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  1. In Australia, women who give birth are transitioned from maternity services to child and health services once their baby is born. This horizontal integration of services is known as Transition of Care (ToC). L...

    Authors: Kim Psaila, Sue Kruske, Cathrine Fowler, Caroline Homer and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:151

    Content type: Research article

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  2. While the use of creatine in human pregnancy is yet to be fully evaluated, its long-term use in healthy adults appears to be safe, and its well documented neuroprotective properties have recently been extended...

    Authors: Hayley Dickinson, Stacey Ellery, Zoe Ireland, Domenic LaRosa, Rodney Snow and David W Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:150

    Content type: Review

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  3. Most studies examining determinants of rising rates of caesarean section have examined patterns in documented reasons for caesarean over time in a single location. Further insights could be gleaned from cross-...

    Authors: Samantha J Prosser, Yvette D Miller, Rachel Thompson and Maggie Redshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:149

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for the offspring and mother. Lifestyle interventions in pregnancy such as antenatal exercise, are proposed to improve both short- and long-term hea...

    Authors: Sumudu N Seneviratne, Graham K Parry, Lesley ME McCowan, Alec Ekeroma, Yannan Jiang, Silmara Gusso, Geovana Peres, Raquel O Rodrigues, Susan Craigie, Wayne S Cutfield and Paul L Hofman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:148

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. In obstetrics, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness studies often present several specific outcomes with likely contradicting results and may not reflect what is important for women. A birth-specific outcome m...

    Authors: Fania R Gärtner, Liv M Freeman, Marlies E Rijnders, Johanna M Middeldorp, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Anne M Stiggelbout and M Elske van den Akker-van Marle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:147

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Air pollution is a major health challenge worldwide and has previously been strongly associated with adverse reproductive health. This study aimed to examine the association between spontaneous abortion and se...

    Authors: Davaasambuu Enkhmaa, Nicole Warburton, Badrakh Javzandulam, Jadambajav Uyanga, Yarinpil Khishigsuren, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Shonkuuz Enkhtur and David Warburton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:146

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Coordination between the autonomous professional groups in midwifery and obstetrics is a key debate in the Netherlands. At the same time, it remains unclear what the current coordination challenges are.

    Authors: Vera LN Schölmerich, Anke G Posthumus, Halleh Ghorashi, Adja JM Waelput, Peter Groenewegen and Semiha Denktaş

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:145

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Geophagy, a form of pica, is the deliberate consumption of soil and is relatively common across Sub-Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, pregnant women commonly eat soil sticks sold in the market (pemba), soil from walls...

    Authors: Elias C Nyanza, Mary Joseph, Shahirose S Premji, Deborah SK Thomas and Cynthia Mannion

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:144

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Childbirth assistance in highly technological settings and existing variability in the interventions performed are cause for concern. In recent years, numerous recommendations have been made concerning the imp...

    Authors: Ramón Escuriet, María Pueyo, Herminia Biescas, Cristina Colls, Isabel Espiga, Joanna White, Xavi Espada, Josep Fusté and Vicente Ortún

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:143

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The triple risk model for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been useful in understanding its pathogenesis. Risk factors for late stillbirth are well established, especially relating to maternal and fetal...

    Authors: Jane Warland and Edwin A Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:142

    Content type: Debate

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  11. Several European countries report differences in risk of maternal mortality between immigrants from low- and middle-income countries and host country women. The present study identified suboptimal factors rela...

    Authors: Annika Esscher, Pauline Binder-Finnema, Birgit Bødker, Ulf Högberg, Ajlana Mulic-Lutvica and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:141

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Contemporary obstetrics in sub-Saharan Africa is yet to meet the analgesic needs of most women during child birth for a satisfactory birth experience and expectedly, obstetricians have a major role to play in ...

    Authors: Lucky O Lawani, Justus N Eze, Okechukwu B Anozie, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke and Nduka N Ekem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:140

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Reliable, timely information is the foundation of decision making for functioning health systems; the quality of decision making rests on quality data. Routine monitoring, reporting, and review of cesarean sec...

    Authors: Evelyn Landry, Celia Pett, Renee Fiorentino, Joseph Ruminjo and Cristina Mattison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:139

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may independently influence offspring fat mass and metabolic disease susceptibility. In this pilot study, body composition and fat distribution in offsp...

    Authors: Kirsten Uebel, Karina Pusch, Kurt Gedrich, Karl-Theo M Schneider, Hans Hauner and Bernhard L Bader

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:138

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Evidence shows that the three delays, delay in 1) deciding to seek medical care, 2) reaching health facilities and 3) receiving adequate obstetric care, are still contributing to maternal deaths in low-income ...

    Authors: Tesfay Gebrehiwot, Miguel San Sebastian, Kerstin Edin and Isabel Goicolea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:137

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In addition to increasing the risk of adverse birth outcomes, diabetes in pregnancy is thought to be an important driver of the epidemic of type 2 diabetes affecting Canada’s First Nations population. The rela...

    Authors: Richard T Oster, Malcolm King, Donald W Morrish, Maria J Mayan and Ellen L Toth

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:136

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The overall caesarean rate in France has increased from 14.3% in 1994–1996 to 21.0% in 2010. This increased rate is a concern in all developed countries: delivery by caesarean induces both short- and long-term...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Marie-Caroline Tassié, Laurent Gerbaud and Didier Lémery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:135

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Preeclampsia and eclampsia, which are the most frequent hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, are associated with renal involvements. We aimed to assess the time trend in blood pressure levels, renal function a...

    Authors: Francois Folefack Kaze, Francis A Njukeng, Andre-Pascal Kengne, Gloria Ashuntantang, Robinson Mbu, Marie Patrice Halle and Tazoacha Asonganyi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:134

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The incidence of severe maternal morbidity is increasing in high-income countries. However, little has been known about the impact on postnatal morbidity, particularly on psychological health outcomes. The obj...

    Authors: Marie Furuta, Jane Sandall, Derek Cooper and Debra Bick

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:133

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although research has established the profound effects that intimate partner abuse can have on postpartum mental health, little is known regarding how this association may change as a function of the timing an...

    Authors: Sarah L Desmarais, Ashley Pritchard, Evan M Lowder and Patricia A Janssen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:132

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To address it's persistently high maternal mortality rate of 276/100,000 live births, the government of Pakistan created a new cadre of community based midwives (CMW). One expectation is that CMWs will improve...

    Authors: Zubia Mumtaz, Andrea Cutherell and Afshan Bhatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:131

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. It is estimated that 18.5 million Caesarean Sections (CS) are conducted annually worldwide and about one-third of them are done without medical indications and described as “unnecessary”. Although developed co...

    Authors: Mamuda Aminu, Bettina Utz, Abdul Halim and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:130

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BPCR) interventions are widely promoted by governments and international agencies to reduce maternal and neonatal health risks in developing countries; however, t...

    Authors: Dieudonné Soubeiga, Lise Gauvin, Marie A Hatem and Mira Johri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:129

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Babies born after midtrimester preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) are at risk to develop neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia. Perinatal mortality and morbidity after this complication is high. Oligohydra...

    Authors: Augustinus S P van Teeffelen, David P van der Ham, Christine Willekes, Salwan Al Nasiry, Jan G Nijhuis, Sander van Kuijk, Ewoud Schuyt, Twan L M Mulder, Maureen T M Franssen, Dick Oepkes, Fenna A R Jansen, Mallory D Woiski, Mireille N Bekker, Caroline J Bax, Martina M Porath, Monique W M de Laat…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:128

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Maternal self-reports, used for the detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), may lack validity, necessitating the use of an objective biomarker. The detection of fatty acid ethyl esters (products of non-o...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Gideon Koren, Jürgen Rehm and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:127

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To study pregnancy and delivery outcomes in nulliparous women with severe FOC (fear of childbirth), all of whom had received routine treatment for their FOC and to make comparisons with a healthy reference gro...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Caroline Lilliecreutz, Anna-Maria Persson, Hanna Vyöni and Ann Josefsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:126

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Guidelines recommend that, in the absence of compelling medical indications (low risk) elective caesarean section should occur after 38 completed weeks gestation. However, implementation of these guidelines wi...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Charles S Algert, Jane B Ford, Jonathan M Morris and Jian Sheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:125

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In vitro and in vivo analyses differ between the number of milk ducts found in the lactating breast, and there is a lack of knowledge as to whether or not external factors in the mother or the child affect the...

    Authors: Julia Jütte, Ariane Hohoff, Cristina Sauerland, Dirk Wiechmann and Thomas Stamm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:124

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The overarching goal of this study was to qualitatively assess baseline knowledge and perceptions regarding preterm birth (PTB) and oral health in an at-risk, low resource setting surrounding Lilongwe, Malawi....

    Authors: Judy Levison, Debora Nanthuru, Grace Chiudzu, Peter N Kazembe, Henry Phiri, Susan M Ramin and Kjersti M Aagaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:123

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The Brazilian Network for Surveillance of Severe Maternal Morbidity was established in 27 centers in different regions of Brazil to investigate the frequency of severe maternal morbidity (near-miss and potenti...

    Authors: Adriana Gomes Luz, Maria José Duarte Osis, Meire Ribeiro, José Guilherme Cecatti and Eliana Amaral

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:122

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The number of routine antenatal visits provided to low risk nulliparous women has been reduced in the UK, acknowledging this change in care may result in women being less satisfied with their care and having p...

    Authors: Vikki J Snaith, Jenny Hewison, Ian N Steen and Stephen C Robson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:121

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Caesarean section (CS) rates especially without medical indication are rising worldwide. Most of indications for CS are relative and CS rates for various indications vary widely. There is an increasing tendency t...

    Authors: Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Michael R Kramer and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:120

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Recent studies suggest that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes including weight retention in the mother and an increased risk of childhood obesity in the offsp...

    Authors: Kathrin Rauh, Julia Kunath, Eva Rosenfeld, Luzia Kick, Kurt Ulm and Hans Hauner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Health workforce shortages are key obstacles to the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals. Task shifting is seen as a way to improve access to pregnancy and childbirth care. However, t...

    Authors: Onikepe Oluwadamilola Owolabi, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin and Neil Pakenham-Walsh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:118

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The literature shows a variable and inconsistent relationship between socioeconomic position and preterm birth. We examined risk factors for spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm birth, with a focus on socioecono...

    Authors: KS Joseph, John Fahey, Ketan Shankardass, Victoria M Allen, Patricia O’Campo, Linda Dodds, Robert M Liston and Alexander C Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:117

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Neonatal deaths account for over 40% of all under-5 year deaths; their reduction is increasingly critical for achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. An estimated 3 million newborns die annually during their ...

    Authors: Akash Bang, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Patricia Hibberd, Archana Patel, Shivaprasad Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Norman Goco, Sreelatha Meleth, Richard J Derman, Edward A Liechty, Elizabeth McClure, Waldemar A Carlo and Linda L Wright

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:116

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Iron deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency amongst women of childbearing age. Peri-partum iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is associated with significant maternal, fetal and infant morbidity. Current opti...

    Authors: Bernd Froessler, Joshua Collingwood, Nicolette A Hodyl and Gustaaf Dekker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:115

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Neonatal mortality has remained resistant to change in the wake of declining child mortality. Suboptimal newborn care practices are predisposing factors to neonatal mortality. Adherence to four ANC consultatio...

    Authors: Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Simon Kasasa, Bart Criel, Christopher Garimoi Orach and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:114

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cardiovascular adaptions, such as cardiac and uterine spiral arterial remodeling, and aortic arterial stiffening during pregnancy have been extensively investigated, while the interactions between the elastic ...

    Authors: Li-Jun Yuan, Yun-You Duan, Dan Xue, Tie-Sheng Cao and Ning Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:113

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Congenital malformations occur in 3-4% of live births. Their prenatal detection is performed by ultrasound screening. Any announcement about a suspected malformation is a source of stress for the parents, and ...

    Authors: Anne Debost-Legrand, Hélène Laurichesse-Delmas, Christine Francannet, Isabelle Perthus, Didier Lémery, Denis Gallot and Françoise Vendittelli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:112

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Research directed to optimizing maternal nutrition commencing prior to conception remains very limited, despite suggestive evidence of its importance in addition to ensuring an optimal nutrition environment in...

    Authors: K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Ana Garces, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Balachandra S Kodkany, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L Bose, Lester Figueroa, Robert L Goldenberg, Richard J Derman, Jacob E Friedman, Daniel N Frank, Elizabeth M McClure, Kristen Stolka…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:111

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Nepal is on track to achieve MDG 5 but there is a huge sub-national disparity with existing high maternal mortality in western and hilly regions. The national priority is to reduce this disparity to achieve th...

    Authors: Gajananda P Bhandari, Narayan Subedi, Janak Thapa, Bishnu Choulagai, Mahesh K Maskey and Sharad R Onta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:109

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Provision of quality emergency obstetric care relies upon the presence of skilled health attendants working in an environment where drugs and medical supplies are available when needed and in adequate quantity...

    Authors: Dickson Ally Mkoka, Isabel Goicolea, Angwara Kiwara, Mughwira Mwangu and Anna-Karin Hurtig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:108

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) increases the risk of spontaneous preterm deliveries (PD) in developed countries. Its prevalence varies with ethnicity, socioeconomic conditions and gestational age. Aerobic vaginitis ...

    Authors: Leticia Krauss-Silva, Antonio Almada-Horta, Mariane B Alves, Karla G Camacho, Maria Elizabeth L Moreira and Alcione Braga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:107

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Overweight and obese women are known to be at increased risk of caesarean birth. This study estimates the contribution of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) to caesarean birth...

    Authors: Susie Dzakpasu, John Fahey, Russell S Kirby, Suzanne C Tough, Beverley Chalmers, Maureen I Heaman, Sharon Bartholomew, Anne Biringer, Elizabeth K Darling, Lily S Lee and Sarah D McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:106

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Information tracking changes of birthweight is scarce in China. To examine trends of low birthweight (birthweight < 2500 g) and macrosomia (birthweight ≥ 4000 g) and potential risk factors in Beijing, hospital...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Shan, Fangfang Chen, Wenpeng Wang, Juan Zhao, Yue Teng, Minghui Wu, Honghong Teng, Xue Zhang, Hong Qi, Xiaohong Liu, Chunying Tan and Jie Mi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:105

    Content type: Research article

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  47. To assess the association of maternal hyperuricemia with adverse pregnancy outcome and neonatal metabolic, neurologic and respiratory disturbances in normotensive singleton pregnant women.

    Authors: Elaheh Amini, Mahdi Sheikh, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Mamak Shariat, Alireza Abdollahi and Maryam Kashanian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:104

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Continuity of care during labour is important for women. Women with an intrapartum referral from primary to secondary care look back more negatively on their birh experience compared to those who are not refer...

    Authors: Ank de Jonge, Rosan Stuijt, Iva Eijke and Marjan J Westerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:103

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Adolescent pregnancies are a growing public health problem in Cameroon. We sought to study the outcome of such pregnancies, in order to inform public health action.

    Authors: Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Theodore Yangsi Tameh, Eta Ngole Mbong, Philip Njotang Nana, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio, Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue and Robinson Enow Mbu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:102

    Content type: Research article

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