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Trends in pregnancy and childbirth

Section edited by Christine Roberts

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of patterns in reproduction, including trends in birth weight, twinning, stillbirth, congenital anomalies, parenting age, and all other aspects of trends in pregnancy and childbirth.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 5 in 1,000 deliveries in England and Wales result in stillbirth, with little improvement in figures over the last few decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cli...

    Authors: Nicole Penn, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Laura L Oakley and Pat Doyle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:404

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Little attention has been given to the impact of singlehood during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of marital status on diet during pregnancy and pregnancy outcome.

    Authors: Jorunn Farbu, Margaretha Haugen, Helle Margrete Meltzer and Anne Lise Brantsæter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:396

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The rate of cesarean delivery in the United States is variable across geographic areas. The aims of this study are two-fold: (1) to determine whether the geographic variation in cesarean delivery rate is consi...

    Authors: Rachel Mosher Henke, Lauren M Wier, William D Marder, Bernard S Friedman and Herbert S Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:387

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Women who deliver preterm infants are at a much greater risk for repeating a preterm birth (PTB), compared to women without a history of PTB. However, little is known about the prevalence of the risk factors w...

    Authors: David A Webb, Leny Mathew and Jennifer F Culhane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:368

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Preference for sons in India has resulted in a skewed sex ratio at live birth, probably as a consequence of female feticide. However, it is unclear if these cultural preferences are also currently present in c...

    Authors: Cameron Smith and Andrew Fogarty

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:332

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although studies have shown an association between air pollutants from anthropogenic sources and pregnancy outcomes, little is known regarding the association between low birth weight (LBW) and exposure to emi...

    Authors: Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gisele Pedroso Moi, Inês Echenique Mattos and Sandra de Souza Hacon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:309

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The use of assisted conception (AC) has been associated with higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Few data are available on the outcome of AC-neonates when pregnancy ends before 32 weeks of gestational age.

    Authors: Carlo Corchia, Monica Da Frè, Domenico Di Lallo, Luigi Gagliardi, Franco Macagno, Virgilio Carnielli, Silvana Miniaci and Marina Cuttini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:307

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The reduction of the preterm delivery (PTD) rate is a maternal and child health target. Elevated rates have been found among several immigrant groups, but few studies have distinguished between PTD according t...

    Authors: Ingvil K Sørbye, Anne K Daltveit, Johanne Sundby and Siri Vangen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:239

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Increasing rates of overweight have been reported. In Germany, women of childbearing age are especially affected. Those women are at increased risks of several peri- and postnatal complications. The purpose of...

    Authors: Nina Ferrari, Peter Mallmann, Konrad Brockmeier, Heiko Klaus Strüder and Christine Graf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:228

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean delivery (CD) rates are rising in many parts of the world. To define strategies to reduce them, it is important to identify their clinical and organizational determinants. The objective of this cross-...

    Authors: Elisa Stivanello, Paola Rucci, Jacopo Lenzi and Maria Pia Fantini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:215

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The outcomes for women who give birth in hospital compared with at home are the subject of ongoing debate. We aimed to determine whether a retrospective linked data study using routinely collected data was a v...

    Authors: Caroline SE Homer, Charlene Thornton, Vanessa L Scarf, David A Ellwood, Jeremy JN Oats, Maralyn J Foureur, David Sibbritt, Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster and Hannah G Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:206

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In light of the recent Great Recession, increasing attention has focused on the health consequences of economic downturns. The perinatal literature does not converge on whether ambient economic declines threat...

    Authors: Tim A Bruckner, Yvonne W Cheng, Amrita Singh and Aaron B Caughey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:198

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Whether gestational age per se increases perinatal mortality in post-term pregnancy is unclear. We aimed at assessing gestational week specific perinatal mortality in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and non-SG...

    Authors: Nils-Halvdan Morken, Kari Klungsøyr and Rolv Skjaerven

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:172

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To analyze trends in LBW (low birth weight) rate using birth registry data and identify factors associated with LBW in São Luís comparing two birth cohorts separated by a 12-year interval.

    Authors: Helma Jane Ferreira Veloso, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Heloísa Bettiol, Marcelo Zubarán Goldani, Fernando Lamy Filho, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista and Marco Antônio Barbieri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:155

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The number of infants with a birth weight > 97th percentile for gestational age has increased over the years. Although some studies have examined the interest of inducing labor for fetuses with macrosomia suspect...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Olivier Rivière, Brigitte Neveu and Didier Lémery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:156

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Most studies examining determinants of rising rates of caesarean section have examined patterns in documented reasons for caesarean over time in a single location. Further insights could be gleaned from cross-...

    Authors: Samantha J Prosser, Yvette D Miller, Rachel Thompson and Maggie Redshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:149

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  17. Content type: Debate

    The triple risk model for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been useful in understanding its pathogenesis. Risk factors for late stillbirth are well established, especially relating to maternal and fetal...

    Authors: Jane Warland and Edwin A Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:142

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Guidelines recommend that, in the absence of compelling medical indications (low risk) elective caesarean section should occur after 38 completed weeks gestation. However, implementation of these guidelines wi...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Charles S Algert, Jane B Ford, Jonathan M Morris and Jian Sheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:125

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) rates especially without medical indication are rising worldwide. Most of indications for CS are relative and CS rates for various indications vary widely. There is an increasing tendency t...

    Authors: Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Michael R Kramer and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:120

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The literature shows a variable and inconsistent relationship between socioeconomic position and preterm birth. We examined risk factors for spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm birth, with a focus on socioecono...

    Authors: KS Joseph, John Fahey, Ketan Shankardass, Victoria M Allen, Patricia O’Campo, Linda Dodds, Robert M Liston and Alexander C Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:117

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Congenital malformations occur in 3-4% of live births. Their prenatal detection is performed by ultrasound screening. Any announcement about a suspected malformation is a source of stress for the parents, and ...

    Authors: Anne Debost-Legrand, Hélène Laurichesse-Delmas, Christine Francannet, Isabelle Perthus, Didier Lémery, Denis Gallot and Françoise Vendittelli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:112

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Overweight and obese women are known to be at increased risk of caesarean birth. This study estimates the contribution of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) to caesarean birth...

    Authors: Susie Dzakpasu, John Fahey, Russell S Kirby, Suzanne C Tough, Beverley Chalmers, Maureen I Heaman, Sharon Bartholomew, Anne Biringer, Elizabeth K Darling, Lily S Lee and Sarah D McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:106

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To assess and compare multiple measurements of socioeconomic position (SEP) in order to determine the relationship with adverse perinatal outcomes across various contexts.

    Authors: Ketan Shankardass, Patricia O’Campo, Linda Dodds, John Fahey, KS Joseph, Julia Morinis and Victoria M Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:96

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The paper hand-held record (PHR) has been widely used as a tool to facilitate communication between health care providers and a pregnant woman. Since its inception in the 1950s, it has been described as a succ...

    Authors: Glenda Hawley, Tina Janamian, Claire Jackson and Shelley A Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:52

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Tourette Syndrome (TS) appears to be an inherited disorder, although genetic abnormalities have been identified in less than 1% of patients, and the mode of inheritance is uncertain. Many studies have investig...

    Authors: Ting-Kuang Chao, Jing Hu and Tamara Pringsheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:53

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of adverse perinatal outcomes and is closely related to neonatal disease and death. The incidence of LBW has been increasing. The aim of this study was to in...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Guanghui Li, Yan Ruan, Liying Zou, Xin Wang and Weiyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:242

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13) are the second and third commonest autosomal aneuploidy syndromes respectively. While specific aspects of affected pregnancies have been documented in the literature, few ...

    Authors: Orla A Houlihan and Keelin O’Donoghue

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:209

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Since the 1970-ies Sweden has actively developed strategies in social care, education and health care in order to counteract the negative consequences of adolescent parenthood. The aims of this study are to de...

    Authors: Rasmus Birch Tyrberg, Marie Blomberg and Preben Kjølhede

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:204

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth classifications use various strategies to synthesise information associated with fetal demise with the aim of identifying key causes for the death. RECODE is a hierarchical classification of death-r...

    Authors: Anne Ego, Jennifer Zeitlin, Pierre Batailler, Séverine Cornec, Anne Fondeur, Marion Baran-Marszak, Pierre-Simon Jouk, Thierry Debillon and Christine Cans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:182

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In some Western countries, a disturbingly low share of girls has been observed among new-borns from Indian immigrants. Also in Norway, a previous study based on figures from 1969–2005 showed a high percentage ...

    Authors: Marianne Tønnessen, Vebjørn Aalandslid and Terje Skjerpen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:170

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