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  1. The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG5) aims at improving maternal health. Globally, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) declined from 400 to 260 per 100000 live births between 1990 and 2008. During the sa...

    Authors: Eyob Zere, Doyin Oluwole, Joses M Kirigia, Chris N Mwikisa and Thomas Mbeeli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:34

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Pregnancy is accompanied by several hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological changes which revert to normal values after labor. The mean values of these parameters have been reported for developed countries,...

    Authors: Fernando Rodríguez-Dennen, Joel Martínez-Ocaña, Simón Kawa-Karasik, Luis Villanueva-Egan, Norberto Reyes-Paredes, Ana Flisser and Angélica Olivo-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:33

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Amnioreduction remains a treatment option for pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) not meeting criteria for laser surgery or those in which it is not feasible. Amnioreduction is a relative...

    Authors: Xiangqun Li, Seiichi Morokuma, Kotaro Fukushima, Yuka Otera, Yasuo Yumoto, Kiyomi Tsukimori, Masayuki Ochiai, Toshiro Hara and Norio Wake

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancies affecting around 7% of women. This clinical condition is associated with an increased risk of developing fetal macrosomia and i...

    Authors: Gianpaolo Maso, Salvatore Alberico, Uri Wiesenfeld, Luca Ronfani, Anna Erenbourg, Eran Hadar, Yariv Yogev and Moshe Hod

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:31

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. The burden of maternal mortality in resource limited countries is still huge despite being at the top of the global public health agenda for over the last 20 years. We systematically reviewed the impacts of in...

    Authors: Angelo S Nyamtema, David P Urassa and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Maternal mortality in Kinshasa is high despite near universal availability of antenatal care and hospital delivery. Possible explanations are poor-quality care and by delays in the uptake of care. There is, ho...

    Authors: Eugénie Kabali, Catherine Gourbin and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Massive postpartum hemorrhage is a life threatening obstetric emergency. In order to prevent the complications associated with this condition, an organized and step-wise management protocol should be immediate...

    Authors: Lumaan Sheikh, Nida Najmi, Umair Khalid and Taimur Saleem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:28

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Evidence-based advice on alcohol consumption is required for pregnant women and women planning a pregnancy. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence, predictors and perinatal outcomes associated with peri-con...

    Authors: Aoife Mullally, Brian J Cleary, Joe Barry, Tom P Fahey and Deirdre J Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Accurate prediction of infection, including maternal chorioamnionitis and early-onset neonatal infection, remains a critical challenge in cases of preterm rupture of membranes and may influence obstetrical man...

    Authors: Thomas Popowski, François Goffinet, Françoise Maillard, Thomas Schmitz, Sandrine Leroy and Gilles Kayem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lack of data is a critical barrier to addressing the problem of stillbirth in countries with the highest stillbirth burden. Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in ru...

    Authors: Abdullah H Baqui, Yoonjoung Choi, Emma K Williams, Shams E Arifeen, Ishtiaq Mannan, Gary L Darmstadt and Robert E Black

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite the existence of various published studies regarding the effects of tobacco smoking on pregnancy, and especially in regards to placental blood flow and vascular resistance, some points still require cl...

    Authors: Julia de B Machado, Plínio VM Filho, Guilherme O Petersen and José M Chatkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes. Despite this "window of opportunity," few intervention studies have targeted postpartum wome...

    Authors: Jacinda M Nicklas, Chloe A Zera, Ellen W Seely, Zainab S Abdul-Rahim, Noelle D Rudloff and Sue E Levkoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:23

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The WHO advises against recumbent or supine position for longer periods during labour and birth and states that caregivers should encourage and support the woman to take the position in which she feels most co...

    Authors: Li Thies-Lagergren, Linda J Kvist, Kyllike Christensson and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:22

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Almost one third of women suffer continuous lower back pain during labour. Evidence from three systematic reviews demonstrates that sterile water injections (SWI) provide statistically and clinically significa...

    Authors: Nigel Lee, Peter Coxeter, Michael Beckmann, Joan Webster, Vanessa Wright, Tric Smith and Sue Kildea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of obstetric and newborn care services. Although the vast majority of global perinatal mortality is estimated to occur in developing countries, there is a critical...

    Authors: Leona Burke, Dwi Linna Suswardany, Keryl Michener, Setiawaty Mazurki, Timothy Adair, Catur Elmiyati and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Prevention of preterm birth remains one of the most important challenges in maternity care. We propose a randomised trial with: a simple Candida testing protocol that can be easily incorporated into usual antenat...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Jonathan M Morris, Kristen R Rickard, Warwick B Giles, Judy M Simpson, George Kotsiou and Jennifer R Bowen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Although the connection between ascending infection and preterm birth is undisputed, research focused on finding effective treatments has been disappointing. However evidence that eradication of Candida in pregna...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Kristen Rickard, George Kotsiou and Jonathan M Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:18

    Content type: Research article

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  18. It is a priority to achieve an adequate nutritional status of iodine during pregnancy since iodine deficiency in this population may have repercussions on the mother during both gestation and post partum as we...

    Authors: Gemma Prieto, Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Gemma Falguera, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Roser Casamitjana, Juan Ramón Barrada, Amèlia Acera, Dolors Guix, Anna Torrent, Josep Grau and Pere Torán

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) populations have disproportionately high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes relative to other Australians. Poorer access to good quality maternal...

    Authors: Alice R Rumbold, Ross S Bailie, Damin Si, Michelle C Dowden, Catherine M Kennedy, Rhonda J Cox, Lynette O'Donoghue, Helen E Liddle, Ru K Kwedza, Sandra C Thompson, Hugh P Burke, Alex DH Brown, Tarun Weeramanthri and Christine M Connors

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although both labour dystocia and domestic violence during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcome, evidence in support of a possible association between experiences of domestic violen...

    Authors: Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Elisabeth Dejin-Karlsson and Anna-Karin Dykes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:14

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Infant mortality has shown a steady decline in recent years but a marked socioeconomic gradient persists. Antenatal care is generally thought to be an effective method of improving pregnancy outcomes, but the ...

    Authors: Jennifer Hollowell, Laura Oakley, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Peter Brocklehurst and Ron Gray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although maternal nutrient status influences all aspects of fetal development including the brain, the impact of micronutrient supplementation on the baby's mental function is a topic of debate. This systemati...

    Authors: Brenda MY Leung, Kristin P Wiens and Bonnie J Kaplan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Recognizing the burden of maternal mortality in urban slums, in 2007 BRAC (formally known as Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) has established a woman-focused development intervention, Manoshi (the Bangl...

    Authors: Shamsun Nahar, Morsheda Banu and Hashima E Nasreen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:11

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Auditing of sentinel health events based on best-practice protocols has been recommended. This study describes a population-based investigation on adverse perinatal events including severe acute maternal morbi...

    Authors: Eliana Amaral, João Paulo Souza, Fernanda Surita, Adriana G Luz, Maria Helena Sousa, José Guilherme Cecatti and Oona Campbell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Caesarean section (CS) rates around the world have been increasing and in Australia have reached 30% of all births. Robson's Ten-Group Classification System (10-group classification) provides a clinically rele...

    Authors: Efty P Stavrou, Jane B Ford, Antonia W Shand, Jonathan M Morris and Christine L Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:8

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Studies that explore the controversial association between parity and anaemia-in-pregnancy (AIP) were often hampered by not distinguishing incident cases caused by pregnancy from prevalent cases complicated by...

    Authors: Yahya M Al-Farsi, Daniel R Brooks, Martha M Werler, Howard J Cabral, Mohammed A Al-Shafei and Henk C Wallenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:7

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Perineal injury is a serious complication of vaginal delivery that has a severe impact on the quality of life of healthy women. The prevalence of perineal injuries among women who give birth in hospital has in...

    Authors: Helena E Lindgren, Åsa Brink and Marie Klingberg-Allvin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:6

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Postnatal and antenatal anti-D prophylaxis have dramatically reduced maternal sensitisations and cases of rhesus disease in babies born to women with RhD negative blood group. Recent scientific advances mean t...

    Authors: Ala Szczepura, Leeza Osipenko and Karoline Freeman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Physical activity may reduce the risk of adverse maternal outcomes, yet there are very few studies that have examined the correlates of exercise amongst obese women during pregnancy. We examined which relevant...

    Authors: Katie F Foxcroft¹, Ingrid J Rowlands, Nuala M Byrne, H David McIntyre and Leonie K Callaway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:4

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In high income countries there has been little improvement in stillbirth rates over the past two decades. Previous studies have indicated an ethnic disparity in the rate of stillbirths. This study aimed to det...

    Authors: Tomasina Stacey, John MD Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell, Alec J Ekeroma, Jane M Zuccollo and Lesley ME McCowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:3

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) has important protective effects on the survival of infants and decreases risk for many early-life diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with E...

    Authors: Kingsley E Agho, Michael J Dibley, Justice I Odiase and Sunday M Ogbonmwan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:2

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Use of maternal health services is an effective means for reducing the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality, especially in places where the general health status of women is poor. This study was guided by ...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Jean-Christophe Fotso, Lawrence Ikamari and Anne Khasakhala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:1

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for preterm birth include a personal or familial history of preterm delivery, ethnicity and low socioeconomic status yet th...

    Authors: Sara K Gracie, Andrew W Lyon, Heather L Kehler, Craig E Pennell, Siobhan M Dolan, Deborah A McNeil, Jodi E Siever, Sheila W McDonald, Alan D Bocking, Stephen J Lye, Kathy M Hegadoren, David M Olson and Suzanne C Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:87

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. It has been hypothesized that birth weight is not on the causal pathway to infant mortality, at least among "normal" births (i.e. those located in the central part of the birth weight distribution), and that U...

    Authors: Timothy B Gage, Fu Fang, Erin K O'Neill and A Gregory DiRienzo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The increasing incidence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), gestational diabetes (GDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) during pregnancy was hypothesized to be associated with increases in pre-pregnancy body mass i...

    Authors: Margie H Davenport, M Karen Campbell and Michelle F Mottola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious social issue in Japan. In order to start effective interventions for abused women, the appropriate method of screening for IPV in healthcare settings needs clarifyi...

    Authors: Yaeko Kataoka, Yukari Yaju, Hiromi Eto and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:84

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Primary postpartum haemorrhage is an obstetrical emergency often causing acute anaemia that may require immediate red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. This anaemia results in symptoms such as fatigue, which may h...

    Authors: Babette W Prick, Eric AP Steegers, AJ Gerard Jansen, Wim CJ Hop, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot, Nina CJ Peters, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Bettina MC Akerboom, Godfried CH Metz, Henk A Bremer, Aren J van Loon, Rob H Stigter, Joris AM van der Post, Marcel van Alphen, Martina Porath…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Maternal and newborn mortality rates remain unacceptably high, especially where the majority of births occur in home settings or in facilities with inadequate resources. The introduction of emergency obstetric...

    Authors: Omrana Pasha, Robert L Goldenberg, Elizabeth M McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Fernando Althabe, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Manolo Mazariegos, Bhala Kodkany, Jose M Belizan, Richard J Derman, Patricia L Hibberd, Waldemar A Carlo…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:82

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Negative experiences of first childbirth increase risks for maternal postpartum depression and may negatively affect mothers' attitudes toward future pregnancies and choice of delivery method. Postpartum quest...

    Authors: Anna Dencker, Charles Taft, Liselotte Bergqvist, Håkan Lilja and Marie Berg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Most midwives in the Netherlands work in primary care where they are the lead professionals providing care to women with 'normal' or uncomplicated pregnancies, while some midwives work in hospitals ("clinical ...

    Authors: Therese A Wiegers and Chantal WPM Hukkelhoven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:80

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Breastfeeding attitudes are known to influence infant feeding but little information exists on the prenatal breastfeeding attitudes of parents. The purpose of this study was to describe Finnish parents' prenat...

    Authors: Sari Laanterä, Tarja Pölkki, Anette Ekström and Anna-Maija Pietilä

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:79

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Rates of caesarean section are progressively increasing in many parts of the world. As a result of psychosocial factors there has been an increasing tendency for pregnant women without justifiable medical indi...

    Authors: Bing-shun Wang, Li-feng Zhou, David Coulter, Hong Liang, Ye Zhong, Yu-na Guo, Li-ping Zhu, Xiao-ling Gao, Wei Yuan and Er-sheng Gao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:78

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) is the Dutch national referral centre for pregnancies complicated by haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) caused by maternal alloimmunization. Yearly, ...

    Authors: Esther P Verduin, Irene TM Lindenburg, Vivianne EHJ Smits-Wintjens, Jeanine MM van Klink, Henk Schonewille, Inge L van Kamp, Dick Oepkes, Frans J Walther, Humphrey HH Kanhai, Ilias IN Doxiadis, Enrico Lopriore and Anneke Brand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Obese and overweight women may benefit from increased physical activity (PA) during pregnancy. There is limited published data describing objectively measured PA in such women.

    Authors: Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Peter WG Tennant, Hervé Besson, Judith Rankin, Ashley J Adamson, Mark S Pearce and Ruth Bell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:76

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Antenatal care provides an important opportunity to improve maternal understanding of care during and after pregnancy. Yet, studies suggest that communication is often insufficient. This research examined the ...

    Authors: Larissa Jennings, André Sourou Yebadokpo, Jean Affo and Marthe Agbogbe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:75

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) remains high in most developing countries. Local, recent estimates of MMR are needed to motivate policymakers and evaluate interventions. But, estimating MMR, in the absence ...

    Authors: Siti Nurul Qomariyah, David Braunholtz, Endang L Achadi, Karen H Witten, Eko Setyo Pambudi, Trisari Anggondowati, Kamaluddin Latief and Wendy J Graham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:74

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Migraine has been associated with sleep disorders in men and non-pregnant women, but little is known about sleep complaints among pregnant migraineurs.

    Authors: Michelle A Williams, Sheena K Aurora, Ihunnaya O Frederick, Chunfang Qiu, Bizu Gelaye and Swee May Cripe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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