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  1. Content type: Research article

    Deficiencies of iron and folic acid during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes for the fetus, thus supplements are recommended. Adherence to current tablet-based supplements is documented to be poor. Recent...

    Authors: Brenda Hartman-Craven, Anna Christofides, Deborah L O'Connor and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:33

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Women experiencing decreased fetal movements (DFM) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including stillbirth. Fourteen delivery units in Norway registered all cases of DFM in a population-based quality a...

    Authors: Julie Victoria Holm Tveit, Eli Saastad, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Per E Børdahl, Vicki Flenady, Ruth Fretts and J Frederik Frøen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:32

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010 10:49

  3. Content type: Research article

    The aim of prenatal care is to promote good maternal and foetal health and to identify risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in an attempt to promptly manage and solve them. Although high prenatal care a...

    Authors: Eleonora RO Ribeiro, Alzira Maria DN Guimarães, Heloísa Bettiol, Danilo DF Lima, Maria Luiza D Almeida, Luiz de Souza, Antônio Augusto M Silva and Ricardo Q Gurgel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:31

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies on change in maternal age composition in Tanzania do not indicate its impact on adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to establish temporal changes in maternal age composition and their impact...

    Authors: Projestine S Muganyizi and Hussein L Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:30

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Post partum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal death worldwide. It also contributes to maternal morbidity as women may require a hysterectomy to control bleeding, or may require a blood transfusion, wh...

    Authors: Pili Ferrer, Ian Roberts, Emma Sydenham, Karen Blackhall and Haleema Shakur

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:29

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Intermittent preventive treatment for prevention of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) is a key component of malaria control strategy in Nigeria and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is the drug of choice. Despite the e...

    Authors: Stella O Akinleye, Catherine O Falade and Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:28

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Women with type 1 diabetes are at high risk of complications during both pregnancy and childbirth. Stringent monitoring of blood sugar is required in order to improve the chance of giving birth to a healthy ch...

    Authors: Marie Berg and Carina Sparud-Lundin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:27

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Studies that contributed to the epidemiology of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy have reported conflicting findings, and often failed to account for all possible co-variables necessary to evaluate the multidim...

    Authors: Anaïs Lacasse, Evelyne Rey, Ema Ferreira, Caroline Morin and Anick Bérard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:26

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Earlier studies indicate that midwife-led birth settings are associated with modest benefits, including reduced medical interventions and increased maternal satisfaction. The generalizability of these studies ...

    Authors: Britt Ingeborg Eide, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen and Svein Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:25

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Audit and classification of stillbirths is an essential part of clinical practice and a crucial step towards stillbirth prevention. Due to the limitations of the ICD system and lack of an international approac...

    Authors: Vicki Flenady, J Frederik Frøen, Halit Pinar, Rozbeh Torabi, Eli Saastad, Grace Guyon, Laurie Russell, Adrian Charles, Catherine Harrison, Lawrence Chauke, Robert Pattinson, Rachel Koshy, Safiah Bahrin, Glenn Gardener, Katie Day, Karin Petersson…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:24

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A carefully classified dataset of perinatal mortality will retain the most significant information on the causes of death. Such information is needed for health care policy development, surveillance and intern...

    Authors: J Frederik Frøen, Halit Pinar, Vicki Flenady, Safiah Bahrin, Adrian Charles, Lawrence Chauke, Katie Day, Charles W Duke, Fabio Facchinetti, Ruth C Fretts, Glenn Gardener, Kristen Gilshenan, Sanne J Gordijn, Adrienne Gordon, Grace Guyon, Catherine Harrison…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:22

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Natural disaster is often a cause of psychopathology, and women are vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Depression is also common after a woman gives birth. However, no research...

    Authors: Emily W Harville, Xu Xiong, Gabriella Pridjian, Karen Elkind-Hirsch and Pierre Buekens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:21

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Obstetric cholestasis (OC) is a serious problem in pregnancy. It affects about 4500 women per year in the UK. Affected women develop itching and occasionally jaundice. More importantly, the condition is associ...

    Authors: Vinita Gurung, Catherine Williamson, Lucy Chappell, Jenny Chambers, Annette Briley, Fiona Broughton Pipkin and Jim Thornton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:19

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section is a commonly performed operation on women that is globally increasing in prevalence each year. There is a large variation in the rates of caesarean, both in high and low income countries, as...

    Authors: Mario R Festin, Malinee Laopaiboon, Porjai Pattanittum, Melissa R Ewens, David J Henderson-Smart and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:17

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  15. Content type: Review of strategies

    Although a number of antenatal and intrapartum interventions have shown some evidence of impact on stillbirth incidence, much confusion surrounds ideal strategies for delivering these interventions within heal...

    Authors: Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Gary L Darmstadt, Rachel A Haws, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob and Joy E Lawn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  16. Content type: Review of interventions

    Approximately one million stillbirths occur annually during labour; most of these stillbirths occur in low and middle-income countries and are associated with absent, inadequate, or delayed obstetric care. The...

    Authors: Gary L Darmstadt, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Rachel A Haws, Esme V Menezes, Tanya Soomro and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Review of interventions

    Screening and monitoring in pregnancy are strategies used by healthcare providers to identify high-risk pregnancies so that they can provide more targeted and appropriate treatment and follow-up care, and to m...

    Authors: Rachel A Haws, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Tanya Soomro, Esme V Menezes, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  18. Content type: Review of interventions

    An estimated two-thirds of the world's 3.2 million stillbirths occur antenatally, prior to labour, and are often overlooked in policy and programs. Poorly recognised, untreated or inadequately treated maternal...

    Authors: Esme V Menezes, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Tanya Soomro, Rachel A Haws, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  19. Content type: Review of interventions

    The vast majority of global stillbirths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and in many settings, the majority of stillbirths occur antenatally, prior to the onset of labour. Poor nutritional status, la...

    Authors: Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Esme V Menezes, Tanya Soomro, Rachel A Haws, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  20. Content type: Review and methods overview

    More than 3.2 million stillbirths occur globally each year, yet stillbirths are largely invisible in global data tracking, policy dialogue and programme implementation. This mismatch of burden to action is due...

    Authors: Joy E Lawn, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Rachel A Haws, Tanya Soomro, Gary L Darmstadt and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  21. Content type: Introduction

    One of the major success stories of modern obstetrics in high-income countries in the last 5 decades is the reduction of stillbirths from rates as high as 50 per 1000 births to about 5 per 1000 births today. F...

    Authors: Robert L Goldenberg, Elizabeth M McClure and José M Belizán

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  22. Content type: Study protocol

    The caesarean section rate continues to rise globally. A caesarean section is inarguably the preferred method of delivery when there is good evidence that a vaginal delivery may unduly risk the health of a wom...

    Authors: Wendy Sword, Susan Watt, Paul Krueger, Lehana Thabane, Christine Kurtz Landy, Dan Farine and Marilyn Swinton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:16

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Magpie Trial, a randomised trial comparing magnesium sulphate with placebo for women with pre-eclampsia. This paper describes methods used for follow up in the UK, and presents additional data collected.

    Authors: Rebecca MD Smyth, Patsy Spark, Nina Armstrong and Lelia Duley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:15

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Apgar score is used for rapid assessment of newborns. Low five-minute Apgar score has been associated with increased risk of severe neurologic outcome, but data on milder outcomes, particularly in the long ter...

    Authors: Vera Ehrenstein, Lars Pedersen, Miriam Grijota, Gunnar Lauge Nielsen, Kenneth J Rothman and Henrik Toft Sørensen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:14

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Criteria-based audits have been used to improve clinical management in developed countries, but have only recently been introduced in the developing world. This study discusses the introduction of a criteria-b...

    Authors: Hussein Lesio Kidanto, Ingrid Mogren, Siriel N Massawe, Gunilla Lindmark and Lennarth Nystrom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:13

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Awareness of the danger signs of obstetric complications is the essential first step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to obstetric and newborn care. The objectives of this study were to assess wome...

    Authors: Andrea B Pembe, David P Urassa, Anders Carlstedt, Gunilla Lindmark, Lennarth Nyström and Elisabeth Darj

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:12

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this study was to determine if elevated antiphospholipid antibody titers were correlated with the presence of preeclampsia/eclampsia, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), placental insu...

    Authors: James Nodler, Surjit R Moolamalla, Elizabeth M Ledger, Bahij S Nuwayhid and Zuber D Mulla

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:11

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Although antenatal care coverage in Tanzania is high, worrying gaps exist in terms of its quality and ability to prevent, diagnose or treat complications. Moreover, much less is known about the utilisation of ...

    Authors: Mwifadhi Mrisho, Brigit Obrist, Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg, Rachel A Haws, Adiel K Mushi, Hassan Mshinda, Marcel Tanner and David Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:10

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To assess the acceptability of intrapartum HIV testing and determine the prevalence of HIV among labouring women with unknown HIV status in Cameroon.

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy, Enow R Mbu, Francois X Mbopi-Keou, Nelson Fomulu, Philip N Nana, Pierre M Tebeu, Rebecca N Tonye and Robert JI Leke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:9

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  30. Content type: Review

    The HELLP syndrome is a serious complication in pregnancy characterized by haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count occurring in 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies and in 10–20% of cases with seve...

    Authors: Kjell Haram, Einar Svendsen and Ulrich Abildgaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:8

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality is too rare in high income countries to be used as a marker of the quality of maternity care. Consequently severe maternal morbidity has been suggested as a better indicator. Using the mater...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford, Charles S Algert, Jane C Bell, Judy M Simpson and Jonathan M Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:7

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, as a consequence of preterm birth, is a major cause of early mortality and morbidity during infancy and childhood. Survivors of preterm birth continue to remain at consi...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Andrew J McPhee, Vicki Flenady and Jeffrey S Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:6

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  33. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear whether the high rates of low birth weight in South Asia are due to poor fetal growth or short pregnancy duration. Also, it is not known whether the traditional focus on preventing low birth weig...

    Authors: Kuryan George, Jasmin Prasad, Daisy Singh, Shanthidani Minz, David S Albert, Jayaprakash Muliyil, K S Joseph, Jyothi Jayaraman and Michael S Kramer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:5

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section might increase the incidence of surgical interventions and problems resulting from hospitalization and thus affecting quality of life in women after delivery. This study aimed to compare qual...

    Authors: Behnaz Torkan, Sousan Parsay, Minoor Lamyian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:4

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Preference for formula versus breast feeding among women of Chinese descent remains a concern in North America. The goal of this study was to develop an intervention targeting Chinese immigrant mothers to incr...

    Authors: Patricia A Janssen, Verity H Livingstone, Bruce Chang and Michael C Klein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:3

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Pregnancy is a period in the life of women that is often associated with decreased daily physical activity and/or exercise. However, maintaining adequate levels of daily physical activity during pregnancy is i...

    Authors: Nicolette Oostdam, Mireille NM van Poppel, Elisabeth MW Eekhoff, Maurice GAJ Wouters and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:1

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Excessive gestational weight gain promotes poor maternal and child health outcomes. Weight misperception is associated with weight gain in non-pregnant women, but no data exist during pregnancy. The purpose of...

    Authors: Sharon J Herring, Emily Oken, Jess Haines, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ken P Kleinman ScD and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:54

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes is a prevalent disease associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Smoking as been associated with glucose intolerance during pregnancy in some but not all studies. Therefore, we aimed ...

    Authors: Eliana M Wendland, Maria Eugênia Pinto, Bruce B Duncan, José M Belizán and Maria Inês Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:53

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Sepsis is an important cause of neonatal death and perinatal brain damage, particularly in preterm infants. While effective antibiotic treatment is essential treatment for sepsis, resistance to antibiotics is ...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:52

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    There have been dramatic changes in the approach to screening for aneuploidy over the last 20 years. However, the approach to screening for other complications of pregnancy such as intra-uterine growth restric...

    Authors: Dharmintra Pasupathy, Alison Dacey, Emma Cook, D Stephen Charnock-Jones, Ian R White and Gordon CS Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:51

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Doppler flow velocity waveform analysis of fetal vessels is one of the main methods for evaluating fetus health before labor. Doppler waves of middle cerebral artery (MCA) can predict most of the at risk fetus...

    Authors: Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni, Nariman Nezami, Narges Sobhani, Nazanin Eshraghi, Maryam Tarzamni and Yashar Talebi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:50

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Since July 1998 all Dutch women (± 200,000/y) are screened for red cell antibodies, other than anti-RhesusD (RhD) in the first trimester of pregnancy, to facilitate timely treatment of pregnancies at risk for ...

    Authors: JM Koelewijn, TGM Vrijkotte, M de Haas, CE van der Schoot and GJ Bonsel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:49

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The African population is composed of a variety of ethnic groups, which differ considerably from each other. Some studies suggest that ethnic variation may influence dating. The aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: Daniel Salpou, Torvid Kiserud, Svein Rasmussen and Synnøve Lian Johnsen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:48

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  44. Content type: Research article

    There is strong evidence supporting the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth to promote fetal lung maturation and reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. This audit aimed to asse...

    Authors: Porjai Pattanittum, Melissa R Ewens, Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Steven J McDonald and Caroline A Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008 8:47

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