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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 4 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    The recent WHO report on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health recommends birth preparedness and complications readiness interventions to increase the use of skilled care at birth and ...

    Authors: Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Yadira Roggeveen, Jos van Roosmalen and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:270

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Promoting awareness of rights is a value-based process that entails a different way of thinking and acting, which is at times misunderstood or deemed as aspirational.

    Authors: Asha S. George and Casey Branchini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:264

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Community participation in in health programme planning, implementation and quality improvement was recently recommended in guidelines to improve use of skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth and the postna...

    Authors: Lisa Howard-Grabman, Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Cicely Marston and Anayda Portela

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:268

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Demand-side financing (DSF) interventions, including cash transfers and vouchers, have been introduced to promote maternal and newborn health in a range of low- and middle-income countries. These interventions...

    Authors: Benjamin M. Hunter and Susan F. Murray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:262

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), caused by maternal antibodies raised against alloantigens carried on foetal platelets, is a very common haematological abnormality in newborns worldwide. However, b...

    Authors: Li Chen, Zhiwei Liu, Tiemei Liu, Xianjun Ma, Meiying Rao, Yongjun Wang, Bo Sun, Wen Yin, Jun Zhang, Beizhan Yan, Xiaojuan Li, Qiushi Wang, Lei Zhang, Jun Wen, Fenghua Liu, Peng Wang…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:281

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Low knowledge of danger signs has been shown to delay seeking obstetric care which leads to high maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. In Tanzania about half of pregnant women are informed about obstetri...

    Authors: Deogratius Bintabara, Rose N. M. Mpembeni and Ahmed Abade Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:276

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Maternity referral systems have been under-documented, under-researched, and under-theorised. Responsive emergency referral systems and appropriate transportation are cornerstones in the continuum of care and ...

    Authors: Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Ayat AbuAgla, Amal AbdelRahim, Mary Manandhar, Egbert Sondorp and Diarmuid O’Donovan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:278

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  8. Content type: Research article

    While the role of community mobilization in improving maternal health outcomes of HIV positive women in sub-Saharan Africa is continuously emphasized, little is known about how legitimate these claims are. The...

    Authors: Choolwe Muzyamba, Wim Groot, Sonila M. Tomini and Milena Pavlova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:274

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG-5) aimed to improve maternal health, targeting a maternal mortality ratio (MMR) reduction of 75% between 1990 and 2015. The objective of this study was to identify al...

    Authors: Lachmi R. Kodan, Kim J. C. Verschueren, Jos van Roosmalen, Humphrey H. H. Kanhai and Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:275

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new tool to be used to assess the quality of care for mothers, newborns and children provided at healthcare facility level. This paper reports on the fea...

    Authors: Helen Smith, Atnafu Getachew Asfaw, Kyaw Myint Aung, Lastone Chikoti, Florence Mgawadere, Luigi d’Aquino and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:271

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Offering a trial of labor (ToL) after previous caesarean section (CS) is an important strategy to reduce short- and long-term morbidity associated with repeated CS. We compared maternal and perinatal outcomes ...

    Authors: Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:272

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Evidence shows that improving the quality of intrapartum care is critical for maternal survival. However, a significant rise in the proportion of facility-based births over the last decade in India - attributa...

    Authors: Aritra Das, Dipty Nawal, Manoj Kumar Singh, Morchan Karthick, Parika Pahwa, Malay Bharat Shah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Kunal Ranjan and Indrajit Chaudhuri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:266

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  13. Content type: Research article

    It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman’s rights and a deterrent to the use of life-saving, facility-based labor and delivery servic...

    Authors: Sahai Burrowes, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Dube Jara, Danielle Carter and Katheryn Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:263

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite much progress recently, Ethiopia remains one of the largest contributors to the global burden of maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. Ethiopia’s plan to meet the sustainable development goals f...

    Authors: Tegbar Yigzaw, Fantu Abebe, Lalem Belay, Yewulsew Assaye, Equlinet Misganaw, Ashebir Kidane, Desalegn Ademie, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg and Young-Mi Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:261

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Trial of labour is a safe option for most women after one previous caesarean delivery. However, the proportion of women attempting trial of labour after previous caesarean delivery (TOLAC) has been declining i...

    Authors: Phocas Biraboneye S, Omondi Ogutu, Jos van Roosmalen, Samson Wanjala, Kizito Lubano and John Kinuthia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:260

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In 2007, universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was introduced in Tamil Nadu, India. To identify factors hindering or facilitating timely initiation and completion of the GDM screening and...

    Authors: Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Thilde Rheinländer, Anil Kapur, Peter Damm, Veerasamy Seshiah and Ib C. Bygbjerg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:255

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Addressing impaired foetal growth is recognized as a public health priority. Certain risk factors for this condition, such as poor nutritional status at birth, have been found to be highly correlated with pove...

    Authors: Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Adriana Argeu, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi and Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:257

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  18. Content type: Research article

    As the global under-five mortality rate declines, an increasing percentage is attributable to early neonatal mortality. A quarter of early neonatal deaths are due to perinatal asphyxia. However, neonatal resus...

    Authors: Brennan Vail, Hilary Spindler, Melissa C. Morgan, Susanna R. Cohen, Amelia Christmas, Pramod Sah, Malay B. Shah, Aritra Das and Dilys M. Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:252

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The study evaluated the pattern of severe maternal outcome, near miss indicators and associated patient and healthcare factors at a private referral hospital in rural Nigeria.

    Authors: Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Chukwuemeka Ezeama, Kelechi Osuagwu, Osita Samuel Umeononihu, Chibuzor Obiannika and Nkeiru Ezeama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:251

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Satisfaction during intrapartum care is the most influential attribute on maternal health service return behaviors and utilization. Measuring satisfaction of women with intrapartum care helps to address the pr...

    Authors: Tangute Demas, Tewodros Getinet, Delayehu Bekele, Teshome Gishu, Malede Birara and Yemesrach Abeje

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:253

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The evidence on the effect of pregnancy on acquiring HIV is conflicting, with studies reporting both higher and lower HIV acquisition risk during pregnancy when prolonged antiretroviral therapy was accessible....

    Authors: Terusha Chetty, Alain Vandormael, Claire Thorne and Anna Coutsoudis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:248

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  22. Content type: Research article

    perinatal mortality is the sum of still birth (fetal death) and early neonatal death (ENND) i.e. death of live newborn before the age of 7 completed days. Perinatal mortality accounts three fourth of the death...

    Authors: Yemisrach Getiye and Mesganaw Fantahun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:245

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In low-resource settings, access to emergency cesarean section is associated with various delays leading to poor neonatal outcomes. In this study, we described the delays a mother faces when needing emergency ...

    Authors: Joseph Niyitegeka, Georges Nshimirimana, Allison Silverstein, Jackline Odhiambo, Yihan Lin, Theoneste Nkurunziza, Robert Riviello, Stephen Rulisa, Paulin Banguti, Hema Magge, Martin Macharia, Regis Habimana and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:242

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) among healthy, pregnant women attending antenatal care at different study sites in the Greater Accra R...

    Authors: Hans-Christian Slotved, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Josephine A. N. Banini and Niels Frimodt-Møller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:238

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for ...

    Authors: Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q. Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-kun Zhang and Hui Pan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:237

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) implementation is monitored globally, but not much is known about what works well, where and why in scaling up. We reviewed a series of country case studies in o...

    Authors: Helen Smith, Charles Ameh, Natalie Roos, Matthews Mathai and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:233

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, nearly half of the mothers who were booked for antenatal care, who supposed to have institutional delivery, gave home delivery nationally. Home delivery accounts majority while few of childbirth w...

    Authors: Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Temesgen Worku Gudayu and Melese Siyoum Desta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:225

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is crucial to prevent short term delivery risks and long term effects such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the mother and infant. Diagnosing G...

    Authors: Sonak D. Pastakia, Benson Njuguna, Beryl Ajwang’ Onyango, Sierra Washington, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Wycliffe K Kosgei and Ponnusamy Saravanan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:226

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Low rates of maternal healthcare service utilization, including facility delivery, may impede progress in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and in reducing maternal and infant morta...

    Authors: Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Christopher Isah, Chinenye Fan-Osuala, Salome Erekaha, Habib O. Ramadhani, Udochisom Anaba, Olusegun A. Adeyemi, Grace Manji-Obadiah, Daniel Lee, Llewellyn J. Cornelius and Manhattan Charurat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:227

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women’s health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual ant...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J. Boyd, Tanima Banerjee and Richard M. K. Adanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:228

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The three delays model proposes that maternal mortality is associated with delays in: 1) deciding to seek care; 2) reaching the healthcare facility; and 3) receiving care. Previously, the majority of women who...

    Authors: Florence Mgawadere, Regine Unkels, Abigail Kazembe and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:219

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system an dedicated to emergency obstetrics and neonatal care (EmONC) in remote sub-Saharan settings.

    Authors: Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Hagos Solomon, Tsegaye Ademe, Jofrey Woldegebriel, Biadgo Almaz, Mohammed Zemedu, Fabio Manenti, Akalu Tibebe, Pasquale Farese, Aberra Seifu, Serena Menozzi and Giovanni Putoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:220

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Delay in receiving care significantly contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality. Much has been studied about reducing delays prior to arrival to referral facilities, but the delays incurred upon arrival ...

    Authors: David M. Goodman, Emmanuel K. Srofenyoh, Adeyemi J. Olufolabi, Sung Min Kim and Medge D. Owen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:216

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Making misoprostol widely available for management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and post abortion care (PAC) is essential for reducing maternal mortality. Private pharmacies (thereafter called “pharmacies”)...

    Authors: Kate Reiss, Katharine Footman, Eva Burke, Nafissatou Diop, Ramatoulaye Ndao, Babacar Mane, Maaike van Min and Thoai D. Ngo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:211

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Uptake of delivery and postnatal care remains low in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), where 99% of global maternal deaths take place. However, the potential impact of antenatal depression on use of ins...

    Authors: Tesera Bitew, Charlotte Hanlon, Eskinder Kebede, Simone Honikman, Michael N. Onah and Abebaw Fekadu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:206

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  36. Content type: Research article

    When faced with an unintended pregnancy, some women choose to undergo an unsafe abortion, while others do not. This choice may depend on long-term contraception that shapes the fertility goals of women, along ...

    Authors: Carukshi Arambepola and Lalini C Rajapaksa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:205

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  37. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing of women in child bearing age is an entry point for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). This study aims to identify the proportion of women tested for HIV and to determine factor...

    Authors: Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Fentie Ambaw and Annelies Wilder-Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:199

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men’s support is essential for making women’s world better. There are increasing ...

    Authors: H. Lwanga, L. Atuyambe, H. Sempewo, A. Lumala and R. N. B. Byaruhanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:196

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  39. Content type: Research article

    WHO proposed the WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) tool, classifying women according to several (potentially) life-threatening conditions, to monitor and improve quality of obstetric care. The objective of this stu...

    Authors: Tom Witteveen, Hans Bezstarosti, Ilona de Koning, Ellen Nelissen, Kitty W. Bloemenkamp, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:194

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium sulfate is an affordable and effective treatment for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. In settings where infusion pumps are not available to regulate the flow rate of intravenous delivery, healthcare prov...

    Authors: Erica Skerrett, Edward Kommwa, Kelley Maynard, Alexa Juarez, Ronald Mataya, Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Z. Maria Oden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:191

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was ...

    Authors: Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee and Zaharah Sulaiman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:189

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  42. Content type: Technical advance

    Although uterine tamponade is an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), current methods have key limitations in their use, particularly in low resource settings. The XStat™ Mini Sponge Dressing (...

    Authors: Maria I. Rodriguez, Jeffrey T. Jensen, Kenton Gregory, Mary Bullard, Paul Longo, Jerry Heidel and Alison Edelman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:187

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In sub-tropical countries, infectious diseases remain one of the main causes of mortality. Because of their lack of active immunity, pregnant women and their unborn children represent the most susceptible peop...

    Authors: Irene Pegha Moukandja, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Guy Joseph Lemamy, Ulrick Bisvigou, Antoine Gessain, Fousseyni S. Toure Ndouo, Mirdad Kazanji and Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:185

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In recent years Rwanda has achieved remarkable improvement in quality of maternity care services but there is evidence of deficiencies in care quality in terms of disrespectful care. Women’s overall childbirth...

    Authors: Judith U. Mukamurigo, Marie Berg, Joseph Ntaganira, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye and Anna Dencker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:181

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Uterine rupture is an obstetric calamity with surgery as its management mainstay. Uterine repair without tubal ligation leaves a uterus that is more prone to repeat rupture while uterine repair with bilateral ...

    Authors: Justus Ndulue Eze, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Osaheni Lucky Lawani, Emmanuel Okechukwu Ndukwe, Uzoma Maryrose Agwu and Johnson Akuma Obuna

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:179

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Over 3 million stillbirths occur annually in sub Saharan Africa; most occur intrapartum and are largely preventable. The standard of care for fetal heart rate (FHR) assessment in most sub-Saharan African setti...

    Authors: Godfrey R Mugyenyi, Esther C Atukunda, Joseph Ngonzi, Adeline Boatin, Blair J. Wylie and Jessica E. Haberer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:178

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  47. Content type: Research article

    While international guidelines for intrapartum care appear to have increased rapidly since 2000, literature suggests that it has only in few instances been matched with reviews of local modifications, use, and...

    Authors: Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Jos van Roosmalen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen and Tarek Meguid

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:175

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection has been associated with congenital infection which may result into a number of the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The epidemiology and the magnitude of B19 infections among p...

    Authors: Mariam M. Mirambo, Fatma Maliki, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F. Mushi, Nyambura Moremi, Jeremiah Seni, Dismas Matovelo and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:176

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Although infectious diseases still account for a high burden of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, simultaneous investigations on multiple infections affecting maternal and child health are missing.

    Authors: Fabian Völker, Paul Cooper, Oliver Bader, Angela Uy, Ortrud Zimmermann, Raimond Lugert and Uwe Groß

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:172

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Judicious utilization of drugs rescues the fetus from the harmful effects while treating the health problems of the pregnant women. This study aimed at evaluating drug utilization pattern and its associated fa...

    Authors: Fantahun Molla, Admassu Assen, Solomon Abrha, Birhanetensay Masresha, Arega Gashaw, Abrham Wondimu, Yared Belete and Wondim Melkam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:170

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