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  1. Neonatal mortality rates are high in rural Nepal where more than 90% of deliveries are in the home. Evidence suggests that death rates can be reduced by interventions at community level. We describe an interve...

    Authors: Joanna Morrison, Suresh Tamang, Natasha Mesko, David Osrin, Bhim Shrestha, Madan Manandhar, Dharma Manandhar, Hilary Standing and Anthony Costello
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:6
  2. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure involving suturing the cervix with a purse type stitch to keep it closed during pregnancy. This procedure has been used widely in the management of pregnancies conside...

    Authors: Catrin Tudur-Smith, Andrea L Jorgensen, Zarko Alfirevic and Paula R Williamson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:5
  3. Chorioamnionitis is a common underlying cause of preterm birth (PTB). It is hypothesised that polymorphisms in immunoregulatory genes influence the host response to infection and subsequent preterm birth. The ...

    Authors: Margaret F Annells, Prue H Hart, Charles G Mullighan, Susan L Heatley, Jeffrey S Robinson and Helen M McDonald
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:4
  4. Some currently available birth weight for gestational age standards are customized but others are not. We carried out a study to provide empirical justification for customizing such standards by sex and for wh...

    Authors: K S Joseph, Russell Wilkins, Linda Dodds, Victoria M Allen, Arne Ohlsson, Sylvie Marcoux and Robert Liston
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:3
  5. Fetal growth restriction is associated with significantly increased risks of neonatal death and morbidity and with susceptibility to hypertension, cardiovascular disease and NIDDM later in life. Human birth we...

    Authors: Ronald M Adkins, Caroline Campese, Rehana Vaidya and Theonia K Boyd
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:2
  6. Information on the extent of postpartum maternal morbidity in developing countries is extremely limited. In many settings, data from hospital-based studies is hard to interpret because of the small proportion ...

    Authors: Lisa Vallely, Yusuf Ahmed and Susan F Murray
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2005 5:1
  7. Pregnancy in patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency is associated with high risk of maternal pancreatitis and fetal death. A very low fat diet (< 10% of calories) is the primary treatment modality for the...

    Authors: Elaine C Tsai, Judy A Brown, Megan Y Veldee, Gregory J Anderson, Alan Chait and John D Brunzell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:27
  8. There is now good evidence about the management options for pregnant women with a breech presentation (buttocks or feet rather than head-first) at term; external cephalic version (ECV) – the turning of a breec...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Natasha Nassar, Alexandra Barratt, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Brian Peat and David Henderson-Smart
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:26
  9. Caesarean section (CS) has become an increasingly common method of delivery worldwide, rising in the UK from 9% of deliveries in 1980 to over 21% 2001. This increase, and the question of whether CS should be a...

    Authors: Alan A Montgomery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:25

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:1

  10. Women report fear of pain in childbirth and often lack complete information on analgesic options prior to labour. Preferences for pain relief should be discussed before labour begins. A woman's antepartum deci...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Natasha Nassar, Lyndal Trevena and Kirsten McCaffery
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:24
  11. This report describes a patient counseling approach and non-surgical management of a dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy where delivery of the second twin followed the delivery of the first by 110 days.

    Authors: Labib M Ghulmiyyah, Salim A Wehbe, Seth A Schwartz and Eric Scott Sills
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:23
  12. One of every 6 United Status birth certificates contains no information on fathers. There might be important differences in the pregnancy outcomes between mothers with versus those without partner information....

    Authors: Hongzhuan Tan, Shi Wu Wen, Mark Walker and Kitaw Demissie
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:21
  13. Periconceptional use of vitamin supplements containing folic acid reduces the risk of a neural tube defect (NTD). In November 1998, food fortification with folic acid was mandated in Canada, as a public health...

    Authors: Shiliang Liu, Roy West, Edward Randell, Linda Longerich, Kathleen Steel O'Connor, Helen Scott, Marian Crowley, Angeline Lam, Victor Prabhakaran and Catherine McCourt
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:20
  14. A small, non-blinded, RCT (randomised controlled trial) had reported that oral antibiotics reduced the incidence of mastitis in lactating women with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)- colonized cracked nipples. W...

    Authors: Lisa Helen Amir, Judith Lumley and Suzanne M Garland
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:19
  15. Pregnant women are a major risk group for malaria in endemic areas. Only little information exists on the compliance of pregnant women with malaria and anaemia preventive drug regimens in the rural areas of su...

    Authors: Caroline Miaffo, Florent Some, Bocar Kouyate, Albrecht Jahn and Olaf Mueller
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:18
  16. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are leading causes of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, studies attempting to quantify the effect of hypertension on adverse perinatal...

    Authors: Victoria M Allen, KS Joseph, Kellie E Murphy, Laura A Magee and Arne Ohlsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:17
  17. Postpartum haemorrhage remains an important cause of maternal death despite treatment with conventional therapy. Uncontrolled studies and one randomised comparison with conventional oxytocics have reported dra...

    Authors: G Justus Hofmeyr, Sandra Ferreira, V Cheryl Nikodem, Lindeka Mangesi, Mandisa Singata, Zukiswa Jafta, Babalwa Maholwana, Zonke Mlokoti, Gijs Walraven and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:16
  18. Echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) has been identified as a common ultrasound finding in association with fetal aneuploidy. Little is known about the association of this soft marker aneuploidy in various ethni...

    Authors: Andrei Rebarber, Kenneth A Levey, Edmund Funai, Susan Monda and Michael Paidas
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:12
  19. Pregnancy-related pelvic pain is a common condition, and use of hormonal contraceptives before pregnancy has been proposed as a risk factor. We used data from a sub-sample of women participating in the "Norweg...

    Authors: Merethe Kumle, Elisabete Weiderpass, Elin Alsaker and Eiliv Lund
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:11
  20. The role of paternal factors in determining the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes has received less attention than maternal factors. Similarly, the interaction between the effects of race and socioeconomic st...

    Authors: Christina Nicolaidis, Cynthia W Ko, Somnath Saha and Thomas D Koepsell
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:10
  21. Although the debate on the safety and women's right of choice to a home delivery vs. hospital delivery continues in the developed countries, an undesirable outcome of home delivery, such as high maternal and p...

    Authors: Rajendra Raj Wagle, Svend Sabroe and Birgitte Bruun Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:8
  22. Neonatal mortality rates among black infants are lower than neonatal mortality rates among white infants at birth weights <3000 g, whereas white infants have a survival advantage at higher birth weights. This ...

    Authors: K S Joseph, Kitaw Demissie, Robert W Platt, Cande V Ananth, Brian J McCarthy and Michael S Kramer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:7
  23. Magnetocardiography enables the precise determination of fetal cardiac time intervals (CTI) as early as the second trimester of pregnancy. It has been shown that fetal CTI change in course of gestation. The ai...

    Authors: Peter van Leeuwen, Silke Lange, Anita Klein, Daniel Geue and Dietrich HW Grönemeyer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:6
  24. The Magpie Trial compared magnesium sulphate with placebo for women with pre-eclampsia. 10,141 women were recruited, 8804 before delivery. Overall, 9024 children were included in the analysis of outcome at dis...

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:5
  25. Emerging research evidence suggests a potential benefit in being upright in the first stage of labour and a systematic review of trials suggests both benefits and harmful effects associated with being upright ...

    Authors: Helen Lugina, Rose Mlay and Helen Smith
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:3
  26. The association between cerebral palsy in very preterm infants and clinical, histopathologic and microbiological indicators of chorioamnionitis, including the identification of specific micro-organisms in the ...

    Authors: Rasiah Vigneswaran, Stacey J Aitchison, Helen M McDonald, T Yee Khong and Janet E Hiller
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2004 4:1
  27. It is generally accepted that the risk of cerebral palsy decreases with increasing gestational age of live born infants. However, recent studies have shown that cerebral palsy often has prenatal antecedents in...

    Authors: K S Joseph, Alexander C Allen, Samawal Lutfi, Lynn Murphy-Kaulbeck, Michael J Vincer and Ellen Wood
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:8
  28. Preeclampsia is a complex disease in which several providers should interact continuously and in a coordinated manner to provide proper health care. However, standardizing criteria to treat patients with preec...

    Authors: Ricardo Perez-Cuevas, William Fraser, Hortensia Reyes, Daniel Reinharz, Ashi Daftari, Cristina S Heinz and James M Roberts
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:6
  29. It has proven difficult to reach World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations that infants be exclusively breastfed from birth to six months of age [1, 2], yet there is limited knowledge about interventions th...

    Authors: Della Forster, Helen McLachlan, Judith Lumley, Christine Beanland, Ulla Waldenström, Heather Harris, Diane Earl and Kaye Dyson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:5
  30. We present a case of monochorionic-triamniotic pregnancy that developed after embryo transfer following in vitro fertilization (IVF).

    Authors: Labib M Ghulmiyyah, Mark Perloe, Michael J Tucker, Julie H Zimmermann, Daniel P Eller and E Scott Sills
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:4
  31. Birth weight- and gestational age-specific perinatal mortality curves intersect when compared across categories of maternal smoking, plurality, race and other factors. No simple explanation exists for this par...

    Authors: KS Joseph, Shiliang Liu, Kitaw Demissie, Shi Wu Wen, Robert W Platt, Cande V Ananth, Susie Dzakpasu, Reg Sauve, Alexander C Allen and Michael S Kramer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:3
  32. It is known that during normal pregnancy and after immunotherapy blocking antibodies are developed, these antibodies inhibit mixed lymphocyte reaction and are also anti-mitogenic in nature. Mixed lymphocyte re...

    Authors: Manoj Kumar Pandey, Vijay Saxena and Suraksha Agrawal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:2
  33. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is caused by distal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p-). We report a case in which intrauterine growth restriction, hypospadias and foot deformity were detected by prenatal...

    Authors: Halil Aslan, Nilay Karaca, Seher Basaran, Hayri Ermis and Yavuz Ceylan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003 3:1
  34. We present a case of primary infertility related to extreme cervical stenosis, a subset of cervical factor infertility which accounts for approximately 5% of all clinical infertility referrals.

    Authors: E Scott Sills and Gianpiero D Palermo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:9
  35. The function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is known to be altered during pregnancy, but it has not been tested with a natural stressor.

    Authors: Martin Kammerer, Diana Adams, Brida von Castelberg and Vivette Glover
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:8
  36. In the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths (CEMD) Report, the very high risk of mortality in women who refuse blood transfusions is highlighted. The objectives were to establish current knowledge about, ...

    Authors: M Khadra, Claire Rigby, Peter Warren, Nicola Leighton and Richard Johanson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:7
  37. Several humoral immune factors are responsible for a successful pregnancy. There are a few studies, which demonstrate the role of antipaternal cytotoxic antibodies (APCA) and mixed lymphocyte reaction blocking...

    Authors: Suraksha Agrawal, Manoj K Pandey, SK Mandal, LC Mishra and SS Agarwal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:6
  38. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a multifaceted condition that affects more than half of pregnant women and can range in severity from mild nausea to severe dehydration. Presently physicians evaluate ...

    Authors: Kiran Chandra MSc, Laura Magee MD and Gideon Koren MD
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:5
  39. We investigated fetal and total DNA levels in maternal plasma in patients bearing fetuses affected with Down syndrome in comparison to controls carrying fetuses with normal karyotype.

    Authors: Ilona Hromadnikova, Bela Houbova, Dana Hridelova, Sona Voslarova, Pavel Calda, Katerina Nekolarova, Josef Kofer, David Stejskal, Jindrich Doucha, Ondrej Cinek and Jan Vavrirec
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:4
  40. Adverse drug reactions (ADR's) could be expected more frequently in pregnant women. This study was performed in order to identify ADR's to tocolytic drugs in hospitalised pregnant women.

    Authors: Dulce María Hernández-Hernández, María Josefa E Vargas-Rivera, Alejandro A Nava-Ocampo, José Antonio Palma-Aguirre and Héctor Sumano-López
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2002 2:3

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