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  1. One of the most important causes of maternal mortality and severe morbidity worldwide is post partum haemorrhage (PPH). Factors as substandard care are frequently reported in the international literature and t...

    Authors: Mallory D Woiski, Rosella PMG Hermens, Johanna M Middeldorp, Jan A Kremer, Marco A Marcus, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Richard P Grol, Fred K Lotgering and Hubertina CJ Scheepers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Relatively little is known about current practice during the third stage of labour in low and middle income countries. We conducted a survey of attitudes and an audit of practice in a large maternity hospital ...

    Authors: Astrit Bimbashi, Eriseida Ndoni, Anika Dokle and Lelia Duley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  3. External cephalic version (ECV) is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to convert a breech fetus to vertex position and reduce the need for cesarean delivery. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Jonathan M Tan, Alex Macario, Brendan Carvalho, Maurice L Druzin and Yasser Y El-Sayed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:3

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In many developing countries, the maternal mortality ratio remains high with huge poor-rich inequalities. Programmes aimed at improving maternal health and preventing maternal mortality often fail to reach poo...

    Authors: Por Ir, Dirk Horemans, Narin Souk and Wim Van Damme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:1

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The use of tocolytic hospitalization in antenatal care is controversial and worthy of more research. We investigated individual, institutional, and area factors that affect the use of tocolytic hospitalization...

    Authors: Ke-Zong Michelle Ma, Edward C Norton, Eing-Mei Tsai and Shoou-Yih Daniel Lee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:59

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Stillbirths need to count. They constitute the majority of the world's perinatal deaths and yet, they are largely invisible. Simply counting stillbirths is only the first step in analysis and prevention. From ...

    Authors: J Frederik Frøen, Sanne J Gordijn, Hany Abdel-Aleem, Per Bergsjø, Ana Betran, Charles W Duke, Vincent Fauveau, Vicki Flenady, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, G Justus Hofmeyr, Abdul Hakeem Jokhio, Joy Lawn, Pisake Lumbiganon, Mario Merialdi, Robert Pattinson and Anuraj Shankar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:58

    Content type: Debate

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  7. The purpose of this article was to describe effective strategies for recruitment of Hispanic women into a prospective cohort study of modifiable risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Although H...

    Authors: Lisa Chasan-Taber, Renée T Fortner, Valerie Hastings and Glenn Markenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:57

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Preterm delivery (PTD) is a significant public health problem associated with greater risk of mortality and morbidity in infants and mothers. Pathophysiologic processes that may lead to PTD start early in preg...

    Authors: Daniel A Enquobahrie, Michelle A Williams, Chunfang Qiu, Seid Y Muhie, Kimberly Slentz-Kesler, Zhaoping Ge and Tanya Sorenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:56

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Several recent publications have noted an increasing trend in incidence over time. The international PPH collaboratio...

    Authors: Marian Knight, William M Callaghan, Cynthia Berg, Sophie Alexander, Marie-Helene Bouvier-Colle, Jane B Ford, KS Joseph, Gwyneth Lewis, Robert M Liston, Christine L Roberts, Jeremy Oats and James Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Urbanization is occurring at a rapid pace, especially in low-income countries. Dhaka, Bangladesh, is estimated to grow to 50 million by 2015, with 21 million living in urban slums. Although health services are...

    Authors: Allisyn C Moran, Nuzhat Choudhury, Nazib Uz Zaman Khan, Zunaid Ahsan Karar, Tasnuva Wahed, Sabina Faiz Rashid and M Ashraful Alam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is routine during pregnancy in many countries in the world. The screening programs are either based on general screening offered to all pregnant women or risk ...

    Authors: Margareta Persson, Anna Winkvist and Ingrid Mogren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many epidemiological studies assign exposure to an individual's residence at a single time point, such as birth or death. This approach makes no allowance for migration and may result in exposure error, leadin...

    Authors: Susan Hodgson, Mark Shirley, Mary Bythell and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In sub-Saharan Africa, few services specifically address the needs of women in the first year after childbirth. By assessing the health status of women in this period, key interventions to improve maternal hea...

    Authors: Matthew F Chersich, Nicole Kley, Stanley MF Luchters, Carol Njeru, Elodie Yard, Mary J Othigo and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The rate of caesarean sections is increasing worldwide, yet medical literature informing women with uncomplicated pregnancies about relative risks and benefits of elective caesarean section (CS) compared with ...

    Authors: Jill Milne, Amiram Gafni, Diane Lu, Stephen Wood, Reg Sauve and Sue Ross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Events before birth, condition at birth, events immediately following birth, and condition in early childhood are linked together, and have implications for health and disease in adulthood. At present, there i...

    Authors: Gemma L Malin, Rachel K Morris and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Retained placenta is one of the common causes of maternal mortality in developing countries where access to appropriate obstetrical care is limited. Current treatment of retained placenta is manual removal of ...

    Authors: Heleen J van Beekhuizen, Andrea B Pembe, Heiner Fauteck and Fred K Lotgering

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. The policy drive for the UK National Health Service (NHS) has focused on the need for high quality services informed by evidence of best practice. The introduction of care pathways and protocols to standardise...

    Authors: Debra E Bick, Jo Rycroft-Malone and Marina Fontenla

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Economic theory provides the philosophical foundation for valuing costs in judging medical and public health interventions. When evaluating smoking cessation interventions, accurate data on costs are essential...

    Authors: Jennifer Prah Ruger, Karen M Emmons, Margaret H Kearney and Milton C Weinstein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Perinatal death is a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Regular perinatal audit may identify suboptimal care related to perinatal deaths and thus appropriate measures fo...

    Authors: Hussein L Kidanto, Ingrid Mogren, Jos van Roosmalen, Angela N Thomas, Siriel N Massawe, Lennarth Nystrom and Gunilla Lindmark

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multiple pregnancies are at high risk for preterm birth, and therefore an important cause of infant mortality and morbidity. A pessary is a simple and potentially effective measure for the prevention of preter...

    Authors: Maud A Hegeman, Dick J Bekedam, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anneke Kwee, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Joris AM van der Post, Arianne C Lim, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Christine Willekes, Johannes J Duvekot, Marc Spaanderman, Martina Porath, Jim van Eyck, Monique C Haak, Marielle G van Pampus, Hein W Bruinse…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:44

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:37

  21. Utilization of maternal health services is associated with improved maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Considering global and national interests in the Millennium Development Goal and Nigeria's high level ...

    Authors: Stella Babalola and Adesegun Fatusi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Preterm labour is the main cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the Western world. At present, there is evidence that tocolysis for 48 hours is useful in women with threatened preterm labour at least ...

    Authors: Carolien Roos, Liesbeth HCJ Scheepers, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Annemiek Bolte, Jerome Cornette, Jan B Derks, Hans JJ Duvekot, Jim van Eyck, Joke H Kok, Anneke Kwee, Ashley Merién, Brent C Opmeer, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Martina M Porath, Joris AM van der Post…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:42

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Emerging evidence from a recent pilot universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programme suggests that the burden of obstetric complications associated with mode of delivery is not limited to maternal and pe...

    Authors: Bolajoko O Olusanya and Olumuyiwa A Solanke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous work by us and others had suggested that cervical electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) may be predictive of the outcome of induced labour. We sought to determine which probe configuration of the EI...

    Authors: Roobin P Jokhi, Brian H Brown and Dilly OC Anumba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:40

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Little is known about how optimism/pessimism and health-related quality of life compare across cultures.

    Authors: Cheryl A Moyer, Huixia Yang, Yao Kwawukume, Anu Gupta, YuChun Zhu, Isaac Koranteng, Yasmin Elsayed, YuMei Wei, Jonathan Greene, Cecilia Calhoun, Geraldine Ekpo, Megan Beems, Megan Ryan, Richard Adanu and Frank Anderson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:39

    Content type: Research article

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  26. At present, women with threatened preterm labor before 32 weeks of gestation are, after transfer to a perinatal center, treated with tocolytics and corticosteroids. Many of these women are treated unnecessaril...

    Authors: Jolande Y Vis, Femke F Wilms, Martijn A Oudijk, Martina M Porath, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Annemiek C Bolte, Jérôme Cornette, Jan B Derks, Johannes J Duvekot, Jim van Eyck, Anneke Kwee, Brent C Opmeer, Maria G van Pampus, Fred K Lotgering, Sicco A Scherjon…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The evidence of an association between neighbourhood deprivation and overweight is established for different populations. However no previous studies on neighbourhood variations in obesity in pregnant women we...

    Authors: Eva Sellström, Göran Arnoldsson, Marie Alricsson and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Caesarean section is one of the most commonly performed major operations in women throughout the world. Rates are escalating, with studies from the United States of America, the United Kingdom, China and the R...

    Authors: Deirdre J Murphy, Michael Carey, Alan A Montgomery and Sharon R Sheehan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. A sense of security is important for experiences of parenthood in the early postpartum period. The objectives of this study were to evaluate two models of postnatal care using a questionnaire incorporating the...

    Authors: Linda J Kvist and Eva K Persson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Deficiencies of iron and folic acid during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes for the fetus, thus supplements are recommended. Adherence to current tablet-based supplements is documented to be poor. Recent...

    Authors: Brenda Hartman-Craven, Anna Christofides, Deborah L O'Connor and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Women experiencing decreased fetal movements (DFM) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including stillbirth. Fourteen delivery units in Norway registered all cases of DFM in a population-based quality a...

    Authors: Julie Victoria Holm Tveit, Eli Saastad, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Per E Børdahl, Vicki Flenady, Ruth Fretts and J Frederik Frøen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:49

  32. The aim of prenatal care is to promote good maternal and foetal health and to identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in an attempt to promptly manage and solve them. Although high prenatal care a...

    Authors: Eleonora RO Ribeiro, Alzira Maria DN Guimarães, Heloísa Bettiol, Danilo DF Lima, Maria Luiza D Almeida, Luiz de Souza, Antônio Augusto M Silva and Ricardo Q Gurgel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Previous studies on change in maternal age composition in Tanzania do not indicate its impact on adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to establish temporal changes in maternal age composition and their impact...

    Authors: Projestine S Muganyizi and Hussein L Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Post partum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal death worldwide. It also contributes to maternal morbidity as women may require a hysterectomy to control bleeding, or may require a blood transfusion, wh...

    Authors: Pili Ferrer, Ian Roberts, Emma Sydenham, Karen Blackhall and Haleema Shakur

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Intermittent preventive treatment for prevention of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) is a key component of malaria control strategy in Nigeria and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is the drug of choice. Despite the e...

    Authors: Stella O Akinleye, Catherine O Falade and Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Women with type 1 diabetes are at high risk of complications during both pregnancy and childbirth. Stringent monitoring of blood sugar is required in order to improve the chance of giving birth to a healthy ch...

    Authors: Marie Berg and Carina Sparud-Lundin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Studies that contributed to the epidemiology of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy have reported conflicting findings, and often failed to account for all possible co-variables necessary to evaluate the multidim...

    Authors: Anaïs Lacasse, Evelyne Rey, Ema Ferreira, Caroline Morin and Anick Bérard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Earlier studies indicate that midwife-led birth settings are associated with modest benefits, including reduced medical interventions and increased maternal satisfaction. The generalizability of these studies ...

    Authors: Britt Ingeborg Eide, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen and Svein Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Audit and classification of stillbirths is an essential part of clinical practice and a crucial step towards stillbirth prevention. Due to the limitations of the ICD system and lack of an international approac...

    Authors: Vicki Flenady, J Frederik Frøen, Halit Pinar, Rozbeh Torabi, Eli Saastad, Grace Guyon, Laurie Russell, Adrian Charles, Catherine Harrison, Lawrence Chauke, Robert Pattinson, Rachel Koshy, Safiah Bahrin, Glenn Gardener, Katie Day, Karin Petersson…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A carefully classified dataset of perinatal mortality will retain the most significant information on the causes of death. Such information is needed for health care policy development, surveillance and intern...

    Authors: J Frederik Frøen, Halit Pinar, Vicki Flenady, Safiah Bahrin, Adrian Charles, Lawrence Chauke, Katie Day, Charles W Duke, Fabio Facchinetti, Ruth C Fretts, Glenn Gardener, Kristen Gilshenan, Sanne J Gordijn, Adrienne Gordon, Grace Guyon, Catherine Harrison…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Natural disaster is often a cause of psychopathology, and women are vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Depression is also common after a woman gives birth. However, no research...

    Authors: Emily W Harville, Xu Xiong, Gabriella Pridjian, Karen Elkind-Hirsch and Pierre Buekens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Obstetric cholestasis (OC) is a serious problem in pregnancy. It affects about 4500 women per year in the UK. Affected women develop itching and occasionally jaundice. More importantly, the condition is associ...

    Authors: Vinita Gurung, Catherine Williamson, Lucy Chappell, Jenny Chambers, Annette Briley, Fiona Broughton Pipkin and Jim Thornton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Caesarean section is a commonly performed operation on women that is globally increasing in prevalence each year. There is a large variation in the rates of caesarean, both in high and low income countries, as...

    Authors: Mario R Festin, Malinee Laopaiboon, Porjai Pattanittum, Melissa R Ewens, David J Henderson-Smart and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The vast majority of global stillbirths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and in many settings, the majority of stillbirths occur antenatally, prior to the onset of labour. Poor nutritional status, la...

    Authors: Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Esme V Menezes, Tanya Soomro, Rachel A Haws, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Review of interventions

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  45. One of the major success stories of modern obstetrics in high-income countries in the last 5 decades is the reduction of stillbirths from rates as high as 50 per 1000 births to about 5 per 1000 births today. F...

    Authors: Robert L Goldenberg, Elizabeth M McClure and José M Belizán

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1