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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    For women who have a caesarean section in their preceding pregnancy, two care policies for birth are considered standard: planned vaginal birth and planned elective repeat caesarean. Currently available inform...

    Authors: Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Janet E Hiller, Ross R Haslam and Jeffrey S Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:17

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality constitutes the fifth Millennium Development Goal and represents a key public health challenge in the United Republic of Tanzania. In response to the ne...

    Authors: Helen Prytherch, Siriel Massawe, Rainer Kuelker, Claudia Hunger, Ferdinand Mtatifikolo and Albrecht Jahn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:16

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Non-progressive labour is the most common complication in nulliparas and is primarily treated by augmentation. Augmented labour is often terminated by instrumental delivery. Little qualitative research has add...

    Authors: Hanne Kjaergaard, Anne Maria Foldgast and Anna-Karin Dykes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:15

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Hypertensive disorders, i.e. pregnancy induced hypertension and preeclampsia, complicate 10 to15% of all pregnancies at term and are a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The only ca...

    Authors: Corine M Koopmans, Denise Bijlenga, Jan G Aarnoudse, Erik van Beek, Dick J Bekedam, Paul P van den Berg, Jan M Burggraaff, Erwin Birnie, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Addi P Drogtrop, Arie Franx, Christianne JM de Groot, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Anneke Kwee, Saskia le Cessie, Aren J van Loon…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:14

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Cardiotocography (CTG) is worldwide the method for fetal surveillance during labour. However, CTG alone shows many false positive test results and without fetal blood sampling (FBS), it results in an increase ...

    Authors: Michelle EMH Westerhuis, Karel GM Moons, Erik van Beek, Saskia M Bijvoet, Addy P Drogtrop, Herman P van Geijn, Jan MM van Lith, Ben WJ Mol, Jan G Nijhuis, S Guid Oei, Martina M Porath, Robbert JP Rijnders, Nico WE Schuitemaker, Ingeborg van der Tweel, Gerard HA Visser, Christine Willekes…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:13

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Around 80% of intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants are born at term. They have an increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity including behavioral problems, minor developmental delay and spastic cer...

    Authors: Kim E Boers, Denise Bijlenga, Ben WJ Mol, Saskia LeCessie, Erwin Birnie, Marielle G van Pampus, Rob H Stigter, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Claudia A van Meir, Joris AM van der Post, Dick J Bekedam, Lucy SM Ribbert, Addie P Drogtrop, Paulien CM van der Salm, Anjoke JM Huisjes, Christine Willekes…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:12

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is an important clinical problem and a dilemma for the gynaecologist. On the one hand, awaiting spontaneous labour increases the probability of infectious dis...

    Authors: David P van der Ham, Jan G Nijhuis, Ben Willem J Mol, Johannes J van Beek, Brent C Opmeer, Denise Bijlenga, Mariette Groenewout, Birgit Arabin, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Wim J van Wijngaarden, Maurice GAJ Wouters, Paula JM Pernet, Martina M Porath, Jan FM Molkenboer, Jan B Derks, Michael M Kars…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:11

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    When the primary and secondary outcomes of clinical studies yield ambiguous or conflicting recommendations, preference or valuation studies may help to overcome the decision problem. The present preference stu...

    Authors: Denise Bijlenga, Erwin Birnie, Ben WJ Mol and Gouke J Bonsel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:10

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Zuo yuezi is the month postpartum in China associated with a variety of traditional beliefs and practices. We explored the current status of zuo yuezi from social, cultural and western medical perspectives.

    Authors: Joanna H Raven, Qiyan Chen, Rachel J Tolhurst and Paul Garner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:8

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    15% of multiple pregnancies ends in a preterm delivery, which can lead to mortality and severe long term neonatal morbidity. At present, no generally accepted strategy for the prevention of preterm birth in mu...

    Authors: Arianne C Lim, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Kees Boer, Johannes J Duvekot, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Tom HM Hasaart, Pieter Hummel, Ben WJ Mol, Jos PM Offermans, Charlotte M van Oirschot, Job G Santema, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Willem A Schöls, Frank PHA Vandenbussche, Maurice GAJ Wouters and Hein W Bruinse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:7

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  11. Content type: Proceedings

    Fetal loss is a painful experience. A history of second or early third trimester fetal loss, after painless dilatation of the cervix, prolapse or rupture of the membranes, and expulsion of a live fetus despite...

    Authors: Frederik K Lotgering

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S17

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  12. Content type: Proceedings

    Management of preterm labor by tocolysis remains an unmet medical need. Prostaglandins play a major role in regulation of uterine activity and in molecular mechanisms of human labor and parturition. There is s...

    Authors: André Chollet, Enrico Gillio Tos and Rocco Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S16

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  13. Content type: Proceedings

    Preterm labour (PTL) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, and oxytocin (OT) antagonists are potential tocolytics. Atosiban (TRACTOCILE) is a mixed vasopressin V1A/OT antagonist registered for acu...

    Authors: Torsten M Reinheimer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S15

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  14. Content type: Proceedings

    The management of premature birth still remains unsatisfactory. Since the relative lack of efficiency and/or safety of current tocolytic agents have been highlighted, it is necessary to develop new uterorelaxa...

    Authors: Marc Bardou, Céline Rouget, Michèle Breuiller-Fouché, Catherine Loustalot, Emmanuel Naline, Paul Sagot, René Frydman, Esteban J Morcillo, Charles Advenier, Marie-Josèphe Leroy and John J Morrison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S14

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  15. Content type: Proceedings

    Considerable effort has been expended in attempting to distinguish genes that contribute to initiating the onset of term and preterm labour (PTL) from those that change in expression as a consequence of the pr...

    Authors: Alison Jane Tyson-Capper

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S13

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  16. Content type: Proceedings

    Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE) are the enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis and inactivation of the second messengers, cAMP and cGMP. Eleven PDE families are described to date, and selective inhibitor...

    Authors: Céline Méhats, Thomas Schmitz, Stéphanie Oger, Roxane Hervé, Dominique Cabrol and Marie-Josèphe Leroy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S12

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Proceedings

    Abnormalities in uterine contractility are thought to contribute to several clinical problems, including preterm labor. A better understanding of the mechanisms controlling uterine activity would make it possi...

    Authors: Isabelle Eude-Le Parco, Emmanuelle Dallot and Michelle Breuiller-Fouché

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S11

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  18. Content type: Proceedings

    Studying the mechanism(s) of uterine relaxation is important and will be helpful in the prevention of obstetric difficulties such as preterm labour, which remains a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbi...

    Authors: Wei Yuan and Andrés López Bernal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S10

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  19. Content type: Proceedings

    A substantial number of patients with preterm labor and delivery do not show clinical signs of infection, however, it is the subclinical form which is the main causative factor and often results in premature d...

    Authors: Piotr Laudanski, Piotr Pierzynski and Tadeusz Laudanski

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S9

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  20. Content type: Proceedings

    Increasing evidence suggests that parturition is an inflammatory process. In this brief overview, inflammatory events occurring in association with parturition, and the mechanism by which they may contribute t...

    Authors: Jane E Norman, Shrikant Bollapragada, Mei Yuan and Scott M Nelson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  21. Content type: Proceedings

    Preterm labor affects up to 20% of pregnancies, is considered a main cause of associated neonatal morbidity and mortality and is responsible for neonatal care costs of multimillion euros. In spite of that, the...

    Authors: Piotr Pierzynski, Edward Oczeretko, Piotr Laudanski and Tadeusz Laudanski

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  22. Content type: Proceedings

    The electrical activity of the uterine muscle is representative of uterine contractility. Its characterization may be used to detect a potential risk of preterm delivery in women, even at an early gestational ...

    Authors: Catherine K Marque, Jérémy Terrien, Sandy Rihana and Guy Germain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  23. Content type: Proceedings

    Studies on the human myometrium have reported on different microarrays containing different sets of genes or ESTs. However each study profiled only a small number of patients due to various constraints. More p...

    Authors: Michèle Breuiller-Fouche, Gilles Charpigny and Guy Germain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  24. Content type: Proceedings

    Premature labour (PTL) is the single most significant factor contributing to neonatal morbidity in Europe with enormous attendant healthcare and social costs. Consequently, it remains a major challenge to alle...

    Authors: Michael John Taggart, Andrew Blanks, Sanjay Kharche, Arun Holden, Bin Wang and Henggui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7(Suppl 1):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 7 Supplement 1

  25. Content type: Research article

    Reducing maternal mortality is a key goal of international development. Our objective was to determine the potential impact on maternal mortality across sub-Saharan Africa of a combination of dietary supplemen...

    Authors: Simon M Collin, Rebecca F Baggaley, Rudiger Pittrof and Veronique Filippi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:6

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Restriction of fetal growth and compromise of fetal wellbeing remain significant causes of perinatal death and childhood disability. At present, there is a lack of scientific consensus about the best strategie...

    Authors: Rachel K Morris, Khalid S Khan, Aravinthan Coomarasamy, Stephen C Robson and Jos Kleijnen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:3

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Increasing caesarean sections rates (CSR) are a major public health concern and the prevention of the first caesarean section, which often leads to repeat operations, is an important issue. Analyzing caesarean...

    Authors: Jeroen van Dillen, Tarek Meguid, Vera Petrova and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:2

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Adequate vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy are necessary to neonatal calcium homeostasis, bone maturation and mineralization. The aim of study is to evaluate serum vitamin D concentrations in mothers a...

    Authors: Zhila Maghbooli, Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Ali Reza Shafaei, Farzaneh Karimi, Farzaneh Sadat Madani and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2007 7:1

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Refugee and asylum-seeking women in Canada may have significant harmful childbearing health outcomes and unmet health and social care needs. The most vulnerable of these women are: those who have left their co...

    Authors: Anita J Gagnon, Olive Wahoush, Geoffrey Dougherty, Jean-François Saucier, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Elizabeth Stanger and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:31

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Glycaemic control in women with diabetes is critical to satisfactory pregnancy outcome. A systematic review of two randomised trials concluded that there was no clear evidence of benefit from very tight versus...

    Authors: Melanie E Inkster, Tom P Fahey, Peter T Donnan, Graham P Leese, Gary J Mires and Deirdre J Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:30

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Pre-eclampsia, a syndrome of hypertension and proteinuria, is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Accurate prediction of pre-eclampsia is important, since high risk women could ben...

    Authors: Jeltsje S Cnossen, Joris AM van der Post, Ben WJ Mol, Khalid S Khan, Catherine A Meads and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:29

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence to suggest that human papillomavirus (HPV) can cross the placenta resulting in in-utero transmission. The goal of this study was to determine if HPV can be detected in amniotic fluid from wom...

    Authors: Mack T Ruffin IV, Joanne M Bailey, Diane Roulston, Daisy R Lee, Ruth Ann Tucker, David C Swan and Elizabeth R Unger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:28

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  33. Content type: Research article

    About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at h...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Hari S Joshi, Binu V Sreekumaran, Sabitri Giri and Neena Chuni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:27

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Effective confirmation of pregnancy is a basic component of reproductive health services. It is a prerequisite for accessing antenatal care (AnC) if the pregnancy is wanted and abortion services if the pregnan...

    Authors: Chelsea Morroni and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:26

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    There is increasing interest in carrying out pre-induction cervical ripening on an outpatient basis. However, there are concerns about the use of prostaglandins, the agents commonly used in hospital settings f...

    Authors: Shrikant Bollapragada, Fiona Mackenzie, John Norrie, Stavros Petrou, Margaret Reid, Ian Greer, Inass Osman and Jane E Norman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:25

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) is a highly sensitive marker for certain congenital malformations such as open neural tube and ventral wall defects, its usefulness as a screening test for fet...

    Authors: Terrence P Szajkowski, Bernard N Chodirker, Karen M MacDonald and Jane A Evans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:23

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is a widely used strategy to improve the health of pregnant women and to encourage skilled care during childbirth. In 2002, the Ministry of Health of the United Republic of Tanzania develo...

    Authors: Claudia von Both, Steffen Fleβa, Ahmad Makuwani, Rose Mpembeni and Albrecht Jahn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    There are limited data on the extent of women's use of herbal medicines during pregnancy, despite the fact that knowledge of the potential benefits or harms of many of these products is sparse, particularly wi...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Angela Denning, Gemma Wills, Melissa Bolger and Elizabeth McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:21

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  39. Content type: Research article

    A randomised controlled trial of participatory women's groups in rural Nepal previously showed reductions in maternal and newborn mortality. In addition to the outcome data we also collected previously unrepor...

    Authors: Angie Wade, David Osrin, Bhim Prasad Shrestha, Aman Sen, Joanna Morrison, Kirti Man Tumbahangphe, Dharma S Manandhar and Anthony M de L Costello

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:20

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Azithromycin is an azalide antibiotic with an extensive range of indications and has become a common treatment option due to its convenient dosing regimen and therapeutic advantages. Human studies addressing g...

    Authors: Moumita Sarkar, Cindy Woodland C, Gideon Koren and Adrienne RN Einarson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:18

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Domperidone, a drug that enhances upper gastric motility, is an anti-dopaminergic medication that also elevates prolactin levels. It has been shown to safely increase the milk supply of lactating women. To dat...

    Authors: Marsha L Campbell-Yeo, Alexander C Allen, K S Joseph, Joyce M Ledwidge, Victoria M Allen and Kent C Dooley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:17

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  42. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that smoking and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) are associated with decreased fetal growth. It has been reported that in preeclampsia the fetal growth deficit attributable to smoking is ...

    Authors: Svein Rasmussen and Lorentz M Irgens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2006 6:16

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