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  1. Hemorrhage is the leading direct cause of maternal death globally. While oxytocin is the drug of choice for postpartum hemorrhage prevention, its use has generally been limited to health facilities. This trial...

    Authors: Cynthia K Stanton, Samuel Newton, Luke C Mullany, Patience Cofie, Charlotte Tawiah Agyemang, Edward Adiibokah, Niamh Darcy, Sadaf Khan, Alice Levisay, John Gyapong, Deborah Armbruster and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:42

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Most women in the UK give birth in a hospital labour ward, following which they are transferred to a postnatal ward and discharged home within 24 to 48 hours of the birth. Despite policy and guideline recommen...

    Authors: Debra Bick, Trevor Murrells, Annette Weavers, Val Rose, Julie Wray and Sarah Beake

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:41

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pregnant women with prior venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of recurrence. Low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) reduces the risk of pregnancy-related VTE. LMWH prophylaxis is, however, inconvenient, unco...

    Authors: Pablo Alonso-Coello, Shanil Ebrahim, Gordon H Guyatt, Kari AO Tikkinen, Mark H Eckman, Ignacio Neumann, Sarah D McDonald, Elie A Akl and Shannon M Bates

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Three million babies are stillborn each year and 3.6 million die in the first month of life. In India, early neonatal deaths make up four-fifths of neonatal deaths and infant mortality three-quarters of under-...

    Authors: Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Wasundhara Joshi and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:39

    Content type: Research article

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  5. First trimester growth restriction is associated with an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes (preterm birth, low birth weight and small for gestational age at birth). The differences between normal and ab...

    Authors: Nicol AC Smeets, Marc Prudon, Bjorn Winkens and S Guid Oei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Authors: Sophie MS Liem, Dick J Bekedam, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anneke Kwee, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Joris AM van der Post, Arianne C Lim, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Christine Willekes, Johannes J Duvekot, Marc Spaanderman, Martina Porath, Jim van Eyck, Monique C Haak, Marielle G van Pampus, Hein W Bruinse…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:37

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:44

  7. A father’s experience of the birth of his first child is important not only for his birth-giving partner but also for the father himself, his relationship with the mother and the newborn. No validated question...

    Authors: Åsa Premberg, Charles Taft, Anna-Lena Hellström and Marie Berg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:35

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Nearly half the world’s babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites.

    Authors: Ana Garces, Elizabeth M McClure, Elwyn Chomba, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Fabian Esamai, Shivaprasad Goudar, Adrien Lokangaka, K Michael Hambidge, Linda L Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Carl Bose, Waldemar A Carlo, Edward A Liechty, Patricia L Hibberd…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:34

    Content type: Research article

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  9. 39% of neonatal deaths in India occur on the first day of life, and 57% during the first three days of births. However, the association between postnatal care (PNC) for newborns and neonatal mortality has not ...

    Authors: Abhishek Singh, Awadhesh Yadav and Ashish Singh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:33

    Content type: Research article

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  10. When an ultrasound-based estimate of gestational age (GA) is less (greater) than an estimate based on a definite last menstrual period, the fetus may grow slower (faster) than average. While the association be...

    Authors: Jagteshwar Grewal, Meghan Wernicke and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Maternity services should take into account the needs of all women, including those related to disability. No reliable information, however, exists on the extent and characteristics of disability in this popul...

    Authors: Dana Šumilo, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Maggie E Redshaw and Ron Gray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:31

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Much attention has been given to the adequacy of prenatal care use in promoting healthy outcomes for women and their infants. Adequacy of use takes into account the timing of initiation of prenatal care and th...

    Authors: Wendy Sword, Maureen I Heaman, Sandy Brooks, Suzanne Tough, Patricia A Janssen, David Young, Dawn Kingston, Michael E Helewa, Noori Akhtar-Danesh and Eileen Hutton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:29

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A primary cause of high maternal mortality in Bangladesh is lack of access to professional delivery care. Examining the role of the family, particularly the husband, during pregnancy and childbirth is importan...

    Authors: William T Story, Sarah A Burgard, Jody R Lori, Fahmida Taleb, Nabeel Ashraf Ali and DM Emdadul Hoque

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:28

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Eating a diet that is high in fat and sugar and having a sedentary lifestyle during pregnancy is understood to increase the risk of excessive gestational weight gain and obesity following the birth of the baby...

    Authors: Lucie Warren, Jaynie Rance and Billie Hunter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Over the last few years a decreasing trend in smoking has occurred not only in the general population but also during pregnancy. Several countries have implemented laws requiring all enclosed workplace and pub...

    Authors: Carme Puig, Oriol Vall, Óscar García-Algar, Esther Papaseit, Simona Pichini, Esteve Saltó and Joan R Villalbí

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:26

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In the last twenty years, retrospective studies have shown that perinatal events may impact the individual health in the medium and long term. However, only a few prospective studies were designed to address t...

    Authors: Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Charles Francisco Ferreira, Marina Nunes, Clécio Homrich da Silva, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Patrícia Pelufo Silveira and Marcelo Zubaran Goldani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Financial incentives appear to be effective in promoting smoking cessation in pregnancy. The mechanisms by which they might operate however, are poorly understood. The present study examines how financial ince...

    Authors: Eleni Mantzari, Florian Vogt and Theresa M Marteau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:24

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Two criteria based on a 2 h 75 g OGTT are being used for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM), those recommended over the years by the World Health Organization (WHO), and those recently recommended by ...

    Authors: Eliana M Wendland, Maria Regina Torloni, Maicon Falavigna, Janet Trujillo, Maria Alice Dode, Maria Amélia Campos, Bruce B Duncan and Maria Inês Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:23

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Incentive or reward schemes are becoming increasingly popular to motivate healthy lifestyle behaviours. In this paper, insights from a qualitative and descriptive study to investigate the uptake, impact and me...

    Authors: Gill Thomson, Fiona Dykes, Margaret A Hurley and Pat Hoddinott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pregnant women are susceptible to symptomatic malaria due to invasion of the placenta by plasmodium. Malaria increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for mothers, the foetuses and newborns. The effecti...

    Authors: Joel O Aluko and Abimbola O Oluwatosin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:21

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Maternal mortality is a major public health problem worldwide especially in low income countries. Most causes of maternal deaths are due to direct obstetric complications. Maternal mortality ratio remains high...

    Authors: Simon Ogwang, Robinah Najjemba, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye and Christopher Garimoi Orach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This paper reports the findings of a study of how midwifery students responded to a simulated post partum haemorrhage (PPH). Internationally, 25% of maternal deaths are attributed to severe haemorrhage. Althou...

    Authors: Julie Scholes, Ruth Endacott, MaryAnne Biro, Bree Bulle, Simon Cooper, Maureen Miles, Carole Gilmour, Penny Buykx, Leigh Kinsman, Rosemarie Boland, Jan Jones and Fawzia Zaidi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The concept of continuum of care has recently been highlighted as a core principle of maternal, newborn and child health initiatives, and as a means to save lives. However, evidence has consistently revealed that...

    Authors: Rose Nathan and Mathew Alexander Mwanyangala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:18

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Pregnant women in Canada have traditionally received prenatal care individually from their physicians, with some women attending prenatal education classes. Group prenatal care is a departure from these practi...

    Authors: Deborah A McNeil, Monica Vekved, Siobhan M Dolan, Jodi Siever, Sarah Horn and Suzanne C Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Early and frequent antenatal care attendance during pregnancy is important to identify and mitigate risk factors in pregnancy and to encourage women to have a skilled attendant at childbirth. However, many pre...

    Authors: Karin Gross, Sandra Alba, Tracy R Glass, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg and Brigit Obrist

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Identifying every pregnancy, regardless of home or health facility delivery, is crucial to accurately estimating maternal and neonatal mortality. Furthermore, obtaining birth weights and other anthropometric m...

    Authors: Peter Gisore, Evelyn Shipala, Kevin Otieno, Betsy Rono, Irene Marete, Constance Tenge, Hillary Mabeya, Sherri Bucher, Janet Moore, Edward Liechty and Fabian Esamai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:15

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Increasing appropriate use and documentation of caesarean section (CS) has the potential to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality in settings with low CS rates. We analyzed data collected as part of a comp...

    Authors: Young-Mi Kim, Hannah Tappis, Partamin Zainullah, Nasrat Ansari, Cherrie Evans, Linda Bartlett, Nabila Zaka and Willibald Zeck

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:14

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Preterm birth is the principal factor contributing to adverse outcomes in multiple pregnancies. Randomized controlled trials of progestogens to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies have shown no clear ben...

    Authors: Ewoud Schuit, Sarah Stock, Rolf HH Groenwold, Kimberly Maurel, C Andrew Combs, Thomas Garite, Cathy Y Spong, Elizabeth A Thom, Dwight J Rouse, Steve N Caritis, George R Saade, Julia M Zachary, Jane E Norman, Line Rode, Katharina Klein, Ann Tabor…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:13

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  29. Violence by an intimate partner is increasingly recognized as an important public and reproductive health issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which physical and/or sexual intimate part...

    Authors: Heidi Stöckl, Veronique Filippi, Charlotte Watts and Jessie KK Mbwambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:12

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes are worse in families from black and ethnic minority groups and disadvantaged backgrounds. There is little evidence on whether lay support improves maternal and inf...

    Authors: Sara Kenyon, Kate Jolly, Karla Hemming, Lucy Ingram, Nicola Gale, Sophie-Anna Dann, Jacky Chambers and Christine MacArthur

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Under-5 mortality is a major public health challenge in developing countries. It is essential to identify determinants of under-five mortality (U5M) childhood mortality because these will assist in formulating...

    Authors: Gbenga A Kayode, Victor T Adekanmbi and Olalekan A Uthman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:10

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In September 2009, a folic acid fortification mandate (135 μg/100 g bread) was to be implemented in New Zealand. However, due to political and manufacturer objection, fortification was deferred until May 2012....

    Authors: Simonette R Mallard, Andrew R Gray and Lisa A Houghton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare but severe complication of pregnancy. A recent systematic review highlighted apparent differences in the incidence, with studies estimating the incidence of AFE to be mo...

    Authors: Marian Knight, Cynthia Berg, Peter Brocklehurst, Michael Kramer, Gwyneth Lewis, Jeremy Oats, Christine L Roberts, Catherine Spong, Elizabeth Sullivan, Jos van Roosmalen and Joost Zwart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa. Total Fertility Rate of Ethiopia is 5.4 children per women, population growth rate is estimated to be 2.7% per year and contraceptive prevale...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Tefera Belachew and Tizta Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Program coverage is likely to be an important determinant of the effectiveness of community interventions to reduce neonatal mortality. Rigorous examination and documentation of methods to scale-up interventio...

    Authors: Tasmin Nahar, Kishwar Azad, Bedowra Haq Aumon, Layla Younes, Sanjit Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Audrey Prost, Tanja AJ Houweling, Anthony Costello and Edward Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:5

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The fifth Millennium Development Goal target for 90% of births in low and middle income countries to have a skilled birth attendant (SBA) by 2015 will not be met. In response to this, policy has focused on inc...

    Authors: Sonya Crowe, Martin Utley, Anthony Costello and Christina Pagel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  37. As the rate of Caesarean sections (CS) continues to rise in Western countries, it is important to analyze the reasons for this trend and to unravel the underlying motives to perform CS. This research aims to a...

    Authors: Ilse Delbaere, Hendrik Cammu, Evelyne Martens, Inge Tency, Guy Martens and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Drug use during pregnancy is difficult to ascertain, and maternal reports are likely to be inaccurate. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of illicit drug use among pregnant women by using mat...

    Authors: Xavier Joya, Mario Gomez-Culebras, Alicia Callejón, Bibiana Friguls, Carme Puig, Sandra Ortigosa, Luca Morini, Oscar Garcia-Algar and Oriol Vall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:2

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Healthy infants typically regain their birth weight by 21 days of age; however, failure to do so may be due to medical, nutritional or environmental factors. Globally, the incidence of low birth weight deliver...

    Authors: Flavia B Namiiro, Jamiir Mugalu, Ryan M McAdams and Grace Ndeezi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Diabetes in pregnancy, which includes gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is associated with poor outcomes for both mother and infant during pregnancy, at birth and in the ...

    Authors: Catherine Chamberlain, Daniel Yore, Hang Li, Emily Williams, Brian Oldenburg, Jeremy Oats, Bridgette McNamara and Sandra Eades

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Pregnancy and childbirth are associated with weight gain in women, and retention of weight gained during pregnancy can lead to obesity in later life. Diet and physical activity are factors that can influence t...

    Authors: Masumeh S Maturi, Pourandokht Afshary and Parvin Abedi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:103

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The maternal mortality ratio in Sudan was estimated at 750/100,000 live births. Sudan was one of eleven countries that are responsible for 65% of global maternal deaths according to a recent World Health Organ...

    Authors: Abdalla A Mohammed, Mahgoub H Elnour, Eltayeb E Mohammed, Samah A Ahmed and Ahmed I Abdelfattah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:102

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced endogenously, and can also be acquired from many exogenous sources: ie. cigarette smoking, automobile exhaust. Although toxic at high levels, low level production or exposure l...

    Authors: Carolina C Venditti, Richard Casselman and Graeme N Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:101

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Facilitating the provision of appropriate health care for immigrant and Aboriginal populations in Canada is critical for maximizing health potential and well-being. Numerous reports describe heightened risks o...

    Authors: Gina MA Higginbottom, Helen Vallianatos, Joan Forgeron, Donna Gibbons, Rebecca Malhi and Fabiana Mamede

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:100

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. The practice of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is life saving in babies weighing less than 2000 g. Little is known about mothers' continued unsupervised practice after discharge from hospitals. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Samuel B Nguah, Priscilla NL Wobil, Regina Obeng, Ayi Yakubu, Kate J Kerber, Joy E Lawn and Gyikua Plange-Rhule

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:99

    Content type: Research article

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  46. In Tanzania, and many sub-Saharan African countries, postpartum health programs have received less attention compared to other maternity care programs and therefore new parents rely on informal support. Knowle...

    Authors: Columba K Mbekenga, Andrea B Pembe, Kyllike Christensson, Elisabeth Darj and Pia Olsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:98

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Knowledge on how well we can predict primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) can help policy makers and health providers design current delivery protocols and PPH case management. The purpose of this paper is to i...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Sabry Hamza, Suzanne Bell, Deborah Karasek, Farnaz Vahidnia and Martine Holston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:97

    Content type: Research article

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