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  1. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbearing injury that results from poorly managed obstructed labour, leading to the development of holes between the vagina and bladder and/or rectum. Effects of this inj...

    Authors: Eniya Lufumpa, Lucy Doos and Antje Lindenmeyer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:155

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question...

    Authors: Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent and Michael Ussher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:156

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that birth companionship, and in particular, continuous support during labor and delivery, can improve women’s childbirth experience and birth outcomes. Yet, little is known about the extent ...

    Authors: Patience Afulani, Caroline Kusi, Leah Kirumbi and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:150

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) adopted more stringent diagnostic criteria for GDM in 2013, to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, there is no global consensus on these new diagnostic criteria, because of...

    Authors: Eva A. R. Goedegebure, Sarah H. Koning, Klaas Hoogenberg, Fleurisca J. Korteweg, Helen L. Lutgers, Mattheus J. M. Diekman, Eva Stekkinger, Paul P. van den Berg and Joost J. Zwart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:152

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) Collaboration” in 2012. The SCC is designed to contribute to quality care by providing reminders of evidence-based practices fo...

    Authors: Pedro J. Saturno-Hernández, María Fernández-Elorriaga, Ismael Martínez-Nicolás and Ofelia Poblano-Verástegui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:154

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is common and contributes to the development of obesity in women and their offspring. Electronic or e-health interventions have the potential to reach large groups of wo...

    Authors: Christine M. Olson, Susan W. Groth, Meredith L. Graham, Jennifer E. Reschke, Myla S. Strawderman and Isabel Diana Fernandez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:148

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We investigated whether various inflammatory and immune proteins in plasma predict intra-amniotic infection and imminent preterm delivery in women with preterm labor and compared their predictive ability with ...

    Authors: Hyunsoo Park, Kyo Hoon Park, Yu Mi Kim, Song Yi Kook, Se Jeong Jeon and Ha-Na Yoo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:146

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The ePartogram is a tablet-based application developed to improve care for women in labor by addressing documented challenges in partograph use. The application is designed to provide real-time decision suppor...

    Authors: Lindsay Elizabeth Litwin, Christina Maly, Asma Ramadan Khamis, Cyndi Hiner, Jérémie Zoungrana, Khadija Mohamed, Mary Drake, Michael Machaku, Mustafa Njozi, Salhiya Ali Muhsin, Yusuph K. Kulindwa and Patricia P. Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:147

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Limited evidences were reported about the risk of pre-pregnancy hair dye use or irregular menstruation with abnormal birth weight during pregnancy, and their joint effects were also unknown. The aim of our stu...

    Authors: Chao Jiang, Qingzhi Hou, Yaling Huang, Juan Ye, Xiaolian Qin, Yu Zhang, Wen Meng, Qiuyan Wang, Yonghua Jiang, Haiying Zhang, Mujun Li, Zengnan Mo and Xiaobo Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:144

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Complications during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period present a significant and complex public health problem in low income countries such as Ethiopia. One strategy endorsed by the World Health ...

    Authors: Faye Forbes, Karen Wynter, Catherine Wade, Berihun M. Zeleke and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:145

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Spousal support is important during delivery since it satisfies the women and their spouses. Thus both women and their spouses should be included, where appropriate, in research on labour and birth. This descr...

    Authors: Sermin Timur Taşhan and Yıldız Duru

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:142

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Transient hyperprolactinemia was proven to adversely affect the outcome of IVF. We aimed to identify changes in serum prolactin levels in patients undergoing ICSI, and to evaluate the effect of these changes o...

    Authors: Ahmed Kamel, Ayman A. Halim, Mohamed Shehata, Salwa AlFarra, Yahia El-faissal, Wafaa Ramadan and Ahmed M. Hussein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:141

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Early treatment with tranexamic acid reduces deaths due to bleeding after post-partum haemorrhage. We report the prevalence of haematological, coagulation and fibrinolytic abnormalities in Nigerian women with ...

    Authors: Ian Roberts, Haleema Shakur, Bukola Fawole, Modupe Kuti, Oladapo Olayemi, Adenike Bello, Olayinka Ogunbode, Taiwo Kotila, Chris O. Aimakhu, Tolulase Olutogun, Beverley J. Hunt and Sumaya Huque

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:143

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To better understand previous associations reported regarding nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), an investigation into timing of symptom onset for NVP and PGP in pregnancy, as...

    Authors: Arthur Chortatos, Per Ole Iversen, Margaretha Haugen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland and Marit B. Veierød

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:137

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Infection with vaginal microorganisms during labour can lead to maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity.

    Authors: Charlotte Bell, Laura Hughes, Trevor Akister, Vin Ramkhelawon, Amie Wilson and David Lissauer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:139

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men’s involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and b...

    Authors: Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:138

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to compare neonatal complications in scheduled cesarean sections (CS) between 38 and 39 gestational weeks with CS performed after 39 gestational weeks in Iranian low -risk pregnant women.

    Authors: Reihaneh Pirjani, Motahareh Afrakhteh, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Shahin Nariman, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Ashraf Moini and Ladan Hosseini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:140

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth is a major public health problem in developed countries. In this context, we have conducted research into outpatient monitoring of uterine electrical activity in women at risk of preterm delivery...

    Authors: C. Muszynski, T. Happillon, K. Azudin, J.-B. Tylcz, D. Istrate and C. Marque

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:136

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of septicemia, meningitis, and pneumonia in neonates. Maternal colonization with GBS is the principal risk factor for early-onset disease in infants. Group B St...

    Authors: Solomon Assefa, Kassu Desta and Tsehaynesh Lema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:135

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal hear...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L. Ersdal, Estomih R. Mduma, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T. Wangwe and Hussein Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:134

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In 2015, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended delayed umbilical cord clamping for at least 30–60 s for all infants. However, there is limited data regarding the maternal safety of delayed cord clampi...

    Authors: Chayatat Ruangkit, Matthew Leon, Kasim Hassen, Katherine Baker, Debra Poeltler and Anup Katheria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:131

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Uterine rupture in the non-laboring uterus is a rare occurrence, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality for the mother and fetus. Management of this presentation is complex at pre-viable gestati...

    Authors: Lesley Hawkins, Deborah Robertson, Helena Frecker, Howard Berger and Abheha Satkunaratnam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:132

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Low birth weight has important short- and long-term health implications. Previously it has been shown that pregnancies affected by hyperemesis gravidarum in the mother are at higher risk of having low birth we...

    Authors: Clive J. Petry, Ken K. Ong, Kathryn Beardsall, Ieuan A. Hughes, Carlo L. Acerini and David B. Dunger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:133

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonography is essential in the prenatal diagnosis and care for the pregnant mothers. However, the measurements obtained often contain a small percentage of unavoidable error that may have serious clinical...

    Authors: Sam Ali, Rosemary Kusaba Byanyima, Sam Ononge, Jerry Ictho, Jean Nyamwiza, Emmanuel Lako Ernesto Loro, John Mukisa, Angella Musewa, Annet Nalutaaya, Ronald Ssenyonga, Ismael Kawooya, Benjamin Temper, Achilles Katamba, Joan Kalyango and Charles Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:129

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  25. Content type: Correction

    In our ‘Primary Outcomes’ we made a typographical error [1]; the mean weekly weight gain should read >0.27 kg instead of >0.22 kg. The ‘Primary Outcomes’ should read as follows

    Authors: Karaponi Okesene-Gafa, Minglan Li, Rennae S. Taylor, John M. D. Thompson, Caroline A. Crowther, Christopher J. D. McKinlay and Lesley M. E. McCowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:130

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:373

  26. Content type: Research article

    While HIV and unintended pregnancies are both occupational risks faced by female sex workers, the epidemiology of pregnancy and its drivers in this population remains understudied. This includes Cambodia, wher...

    Authors: Putu Duff, Jennifer L. Evans, Ellen S. Stein, Kimberly Page and Lisa Maher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:128

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that use of antenatal services by pregnant women and delivery in health facilities with skilled birth attendants contribute to better delivery outcomes. However, a gap exists in Ghana betwee...

    Authors: Michael Boah, Abraham B. Mahama and Emmanuel A. Ayamga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:125

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus agalactiae or Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains the leading cause of infections in newborns worldwilde. Prenatal GBS screening of pregnant women for vaginal-rectal colonization is recommended in m...

    Authors: Eliane Saori Otaguiri, Ana Elisa Belotto Morguette, Alexandre Tadachi Morey, Eliandro Reis Tavares, Gilselena Kerbauy, Rosângela S. L. de Almeida Torres, Mauricio Chaves Júnior, Maria Cristina Bronharo Tognim, Viviane Monteiro Góes, Marco Aurélio Krieger, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi and Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:126

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To develop effective health promotional and preventive prenatal programs, it is important to understand perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy, including exercise and sport parti...

    Authors: Lene A. H. Haakstad, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler and Monica K. Torstveit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:127

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Epidural analgesia represents one of the most effective pharmacological ways to relieve labour pain. Women’s awareness regarding the use of epidurals is increasing. As the decision to use epidural analgesia du...

    Authors: Maha Heshaam Alakeely, Arwa khalaf Almutari, Ghadah Abdulrhman Alhekail, Zainah Ahmad Abuoliat, Alaa Althubaiti, Laila Abdul-Rahman AboItai and Hanan Al-Kadri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:124

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes among women with psychosis, particularly affective psychosis, has rarely been studied at the population level. We aimed to assess the risk of adverse obstetric and neona...

    Authors: Qiu-Yue Zhong, Bizu Gelaye, Gregory L. Fricchione, Paul Avillach, Elizabeth W. Karlson and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:120

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Population-based prenatal screening has become a common and widely available obstetrical practice in majority of developed countries. Under the patient autonomy principle, women should understand the screening...

    Authors: An Chen, Henni Tenhunen, Paulus Torkki, Antti Peltokorpi, Seppo Heinonen, Paul Lillrank and Vedran Stefanovic

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:119

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this met...

    Authors: Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:121

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC) is a primary health care level initiative promoted in low- and middle-income countries to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. Tailored support, including ...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Ali Mehryar Karim, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Tewabech Gebrekiristos Wereta, Deepthi Wickremasinghe, Zinar Nebi Keweti, Zewditu Kebede and Wuleta Aklilu Betemariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:123

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Delivery by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is strongly recommended to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. The percentage of births attended by SBAs is low in Bangladesh (42% in 2014), though this rate var...

    Authors: Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Allysha Choudhury, Atia Sharmeen, Swagata Ghosh and Anna Kalbarczyk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:122

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to investigate the accuracy of ultrasound-derived estimated fetal weight (EFW) and to determine its impact on management and outcome of delivery.

    Authors: Johannes Stubert, Adam Peschel, Michael Bolz, Änne Glass and Bernd Gerber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:118

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  37. Content type: Research article

    During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women ...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle and Katherine González-Ruíz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:117

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  38. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], it was noted that the formatting of the authors’ manes was inconsistent with that of the other articles in the series.

    Authors: Helen Smith, Anayda Portela and Cicely Marston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:116

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    The original article was published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:280

  39. Content type: Research article

    The CRADLE-3 trial is a stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial aiming to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity by implementing a novel vital sign device (CRADLE Vital Sign Alert) and training package into...

    Authors: Nicola Vousden, Elodie Lawley, Hannah L. Nathan, Paul T. Seed, Adrian Brown, Tafadzwa Muchengwa, Umesh Charantimath, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Muchabayiwa Francis Gidiri, Shivaprasad Goudar, Lucy C. Chappell, Jane Sandall and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:115

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The use of valid dietary assessment methods is crucial to analyse adherence to dietary recommendations among pregnant women. This study aims to assess the relative validity of a self-administered Web-based 24-...

    Authors: Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, Jacynthe Lafrenière, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille and Anne-Sophie Morisset

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:112

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Thailand recommends influenza vaccination among pregnant women. We conducted a cohort study to determine if the prevalence of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with influenza vaccine among Thai pre...

    Authors: Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Surasak Kaoiean, Podjanee Phadungkiatwatana, Nattinee Srisantiroj, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Fatimah S. Dawood and Kim A. Lindblade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:110

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in pregnant women is a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and related risk factors of anaemia during pregnancy in a large mult...

    Authors: Li Lin, Yumei Wei, Weiwei Zhu, Chen Wang, Rina Su, Hui Feng and Huixia Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:111

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The increasing rate of caesarean deliveries has become a serious concern for public health experts globally. Various medical and non-medical factors, such as maternal socio-demographics, are found to be respon...

    Authors: Aaisha Amjad, Uzair Amjad, Rubeena Zakar, Ahmed Usman, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:113

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce inform...

    Authors: Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam and Maria Jusler Kalsingh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:109

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy causes adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is recommended as a chemoprevention therapy. Zomba di...

    Authors: Steven Chifundo Azizi, Gershom Chongwe, Helen Chipukuma, Choolwe Jacobs, Jessy Zgambo and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:108

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5–18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About...

    Authors: Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa and Paul Ng’ang’a

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:107

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that home birth is as safe as hospital birth for low risk multiparous women, and is associated with reduced intervention rates and increased rates of normal birth. However the home birth rate...

    Authors: Jo Naylor Smith, Beck Taylor, Karen Shaw, Alistair Hewison and Sara Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:105

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Although Primary Health Care (PHC) was designed to provide universal access to skilled pregnancy care for the prevention of maternal deaths, very little is known of the factors that predict the use of PHC for ...

    Authors: Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Seun Anjorin, Wilson Imongan and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:106

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  49. Content type: Research article

    The Doppler is thought to be more comfortable and effective compared to the fetoscope for assessing the fetal heart rate (FHR) during labor. However, in a rural Tanzanian hospital, midwives who had easy access...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege Langli Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Robert Moshiro, Hussein Kidanto and Columba Mbekenga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:103

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  50. Content type: Study protocol

    In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progres...

    Authors: Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:102

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