang, Natasha Mesko, David Osrin, Bhim Shrestha, Madan Manandhar, Dharma Manandhar, Hilary Standing and Anthony Costello

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure involving suturing the cervix with a purse type stitch to keep it closed during pregnancy. This procedure has been used widely in the management of pregnancies conside...

    Authors: Catrin Tudur-Smith, Andrea L Jorgensen, Zarko Alfirevic and Paula R Williamson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Chorioamnionitis is a common underlying cause of preterm birth (PTB). It is hypothesised that polymorphisms in immunoregulatory genes influence the host response to infection and subsequent preterm birth. The ...

    Authors: Margaret F Annells, Prue H Hart, Charles G Mullighan, Susan L Heatley, Jeffrey S Robinson and Helen M McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Some currently available birth weight for gestational age standards are customized but others are not. We carried out a study to provide empirical justification for customizing such standards by sex and for wh...

    Authors: K S Joseph, Russell Wilkins, Linda Dodds, Victoria M Allen, Arne Ohlsson, Sylvie Marcoux and Robert Liston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fetal growth restriction is associated with significantly increased risks of neonatal death and morbidity and with susceptibility to hypertension, cardiovascular disease and NIDDM later in life. Human birth we...

    Authors: Ronald M Adkins, Caroline Campese, Rehana Vaidya and Theonia K Boyd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Information on the extent of postpartum maternal morbidity in developing countries is extremely limited. In many settings, data from hospital-based studies is hard to interpret because of the small proportion ...

    Authors: Lisa Vallely, Yusuf Ahmed and Susan F Murray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Pregnancy in patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency is associated with high risk of maternal pancreatitis and fetal death. A very low fat diet (< 10% of calories) is the primary treatment modality for the...

    Authors: Elaine C Tsai, Judy A Brown, Megan Y Veldee, Gregory J Anderson, Alan Chait and John D Brunzell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:27

    Content type: Case report

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  26. There is now good evidence about the management options for pregnant women with a breech presentation (buttocks or feet rather than head-first) at term; external cephalic version (ECV) – the turning of a breec...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Natasha Nassar, Alexandra Barratt, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Brian Peat and David Henderson-Smart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Caesarean section (CS) has become an increasingly common method of delivery worldwide, rising in the UK from 9% of deliveries in 1980 to over 21% 2001. This increase, and the question of whether CS should be a...

    Authors: Alan A Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:1

  28. Women report fear of pain in childbirth and often lack complete information on analgesic options prior to labour. Preferences for pain relief should be discussed before labour begins. A woman's antepartum deci...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Natasha Nassar, Lyndal Trevena and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. This report describes a patient counseling approach and non-surgical management of a dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy where delivery of the second twin followed the delivery of the first by 110 days.

    Authors: Labib M Ghulmiyyah, Salim A Wehbe, Seth A Schwartz and Eric Scott Sills

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:23

    Content type: Case report

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  30. One of every 6 United Status birth certificates contains no information on fathers. There might be important differences in the pregnancy outcomes between mothers with versus those without partner information....

    Authors: Hongzhuan Tan, Shi Wu Wen, Mark Walker and Kitaw Demissie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:21

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Periconceptional use of vitamin supplements containing folic acid reduces the risk of a neural tube defect (NTD). In November 1998, food fortification with folic acid was mandated in Canada, as a public health...

    Authors: Shiliang Liu, Roy West, Edward Randell, Linda Longerich, Kathleen Steel O'Connor, Helen Scott, Marian Crowley, Angeline Lam, Victor Prabhakaran and Catherine McCourt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:20

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A small, non-blinded, RCT (randomised controlled trial) had reported that oral antibiotics reduced the incidence of mastitis in lactating women with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)- colonized cracked nipples. W...

    Authors: Lisa Helen Amir, Judith Lumley and Suzanne M Garland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:19

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pregnant women are a major risk group for malaria in endemic areas. Only little information exists on the compliance of pregnant women with malaria and anaemia preventive drug regimens in the rural areas of su...

    Authors: Caroline Miaffo, Florent Some, Bocar Kouyate, Albrecht Jahn and Olaf Mueller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:18

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are leading causes of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, studies attempting to quantify the effect of hypertension on adverse perinatal...

    Authors: Victoria M Allen, KS Joseph, Kellie E Murphy, Laura A Magee and Arne Ohlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:17

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Postpartum haemorrhage remains an important cause of maternal death despite treatment with conventional therapy. Uncontrolled studies and one randomised comparison with conventional oxytocics have reported dra...

    Authors: G Justus Hofmeyr, Sandra Ferreira, V Cheryl Nikodem, Lindeka Mangesi, Mandisa Singata, Zukiswa Jafta, Babalwa Maholwana, Zonke Mlokoti, Gijs Walraven and A Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:16

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) has been identified as a common ultrasound finding in association with fetal aneuploidy. Little is known about the association of this soft marker aneuploidy in various ethni...

    Authors: Andrei Rebarber, Kenneth A Levey, Edmund Funai, Susan Monda and Michael Paidas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:12

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pregnancy-related pelvic pain is a common condition, and use of hormonal contraceptives before pregnancy has been proposed as a risk factor. We used data from a sub-sample of women participating in the "Norweg...

    Authors: Merethe Kumle, Elisabete Weiderpass, Elin Alsaker and Eiliv Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:11

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The role of paternal factors in determining the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes has received less attention than maternal factors. Similarly, the interaction between the effects of race and socioeconomic st...

    Authors: Christina Nicolaidis, Cynthia W Ko, Somnath Saha and Thomas D Koepsell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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