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  1. The rationale for use of drugs during pregnancy requires a careful assessment as in addition to the mother, the health and life of her unborn child is also at stake. Information on the use of drugs during preg...

    Authors: Dileep K Rohra, Nirmal Das, Syed I Azam, Nazir A Solangi, Zahida Memon, Abdul M Shaikh and Nusrat H Khan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:24
  2. Pregnancy in Type 1 diabetic patients is a precarious condition, both for mother and fetus with increased the risk of prematurity and, immediately after delivery with risk of respiratory distress syndrome and ...

    Authors: Dario Iafusco, Fabrizio Stoppoloni, Gennaro Salvia, Gilberto Vernetti, Patrizia Passaro, Goran Petrovski and Francesco Prisco
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:23
  3. African American women are at increased risk for poor pregnancy outcomes compared to other racial-ethnic groups. Single or multiple psychosocial and behavioral factors may contribute to this risk. Most interve...

    Authors: Kathy S Katz, Susan M Blake, Renee A Milligan, Phyllis W Sharps, Davene B White, Margaret F Rodan, Maryann Rossi and Kennan B Murray
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:22
  4. Although evidence-based interventions to reach the Millennium Development Goals for Maternal and Neonatal mortality reduction exist, they have not yet been operationalised and scaled up in Sub-Saharan African ...

    Authors: Peter Waiswa, Margaret Kemigisa, Juliet Kiguli, Sarah Naikoba, George W Pariyo and Stefan Peterson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:21
  5. Current Iranian perinatal statistics indicate that maternity care continues to need improvement. In response, we implemented a multi-faceted intervention to improve the quality of maternity care at an Iranian ...

    Authors: Siamak Aghlmand, Feizollah Akbari, Aboulfath Lameei, Kazem Mohammad, Rhonda Small and Mohammad Arab
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:20
  6. Pregnancy-related low back pain is considered an important health problem and potentially leads to long-lasting pain and disability. Investigators draw particular attention to biomedical factors but there is g...

    Authors: Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Rob A de Bie, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Mariëlle EJB Goossens, Pieter Leffers, Pieter MJC Wolters, Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Piet A van den Brandt and Gerard GM Essed
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:19
  7. In the past 30 years karyotyping was the gold standard for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal aberrations in the fetus. Traditional karyotyping (TKT) has a high accuracy and reliability. However, it is labor in...

    Authors: Elisabeth MA Boormans, Erwin Birnie, Hajo I Wildschut, Heleen G Schuring-Blom, Dick Oepkes, Carla AC van Oppen, Jan G Nijhuis, Merryn VE Macville, Angelique JA Kooper, Karin Huijsdens, Mariëtte VJ Hoffer, Attie Go, Johan Creemers, Shama L Bhola, Katia M Bilardo, Ron Suijkerbuijk…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:18
  8. Gastrointestinal irritability can deter pregnant women from starting or continuing prenatal multivitamin supplementation. In a previous study, suboptimal tolerability was observed among pregnant women taking a...

    Authors: Patricia Nguyen, Alejandro Nava-Ocampo, Amalia Levy, Deborah L O'Connor, Tom R Einarson, Anna Taddio and Gideon Koren
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:17
  9. Undetected and untreated developmental problems can have a significant economic and social impact on society. Intervention to ameliorate potential developmental problems requires early identification of childr...

    Authors: Suzanne C Tough, Jodi E Siever, Shirley Leew, David W Johnston, Karen Benzies and Dawne Clark
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:16
  10. The objectives of this study were to determine rates of prenatal care utilization in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada from 1991 to 2000; to compare two indices of prenatal care utilization in identifying the proport...

    Authors: Maureen I Heaman, Christine V Newburn-Cook, Chris G Green, Lawrence J Elliott and Michael E Helewa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:15
  11. The Medical Research Council (MRC) ORACLE trial evaluated the use of co-amoxiclav 375 mg and/or erythromycin 250 mg in women presenting with preterm rupture of membranes (PROM) ORACLE I or in spontaneous prete...

    Authors: Sara Kenyon, Peter Brocklehurst, David Jones, Neil Marlow, Alison Salt and David Taylor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:14
  12. Falling numbers of maternal deaths have stimulated an interest in investigating cases of life threatening obstetric morbidity or near miss. The purpose of this study was to document the frequency and causes of...

    Authors: Asri Adisasmita, Poppy E Deviany, Fitri Nandiaty, Cynthia Stanton and Carine Ronsmans
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:10
  13. The haematological profile of the pregnant woman has an impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Published guidelines indicate acceptable levels for haematological indices in pregnancy but they are population s...

    Authors: Tameika R James, Harvey L Reid and Anthony M Mullings
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:8
  14. Interpregnancy interval (IPI), marital status, and neighborhood are independently associated with birth outcomes. The joint contribution of these exposures has not been evaluated. We tested for effect modifica...

    Authors: Nathalie Auger, Mark Daniel, Robert W Platt, Zhong-Cheng Luo, Yuquan Wu and Robert Choinière
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:7
  15. In places with poor vital registration, measurement of maternal mortality and monitoring the impact of interventions on maternal mortality is difficult and seldom undertaken. Mortality ratios are often estimat...

    Authors: Sarah Barnett, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, Jo Borghi, Suchitra Rath and Anthony Costello
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:6
  16. Centile charts of birthweight for gestational age are used to identify low birthweight babies. The charts currently used in Scotland are based on data from the 1970s and require updating given changes in birth...

    Authors: Sandra Bonellie, James Chalmers, Ron Gray, Ian Greer, Stephen Jarvis and Claire Williams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:5
  17. Recently, attention has been focused on subsequent pregnancies among teenage mothers. Previous studies that compared the reproductive outcomes of teenage nulliparae and multiparae often did not consider the ad...

    Authors: Birgit Reime, Beate A Schücking and Paul Wenzlaff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:4
  18. The aim of this study was to analyze and describe cases of ovarian cancer in pregnant women treated at our center and to review the literature concerned, and to discuss the rationale for therapy.

    Authors: Nadereh Behtash, Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Mitra Modares Gilani, Fatemeh Ghaemmaghami, Azamsadat Mousavi and Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:3
  19. The importance of antenatal care (ANC) for improving perinatal outcomes is well established. However access to ANC in Kenya has hardly changed in the past 20 years. This study aims to identify the determinants...

    Authors: Celia A Brown, Salim B Sohani, Khalid Khan, Richard Lilford and Walter Mukhwana
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:2
  20. Birth weight for gestational age is a widely-used proxy for fetal growth. Although the need for different standards for males and females is generally acknowledged, the physiologic vs pathologic nature of ethn...

    Authors: William J Kierans, KS Joseph, Zhong-Cheng Luo, Robert Platt, Russell Wilkins and Michael S Kramer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:1
  21. Almost two decades since the initiation of the Safe motherhood Initiative, Maternal Mortality is still soaring high in most developing countries. In 2000 WHO estimated a life time risk of a maternal death of 1...

    Authors: Rose NM Mpembeni, Japhet Z Killewo, Melkzedeck T Leshabari, Siriel N Massawe, Albrecht Jahn, Declare Mushi and Hassan Mwakipa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:29
  22. Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity, as well as with other adverse conditions later in life. Since the birth weight-specific mortality of a seco...

    Authors: Carsten B Pedersen, Yuelian Sun, Mogens Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen and Olga Basso
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:28
  23. Recommended best practice is that economic evaluation of health care interventions should be integral with randomised clinical trials. We performed a cost-consequence analysis of treating women with mild gesta...

    Authors: John R Moss, Caroline A Crowther, Janet E Hiller, Kristyn J Willson and Jeffrey S Robinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:27
  24. The fulfilment of expectations, labour pain, personal control and self-efficacy determine the postpartum evaluation of birth. However, researchers have seldom considered the multiple determinants in one analys...

    Authors: Wendy Christiaens and Piet Bracke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:26
  25. In 1998, mandatory folic acid fortification of white flour and select cereal grain products was implemented in Canada with the intention to increase dietary folate intakes of reproducing women. Folic acid fort...

    Authors: Lisa A Houghton, Kelly L Sherwood and Deborah L O'Connor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:25
  26. Disparities in perinatal health care occur worldwide. If the UN Millennium Development Goals in maternal and child health are to be met, this needs to be addressed. This study was conducted to facilitate our u...

    Authors: Carolyn J Tann, Moses Kizza, Linda Morison, David Mabey, Moses Muwanga, Heiner Grosskurth and Alison M Elliott
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:23
  27. Blood lead has been associated with an elevated risk of miscarriage. The plasmatic fraction of lead represents the toxicologically active fraction of lead. Women with a tendency to have a higher plasma/whole b...

    Authors: Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila, Belem Trejo-Valdivia, Maritsa Solano-González, Adriana Mercado-Garcia, Donald Smith, Howard Hu and Robert O Wright
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:22
  28. Maternal obesity and pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus, features of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), are individual risk factors for neural tube defects (NTD). Whether they, in combination with additional featur...

    Authors: Joel G Ray, Miles D Thompson, Marian J Vermeulen, Chris Meier, Philip R Wyatt, Pui-Yuen Wong, Anne M Summers, Sandra A Farrell and David EC Cole
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:21
  29. The study of severe maternal morbidity survivors (near miss) may be an alternative or a complement to the study of maternal death events as a health care indicator. However, there is still controversy regardin...

    Authors: JP Souza, JG Cecatti, MA Parpinelli, SJ Serruya and E Amaral
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:20
  30. Postnatal care is uncommon in Nepal, and where it is available the quality is often poor. Adequate utilisation of postnatal care can help reduce mortality and morbidity among mothers and their babies. Therefor...

    Authors: Sulochana Dhakal, Glyn N Chapman, Padam P Simkhada, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Jane Stephens and Amalraj E Raja
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:19
  31. For women who have a caesarean section in their preceding pregnancy, two care policies for birth are considered standard: planned vaginal birth and planned elective repeat caesarean. Currently available inform...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Janet E Hiller, Ross R Haslam and Jeffrey S Robinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:17
  32. Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality constitutes the fifth Millennium Development Goal and represents a key public health challenge in the United Republic of Tanzania. In response to the ne...

    Authors: Helen Prytherch, Siriel Massawe, Rainer Kuelker, Claudia Hunger, Ferdinand Mtatifikolo and Albrecht Jahn
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:16
  33. Non-progressive labour is the most common complication in nulliparas and is primarily treated by augmentation. Augmented labour is often terminated by instrumental delivery. Little qualitative research has add...

    Authors: Hanne Kjaergaard, Anne Maria Foldgast and Anna-Karin Dykes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:15
  34. Hypertensive disorders, i.e. pregnancy induced hypertension and preeclampsia, complicate 10 to15% of all pregnancies at term and are a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The only ca...

    Authors: Corine M Koopmans, Denise Bijlenga, Jan G Aarnoudse, Erik van Beek, Dick J Bekedam, Paul P van den Berg, Jan M Burggraaff, Erwin Birnie, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Addi P Drogtrop, Arie Franx, Christianne JM de Groot, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Anneke Kwee, Saskia le Cessie, Aren J van Loon…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:14
  35. Cardiotocography (CTG) is worldwide the method for fetal surveillance during labour. However, CTG alone shows many false positive test results and without fetal blood sampling (FBS), it results in an increase ...

    Authors: Michelle EMH Westerhuis, Karel GM Moons, Erik van Beek, Saskia M Bijvoet, Addy P Drogtrop, Herman P van Geijn, Jan MM van Lith, Ben WJ Mol, Jan G Nijhuis, S Guid Oei, Martina M Porath, Robbert JP Rijnders, Nico WE Schuitemaker, Ingeborg van der Tweel, Gerard HA Visser, Christine Willekes…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:13
  36. Around 80% of intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants are born at term. They have an increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity including behavioral problems, minor developmental delay and spastic cer...

    Authors: Kim E Boers, Denise Bijlenga, Ben WJ Mol, Saskia LeCessie, Erwin Birnie, Marielle G van Pampus, Rob H Stigter, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Claudia A van Meir, Joris AM van der Post, Dick J Bekedam, Lucy SM Ribbert, Addie P Drogtrop, Paulien CM van der Salm, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Christine Willekes…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:12
  37. Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is an important clinical problem and a dilemma for the gynaecologist. On the one hand, awaiting spontaneous labour increases the probability of infectious dis...

    Authors: David P van der Ham, Jan G Nijhuis, Ben Willem J Mol, Johannes J van Beek, Brent C Opmeer, Denise Bijlenga, Mariette Groenewout, Birgit Arabin, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Wim J van Wijngaarden, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Paula JM Pernet, Martina M Porath, Jan FM Molkenboer, Jan B Derks, Michael M Kars…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:11
  38. When the primary and secondary outcomes of clinical studies yield ambiguous or conflicting recommendations, preference or valuation studies may help to overcome the decision problem. The present preference stu...

    Authors: Denise Bijlenga, Erwin Birnie, Ben WJ Mol and Gouke J Bonsel
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:10
  39. Zuo yuezi is the month postpartum in China associated with a variety of traditional beliefs and practices. We explored the current status of zuo yuezi from social, cultural and western medical perspectives.

    Authors: Joanna H Raven, Qiyan Chen, Rachel J Tolhurst and Paul Garner
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:8
  40. 15% of multiple pregnancies ends in a preterm delivery, which can lead to mortality and severe long term neonatal morbidity. At present, no generally accepted strategy for the prevention of preterm birth in mu...

    Authors: Arianne C Lim, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Kees Boer, Johannes J Duvekot, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Tom HM Hasaart, Pieter Hummel, Ben WJ Mol, Jos PM Offermans, Charlotte M van Oirschot, Job G Santema, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Willem A Schöls, Frank PHA Vandenbussche, Maurice GAJ Wouters and Hein W Bruinse
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:7
  41. Fetal loss is a painful experience. A history of second or early third trimester fetal loss, after painless dilatation of the cervix, prolapse or rupture of the membranes, and expulsion of a live fetus despite...

    Authors: Frederik K Lotgering
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S17

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  42. Increasing evidence suggests that parturition is an inflammatory process. In this brief overview, inflammatory events occurring in association with parturition, and the mechanism by which they may contribute t...

    Authors: Jane E Norman, Shrikant Bollapragada, Mei Yuan and Scott M Nelson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

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