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  1. Content type: Review of strategies

    Although a number of antenatal and intrapartum interventions have shown some evidence of impact on stillbirth incidence, much confusion surrounds ideal strategies for delivering these interventions within heal...

    Authors: Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Gary L Darmstadt, Rachel A Haws, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob and Joy E Lawn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Review of interventions

    Approximately one million stillbirths occur annually during labour; most of these stillbirths occur in low and middle-income countries and are associated with absent, inadequate, or delayed obstetric care. The...

    Authors: Gary L Darmstadt, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Rachel A Haws, Esme V Menezes, Tanya Soomro and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Review of interventions

    Screening and monitoring in pregnancy are strategies used by healthcare providers to identify high-risk pregnancies so that they can provide more targeted and appropriate treatment and follow-up care, and to m...

    Authors: Rachel A Haws, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Tanya Soomro, Esme V Menezes, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Review of interventions

    An estimated two-thirds of the world's 3.2 million stillbirths occur antenatally, prior to labour, and are often overlooked in policy and programs. Poorly recognised, untreated or inadequately treated maternal...

    Authors: Esme V Menezes, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Tanya Soomro, Rachel A Haws, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Review and methods overview

    More than 3.2 million stillbirths occur globally each year, yet stillbirths are largely invisible in global data tracking, policy dialogue and programme implementation. This mismatch of burden to action is due...

    Authors: Joy E Lawn, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Rachel A Haws, Tanya Soomro, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Study protocol

    The caesarean section rate continues to rise globally. A caesarean section is inarguably the preferred method of delivery when there is good evidence that a vaginal delivery may unduly risk the health of a wom...

    Authors: Wendy Sword, Susan Watt, Paul Krueger, Lehana Thabane, Christine Kurtz Landy, Dan Farine and Marilyn Swinton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:16

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The Magpie Trial, a randomised trial comparing magnesium sulphate with placebo for women with pre-eclampsia. This paper describes methods used for follow up in the UK, and presents additional data collected.

    Authors: Rebecca MD Smyth, Patsy Spark, Nina Armstrong and Lelia Duley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:15

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Apgar score is used for rapid assessment of newborns. Low five-minute Apgar score has been associated with increased risk of severe neurologic outcome, but data on milder outcomes, particularly in the long ter...

    Authors: Vera Ehrenstein, Lars Pedersen, Miriam Grijota, Gunnar Lauge Nielsen, Kenneth J Rothman and Henrik Toft Sørensen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:14

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Criteria-based audits have been used to improve clinical management in developed countries, but have only recently been introduced in the developing world. This study discusses the introduction of a criteria-b...

    Authors: Hussein Lesio Kidanto, Ingrid Mogren, Siriel N Massawe, Gunilla Lindmark and Lennarth Nystrom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:13

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Awareness of the danger signs of obstetric complications is the essential first step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to obstetric and newborn care. The objectives of this study were to assess wome...

    Authors: Andrea B Pembe, David P Urassa, Anders Carlstedt, Gunilla Lindmark, Lennarth Nyström and Elisabeth Darj

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:12

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this study was to determine if elevated antiphospholipid antibody titers were correlated with the presence of preeclampsia/eclampsia, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), placental insu...

    Authors: James Nodler, Surjit R Moolamalla, Elizabeth M Ledger, Bahij S Nuwayhid and Zuber D Mulla

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:11

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Although antenatal care coverage in Tanzania is high, worrying gaps exist in terms of its quality and ability to prevent, diagnose or treat complications. Moreover, much less is known about the utilisation of ...

    Authors: Mwifadhi Mrisho, Brigit Obrist, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg, Rachel A Haws, Adiel K Mushi, Hassan Mshinda, Marcel Tanner and David Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:10

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To assess the acceptability of intrapartum HIV testing and determine the prevalence of HIV among labouring women with unknown HIV status in Cameroon.

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy, Enow R Mbu, Francois X Mbopi-Keou, Nelson Fomulu, Philip N Nana, Pierre M Tebeu, Rebecca N Tonye and Robert JI Leke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:9

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  14. Content type: Review

    The HELLP syndrome is a serious complication in pregnancy characterized by haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count occurring in 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies and in 10–20% of cases with seve...

    Authors: Kjell Haram, Einar Svendsen and Ulrich Abildgaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:8

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality is too rare in high income countries to be used as a marker of the quality of maternity care. Consequently severe maternal morbidity has been suggested as a better indicator. Using the mater...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford, Charles S Algert, Jane C Bell, Judy M Simpson and Jonathan M Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:7

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, as a consequence of preterm birth, is a major cause of early mortality and morbidity during infancy and childhood. Survivors of preterm birth continue to remain at consi...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Andrew J McPhee, Vicki Flenady and Jeffrey S Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:6

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  17. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear whether the high rates of low birth weight in South Asia are due to poor fetal growth or short pregnancy duration. Also, it is not known whether the traditional focus on preventing low birth weig...

    Authors: Kuryan George, Jasmin Prasad, Daisy Singh, Shanthidani Minz, David S Albert, Jayaprakash Muliyil, K S Joseph, Jyothi Jayaraman and Michael S Kramer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:5

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section might increase the incidence of surgical interventions and problems resulting from hospitalization and thus affecting quality of life in women after delivery. This study aimed to compare qual...

    Authors: Behnaz Torkan, Sousan Parsay, Minoor Lamyian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:4

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Preference for formula versus breast feeding among women of Chinese descent remains a concern in North America. The goal of this study was to develop an intervention targeting Chinese immigrant mothers to incr...

    Authors: Patricia A Janssen, Verity H Livingstone, Bruce Chang and Michael C Klein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:3

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Pregnancy is a period in the life of women that is often associated with decreased daily physical activity and/or exercise. However, maintaining adequate levels of daily physical activity during pregnancy is i...

    Authors: Nicolette Oostdam, Mireille NM van Poppel, Elisabeth MW Eekhoff, Maurice GAJ Wouters and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:1

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Excessive gestational weight gain promotes poor maternal and child health outcomes. Weight misperception is associated with weight gain in non-pregnant women, but no data exist during pregnancy. The purpose of...

    Authors: Sharon J Herring, Emily Oken, Jess Haines, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ken P Kleinman ScD and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:54

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes is a prevalent disease associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Smoking as been associated with glucose intolerance during pregnancy in some but not all studies. Therefore, we aimed ...

    Authors: Eliana M Wendland, Maria Eugênia Pinto, Bruce B Duncan, José M Belizán and Maria Inês Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:53

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Sepsis is an important cause of neonatal death and perinatal brain damage, particularly in preterm infants. While effective antibiotic treatment is essential treatment for sepsis, resistance to antibiotics is ...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:52

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    There have been dramatic changes in the approach to screening for aneuploidy over the last 20 years. However, the approach to screening for other complications of pregnancy such as intra-uterine growth restric...

    Authors: Dharmintra Pasupathy, Alison Dacey, Emma Cook, D Stephen Charnock-Jones, Ian R White and Gordon CS Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:51

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Doppler flow velocity waveform analysis of fetal vessels is one of the main methods for evaluating fetus health before labor. Doppler waves of middle cerebral artery (MCA) can predict most of the at risk fetus...

    Authors: Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni, Nariman Nezami, Narges Sobhani, Nazanin Eshraghi, Maryam Tarzamni and Yashar Talebi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:50

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Since July 1998 all Dutch women (± 200,000/y) are screened for red cell antibodies, other than anti-RhesusD (RhD) in the first trimester of pregnancy, to facilitate timely treatment of pregnancies at risk for ...

    Authors: JM Koelewijn, TGM Vrijkotte, M de Haas, CE van der Schoot and GJ Bonsel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:49

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The African population is composed of a variety of ethnic groups, which differ considerably from each other. Some studies suggest that ethnic variation may influence dating. The aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: Daniel Salpou, Torvid Kiserud, Svein Rasmussen and Synnøve Lian Johnsen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:48

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  28. Content type: Research article

    There is strong evidence supporting the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth to promote fetal lung maturation and reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. This audit aimed to asse...

    Authors: Porjai Pattanittum, Melissa R Ewens, Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Steven J McDonald and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:47

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In nulliparous women dystocia is the most common obstetric problem and its etiology is largely unknown. The frequency of augmentation and cesarean delivery related to dystocia is high although it is not clear ...

    Authors: Hanne Kjærgaard, Jørn Olsen, Bent Ottesen, Per Nyberg and Anna-Karin Dykes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:45

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies of maternal risk factors for abnormal placental growth have focused on placental weight and placental ratio as measures of placental growth. We sought to identify maternal risk factors for pla...

    Authors: Kesha Baptiste-Roberts, Carolyn M Salafia, Wanda K Nicholson, Anne Duggan, Nae-Yuh Wang and Frederick L Brancati

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:44

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Efforts to elucidate risk factors for placental abruption are imperative due to the severity of complications it produces for both mother and fetus, and its contribution to preterm birth. Ethnicity-based diffe...

    Authors: Tammy T Shen, Emily A DeFranco, David M Stamilio, Jen Jen Chang and Louis J Muglia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:43

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  32. Content type: Correspondence

    Maternal death reviews is a tool widely recommended to improve the quality of obstetric care and reduce maternal mortality. Our aim was to explore the challenges encountered in the process of facility-based ma...

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:42

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a major killer of women worldwide. Standard uterotonic treatments used to control postpartum bleeding do not always work and are not always available. Misoprostol's potentia...

    Authors: Nadeem F Zuberi, Jill Durocher, Rozina Sikander, Neelofur Baber, Jennifer Blum and Gijs Walraven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:40

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The link between maternal factors and birth outcomes is well established. Substantial changes in society and medical care over time have influenced women's reproductive choices and health, subsequently affecti...

    Authors: Svetlana V Glinianaia, Judith Rankin, Tanja Pless-Mulloli, Mark S Pearce, Martin Charlton and Louise Parker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:39

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Pre-eclampsia is associated with several complications. Early prediction of complications and timely management is needed for clinical care of these patients to avert fetal and maternal mortality and morbidity...

    Authors: Shakila Thangaratinam, Arri Coomarasamy, Steve Sharp, Fidelma O'Mahony, Shaughn O'Brien, Khaled MK Ismail and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:38

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention may predispose women to long-term overweight and other health problems. Intervention studies aiming at preventing excessive pregnancy-related w...

    Authors: Tarja I Kinnunen, Minna Aittasalo, Päivikki Koponen, Katriina Ojala, Kirsi Mansikkamäki, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mikael Fogelholm and Riitta Luoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:37

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    In Australia and internationally, there is concern about the growing proportion of women giving birth by caesarean section. There is evidence of increased risk of placenta accreta and percreta in subsequent pr...

    Authors: Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster, Mary-Ann Davey, Judith Lumley, Tanya Farrell, Jeremy Oats, Lisa Gold, Ulla Waldenström, Leah Albers and Mary Anne Biro

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:35

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) can provide appropriate care for women and their babies; however implementation of EBP requires health professionals to have access to knowledge, the ability to interpret health c...

    Authors: Ruth Martis, Jacqueline J Ho and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:34

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Reliable antenatal identification of pre-eclampsia and small for gestational age is crucial to judicious allocation of monitoring resources and use of preventative treatment with the prospect of improving mate...

    Authors: Rachel K Morris, Jeltsje S Cnossen, Marloes Langejans, Stephen C Robson, Jos Kleijnen, Gerben ter Riet, Ben W Mol, Joris AM van der Post and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:33

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Postabortion contraceptive service is considered an effective means in addressing the problem of unsafe abortion; in spite this fact this component remains one of the weakest parts of postabortion care. In thi...

    Authors: Vibeke Rasch, Fortunata Yambesi and Siriel Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:32

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The impact of borderline gestational diabetes mellitus (BGDM), defined as a positive oral glucose challenge test (OGCT) and normal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), on maternal and infant health is unclear. ...

    Authors: Hong Ju, Alice R Rumbold, Kristyn J Willson and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:31

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  42. Content type: Research article

    There is growing evidence from Australia and overseas that the care provided in hospital in the early postnatal period is less than ideal for both women and care providers. Many health services face increasing...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan, Jo Rayner, Jane Yelland, Lisa Gold and Sharon Rayner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:27

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Only about one-third of women in Palestine (West Bank and Gaza) obtain postpartum care. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess factors associated with lack of postnatal care, women's reasons for not o...

    Authors: Enas Dhaher, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Annette E Maxwell and Alexander Krämer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:26

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