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Trends in pregnancy and childbirth

Section edited by Christine Roberts

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of patterns in reproduction, including trends in birth weight, twinning, stillbirth, congenital anomalies, parenting age, and all other aspects of trends in pregnancy and childbirth.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episio...

    Authors: Samantha J. Prosser, Adrian G. Barnett and Yvette D. Miller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:241

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published guidance on gestational weight gain (GWG) modified by maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). Estimates indicate that less than half of US pregnant wome...

    Authors: Michael L. Power, Melisa L. Lott, A. Dhanya Mackeen, Jessica DiBari and Jay Schulkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:239

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Many women are not prepared for changes to their sexual health after childbirth. The aim of this paper is to report on the prevalence of and the potential risk factors (pre-pregnancy dyspareunia, mode of birth...

    Authors: Deirdre O’Malley, Agnes Higgins, Cecily Begley, Deirdre Daly and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:196

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, determination of personalized risk for fetal chromosomal anomalies emerged as an important component of prenatal genetic counseling. Women in whom fetal risk for chromosomal aberrations is ele...

    Authors: Pawel Sadlecki, Marek Grabiec, Pawel Walentowicz and Malgorzata Walentowicz-Sadlecka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:174

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Limited evidences were reported about the risk of pre-pregnancy hair dye use or irregular menstruation with abnormal birth weight during pregnancy, and their joint effects were also unknown. The aim of our stu...

    Authors: Chao Jiang, Qingzhi Hou, Yaling Huang, Juan Ye, Xiaolian Qin, Yu Zhang, Wen Meng, Qiuyan Wang, Yonghua Jiang, Haiying Zhang, Mujun Li, Zengnan Mo and Xiaobo Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:144

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Authors: Bruna Maria Lopes Barbosa, Agatha S. Rodrigues, Mario Henrique Burlacchini Carvalho, Roberto Eduardo Bittar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco and Lisandra Stein Bernardes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:27

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Late preterm (LPT) newborns, defined as those born between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 gestational weeks, have higher short- and long-term morbidity and mortality than term infants (≥37 weeks). A categorization to justi...

    Authors: Noémie Bouchet, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Marina Lumbreras Areta, Riccardo Erennio Pfister and Begoña Martinez de Tejada

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:17

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide car...

    Authors: Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans and Karen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:15

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Infant mortality rates are commonly used to compare the health of populations. Observed differences are often attributed to variation in child health care quality. However, any differences are at least partly ...

    Authors: Ania Zylbersztejn, Ruth Gilbert, Anders Hjern and Pia Hardelid

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:430

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to establish the normal ranges for foetal nasal bone length (NBL), prenasal skin thickness (PNT), interocular distance (IOD), and ratio of prenasal thickness to- nasal bone len...

    Authors: Ayşegül Altunkeser and M. Kazım Körez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:416

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the epidemiology of congenital hydrocephalus (CH) in China. This study aimed to depict recent changes in CH prevalence and perinatal outcomes of the affected newborns.

    Authors: Ling Yi, Chaomin Wan, Changfei Deng, Xiaohong Li, Kui Deng, Yi Mu, Jun Zhu, Qi Li, Yanping Wang and Li Dai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:406

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Fetal heart rate abnormalities (FHR) during and after external cephalic version (ECV) are relatively frequent. They may raise concern about fetal wellbeing. Only occasionally they may lead to an emergency cesa...

    Authors: Simone M. Kuppens, Ida Smailbegovic, Saskia Houterman, Ingrid de Leeuw and Tom H. Hasaart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:363

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In contrast to other countries, Austria rarely offers alternative models to medical led-care. In an attempt to improve the facilities, a midwife-led care service was incorporated within the Department of Obste...

    Authors: Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Julia Griebaum, Peter Husslein and Klaus Bodner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:357

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Neural tube defects are among the most common birth defects, contributing to miscarriage, infant mortality, severe congenital abnormalities and serious disabilities. It is burdensome to patients, caregivers, h...

    Authors: Meselech Ambaw Dessie, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke, Shimelash Bitew Workie and Ayanaw Worku Berihun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:313

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the only treatment approved for fetal neuroprotection. No information on its use is available in the absence of a national registry of neonatal practices. The objective of our study ...

    Authors: Clément Chollat, Lise Le Doussal, Gaëlle de la Villéon, Delphine Provost and Stéphane Marret

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:304

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Maternity waiting homes (MWHs) are accommodations located near a health facility where women can stay towards the end of pregnancy and/or after birth to enable timely access to essential childbirth care or car...

    Authors: Loveday Penn-Kekana, Shreya Pereira, Julia Hussein, Hannah Bontogon, Matthew Chersich, Stephen Munjanja and Anayda Portela

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:269

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Birth centres are described as settings where women with uncomplicated pregnancies can give birth in a home-like environment assisted by midwives and maternity care assistants. If complications arise or threat...

    Authors: Inge C. Boesveld, Marieke A. A. Hermus, Hanneke J. de Graaf, Marit Hitzert, Karin M. van der Pal-de Bruin, Raymond G. de Vries, Arie Franx and Therese A. Wiegers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:259

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Fetoscopic LASER coagulation of the placental anastomoses has changed the prognosis of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. However, the prematurity rate in this cohort remains very high. To date, strategies propos...

    Authors: Carlota Rodó, Sílvia Arévalo, Liesbeth Lewi, Isabel Couck, Bettina Hollwitz, Kurt Hecher and Elena Carreras

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:256

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Elective abortions show a secular decline in high income countries. That general pattern, however, may mask meaningful differences—and a potentially rising trend—among age, income, and other racial/ethnic grou...

    Authors: Tim A. Bruckner, Laust H. Mortensen and Ralph A. Catalano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:214

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