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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 5 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with G...

    Authors: Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger and Hai Fang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:171

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, the Nepal Ministry of Health and Population launched a national program for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) during home births that features advance distribution of misoprostol to pregnant w...

    Authors: Swaraj Pradhan Rajbhandari, Kamal Aryal, Wendy R. Sheldon, Bharat Ban, Senendra Raj Upreti, Kiran Regmi, Shilu Aryal and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:169

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality is extremely high in Nigeria. Accurate estimation of maternal mortality is challenging in low-income settings such as Nigeria where vital registration is incomplete. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Vandana Sharma, Willa Brown, Muhammad Abdullahi Kainuwa, Jessica Leight and Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:163

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Little evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of the different surgical techniques used in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). We aimed to compare uterus preserving surgery (UPS) versus hysterec...

    Authors: Julius Sama Dohbit, Pascal Foumane, Elie Nkwabong, Christelle Ogolong Kamouko, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Bernard Otabela and Emile Mboudou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:158

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  5. Content type: Research article

    An effective continuum of maternal care ensures that mothers receive essential health packages from pre-pregnancy to delivery, and postnatally, reducing the risk of maternal death. However, across Africa, cove...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Adaeze C. Wosu, Chinyere Mbachu and Kelechi Weze

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:152

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Malawi government encourages early antenatal care, delivery in health facilities, and timely postnatal care. Efforts to sustain or increase current levels of perinatal service utilization may not achieve d...

    Authors: Andreea A. Creanga, Sara Gullo, Anne K. Sebert Kuhlmann, Thumbiko W. Msiska and Christine Galavotti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:150

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Reducing maternal mortality remains a major challenge for health care systems worldwide. The factors related to maternal mortality were extensively researched, and maternal death clusters around labour, delive...

    Authors: Yuli Mawarti, Adi Utarini and Mohammad Hakimi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:149

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In Myanmar, postpartum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality and contributes to around 30% of all maternal deaths. The World Health Organization recommends training and supporting auxiliary mi...

    Authors: Kyu Kyu Than, Yasmin Mohamed, Victoria Oliver, Theingi Myint, Thazin La, James G. Beeson and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:146

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Accurate assessment of maternal deaths is difficult in countries lacking standardized data sources for their review. As a first step to investigate suspected maternal deaths, WHO suggests surveillance of “preg...

    Authors: Andrew T. Boyd, Erin N. Hulland, Reynold Grand’Pierre, Floris Nesi, Patrice Honoré, Reginald Jean-Louis and Endang Handzel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:145

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, 58% of adults living with HIV are women. In Uganda, HIV prevalence is 8.3% for women compared to 6.1% for men. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother to child tr...

    Authors: Scholastic Ashaba, Angela Kaida, Bridget Frances Burns, Kasey O’Neil, Emma Dunkley, Christina Psaros, Jasmine Kastner, Alexander C. Tsai, David R. Bangsberg and Lynn T. Matthews

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:138

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Although the association between the presence of maternity waiting homes (MWHs) and the personal and environmental factors that affect the use of MWHs has been explained in qualitative terms, it has never been...

    Authors: Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Davidson H. Hamer and Robert A. C. Ruiter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:136

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth (PTB) remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality and long term disability throughout the world. Though complex in its origins, a growing body of evidence suggests that first trimester admini...

    Authors: Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Bhalachandra S. Kodkany, Norman Goco, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Elizabeth M. McClure, Dennis D. Wallace, Jennifer J. Hemingway-Foday, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L. Bose, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:135

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality and morbidity are the priority agenda for sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. Uterine rupture is the leading cause of maternal and fetal death in developing countries. Limited evidence is...

    Authors: Geremew Astatikie, Miteku Andualem Limenih and Mihiretu Kebede

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:117

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Electronic-health (e-health) provides opportunities for quality improvement of healthcare, but implementation in low and middle income countries is still limited. Our aim was to describe the implementation of ...

    Authors: Sahar Hassan, Ase Vikanes, Katariina Laine, Khaled Zimmo, Mohammad Zimmo, Espen Bjertness and Erik Fosse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:112

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The health of mothers and their newborns is intricately related. The weight of the infant at birth is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival, and is considered to be partly dependent on maternal he...

    Authors: Asad Ali, Umber Zaman, Sadia Mahmud, Gul-e-Shehwar Zahid, Momin Kazi, William A. Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita Zaidi and Molly A. Hughes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:111

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The neonatal Apgar score at 5 min has been found to be a better predictor of outcomes than the Apgar score at 1 min. A baby, however, must pass through the first minute of life to reach the fifth. There has be...

    Authors: Ravichandran Jeganathan, Shamala D. Karalasingam, Julia Hussein, Pascale Allotey and Daniel D. Reidpath

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:110

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in pregnancy is associated with direct effect of pregnancy and potential viral transmission from mother to newborn. In Tanzania very lit...

    Authors: Joel Manyahi, Yohannes Msigwa, Francis Mhimbira and Mtebe Majigo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:109

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  18. Content type: Research article

    We investigated associations between maternal characteristics, access to care, and obstetrical complications including near miss status on admission or during hospitalization on perinatal outcomes among Indone...

    Authors: Trisari Anggondowati, Ayman A. E. El-Mohandes, S. Nurul Qomariyah, Michele Kiely, Judith J. Ryon, Reginald F. Gipson, Benjamin Zinner, Anhari Achadi and Linda L. Wright

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:100

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Disrespect and abuse or mistreatment of women by health care providers in maternity settings has been identified as a key deterrent to women seeking delivery care. Mistreatment includes physical and verbal abu...

    Authors: Charlotte E. Warren, Rebecca Njue, Charity Ndwiga and Timothy Abuya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:102

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal and maternal health services have a bearing on neonatal mortality. Direct and indirect factors affecting neonatal health outcomes therefore require understanding to enable well-targeted interventions....

    Authors: Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Robert Wamala, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Moses Tetui, Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Peter Waiswa and Leonard K. Atuhaire

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:98

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Regular monitoring and assessment of performance indicators for emergency obstetric and newborn care can help to identify priorities to improve health services for women and newborns. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Richard Forget Kiritta, Thabea Benedicto Bishanga, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:92

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal audit and the three-delays model are increasingly being employed to analyse barriers to perinatal health, at both community and facility level. Using these approaches, our aim was to assess factors t...

    Authors: Aimable Musafili, Lars-Åke Persson, Cyprien Baribwira, Jessica Påfs, Patrick Adam Mulindwa and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:85

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  23. Content type: Research article

    While most Sub-Saharan African countries are now implementing the WHO-recommended Option B+ protocol for prevention of vertical HIV transmission, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the influence of Option ...

    Authors: Eva M. Rempis, Alexandra Schnack, Sarah Decker, Vera Braun, John Rubaihayo, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Priscilla Busingye, Gundel Harms and Stefanie Theuring

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:82

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite impressive improvements in maternal survival throughout the world, rates of antepartum complications remain high. These conditions also contribute to high rates of perinatal deaths, which include still...

    Authors: Rasheda Khanam, Saifuddin Ahmed, Andreea A. Creanga, Nazma Begum, Alain K. Koffi, Arif Mahmud, Heather Rosen and Abdullah H. Baqui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:81

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Increasing institutional births rates and improving access to comprehensive emergency obstetric care are central strategies for reducing maternal and neonatal deaths globally. While some studies show women con...

    Authors: Sheela Maru, Alex Harsha Bangura, Pooja Mehta, Deepak Bista, Lynn Borgatta, Sami Pande, David Citrin, Sumesh Khanal, Amrit Banstola and Duncan Maru

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:77

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world (420 per 100,000 live births in 2013), and unsafe abortion continues to be one of the major causes. To reduce deaths and disabilities from...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba, Sally Dijkerman, Tamara Fetters, Ann Moore, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Yirgu Gebrehiwot and Janie Benson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:76

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent mothers aged 15–19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20–24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic st...

    Authors: Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas and Charles Anawo Ameh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:65

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. ...

    Authors: Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:64

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Health workers are the key to realising the potential of improved quality of care for mothers and newborns in the weak health systems of Sub Saharan Africa. Their perspectives are fundamental to understand the...

    Authors: Ulrika Baker, Farida Hassan, Claudia Hanson, Fatuma Manzi, Tanya Marchant, Stefan Swartling Peterson and Ingrid Hylander

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:55

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The caesarean section rate has risen rapidly in China. The purpose of this retrospective study was to estimate caesarean section rates and indications by hospital facility level in Mainland China to investigat...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Susan Hellerstein, Lei Hou, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan and Weiyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:54

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite high rates of antenatal care and relatively good access to health facilities, maternal and neonatal mortality remain high in Bangladesh. There is an immediate need for implementation of evidence-based,...

    Authors: Marufa Sultana, Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Nausad Ali, Sayem Ahmed, Ziaul Islam, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Abdur Razzaque Sarker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:48

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  32. Content type: Research article

    While emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a proxy indicator for monitoring maternal and perinatal mortalities, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), data on this care is rarely available. In ...

    Authors: Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D. Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet and Philippe Donnen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:40

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Achieving maternal mortality reduction as a development goal remains a major challenge in most low-resource countries. Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) is a multi-partner initiative designed to reduce matern...

    Authors: Florina Serbanescu, Howard I. Goldberg, Isabella Danel, Tadesse Wuhib, Lawrence Marum, Walter Obiero, James McAuley, Jane Aceng, Ewlyn Chomba, Paul W. Stupp and Claudia Morrissey Conlon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:42

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study a...

    Authors: Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar and Yihunie Lakew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:33

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The maternal mortality ratio of Uganda is still high and the leading causes of maternal mortality are postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Criteria-based audit (CBA) is a way of im...

    Authors: Alfred Lumala, Peter Sekweyama, Andrew Abaasa, Humphrey Lwanga and Romano Byaruhanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:29

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Accurate estimation of gestational age is important for both clinical and public health purposes. Estimates of gestational age using fetal ultrasound measurements are considered most accurate but are frequentl...

    Authors: Nicholas P. Deputy, Phuong H. Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell and Usha Ramakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:25

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This research determined the rates of perinatal mortality among infants delivered under Ghana’s national health insurance scheme (NHIS) compared to infants delivered under the previous “Cash and Carry” system ...

    Authors: Abdallah Ibrahim, Ernest T. Maya, Ernestina Donkor, Irene A. Agyepong and Richard M. Adanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:385

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the...

    Authors: Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler and Simon M. Collin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:375

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Guideline utilization aims at improvement in quality of care and better health outcomes. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of provider complete adherence to the first antenatal car...

    Authors: Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Irene Akua Agyepong, Gbenga A. Kayode, Diederick E. Grobbee and Evelyn K. Ansah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:369

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation program for low resource settings. We studied the impact of ...

    Authors: Akash Bang, Archana Patel, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Sreelatha Meleth, Norman Goco, Susan Niermeyer, William Keenan, Beena D. Kamath-Rayne, George A. Little, Susan B. Clarke, Victoria A. Flanagan, Sherri Bucher…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:364

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality remains a serious health issue especially in low resource countries, where 99% of neonatal deaths occur. Doctors with Africa CUAMM is an Italian non-governmental organization in the field of...

    Authors: Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Paolo Lanzoni, Mazungo Olivier Wingi, Damiano Pizzol, Marco Daverio, Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto and Daniele Trevisanuto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:366

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care ser...

    Authors: Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola and Arowojolu Ayodele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:355

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  43. Content type: Research article

    While the main causes of maternal mortality in low and middle income countries are well understood, less is known about whether patterns for causes of maternal deaths among adolescents are the same as for olde...

    Authors: Sarah Neal, Shanti Mahendra, Krishna Bose, Alma Virginia Camacho, Matthews Mathai, Andrea Nove, Felipe Santana and Zoë Matthews

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:352

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  44. Content type: Research article

    To study determinants of stillbirths as indicators of quality of care during labour in an East African low resource referral hospital.

    Authors: Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Tarek Meguid, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Ali Gharib Mohamed, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:351

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in low and lower middle income countries (LLMIC) is increasing. Despite its associated short and long term complications for mothers and their newborns, there is a ...

    Authors: Bettina Utz and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:341

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  46. Content type: Research article

    There is a global increase in rates of Cesarean delivery (CD). A minor factor in this increase is a shift towards CD for breech presentation. The aim of this study was to analyze breech births by mode of deliv...

    Authors: Ulf Högberg, Catrin Claeson, Lone Krebs, Agneta Skoog Svanberg and Hussein Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:342

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