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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 3 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Luapula Province has the highest maternal mortality and one of the lowest facility-based births in Zambia. The distance to facilities limits facility-based births for women in rural areas. In 2013, the governm...

    Authors: Peggy S. Chibuye, Eva S. Bazant, Michelle Wallon, Namratha Rao and Timothee Fruhauf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:42

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Men’s involvement in maternal and child health presents an opportunity for the advancement of maternal and child nutrition as men often play a key role in decision-making particularly regarding women’s reprodu...

    Authors: Elizabeth Mkandawire and Sheryl L. Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:37

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Wars affect maternal health services by destroying health systems. Eritrea experienced two wars with neighbouring Ethiopia. Despite this, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Eritrea fell by 69% from 1590 per...

    Authors: Chol Chol, Cynthia Hunter, Berhane Debru, Berhana Haile, Joel Negin and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:35

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The successful implementation of maternal vaccination relies on results of clinical trials, considering the prenatal and postnatal attendance at selected healthcare institutions. This study evaluated factors i...

    Authors: Shabir A. Madhi, Luis M. Rivera, Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Clara Menéndez, Nazira Carrim-Ganey, Mark F. Cotton, Darren Katzman, Mariëtha M. Luttig, Rosalba Candelario, Sherryl Baker and Mahua Roychoudhury

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:29

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Low birthweight (LBW) is a major predictor of early neonatal mortality which disproportionately affects low-income countries. WHO recommends regional definitions for LBW to prevent misclassifications and ensur...

    Authors: Valirie Ndip Agbor, Chobufo Ditah, Joel Noutakdie Tochie and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Self-medication is a universal challenge that requires attention because of the potential threat not only to the pregnant women but also to unborn child. Data on self-medication practice and predictors among p...

    Authors: Karol J. Marwa, Agnes Njalika, Deodatus Ruganuza, Deogratias Katabalo and Erasmus Kamugisha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:16

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In response to poor maternal, newborn, and child health indicators in Magadi sub-county, the “Boma” model was launched to promote health facility delivery by establishing community health units and training co...

    Authors: Sarah Karanja, Richard Gichuki, Patrick Igunza, Samuel Muhula, Peter Ofware, Josephine Lesiamon, Lepantas Leshore, Lenny Bazira Kyomuhangi-Igbodipe, Josephat Nyagero, Nancy Binkin and David Ojakaa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:5

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tanzania is among the countries with a high maternal mortality ratio. However, it remains unclear how information and education on danger signs of pregnancy translate into appropriate actions when a woman reco...

    Authors: Beatrice Mwilike, Gorrette Nalwadda, Mike Kagawa, Khadija Malima, Lilian Mselle and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:4

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Membranous ventricular septal aneurysm (MVSA) is a rare cardiac anomaly that can occur as an isolated entity or being associated with other cardiac malformations. Complications of MVSA include thromboembolism,...

    Authors: Kana Wang, Xiaodong Wang, Haiyan Yu, Xinghui Liu, Aiyun Xing and Yong You

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:8

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) is advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a key service approach to improving the health of pregnant women. Four targeted visits to antenatal clinics are recommended ...

    Authors: Kondwani Chidzammbuyo Mamba, Adamson S. Muula and William Stones

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:444

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Assessments of maternal near miss (MNM) are increasingly used in addition to those of maternal mortality measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) has introduced an MNM tool in 2009, but this tool was prev...

    Authors: Abera K. Tura, Jelle Stekelenburg, Sicco A. Scherjon, Joost Zwart, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen and Sanne J. Gordijn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:445

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  12. Content type: Research article

    High maternal mortality has remained an unmet public health challenge in the developing world. Maternal mortality in Ethiopia is among the highest in the world. Since most maternal deaths occur during labor, d...

    Authors: Kerebih Asrese and Margaret E. Adamek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:441

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and maternal and perinatal outcome in patien...

    Authors: Ahmad Mahran, Hashem Fares, Reham Elkhateeb, Mahmoud Ibrahim, Haitham Bahaa, Ahmad Sanad, Alaa Gamal, Mohamed Zeeneldin, Eissa Khalifa and Ahmed Abdelghany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:435

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The consequences of living with obstetric fistula are multifaceted and very devastating for women, especially those living in poor resource settings. Due to uncontrollable leakages of urine and/or feces, the c...

    Authors: Josephine Changole, Viva Combs Thorsen and Ursula Kafulafula

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:433

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  15. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the effects and financial costs of two interventions with respect to utilisation of institutional deliveries and other maternal health services in Oyam District in Uganda.

    Authors: William Massavon, Calistus Wilunda, Maria Nannini, Robert Kaos Majwala, Caroline Agaro, Emanuela De Vivo, Peter Lochoro, Giovanni Putoto and Bart Criel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:431

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  16. Content type: Research article

    While 79% of Nigerian mothers who deliver in facilities receive postnatal care within 48 h of delivery, this is only true for 16% of mothers who deliver outside facilities. Most maternal deaths can be prevente...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Jessica Cohen, Thomas Bossert and Margaret McConnell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:429

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Health facility births contribute to the prevention of maternal deaths. Although theoretical and empirical evidence suggest that social network characteristics influence facility delivery, examination of this ...

    Authors: Leslie E. Cofie, Clare Barrington, Kavita Singh, Sodzi Sodzi-Tettey, Susan Ennett and Suzanne Maman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:425

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In Nepal, hypothermia is a major risk factor for newborn survival, but the country’s public health care sector has insufficient capacity to improve newborn survival given the burden imposed by distance to heal...

    Authors: Karsten Lunze, Rosie Dawkins, Abeezer Tapia, Sidharth Anand, Michael Chu and David E. Bloom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:428

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Women who are not exclusively breastfeeding are at risk of pregnancy after four to six weeks of childbirth. Postpartum contraceptive use is crucial to prevent unintended pregnancy, and to have spaced births. The ...

    Authors: Alem Gebremariam and Hadush Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:421

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There has been a growing realisation of the need to enhance men’s inclusion in maternal and safe motherhood services, especially in low-income settings. However, empirical studies on the extent to which men ar...

    Authors: Margaret Duah Atuahene, Sylvia Arde-Acquah, Nana Frema Atuahene, Martin Adjuik and John Kuumuori Ganle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:419

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The importance of postnatal care cannot be overemphasised. Various studies undertaken worldwide have found that PNC is critical for the survival of newborns. However, in Zambia, despite much emphasis by the go...

    Authors: Bupe B. Bwalya, Mulenga C. Mulenga and James N. Mulenga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:418

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh has achieved major gains in maternal and newborn survival, facility childbirth and skilled birth attendance between 1991 and 2010, but excess maternal mortality persists. High-quality maternal healt...

    Authors: Herfina Y. Nababan, Rubana Islam, Shabnam Mostari, Md Tariqujjaman, Malabika Sarker, Mohammad Tajul Islam and Corrina Moucheraud

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:402

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the independent and joint effects of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the risk of preeclampsia and its subtypes.

    Authors: Yawen Shao, Jie Qiu, Huang Huang, Baohong Mao, Wei Dai, Xiaochun He, Hongmei Cui, Xiaojuan Lin, Ling Lv, Dennis Wang, Zhongfeng Tang, Sijuan Xu, Nan Zhao, Min Zhou, Xiaoying Xu, Weitao Qiu…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:400

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Reducing neonatal mortality is a global priority, and improvements in postnatal health (PNH) practices in India are needed to do so. Intimate partner violence (IPV) may be associated with PNH practices, but li...

    Authors: Sabrina C. Boyce, Lotus McDougal, Jay G. Silverman, Yamini Atmavilas, Diva Dhar, Katherine Hay and Anita Raj

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:398

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Despite a significant decrease in maternal mortality in the last decade, Rwanda needs further progress in order to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)3 which addresses among others maternal mortality. ...

    Authors: Felix Sayinzoga, Leon Bijlmakers, Koos van der Velden and Jeroen van Dillen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:394

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Companionship during labor is known to have both physical and psychosocial benefits to mother and baby. Sri Lanka made a policy decision to allow a labour companion in 2011. However, implementation has been un...

    Authors: Hemantha Senanayake, Rajitha Dilhan Wijesinghe and Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:392

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Despite recent advances in surgery and anaesthesia which significantly improve safety, many health facilities in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) remain chronically under-resourced with inability to cop...

    Authors: Isabella Epiu, Agnes Wabule, Andrew Kambugu, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa and Gerald Dubowitz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:387

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has made steady progress in improving maternal health over the decade, yet mortality remains high. The Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) was a 3.5-year project aimed at deve...

    Authors: Lynn Sibley and Yared Amare

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:384

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Infants are very sensitive to iodine deficiency. Breastfed infants are dependent on maternal iodine intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal iodine status during lactatio...

    Authors: Jin Yang, Lin Zhu, Xiaofeng Li, Heming Zheng, Zhe Wang, Zongyu Hao and Yang Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:383

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Globally, India ranks first in the absolute number of stillbirths. Hence, the level, causes, and risk factors of stillbirths were estimated to facilitate designing of prevention strategy.

    Authors: Ariarathinam Newtonraj, Manmeet Kaur, Madhu Gupta and Rajesh Kumar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:371

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal infections caused by unsafe umbilical cord practices account for the majority of neonatal deaths in Nigeria. We examined the trends in umbilical cord care practices between 2012 and 2015 that coincide...

    Authors: Dele Abegunde, Nosa Orobaton, Katherine Beal, Amos Bassi, Moyosola Bamidele, Toyin Akomolafe, Francis Ohanyido, Olayinka Umar-Farouk and Saba’atu Danladi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:368

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Recent World Health Organization recommendations recognize the important role Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) can play in supporting the health of women and newborns. This paper provides an analysis of key...

    Authors: Tina Miller and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:365

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is an important health service for women in developing countries, with numerous proven benefits. Global coverage of ANC has steadily increased over the past 30 years, in part due to increa...

    Authors: Erica Phillips, Rebecca J. Stoltzfus, Lesly Michaud, Gracia Lionel Fils Pierre, Francoise Vermeylen and David Pelletier

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:361

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  34. Content type: Research article

    With an increasing number of institutional deliveries, the Nepalese health system faces a challenge to ensure a quality of service provision. This paper aims to identify the determinants of client satisfaction...

    Authors: Suresh Mehata, Yuba Raj Paudel, Maureen Dariang, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Susan Paudel, Ranju Mehta, Stuart King and Sarah Barnett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:319

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Violence against women is an international public health concern and a violation of women’s rights. Domestic violence can first occur, and increase in frequency and severity, during and after pregnancy. Health...

    Authors: Mary McCauley, Jennifer Head, Jaki Lambert, Shamsa Zafar and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:318

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Presently, preterm birth is globally the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Prompt community based identification of women at high risk for preterm births (HRPB) can either help to avert preterm births or av...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Amber Abhijeet Prakash, Yamini V. Pusdekar, Hemant Kulkarni and Patricia Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:311

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula devastates the lives of women and is found most commonly among the poor in resource-limited settings. Unrepaired third- and fourth-degree perineal lacerations have been shown to be the source...

    Authors: Leeya F. Pinder, Kelsey H. Natsuhara, Thomas F. Burke, Svjetlana Lozo, Monica Oguttu, Leah Miller, Brett D. Nelson and Melody J. Eckardt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:308

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite marked improvements over the last few decades, maternal mortality in Tanzania remains among the world’s highest at 454 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Many factors contribute to this disparity...

    Authors: Michelle R. Kaufman, Jennifer J. Harman, Marina Smelyanskaya, Jennifer Orkis and Robert Ainslie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:305

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality. Prevention and adequate treatment are therefore important. However, most births in low-resource settings are not attended by skilled provide...

    Authors: Ellen Nelissen, Hege Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Jos Twisk, Jacqueline Broerse, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:301

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the core interventions for improving maternal outcomes. The average annual decline of maternal mortality rate from 1990 to 2013 was 5% in Ethiopia. This figure was below the leas...

    Authors: Kindie Fentahun Muchie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:300

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Oral misoprostol as an induction of labour (IOL) agent is rapidly gaining popularity in resource-limited settings because it is cheap, stable at ambient temperatures, and logistically easier to administer comp...

    Authors: Marilyn Morris, John W. Bolnga, Ovoi Verave, Jimmy Aipit, Allanie Rero and Moses Laman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:298

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the magnitude and clinical causes of maternal and perinatal mortality are basic requirements for positive change. Facility-based information offers a contextualized resource for clinical and orga...

    Authors: Patricia E. Bailey, Wasihun Andualem, Michel Brun, Lynn Freedman, Sourou Gbangbade, Malick Kante, Emily Keyes, Edwin Libamba, Allisyn C. Moran, Halima Mouniri, Dahada Ould el Joud and Kavita Singh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:295

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Active management of third stage of labor played a great role to prevent child birth related hemorrhage. However, maternal morbidity and mortality related to hemorrhage is high due to lack of knowledge and ski...

    Authors: Zelalem Tenaw, Zemenu Yohannes and Abdela Amano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:292

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, mo...

    Authors: Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay and Pål Øian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:287

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Demand-side financing (DSF) interventions, including cash transfers and vouchers, have been introduced to promote maternal and newborn health in a range of low- and middle-income countries. These interventions...

    Authors: Benjamin M. Hunter and Susan F. Murray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:262

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), caused by maternal antibodies raised against alloantigens carried on foetal platelets, is a very common haematological abnormality in newborns worldwide. However, b...

    Authors: Li Chen, Zhiwei Liu, Tiemei Liu, Xianjun Ma, Meiying Rao, Yongjun Wang, Bo Sun, Wen Yin, Jun Zhang, Beizhan Yan, Xiaojuan Li, Qiushi Wang, Lei Zhang, Jun Wen, Fenghua Liu, Peng Wang…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:281

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