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  1. Falling numbers of maternal deaths have stimulated an interest in investigating cases of life threatening obstetric morbidity or near miss. The purpose of this study was to document the frequency and causes of...

    Authors: Asri Adisasmita, Poppy E Deviany, Fitri Nandiaty, Cynthia Stanton and Carine Ronsmans
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:10
  2. The haematological profile of the pregnant woman has an impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Published guidelines indicate acceptable levels for haematological indices in pregnancy but they are population s...

    Authors: Tameika R James, Harvey L Reid and Anthony M Mullings
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:8
  3. Interpregnancy interval (IPI), marital status, and neighborhood are independently associated with birth outcomes. The joint contribution of these exposures has not been evaluated. We tested for effect modifica...

    Authors: Nathalie Auger, Mark Daniel, Robert W Platt, Zhong-Cheng Luo, Yuquan Wu and Robert Choinière
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:7
  4. In places with poor vital registration, measurement of maternal mortality and monitoring the impact of interventions on maternal mortality is difficult and seldom undertaken. Mortality ratios are often estimat...

    Authors: Sarah Barnett, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, Jo Borghi, Suchitra Rath and Anthony Costello
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:6
  5. Centile charts of birthweight for gestational age are used to identify low birthweight babies. The charts currently used in Scotland are based on data from the 1970s and require updating given changes in birth...

    Authors: Sandra Bonellie, James Chalmers, Ron Gray, Ian Greer, Stephen Jarvis and Claire Williams
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:5
  6. Recently, attention has been focused on subsequent pregnancies among teenage mothers. Previous studies that compared the reproductive outcomes of teenage nulliparae and multiparae often did not consider the ad...

    Authors: Birgit Reime, Beate A Schücking and Paul Wenzlaff
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:4
  7. The aim of this study was to analyze and describe cases of ovarian cancer in pregnant women treated at our center and to review the literature concerned, and to discuss the rationale for therapy.

    Authors: Nadereh Behtash, Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Mitra Modares Gilani, Fatemeh Ghaemmaghami, Azamsadat Mousavi and Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:3
  8. The importance of antenatal care (ANC) for improving perinatal outcomes is well established. However access to ANC in Kenya has hardly changed in the past 20 years. This study aims to identify the determinants...

    Authors: Celia A Brown, Salim B Sohani, Khalid Khan, Richard Lilford and Walter Mukhwana
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:2
  9. Birth weight for gestational age is a widely-used proxy for fetal growth. Although the need for different standards for males and females is generally acknowledged, the physiologic vs pathologic nature of ethn...

    Authors: William J Kierans, KS Joseph, Zhong-Cheng Luo, Robert Platt, Russell Wilkins and Michael S Kramer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:1
  10. Almost two decades since the initiation of the Safe motherhood Initiative, Maternal Mortality is still soaring high in most developing countries. In 2000 WHO estimated a life time risk of a maternal death of 1...

    Authors: Rose NM Mpembeni, Japhet Z Killewo, Melkzedeck T Leshabari, Siriel N Massawe, Albrecht Jahn, Declare Mushi and Hassan Mwakipa
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:29
  11. Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity, as well as with other adverse conditions later in life. Since the birth weight-specific mortality of a seco...

    Authors: Carsten B Pedersen, Yuelian Sun, Mogens Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen and Olga Basso
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:28
  12. Recommended best practice is that economic evaluation of health care interventions should be integral with randomised clinical trials. We performed a cost-consequence analysis of treating women with mild gesta...

    Authors: John R Moss, Caroline A Crowther, Janet E Hiller, Kristyn J Willson and Jeffrey S Robinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:27
  13. The fulfilment of expectations, labour pain, personal control and self-efficacy determine the postpartum evaluation of birth. However, researchers have seldom considered the multiple determinants in one analys...

    Authors: Wendy Christiaens and Piet Bracke
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:26
  14. In 1998, mandatory folic acid fortification of white flour and select cereal grain products was implemented in Canada with the intention to increase dietary folate intakes of reproducing women. Folic acid fort...

    Authors: Lisa A Houghton, Kelly L Sherwood and Deborah L O'Connor
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:25
  15. Disparities in perinatal health care occur worldwide. If the UN Millennium Development Goals in maternal and child health are to be met, this needs to be addressed. This study was conducted to facilitate our u...

    Authors: Carolyn J Tann, Moses Kizza, Linda Morison, David Mabey, Moses Muwanga, Heiner Grosskurth and Alison M Elliott
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:23
  16. Blood lead has been associated with an elevated risk of miscarriage. The plasmatic fraction of lead represents the toxicologically active fraction of lead. Women with a tendency to have a higher plasma/whole b...

    Authors: Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila, Belem Trejo-Valdivia, Maritsa Solano-González, Adriana Mercado-Garcia, Donald Smith, Howard Hu and Robert O Wright
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:22
  17. Maternal obesity and pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus, features of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), are individual risk factors for neural tube defects (NTD). Whether they, in combination with additional featur...

    Authors: Joel G Ray, Miles D Thompson, Marian J Vermeulen, Chris Meier, Philip R Wyatt, Pui-Yuen Wong, Anne M Summers, Sandra A Farrell and David EC Cole
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:21
  18. The study of severe maternal morbidity survivors (near miss) may be an alternative or a complement to the study of maternal death events as a health care indicator. However, there is still controversy regardin...

    Authors: JP Souza, JG Cecatti, MA Parpinelli, SJ Serruya and E Amaral
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:20
  19. Postnatal care is uncommon in Nepal, and where it is available the quality is often poor. Adequate utilisation of postnatal care can help reduce mortality and morbidity among mothers and their babies. Therefor...

    Authors: Sulochana Dhakal, Glyn N Chapman, Padam P Simkhada, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Jane Stephens and Amalraj E Raja
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:19
  20. For women who have a caesarean section in their preceding pregnancy, two care policies for birth are considered standard: planned vaginal birth and planned elective repeat caesarean. Currently available inform...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Janet E Hiller, Ross R Haslam and Jeffrey S Robinson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:17
  21. Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality constitutes the fifth Millennium Development Goal and represents a key public health challenge in the United Republic of Tanzania. In response to the ne...

    Authors: Helen Prytherch, Siriel Massawe, Rainer Kuelker, Claudia Hunger, Ferdinand Mtatifikolo and Albrecht Jahn
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:16
  22. Non-progressive labour is the most common complication in nulliparas and is primarily treated by augmentation. Augmented labour is often terminated by instrumental delivery. Little qualitative research has add...

    Authors: Hanne Kjaergaard, Anne Maria Foldgast and Anna-Karin Dykes
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:15
  23. Hypertensive disorders, i.e. pregnancy induced hypertension and preeclampsia, complicate 10 to15% of all pregnancies at term and are a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The only ca...

    Authors: Corine M Koopmans, Denise Bijlenga, Jan G Aarnoudse, Erik van Beek, Dick J Bekedam, Paul P van den Berg, Jan M Burggraaff, Erwin Birnie, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Addi P Drogtrop, Arie Franx, Christianne JM de Groot, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Anneke Kwee, Saskia le Cessie, Aren J van Loon…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:14
  24. Cardiotocography (CTG) is worldwide the method for fetal surveillance during labour. However, CTG alone shows many false positive test results and without fetal blood sampling (FBS), it results in an increase ...

    Authors: Michelle EMH Westerhuis, Karel GM Moons, Erik van Beek, Saskia M Bijvoet, Addy P Drogtrop, Herman P van Geijn, Jan MM van Lith, Ben WJ Mol, Jan G Nijhuis, S Guid Oei, Martina M Porath, Robbert JP Rijnders, Nico WE Schuitemaker, Ingeborg van der Tweel, Gerard HA Visser, Christine Willekes…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:13
  25. Around 80% of intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants are born at term. They have an increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity including behavioral problems, minor developmental delay and spastic cer...

    Authors: Kim E Boers, Denise Bijlenga, Ben WJ Mol, Saskia LeCessie, Erwin Birnie, Marielle G van Pampus, Rob H Stigter, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Claudia A van Meir, Joris AM van der Post, Dick J Bekedam, Lucy SM Ribbert, Addie P Drogtrop, Paulien CM van der Salm, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Christine Willekes…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:12
  26. Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is an important clinical problem and a dilemma for the gynaecologist. On the one hand, awaiting spontaneous labour increases the probability of infectious dis...

    Authors: David P van der Ham, Jan G Nijhuis, Ben Willem J Mol, Johannes J van Beek, Brent C Opmeer, Denise Bijlenga, Mariette Groenewout, Birgit Arabin, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Wim J van Wijngaarden, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Paula JM Pernet, Martina M Porath, Jan FM Molkenboer, Jan B Derks, Michael M Kars…
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:11
  27. When the primary and secondary outcomes of clinical studies yield ambiguous or conflicting recommendations, preference or valuation studies may help to overcome the decision problem. The present preference stu...

    Authors: Denise Bijlenga, Erwin Birnie, Ben WJ Mol and Gouke J Bonsel
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:10
  28. Zuo yuezi is the month postpartum in China associated with a variety of traditional beliefs and practices. We explored the current status of zuo yuezi from social, cultural and western medical perspectives.

    Authors: Joanna H Raven, Qiyan Chen, Rachel J Tolhurst and Paul Garner
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:8
  29. 15% of multiple pregnancies ends in a preterm delivery, which can lead to mortality and severe long term neonatal morbidity. At present, no generally accepted strategy for the prevention of preterm birth in mu...

    Authors: Arianne C Lim, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Kees Boer, Johannes J Duvekot, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Tom HM Hasaart, Pieter Hummel, Ben WJ Mol, Jos PM Offermans, Charlotte M van Oirschot, Job G Santema, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Willem A Schöls, Frank PHA Vandenbussche, Maurice GAJ Wouters and Hein W Bruinse
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:7
  30. Fetal loss is a painful experience. A history of second or early third trimester fetal loss, after painless dilatation of the cervix, prolapse or rupture of the membranes, and expulsion of a live fetus despite...

    Authors: Frederik K Lotgering
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S17

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  31. Management of preterm labor by tocolysis remains an unmet medical need. Prostaglandins play a major role in regulation of uterine activity and in molecular mechanisms of human labor and parturition. There is s...

    Authors: André Chollet, Enrico Gillio Tos and Rocco Cirillo
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S16

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  32. Preterm labour (PTL) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, and oxytocin (OT) antagonists are potential tocolytics. Atosiban (TRACTOCILE) is a mixed vasopressin V1A/OT antagonist registered for acu...

    Authors: Torsten M Reinheimer
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S15

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  33. The management of premature birth still remains unsatisfactory. Since the relative lack of efficiency and/or safety of current tocolytic agents have been highlighted, it is necessary to develop new uterorelaxa...

    Authors: Marc Bardou, Céline Rouget, Michèle Breuiller-Fouché, Catherine Loustalot, Emmanuel Naline, Paul Sagot, René Frydman, Esteban J Morcillo, Charles Advenier, Marie-Josèphe Leroy and John J Morrison
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S14

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  34. Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE) are the enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis and inactivation of the second messengers, cAMP and cGMP. Eleven PDE families are described to date, and selective inhibitor...

    Authors: Céline Méhats, Thomas Schmitz, Stéphanie Oger, Roxane Hervé, Dominique Cabrol and Marie-Josèphe Leroy
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S12

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  35. Studying the mechanism(s) of uterine relaxation is important and will be helpful in the prevention of obstetric difficulties such as preterm labour, which remains a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbi...

    Authors: Wei Yuan and Andrés López Bernal
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S10

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  36. A substantial number of patients with preterm labor and delivery do not show clinical signs of infection, however, it is the subclinical form which is the main causative factor and often results in premature d...

    Authors: Piotr Laudanski, Piotr Pierzynski and Tadeusz Laudanski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S9

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  37. Increasing evidence suggests that parturition is an inflammatory process. In this brief overview, inflammatory events occurring in association with parturition, and the mechanism by which they may contribute t...

    Authors: Jane E Norman, Shrikant Bollapragada, Mei Yuan and Scott M Nelson
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  38. Preterm labor affects up to 20% of pregnancies, is considered a main cause of associated neonatal morbidity and mortality and is responsible for neonatal care costs of multimillion euros. In spite of that, the...

    Authors: Piotr Pierzynski, Edward Oczeretko, Piotr Laudanski and Tadeusz Laudanski
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  39. The electrical activity of the uterine muscle is representative of uterine contractility. Its characterization may be used to detect a potential risk of preterm delivery in women, even at an early gestational ...

    Authors: Catherine K Marque, Jérémy Terrien, Sandy Rihana and Guy Germain
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  40. Studies on the human myometrium have reported on different microarrays containing different sets of genes or ESTs. However each study profiled only a small number of patients due to various constraints. More p...

    Authors: Michèle Breuiller-Fouche, Gilles Charpigny and Guy Germain
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  41. Premature labour (PTL) is the single most significant factor contributing to neonatal morbidity in Europe with enormous attendant healthcare and social costs. Consequently, it remains a major challenge to alle...

    Authors: Michael John Taggart, Andrew Blanks, Sanjay Kharche, Arun Holden, Bin Wang and Henggui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

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