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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Adequate nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure optimal birth outcomes, maternal health and offspring development. However, little is known about the dietary intake and nutritional status of pregnan...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Symington, Jeannine Baumgartner, Linda Malan, Lizelle Zandberg, Cristian Ricci and Cornelius M. Smuts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:308

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female genital mutilation (FGM) remains a serious concern and has affected 23.8 million women and girls, with the highest prevalence in Somali regional state. Even though FGM is reported to be ass...

    Authors: Kiros Gebremicheal, Fisehaye Alemseged, Haimanot Ewunetu, Daniel Tolossa, Abdibari Ma’alin, Mahlet Yewondwessen and Samuel Melaku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:305

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a global public health concern with potential implications for the health of a mother and her offspring. However, data on the prevalence and risk factors of GDM in Latin ...

    Authors: Gloria T. Larrabure-Torrealva, Stephanie Martinez, Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Sixto E. Sanchez, Pedro A. Mascaro, Hugo Ingar, Walter Castillo, Rina Zumaeta, Mirtha Grande, Vicky Motta, Percy Pacora, Bizu Gelaye and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:303

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Purpose of this study was to investigate differences between primiparous term pregnancies, one leading to vaginal delivery (VD) and the other to acute cesarean section (CS) due to labor dystocia in the first s...

    Authors: Tuija Hautakangas, Outi Palomäki, Karoliina Eidstø, Heini Huhtala and Jukka Uotila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:304

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has the highest rate of stillbirths globally. Not much attention has been given so far to exploring the sociocultural factors hindering the reportage of stillbirths and the causes of death. Therefore,...

    Authors: Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa, Aisha Jalil and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:302

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  6. Content type: Research article

    There is a very large population of internal migrants in China, and the majority of migrant women are of childbearing age. Little is known about their utilization of prenatal care and factors that influence th...

    Authors: Zhanhong Zong, Jianyuan Huang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu and Norman Hearst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:301

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The safest, most effective and fastest combined approaches to induction of labor is unknown. In an open-label randomized clinical trial we evaluated the efficacy of combination of extra-amniotic Foley’s cathet...

    Authors: Alfred Osoti, Davies Kiprop Kibii, Tito Mario Kual Tong and Innocent Maranga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:300

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The participation of the father during the perinatal period is an important strategy for improving the mother’s health. Very few studies exist about the father’s role in promoting the health of the mother in I...

    Authors: Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Ziba Farajzadegan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:297

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Patients with primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) who survive to adulthood and willing to have a child mostly are worried whether their disease affects their fertility and/or pregnancy and also if their chi...

    Authors: Saba Sheikhbahaei, Roya Sherkat, Nadezhda Camacho-Ordonez, Razie Khoshnevisan, Asadollah Kalantari, Mansour Salehi, Seyed Saman Nazemian, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-esfahani and Christophe Klein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:299

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The unique clinical features of pregnancy termination in the second trimester with concurrent placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders place obstetricians in a complex and delicate situation. However, there a...

    Authors: Ran Cui, Menghui Li, Junli Lu, Huimin Bai and Zhenyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:298

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Since reproductive health is often considered a highly sensitive topic, underreporting in surveys and under coverage of register data occurs frequently. This may lead to inaccurate information about the reprod...

    Authors: Satu Jokela, Eero Lilja, Tarja I. Kinnunen, Mika Gissler, Anu E. Castaneda and Päivikki Koponen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:296

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Globally, maternal mortality is still a challenge. In Ghana, maternal morbidity and mortality rates remain high, particularly in rural areas. Postnatal Care (PNC) is one of the key strategies for improving mat...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah, Maxwell Dalaba, Ernest Kanyomse, Daniel Azongo, Dominic Anaseba, Samuel Oladokun and Abraham Rexford Oduro

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:295

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Compassionate and respectful maternity care is one of the most important facilitating factors to increase access to skilled maternity care. Disrespect and abuse is a violation of human rights and is the main h...

    Authors: Biresaw Wassihun and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:294

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to compare the effect of breast pump stimulation with that of oxytocin administration regarding the duration of the third stage of labor, postpartum hemorrhage, and anemia after delivery.

    Authors: Elham Dashtinejad, Parvin Abedi and Poorandokht Afshari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:293

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium sulfate is the preferred pharmacological intervention for the prevention and treatment of eclamptic seizures in pregnancy. Pain associated with intramuscular injections and the need for an electronic...

    Authors: Thomas Easterling, Mary Hebert, Hillary Bracken, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Salwa Shaarawy, Dyanna Charles, Tamer Abdel-Aziz, Ahmed Shokry Nasr, Sherif Mohamed Safwal and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:290

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy is a unique physiological condition with the cellular immune functions compromised at some extents to allow the mature of growing fetus. Whether pregnancy may influence the replication of hepatitis B...

    Authors: Chenyu Xu, Jingli Liu, Lanhua Liu, Yongchun Bi, Biyun Xu, Jie Chen, Biao Xu, Tingmei Chen, Yali Hu and Yi-Hua Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:292

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Preterm labour and birth (PTL/PTB) is characterised by major health and developmental risks for children, life–changing consequences for their families, and substantial healthcare and economic challenges for w...

    Authors: Shibani Pokras, Jeanne Pimenta, Evie Merinopoulou and Dimitra Lambrelli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:284

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The postpartum period represents a critical window where many maternal and child deaths occur. We assess the quality of postpartum care (PPC) as well as efforts to improve service delivery through additional t...

    Authors: Amnesty LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Charles Kilewo, Ann Yang, Selena An, Diwakar Mohan, Idda Mosha, Giulia Besana, Chrisostom Lipingu, Jennifer Callaghan-Koru, Marissa Silverman, Peter J. Winch and Asha S. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:282

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal balanced protein energy supplementation consumed by undernourished women improves mid-upper arm circumference in early infancy. This study aimed to identify whether locally produced maternal food-base...

    Authors: Briony Stevens, Kerrianne Watt, Julie Brimbecombe, Alan Clough, Jenni A. Judd and Daniel Lindsay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:286

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have shown inconsistent associations between anxiety during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome. This inconsistency may be due to lack of controlling for the timing and type of maternal anx...

    Authors: Eyal Ravid, Liat Salzer, Liat Arnon, Michal Eisner, Arnon Wiznitzer, Aron Weller, Lee Koren and Eran Hadar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:287

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Shared decision-making (SDM) is an important aspect of modern health care. Many studies evaluated different interventions to improve SDM, however, none in an inpatient clinical setting. A tool that has been pr...

    Authors: S. W. E. Baijens, A. G. Huppelschoten, J. Van Dillen and J. W. M. Aarts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:283

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 50% of Australian women experience low back pain in pregnancy, with somewhere between 8 and 36% of women suffering from pregnancy related depression/anxiety. Both low back and pelvic pain and dep...

    Authors: Rosa Virgara, Carol Maher and Gisela Van Kessel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:288

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women can misinform or withhold their reproductive and medical information from providers when they interact with them during care decision-making interactions, although, the information clients revea...

    Authors: Linda L. Yevoo, Irene A. Agyepong, Trudie Gerrits and Han van Dijk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:274

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG-h) to total human chorionic gonadotropin (%hCG-h) during the first trimester is a promising biomarker for prediction of early-onset pre-ecl...

    Authors: Katja Murtoniemi, Pia M. Villa, Jaakko Matomäki, Elina Keikkala, Piia Vuorela, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen, Pekka Taipale, Ulf-Håkan Stenman and Hannele Laivuori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:279

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia houses the second largest population of female adolescents in Africa. Adolescent childbearing can have detrimental effect to the health and wellbeing of women and their offspring. This study examined ...

    Authors: Yared Mekonnen, Daniel S. Telake and Endeshaw Wolde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:276

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with an increase in maternal arterial stiffness, which may be reflected by photoplethysmography (PPG) of the pulse wave. The aim of this study was to investigate area difference...

    Authors: Ying Feng, Dan Drzymalski, Baihui Zhao, Xuan Wang and Xinzhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:280

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have explored the association between a previous caesarean section (CS) and adverse perinatal outcomes in a subsequent pregnancy, especially in women who underwent a non-indicated CS in their first...

    Authors: Hong-Tao Hu, Jing-Jing Xu, Jing Lin, Cheng Li, Yan-Ting Wu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, Xin-Mei Liu and He-Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:273

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  28. Content type: Research article

    While barriers to uptake of antenatal care (ANC) among pregnant women have been explored, much less is known about how integrating prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes within ANC servi...

    Authors: Euphemia L. Sibanda, Sarah Bernays, Ian V. D. Weller, James G. Hakim and Frances M. Cowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:271

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  29. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of recent prospective data on the incidence of postpartum infections and associated risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective studies estimate that puerperal sepsis causes approximat...

    Authors: Joseph Ngonzi, Lisa M. Bebell, Yarine Fajardo, Adeline A. Boatin, Mark J. Siedner, Ingrid V. Bassett, Yves Jacquemyn, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden, Jerome Kabakyenga, Blair J. Wylie, David R. Bangsberg and Laura E. Riley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:270

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Single nucleotide polymorphism of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor (FSHR) is an important marker of ovarian function. However, its role in female fecundity remains debatable. The aim of the stud...

    Authors: Birute Zilaitiene, Marius Dirzauskas, Rasa Verkauskiene, Rytas Ostrauskas, Joerg Gromoll and Eberhard Nieschlag

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:272

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Early postnatal period is characterized by dramatic adaptation changes of cardiovascular and respiratory systems in newborns. There is still insufficient data regarding maturation of autonomic regulatory mecha...

    Authors: Marek Kozar, Ingrid Tonhajzerova, Michal Mestanik, Katarina Matasova, Mirko Zibolen, Andrea Calkovska and Kamil Javorka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:264

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, Nigeria’s Federal Ministry of Health published its National Strategic Framework for the Elimination of Obstetric Fistula (NSFEOF), 2011–2015. The framework has since lapsed and there is no tangible ev...

    Authors: Oluwakemi C. Amodu, Bukola O. Salami and Magdalena S. Richter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:269

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behavior is associated with adverse health outcomes in the general population. Whether sedentary behavior during pregnancy is associated with newborn outcomes, such as birth size, is not established,...

    Authors: Sylvia E. Badon, Alyson J. Littman, K. C. Gary Chan, Michelle A. Williams and Daniel A. Enquobahrie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:267

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and perinatal mortality in Mozambique were declining at a slow pace, despite progress in coverage of institutional childbirth. Implementation of quality emergency obstetric care including vacuum extra...

    Authors: D. Geelhoed, V. de Deus, M. Sitoe, O. Matsinhe, M. I. Lampião Cardoso, C. V. Manjate, P. I. Pinto Matsena and C. Mosse Lazaro

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:266

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is considered to be associated with favorable fetal outcomes, such as a decreased risk for spontaneous abortion. However, the relationship between NVP and preterm bir...

    Authors: Naomi Mitsuda, Masamitsu Eitoku, Keiko Yamasaki, Masahiko Sakaguchi, Kahoko Yasumitsu-Lovell, Nagamasa Maeda, Mikiya Fujieda and Narufumi Suganuma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:268

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality and morbidity remain unacceptably high in developing countries. Behind every maternal death, many other women suffered from acute and chronic obstetric complications. Women who survive sever...

    Authors: Abebaw Wasie Kasahun and Wako Golicha Wako

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:260

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Hemoglobin (Hb) measurement is a standard test among pregnant women during the first perinatal visit that is used to evaluate physical status and anemia. However, studies focusing on Hb levels and pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Chen Wang, Li Lin, Rina Su, Weiwei Zhu, Yumei Wei, Jie Yan, Hui Feng, Boya Li, Shuang Li and Huixia Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:263

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  38. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to establish consensus on the expression and distinction of disordered eating in pregnancy to improve awareness across various health professions and inform the development of a pregnancy-spec...

    Authors: Amy Jean Bannatyne, Roger Hughes, Peta Stapleton, Bruce Watt and Kristen MacKenzie-Shalders

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:262

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Investigators have hypothesized that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may modulate the immune response. However, available evidence is conflicting. We performed this study to investigate the effect of prenat...

    Authors: Ellen L. Mozurkewich, Deborah R. Berman, Anjel Vahratian, Chelsea M. Clinton, Vivian C. Romero, Julie L. Chilimigras, Delia Vazquez, Clifford Qualls and Zora Djuric

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:261

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  40. Content type: Debate

    In February 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) released “Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)” (EPMM Strategies), a direction-setting report outlining global targets and strate...

    Authors: R. Rima Jolivet, Allisyn C. Moran, Meaghan O’Connor, Doris Chou, Neelam Bhardwaj, Holly Newby, Jennifer Requejo, Marta Schaaf, Lale Say and Ana Langer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:258

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Maternal iodine deficiency (ID) during pregnancy has been recognized as a major cause of abortion, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, perinatal mortality and irreversible mental retardation. In Ethiopia lim...

    Authors: Mengistu Fereja, Samson Gebremedhin, Tafere Gebreegziabher, Meron Girma and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:257

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