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  1. The effects of endometrial scratching (ES) on embryo implantation have been studied for many years. Several studies have shown better outcomes when performed on patients undergoing intrauterine insemination an...

    Authors: Alexandra Izquierdo, Laura de la Fuente, Katharina Spies, Jennifer Rayward, Lourdes López, David Lora and Alberto Galindo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:333

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Breastfeeding and caring for children demand time, energy and effort. Mothers with physical impairments in Ghana require special needs to be able to achieve optimal motherhood as society demands. Globally, lit...

    Authors: Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Lydia Aziato, Margaret Marfo and Philomena Amevor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:331

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Induction of labor (IoL) is an increasingly common obstetric procedure. Foley catheter IoL is recommended by WHO. It is associated with the lowest rate of uterine hyperstimulation syndrome and similar duration...

    Authors: Hang Min Chia, Peng Chiong Tan, Sze Ping Tan, Mukhri Hamdan and Siti Zawiah Omar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Unintended pregnancy has become a significant public health and reproductive health problem that has had a substantial and appreciable adverse impact on mother, child, and the general public. Despite the param...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The UK does not currently have guidelines on gestational weight gain owing to gaps in the evidence base. Reintroducing routine weighing of women throughout pregnancy would begin to provide the evidence needed ...

    Authors: V. Allen-Walker, A. J. Hunter, V. A. Holmes and M. C. McKinley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In women with singleton pregnancies, maternal adaptation is considered a stress test for later life cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to assess maternal adaptation in women with twin pregnancie...

    Authors: Maria C. Adank, Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Romy Gonçalves, M. Kamran Ikram, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Eric A. P. Steegers and Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:327

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Adverse pregnancy outcomes can be prevented through the early detection and treatment of anaemia, HIV and syphilis during the antenatal period. Rates of testing for anaemia, HIV and syphilis among women attend...

    Authors: C. Baker, R. Limato, P. Tumbelaka, B. B. Rewari, S. Nasir, R. Ahmed and M. Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:326

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Early initiation of breastfeeding (within an hour of birth) has benefits for newborn health and survival. Optimal breastfeeding supports growth, health, and development. Health facilities provide essential pre...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Rukundo K. Benedict and Wenjuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In many low and medium human development index countries, the rate of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality is high. One factor which may influence this is the decision-to-delivery interval of emergenc...

    Authors: Noemi J. Hughes, Imelda Namagembe, Annettee Nakimuli, Musa Sekikubo, Ashley Moffett, Charlotte J. Patient and Catherine E. Aiken

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Studies have shown that women of reproductive age develop eating disorders (EDs). Few studies have examined EDs in women by performing long-term follow-ups during pregnancy and after delivery. Our study aimed ...

    Authors: Mariko Makino, Mitsuo Yasushi and Sueharu Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. It affects approximately one in six couples seeking pregnancy in France or western countries. Many lifestyle fact...

    Authors: Charlotte Dupont, Philippe Aegerter, Aude-Marie Foucaut, Aymeric Reyre, François J. Lhuissier, Marie Bourgain, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Isabelle Cédrin-Durnerin, Lise Selleret, Emmanuel Cosson and Rachel Lévy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:322

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. The provision of epidural analgesia during labor is ideally a shared decision between the woman and her health care provider. However, immigrant characteristics such as maternal birthplace could affect decisio...

    Authors: Åsa Henning Waldum, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Mirjam Lukasse, Anne Cathrine Staff, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Siri Vangen and Ingvil Krarup Sørbye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  13. With more than 20,000 asylum seekers arriving every year, healthcare for this population has become an important issue. Pregnant asylum seekers seem to be at risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed t...

    Authors: A. E. H. Verschuuren, I. R. Postma, Z. M. Riksen, R. L. Nott, E. I. Feijen-de Jong and J. Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:320

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Interventions to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have had limited success This pilot study examined the effectiveness of a single goal (SG) high dietary fiber intervention to prevent excessive ...

    Authors: Holly R. Hull, Amy Herman, Heather Gibbs, Byron Gajewski, Kelli Krase, Susan E. Carlson, Debra K. Sullivan and Jeannine Goetz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Annually, 18 million babies are born to mothers 18 years or less. Two thirds of these births take place in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Due to social and biological factors, adolescent mothers have a hig...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist, Zhou Hong, Pragya Gautam Poudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Srijana Sharma, Sangeeta Mishra, Nisso Nurova and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous community-based research shows that secondary prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with misoprostol only given to women with above-average measured blood loss produces similar clinical outcomes c...

    Authors: Holly A. Anger, Rasha Dabash, Nevine Hassanein, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Medhat Nawar, Dyanna Charles, Miral Breebaart and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:317

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa tend to have low adherence to antenatal and postnatal care regimens, contributing to high infant and child mortality rates. Despite low adherence figures and the high retur...

    Authors: Kristina Esopo, Lilly Derby and Johannes Haushofer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk for a future type 2 diabetes mellitus in women and their children. As linkage between maternal health and non-communicable diseases, ant...

    Authors: Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Touria Lekhal, Wim Van Damme and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  19. It is known that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has adverse effects on pregnancy and birth outcomes. We aimed to assess the impact of ETS in pregnant women with and without asthma.

    Authors: Nasrin Fazel, Michael Kundi, Asghar Kazemzadeh, Habibollah Esmaily, Roya Akbarzadeh and Raheleh Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Surgical site infection (SSI) affects nearly one third of patients who have undergone a surgical procedure. It is a significant and substantial cause of surgical patient morbidity and mortality later with huma...

    Authors: Temesgen Getaneh, Ayenew Negesse and Getenet Dessie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of the addition of growth hormone (GH) to the controlled ovarian stimulation protocol in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in poor-respond patients, but the effect of...

    Authors: Jingyu Li, Qiaoli Chen, Jiang Wang, Guoning Huang and Hong Ye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Incidences of unassisted home birthing practices have been increasing in Malaysia despite the accessibility to safe and affordable child birthing facilities. We aimed to explore the reasons for women to make s...

    Authors: Nur Amani Natasha Ahmad Tajuddin, Julia Suhaimi, Siti Nurkamilla Ramdzan, Khasnur Abd Malek, Ilham Ameera Ismail, Nurainul Hana Shamsuddin, Ahmad Ihsan Abu Bakar and Sajaratulnisah Othman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:309

    Content type: Research article

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  23. With the formulation of the National Safe Motherhood Policy in 1998, safe motherhood has forever been a priority program in Nepal. Under the safe motherhood program, every woman is provided with essential mate...

    Authors: Bidusha Neupane, Sujan Rijal, Srijana G.C. and Til Bahadur Basnet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fathers may affect expectant mothers’ daily living situations, which in turn might influence pregnancy outcomes. We investigated the association between paternal violent criminality and risk of preterm birth (...

    Authors: Can Liu, Niklas Långström, Cecilia Ekéus, Thomas Frisell, Sven Cnattingius and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:307

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kihinetu Gelaye Wudineh, Azezu Asres Nigusie, Shumiye Shiferaw Gesese, Azimeraw Arega Tesfu and Fentahun Yenealem Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:306

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:508

  26. In low-income countries like Ethiopia, where families have poor access to or do not utilize the services of formal health care systems, community health workers provide postnatal care services through home vis...

    Authors: Yemane Berhane Tesfau, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie and Hagos Godefay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although compassion is considered to be of prime importance in nursing and midwifery, there is no clear understanding of what compassionate care in childbirth entails, and how midwives perceive compassionate c...

    Authors: Samantha Salome Krausé, Catharina Susanna Minnie and Siedine Knobloch Coetzee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:304

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mothers’ satisfaction with care during childbirth is indicators of the quality care which affects skilled birth attendance. Negative client’s experiences at health facilities cause them to delay or avoid seeki...

    Authors: Gizachew Abdissa Bulto, Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Tefera Likasa Tasu and Getu Alemu Demisse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The data on the association between the microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia (PE) is limited.

    Authors: Xin Huang, Zuodong Li, Zhou Gao, Dapeng Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ying Li, Chunmei Mi and Jun Lei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:302

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is the second most common direct cause of maternal deaths accounting for 14% of maternal deaths worldwide. Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are among the hypertensive diso...

    Authors: Jane R. Manyahi, Hans Mgaya and Ali Said

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Geerte C. den Hollander and Erica W. M. Janszen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:300

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:257

  32. Infant mortality is one of the leading public health problems globally; the problem is even more staggering in low-income countries. In Ethiopia seven in ten child deaths occurred during infancy in 2016. Even ...

    Authors: Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Ayenew Molla Lakew and Kedir Abdela Gonete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To evaluate the perinatal status of neonates delivered by assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) versus second-stage caesarean birth (CS).

    Authors: Paul Eze, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Raphael Ugochukwu Chikezie, Chukwuemeka Ikechi Ukaegbe and Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The Majority (99%) of maternal deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. The three most important causes of maternal deaths in these regions are postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia and puerperal sepsis...

    Authors: Samina Bakhtawar, Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Beth Payne, Iqbal Azam, Peter von Dadelszen and Laura Magee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) have been advocated to improve the utilization of skilled birth attendants. Nevertheless, delivery attended by skilled personnel is low in Ethiopia and may indicate that the util...

    Authors: Kindie Mitiku Kebede and Kebadnew Mulatu Mihrete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Birth satisfaction represents a complex construct of implicit and profound relevance to a woman’s perceived birth experience. It correlates with the childbearing woman’s experience of the quality of care recei...

    Authors: Mohd Noor Norhayati, Adnan Fatin Imtithal and Mat Junoh Nor Akma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Depression is a common and severe disorder among low-income adolescent mothers in low-and middle-income countries where resources for treatment are limited. We wished to identify factors influencing health ser...

    Authors: Lola Kola, Ian M. Bennett, Amritha Bhat, Olatunde O. Ayinde, Bibilola D. Oladeji, Dolapo Abiona, Jibril Abdumalik, Neda Faregh, Pamela Y. Collins and Oye Gureje

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The Support and Control in Birth (SCIB) scale primarily measures the perceived support and control of expectant mothers during childbirth, thereby obtaining an understanding of their birth experiences. The adv...

    Authors: Shu-Yu Liu, Yu-Ying Lu, Meei-Ling Gau and Chieh-Yu Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Timely intrapartum referral between facilities is pivotal in reducing maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity but is distressing to women, resource-intensive and likely to cause delays in care provision. We ...

    Authors: Tina Lavender, Carol Bedwell, Kieran Blaikie, Valentina Actis Danna, Chris Sutton, Chowa Tembo Kasengele, Sabina Wakasiaka, Bellington Vwalika and Rose Laisser

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Ectopia vesicae, or bladder exstrophy, is a rare malformation, more frequently found in males. Very few cases of pregnancy with unrepaired ectopia vesicae have been reported in literature. The majority of thes...

    Authors: Shaohua Liu, Xinhua Qu, Linlin Song, Ning Li and Aiqun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:290

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Good quality maternal and newborn care at primary health facilities is essential, but in settings with high maternal and newborn mortality the evidence for the protective effect of facility delivery is inconsi...

    Authors: Keith Tomlin, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Nasir Umar, Joanna Schellenberg, Deepthi Wickremasinghe and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Chamas for Change (Chamas) is a group-based health education and microfinance program for pregnant and postpartum women that aims to address inequities contributing to high rates of maternal and infant mortality ...

    Authors: Lauren Y. Maldonado, Julia J. Songok, John W. Snelgrove, Christian B. Ochieng, Sheilah Chelagat, Justus E. Ikemeri, Monica A. Okwanyi, Donald C. Cole, Laura J. Ruhl and Astrid Christoffersen-Deb

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Neonatal mortality rate in Kenya continues to be unacceptably high. In reducing newborn deaths, inequality in access to care and quality care have been identified as current barriers. Contributing to these bar...

    Authors: Ian A. Ocholla, Nathan O. Agutu, Paul O. Ouma, Daniel Gatungu, Felistas O. Makokha and Jesse Gitaka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) is a predetermining factor for exclusive breastfeeding, and thus a foundation for optimal breastfeeding practices. Rates of EIBF are low globally (42%) and in Tanzania ...

    Authors: Hadija Y. Lyellu, Tamara H. Hussein, Margareta Wandel, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Melina Mgongo and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Recent studies suggest that there is a link between the gut microbiota and glucose metabolism. This study aimed to compare the gut microbiota during early pregnancy of women with hyperglycymia to those with no...

    Authors: Beibei Gao, Mengdan Zhong, Qiong Shen, Ying Wu, Mengdie Cao, Songwen Ju and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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