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  1. The objective of this study was to describe levels of pregnancy and contraceptive usage among a cohort of street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver.

    Authors: Putu Duff, Jean Shoveller, Ruth Zhang, Debbie Alexson, Julio SG Montaner and Kate Shannon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:61
  2. Malaria remains a major public health problem in sub Saharan Africa and the extent of utilisation of malaria preventive measures may impact on the burden of malaria in pregnancy. This study sought to determine...

    Authors: Olukemi O Tongo, Adebola E Orimadegun and Olusegun O Akinyinka
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:60
  3. Prepregnancy obesity is associated with increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcome such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, fetal macrosomia and the need for cesar...

    Authors: Anussara Kongubol and Vorapong Phupong
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:59
  4. Maternity clinical handover serves to address the gaps in knowledge existing when transitions between individuals or groups of clinicians occur throughout the antenatal, intra-partum and postnatal period. Ther...

    Authors: Georgiana SM Chin, Narelle Warren, Louise Kornman and Peter Cameron
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:58
  5. Suicide is a leading cause of perinatal maternal deaths in industrialised countries but there has been little research to investigate prevalence or correlates of postpartum suicidality. The Edinburgh Postnatal...

    Authors: Louise M Howard, Clare Flach, Anita Mehay, Debbie Sharp and Andre Tylee
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:57
  6. Maternal mortality is high in Mali. Nevertheless, there are few studies on this topic from rural areas, and current estimates are mostly based on studies from urban settings. Our objective was to estimate the ...

    Authors: Ingvill Aa, Mari A Grove, Anita H Haugsjå and Sven G Hinderaker
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:56
  7. The inequity in emergency obstetric care access in Tanzania is unsatisfactory. Despite an existing national obstetric referral system, many birthing women bypass referring facilities and go directly to higher-...

    Authors: Ingvil K Sørbye, Siri Vangen, Olola Oneko, Johanne Sundby and Per Bergsjø
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:55
  8. The CASTLE (Candida and Staphylococcus Transmission: Longitudinal Evaluation) study will investigate the micro-organisms involved in the development of mastitis and "breast thrush" among breastfeeding women. T...

    Authors: Lisa H Amir, Meabh Cullinane, Suzanne M Garland, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Susan M Donath, Catherine M Bennett, Amanda R Cooklin, Jane RW Fisher and Matthew S Payne
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:54
  9. In 2009 the Australian government announced a major program of reform with the move to primary maternity care. The reform agenda represents a dramatic change to maternity care provision in a society that has e...

    Authors: Meredith J McIntyre, Karen Francis and Ysanne Chapman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:53
  10. Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy may potentially constitute a major public health concern in Canada but despite this, the available epidemiological data on both rates and predictors of alcohol con...

    Authors: Meghan J Walker, Ban Al-Sahab, Farah Islam and Hala Tamim
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:52
  11. Intramuscular pethidine is routinely used throughout the UK for labour analgesia. Studies have suggested that pethidine provides little pain relief in labour and has a number of side effects affecting mother a...

    Authors: Michael YK Wee, Jenny P Tuckey, Peter Thomas and Sara Burnard
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:51
  12. Gestational hypertension (GH) and pre-eclampsia (PE) can result in severe complications such as eclampsia, placental abruption, syndrome of Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) and ultim...

    Authors: Josje Langenveld, Kim Broekhuijsen, Gert-Jan van Baaren, Maria G van Pampus, Anton H van Kaam, Henk Groen, Martina Porath, Martijn A Oudijk, Kitty W Bloemenkamp, Christianne J de Groot, Erik van Beek, Marloes E van Huizen, Herman P Oosterbaan, Christine Willekes, Ella J Wijnen-Duvekot, Maureen T M Franssen…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:50

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:232

  13. Violence against women by their male intimate partners (IPV) during pregnancy may lead to negative pregnancy outcomes. We examined the role of IPV as a potential risk factor for miscarriage in Guatemala. Our o...

    Authors: Mira Johri, Rosa E Morales, Jean-François Boivin, Blanca E Samayoa, Jeffrey S Hoch, Carlos F Grazioso, Ingrid J Barrios Matta, Cécile Sommen, Eva L Baide Diaz, Hector R Fong and Eduardo G Arathoon
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:49
  14. Investigation of maternal near-miss is a useful complement to the investigation of maternal mortality with the aim of meeting the United Nations' fifth Millennium Development Goal. The present study was conduc...

    Authors: AbdelAziem A Ali, Awadia Khojali, Amira Okud, Gamal K Adam and Ishag Adam
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:48
  15. The Australian government has announced a major program of reform with the move to primary maternity care, a program of change that appears to be at odds with current general public perceptions regarding how m...

    Authors: Meredith J McIntyre, Karen Francis and Ysanne Chapman
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:47
  16. Major depressive disorder (MDD) during pregnancy and postpartum depression are associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. While antidepressants are readily used in pregnancy, studies have rai...

    Authors: Ellen Mozurkewich, Julie Chilimigras, Chelsea Klemens, Kristie Keeton, Lucy Allbaugh, Susan Hamilton, Deborah Berman, Delia Vazquez, Sheila Marcus, Zora Djuric and Anjel Vahratian
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:46
  17. Maternal and infant health has been associated with maternal education level, which is highly associated with literacy. We aimed at estimating literacy rates among reproductive age women attending antenatal cl...

    Authors: Verena I Carrara, Celia Hogan, Cecilia De Pree, Francois Nosten and Rose McGready
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:45
  18. Overweight and obesity during pregnancy raise the risk of gestational diabetes and birth complications. Lifestyle factors like physical activity may decrease these risks through beneficial effects on glucose h...

    Authors: Anna Gradmark, Jeremy Pomeroy, Frida Renström, Susanne Steiginga, Margareta Persson, Antony Wright, Les Bluck, Magnus Domellöf, Steven E Kahn, Ingrid Mogren and Paul W Franks
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:44
  19. In 2004, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommended that an elective caesarean section for an uncomplicated pregnancy should not be carried out before 39 completed weeks due to increased...

    Authors: Ipek Gurol-Urganci, David A Cromwell, Leroy C Edozien, Chidimma Onwere, Tahir A Mahmood and Jan H van der Meulen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:43
  20. Abuse and violence against women constitute a global public health problem and are particularly important among women of reproductive age. The literature is not conclusive regarding the impact of violence agai...

    Authors: Marcelo L Urquia, Patricia J O'Campo, Maureen I Heaman, Patricia A Janssen and Kellie R Thiessen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:42
  21. The inclusion of Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4) as a gold standard in the treatment of eclampsia has substantially reduced incidences of repeated fits, eclamptic morbidity and deaths. However, despite treatment wi...

    Authors: Projestine S Muganyizi and Mohammed S Shagdara
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:41
  22. This paper reports original research on choice and control in childbirth. Eight women were interviewed as part of a wider investigation into locus of control in women with pre-labour rupture of membranes at te...

    Authors: Austyn Snowden, Colin Martin, Julie Jomeen and Caroline Hollins Martin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:40
  23. Longer intervals between consecutive births decrease the number of children a woman can have. This results in beneficial effects on population size and on the health status of mothers and children. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Samuel Yohannes, Mekitie Wondafrash, Mulumebet Abera and Eshetu Girma
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:38
  24. Increasingly, women in India attend health facilities for childbirth, partly due to incentives paid under government programs. Increased use of health facilities can alleviate the risks of infections contracte...

    Authors: Rajesh Mehta, Dileep V Mavalankar, KV Ramani, Sheetal Sharma and Julia Hussein
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:37
  25. The potential of antenatal care for reducing maternal morbidity and improving newborn survival and health is widely acknowledged. Yet there are worrying gaps in knowledge of the quality of antenatal care provi...

    Authors: Karin Gross, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg, Flora Kessy, Constanze Pfeiffer and Brigit Obrist
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:36
  26. Preeclampsia (PE) is the first worldwide cause of death in pregnant women, intra-uterine growth retardation, and fetal prematurity. Some vascular endothelial grown factor gene (VEGF) polymorphisms have been assoc...

    Authors: Idalia Garza-Veloz, Claudia Castruita-De la Rosa, Raul Cortes-Flores, Victoria Martinez-Gaytan, Jose E Rivera-Muñoz, Elda A Garcia-Mayorga, Esteban Meza-Lamas, Augusto Rojas-Martinez, Rocio Ortiz-Lopez and Margarita L Martinez-Fierro
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:35
  27. The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG5) aims at improving maternal health. Globally, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) declined from 400 to 260 per 100000 live births between 1990 and 2008. During the sa...

    Authors: Eyob Zere, Doyin Oluwole, Joses M Kirigia, Chris N Mwikisa and Thomas Mbeeli
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:34
  28. Pregnancy is accompanied by several hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological changes which revert to normal values after labor. The mean values of these parameters have been reported for developed countries,...

    Authors: Fernando Rodríguez-Dennen, Joel Martínez-Ocaña, Simón Kawa-Karasik, Luis Villanueva-Egan, Norberto Reyes-Paredes, Ana Flisser and Angélica Olivo-Díaz
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:33
  29. Amnioreduction remains a treatment option for pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) not meeting criteria for laser surgery or those in which it is not feasible. Amnioreduction is a relative...

    Authors: Xiangqun Li, Seiichi Morokuma, Kotaro Fukushima, Yuka Otera, Yasuo Yumoto, Kiyomi Tsukimori, Masayuki Ochiai, Toshiro Hara and Norio Wake
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:32
  30. Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancies affecting around 7% of women. This clinical condition is associated with an increased risk of developing fetal macrosomia and i...

    Authors: Gianpaolo Maso, Salvatore Alberico, Uri Wiesenfeld, Luca Ronfani, Anna Erenbourg, Eran Hadar, Yariv Yogev and Moshe Hod
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:31
  31. The burden of maternal mortality in resource limited countries is still huge despite being at the top of the global public health agenda for over the last 20 years. We systematically reviewed the impacts of in...

    Authors: Angelo S Nyamtema, David P Urassa and Jos van Roosmalen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:30
  32. Maternal mortality in Kinshasa is high despite near universal availability of antenatal care and hospital delivery. Possible explanations are poor-quality care and by delays in the uptake of care. There is, ho...

    Authors: Eugénie Kabali, Catherine Gourbin and Vincent De Brouwere
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:29
  33. Massive postpartum hemorrhage is a life threatening obstetric emergency. In order to prevent the complications associated with this condition, an organized and step-wise management protocol should be immediate...

    Authors: Lumaan Sheikh, Nida Najmi, Umair Khalid and Taimur Saleem
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:28
  34. Evidence-based advice on alcohol consumption is required for pregnant women and women planning a pregnancy. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence, predictors and perinatal outcomes associated with peri-con...

    Authors: Aoife Mullally, Brian J Cleary, Joe Barry, Tom P Fahey and Deirdre J Murphy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:27
  35. Accurate prediction of infection, including maternal chorioamnionitis and early-onset neonatal infection, remains a critical challenge in cases of preterm rupture of membranes and may influence obstetrical man...

    Authors: Thomas Popowski, François Goffinet, Françoise Maillard, Thomas Schmitz, Sandrine Leroy and Gilles Kayem
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:26
  36. Lack of data is a critical barrier to addressing the problem of stillbirth in countries with the highest stillbirth burden. Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in ru...

    Authors: Abdullah H Baqui, Yoonjoung Choi, Emma K Williams, Shams E Arifeen, Ishtiaq Mannan, Gary L Darmstadt and Robert E Black
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:25
  37. Despite the existence of various published studies regarding the effects of tobacco smoking on pregnancy, and especially in regards to placental blood flow and vascular resistance, some points still require cl...

    Authors: Julia de B Machado, Plínio VM Filho, Guilherme O Petersen and José M Chatkin
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:24
  38. Women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes. Despite this "window of opportunity," few intervention studies have targeted postpartum wome...

    Authors: Jacinda M Nicklas, Chloe A Zera, Ellen W Seely, Zainab S Abdul-Rahim, Noelle D Rudloff and Sue E Levkoff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:23
  39. The WHO advises against recumbent or supine position for longer periods during labour and birth and states that caregivers should encourage and support the woman to take the position in which she feels most co...

    Authors: Li Thies-Lagergren, Linda J Kvist, Kyllike Christensson and Ingegerd Hildingsson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:22
  40. Almost one third of women suffer continuous lower back pain during labour. Evidence from three systematic reviews demonstrates that sterile water injections (SWI) provide statistically and clinically significa...

    Authors: Nigel Lee, Peter Coxeter, Michael Beckmann, Joan Webster, Vanessa Wright, Tric Smith and Sue Kildea
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:21
  41. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of obstetric and newborn care services. Although the vast majority of global perinatal mortality is estimated to occur in developing countries, there is a critical...

    Authors: Leona Burke, Dwi Linna Suswardany, Keryl Michener, Setiawaty Mazurki, Timothy Adair, Catur Elmiyati and Chalapati Rao
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:20
  42. Prevention of preterm birth remains one of the most important challenges in maternity care. We propose a randomised trial with: a simple Candida testing protocol that can be easily incorporated into usual antenat...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Jonathan M Morris, Kristen R Rickard, Warwick B Giles, Judy M Simpson, George Kotsiou and Jennifer R Bowen
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:19
  43. Although the connection between ascending infection and preterm birth is undisputed, research focused on finding effective treatments has been disappointing. However evidence that eradication of Candida in pregna...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Kristen Rickard, George Kotsiou and Jonathan M Morris
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:18
  44. It is a priority to achieve an adequate nutritional status of iodine during pregnancy since iodine deficiency in this population may have repercussions on the mother during both gestation and post partum as we...

    Authors: Gemma Prieto, Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Gemma Falguera, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Roser Casamitjana, Juan Ramón Barrada, Amèlia Acera, Dolors Guix, Anna Torrent, Josep Grau and Pere Torán
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:17
  45. Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) populations have disproportionately high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes relative to other Australians. Poorer access to good quality maternal...

    Authors: Alice R Rumbold, Ross S Bailie, Damin Si, Michelle C Dowden, Catherine M Kennedy, Rhonda J Cox, Lynette O'Donoghue, Helen E Liddle, Ru K Kwedza, Sandra C Thompson, Hugh P Burke, Alex DH Brown, Tarun Weeramanthri and Christine M Connors
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:16
  46. Although both labour dystocia and domestic violence during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcome, evidence in support of a possible association between experiences of domestic violen...

    Authors: Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Elisabeth Dejin-Karlsson and Anna-Karin Dykes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:14
  47. Infant mortality has shown a steady decline in recent years but a marked socioeconomic gradient persists. Antenatal care is generally thought to be an effective method of improving pregnancy outcomes, but the ...

    Authors: Jennifer Hollowell, Laura Oakley, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Peter Brocklehurst and Ron Gray
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:13
  48. Although maternal nutrient status influences all aspects of fetal development including the brain, the impact of micronutrient supplementation on the baby's mental function is a topic of debate. This systemati...

    Authors: Brenda MY Leung, Kristin P Wiens and Bonnie J Kaplan
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:12

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