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Trends in pregnancy and childbirth

Section edited by Christine Roberts

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of patterns in reproduction, including trends in birth weight, twinning, stillbirth, congenital anomalies, parenting age, and all other aspects of trends in pregnancy and childbirth.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Low or high prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and inadequate or excess gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adverse neonatal outcomes. This study estimates the contribution of these risk factors ...

    Authors: Susie Dzakpasu, John Fahey, Russell S Kirby, Suzanne C Tough, Beverley Chalmers, Maureen I Heaman, Sharon Bartholomew, Anne Biringer, Elizabeth K Darling, Lily S Lee and Sarah D McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:21

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Although the evaluation of caesarean delivery rates has been suggested as one of the most important indicators of quality in obstetrics, it has been criticized because of its controversial ability to capture m...

    Authors: Gianpaolo Maso, Lorenzo Monasta, Monica Piccoli, Luca Ronfani, Marcella Montico, Francesco De Seta, Sara Parolin, Caterina Businelli, Laura Travan and Salvatore Alberico

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:20

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The birth weight and gestational age at birth are two important variables that define neonatal morbidity and mortality. In developed countries, chronic maternal diseases like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, r...

    Authors: Tunny Sebastian, Bijesh Yadav, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Reeta Vijayaselvi and Ruby Jose

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:7

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In recent decades we have observed a remarkable increase in the rate of caesarean section (CS) in both developed and developing countries, especially in China. However, the real reasons for this phenomenon are...

    Authors: Yajun Liu, Guanghui Li, Yi Chen, Xin Wang, Yan Ruan, Liying Zou and Weiyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:410

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 5 in 1,000 deliveries in England and Wales result in stillbirth, with little improvement in figures over the last few decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cli...

    Authors: Nicole Penn, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Laura L Oakley and Pat Doyle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:404

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth, a leading cause of neonatal death, is more common in multiple births and thus there has being an increasing call for reducing multiple births in ART. However, few studies have compared risk fact...

    Authors: Xu K Xu, Yueping A Wang, Zhuoyang Li, Kei Lui and Elizabeth A Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:406

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Little attention has been given to the impact of singlehood during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of marital status on diet during pregnancy and pregnancy outcome.

    Authors: Jorunn Farbu, Margaretha Haugen, Helle Margrete Meltzer and Anne Lise Brantsæter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:396

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The rate of cesarean delivery in the United States is variable across geographic areas. The aims of this study are two-fold: (1) to determine whether the geographic variation in cesarean delivery rate is consi...

    Authors: Rachel Mosher Henke, Lauren M Wier, William D Marder, Bernard S Friedman and Herbert S Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:387

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Women who deliver preterm infants are at a much greater risk for repeating a preterm birth (PTB), compared to women without a history of PTB. However, little is known about the prevalence of the risk factors w...

    Authors: David A Webb, Leny Mathew and Jennifer F Culhane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:368

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Preference for sons in India has resulted in a skewed sex ratio at live birth, probably as a consequence of female feticide. However, it is unclear if these cultural preferences are also currently present in c...

    Authors: Cameron Smith and Andrew Fogarty

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:332

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Although studies have shown an association between air pollutants from anthropogenic sources and pregnancy outcomes, little is known regarding the association between low birth weight (LBW) and exposure to emi...

    Authors: Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gisele Pedroso Moi, Inês Echenique Mattos and Sandra de Souza Hacon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:309

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The use of assisted conception (AC) has been associated with higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Few data are available on the outcome of AC-neonates when pregnancy ends before 32 weeks of gestational age.

    Authors: Carlo Corchia, Monica Da Frè, Domenico Di Lallo, Luigi Gagliardi, Franco Macagno, Virgilio Carnielli, Silvana Miniaci and Marina Cuttini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:307

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The reduction of the preterm delivery (PTD) rate is a maternal and child health target. Elevated rates have been found among several immigrant groups, but few studies have distinguished between PTD according t...

    Authors: Ingvil K Sørbye, Anne K Daltveit, Johanne Sundby and Siri Vangen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:239

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Increasing rates of overweight have been reported. In Germany, women of childbearing age are especially affected. Those women are at increased risks of several peri- and postnatal complications. The purpose of...

    Authors: Nina Ferrari, Peter Mallmann, Konrad Brockmeier, Heiko Klaus Strüder and Christine Graf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:228

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean delivery (CD) rates are rising in many parts of the world. To define strategies to reduce them, it is important to identify their clinical and organizational determinants. The objective of this cross-...

    Authors: Elisa Stivanello, Paola Rucci, Jacopo Lenzi and Maria Pia Fantini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:215

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The outcomes for women who give birth in hospital compared with at home are the subject of ongoing debate. We aimed to determine whether a retrospective linked data study using routinely collected data was a v...

    Authors: Caroline SE Homer, Charlene Thornton, Vanessa L Scarf, David A Ellwood, Jeremy JN Oats, Maralyn J Foureur, David Sibbritt, Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster and Hannah G Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:206

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In light of the recent Great Recession, increasing attention has focused on the health consequences of economic downturns. The perinatal literature does not converge on whether ambient economic declines threat...

    Authors: Tim A Bruckner, Yvonne W Cheng, Amrita Singh and Aaron B Caughey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:198

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Whether gestational age per se increases perinatal mortality in post-term pregnancy is unclear. We aimed at assessing gestational week specific perinatal mortality in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and non-SG...

    Authors: Nils-Halvdan Morken, Kari Klungsøyr and Rolv Skjaerven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:172

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The number of infants with a birth weight > 97th percentile for gestational age has increased over the years. Although some studies have examined the interest of inducing labor for fetuses with macrosomia suspect...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Olivier Rivière, Brigitte Neveu and Didier Lémery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:156

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