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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 3 of 18

  1. In urban Kenya, couples face a wide variety of choices for delivery options; however, many women end up delivering in different facilities from those they had intended while pregnant. One potential consequence...

    Authors: V. Naanyu, V. Mujumdar, C. Ahearn, M. McConnell and J. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Evidence from observational studies suggests that a greater intake of ultra-processed foods during pregnancy is associated with a higher chance of obesity, increased gestational weight gain, and neonatal adipo...

    Authors: Daniela Saes Sartorelli, Lívia Castro Crivellenti, Marina Garcia Manochio-Pina, Naiara Franco Baroni, Mariana Rinaldi Carvalho, Rosa Wanda Diez-Garcia and Laércio Joel Franco

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. By 2015, Malawi had not achieved Millennium Development Goal 4, reducing maternal mortality by about 35% from 675 to 439 deaths per 100,000 livebirths. Hypothesised reasons included low uptake of antenatal car...

    Authors: Chiyembekezo Kachimanga, Elizabeth L. Dunbar, Samuel Watson, Katie Cundale, Henry Makungwa, Emily B. Wroe, Charles Malindi, Lawrence Nazimera, Daniel Palazuelos, Jeanel Drake, Thomas Gates, Thomas van den Akker and Jawaya Shea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Iron and Folic Acid are two of the micronutrients recommended for pregnant women to support optimal maternal outcomes with regard to preventing anaemia and foetal birth defects. It is difficult to establish if...

    Authors: Moses C. Simuyemba, Phoebe A. Bwembya, Mumbi Chola and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The early postnatal period is a dangerous time for both mother and baby where morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent if proper care is not done. Post natal care (PNC) knowledge has significant role in re...

    Authors: Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki, Eyasu H. Tesfamariam, Amanuel Gebremichael, Berhanemeskel Yohannes, Kessete Haile, Shewit Tewelde and Simret Goitom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Major obstetric haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal mortality and accounts for one-third of maternal deaths in of Africa. This study aimed to assess the population-based incidence, causes, management an...

    Authors: Anke Heitkamp, Simcha Lot Aronson, Thomas van den Akker, Linda Vollmer, Stefan Gebhardt, Jos van Roosmalen, Johanna I. de Vries and Gerhard Theron

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, is associated with maternal morbidity and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth and low birthweight. In low-middle ...

    Authors: Anne CC Lee, Luke C. Mullany, Alain K. Koffi, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Rasheda Khanam, Lian V. Folger, Mahmoodur Rahman, Dipak K. Mitra, Alain Labrique, Parul Christian, Jamal Uddin, Parvez Ahmed, Salahuddin Ahmed, Arif Mahmud, Sushil K. DasGupta, Nazma Begum…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Birth asphyxia is a major contributor to neonatal mortality worldwide. In Ethiopia, birth asphyxia remains a severe condition that leads to significant mortality and morbidity. This study aims to assess the pr...

    Authors: Ritbano Ahmed Abdo, Hassen Mosa Halil, Biruk Assefa Kebede, Abebe Alemu Anshebo and Negeso Gebeyehu Gejo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:536

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In 2015, Nigeria’s estimated 317,700 stillbirths accounted for 12.2% of the 2.6 million estimated global stillbirths. This suggests that Nigeria still makes substantial contribution to the global burden of sti...

    Authors: Friday E. Okonofua, Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Rosemary Ogu, Hadiza Galadanci, Gana Mohammed, Durodola Adetoye, Eghe Abe, Ola Okike, Kingsley Agholor, Rukiyat Abdus-salam and Abdullahi Randawa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:533

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Paucity of data on state-wide maternal mortality in Nigeria hampers planning, monitoring and evaluation of the impact of interventions. The Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths in Ondo State was initiated...

    Authors: Lawal Oyeneyin, Thomas van den Akker, Oladipo Durojaiye, Ola Obaado, Francis Akanbiemu, Yetunde Olagbuji, Isaac Aladeniyi, Majeed Oyeneyin and Olajumoke Aladenola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:514

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Unwanted pregnancy is a global issue with adverse outcomes for the mother, child, family, and society. Previous studies in Iran have reported different prevalence rates for unwanted pregnancy. This meta-analys...

    Authors: Kourosh Sayehmiri, Fariba Ebtekar, Mozhdeh Zarei and Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:491

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is the leading direct cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The sustainable development goals aim to reduce the maternal mortality ratio to 70 per 100,000 live birth...

    Authors: Tshimanga Nsangamay and Robert Mash

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:489

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Healthcare service delivery systems need to ensure standard quality of care (QoC) for achieving expected health outcomes. Although Bangladesh has a good healthcare service delivery system, there are major conc...

    Authors: Taposh Kumar Biswas, Hasnat Sujon, M. Hafizur Rahman, Henry B. Perry and Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:488

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Majority of the maternal and neonatal adverse events take place during the postnatal period. Provision of high-quality care during this period can minimize these events. Assessment of mothers’ perceptions of t...

    Authors: Sashimali Anuradha Wickramasinghe, Moraendage Wasantha Gunathunga and Dewabandu Kumarathungalage Nilmini Nilangani Hemachandra

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:485

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A series of interventions are required to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) starting from HIV testing of pregnant women, initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

    Authors: Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Aye Aye Mon, Khaing Hnin Phyo, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Ajay M. V. Kumar, Than Than Lwin, Zaw Zaw Aung, Thet Ko Aung, Myo Minn Oo, Thurain Htun, Sai Soe Thu Ya, Srinath Satyanarayana and Htun Nyunt Oo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:475

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Every year, an estimated 2.6 million stillbirths occur worldwide, with up to 98% occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). There is a paucity of primary data on cause of stillbirth from LMIC, and p...

    Authors: Mamuda Aminu, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Sarah White, Matthews Mathai and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:470

    Content type: Research article

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  17. During pregnancy, a mother’s nutritional needs increase to meet the added nutrient demands for fetal growth and development. An enhanced understanding of adequate nutrition and sufficient weight gain during pr...

    Authors: Nga Thuy Tran, Lam Thi Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low, Siew Ling Tey and Dieu Thi Thu Huynh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:468

    Content type: Research article

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  18. It is believed that giving birth in an upright position is beneficial for both mother and the infant for several physiologic reasons. An upright positioning helps the uterus to contract more strongly and effic...

    Authors: Marta Berta, Helena Lindgren, Kyllike Christensson, Sollomon Mekonnen and Mulat Adefris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:466

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality. There are controversial findings regarding the prediction of PE through the assessment of the Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A (PA...

    Authors: Maryam Honarjoo, Shahnaz Kohan, Elahe Zarean and Mohammad Javad Tarrahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:464

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In an effort to mitigate missed opportunities to provide high-quality care, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) to support health providers perform essential t...

    Authors: Siobhan Doria, Farah Diba, Suryane S. Susanti, Sebastian Vollmer and Ida G. Monfared

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:461

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Medication safety during pregnancy has drawn global attention, little of which has been reported about the Chinese population. This study aims to describe patterns and risks of medication use among pregnant wo...

    Authors: Jingyuan Zhang, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Xiaodong Guan and Luwen Shi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:459

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate around 6% of pregnancies and accounts for 19% of maternal death in Ethiopia. The current review aimed to assess maternal and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies com...

    Authors: Amanual Getnet Mersha, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz and Mohammed Assen Seid

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:458

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The burden, determinants and outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in sub-Saharan Africa are not known. We summarized existing evidence on the prevalence, risk factors and complications of GDM in the...

    Authors: Barnabas Kahiira Natamba, Arthur Araali Namara and Moffat Joha Nyirenda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:450

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Pregnancy crisis mismanagement has contributed to maternal deaths and illnesses globally and in Ghana due to absence/inadequate pregnancy options counselling for clients to make informed decisions. This study ...

    Authors: Evans Kofi Agbeno, Fred Yao Gbagbo, E. S. K. Morhe, Soale Issah Maltima and Kwadwo Sarbeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:446

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The care given to newborns immediately within the first few hours of birth is critical for their survival. However, their survival depends on the health professional’s knowledge and skills to deliver appropria...

    Authors: Hawa Abdu, Measho Gebrselassie, Mohammed Abdu, Kusse Urmale Mare, Woldemichael Tadesse and Misgan Legesse Liben

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:422

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Caesarean section (CS) is an important lifesaving intervention that can reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. The dramatic increase in CS rates globally has prompted concerns that the procedure ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Nahla Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Orbay and Nevine Hassanein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:411

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Community distribution of misoprostol to pregnant women in advance of labor is one of the compelling strategies for preventing postpartum hemorrhage. Concerns have been reported that misoprostol distribution c...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Bereket Yakob, Wubegzier Mekonnen Ayele, Muluneh Yigzaw, Meselech Assegid Roro, Araya Abrha Medhanyi, Etenesh Gebreyohannes Hailu and Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Accessibility and utilization of antenatal care (ANC) service varies depending on different geographical locations, sociodemographic characteristics, political and other factors. A geographically linked data a...

    Authors: Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Catherine Chojenta, Theodros Getachew, Roger Smith and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In developed countries, prenatal maternal stress has been associated with poor fetal growth, however this has not been evaluated in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the effect of prenatal maternal stress...

    Authors: Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Blair J. Wylie, Ellen Boamah-Kaali, Darby W. Jack, Felix Boakye Oppong, Steven N. Chillrud, Stephaney Gyaase, Seyram Kaali, Oscar Agyei, Patrick L. Kinney, Mohammed Mujtaba, Rosalind J. Wright, Kwaku Poku Asante and Alison G. Lee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:391

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Increasing male involvement during pregnancy is considered an important, but often overlooked intervention for improving maternal health in sub-Saharan Africa. Intervention studies aimed at improving maternal ...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Helio Cossa, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:384

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Niger has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in Sub Saharan Africa, of which postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause. In 2014, Health and Development International and the Ministry of Health of Ni...

    Authors: Meighan Mary, Ayisha Diop, Wendy R. Sheldon, Aichatou Yenikoye and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:379

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Several risk factors predisposing women and their live-borns to adverse outcomes during pregnancy have been documented. Little is known about sanitation being a factor contributing to adverse pregnancy outcome...

    Authors: Ratna Patel, Ajay Gupta, Shekhar Chauhan and Dhananjay W. Bansod

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:378

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Almost 99% of pregnancy or childbirth-related complications globally is estimated to occur in developing regions. Yet, little is known about the demographic impact of maternal causes of death (COD) in low-and ...

    Authors: Sulemana Watara Abubakari, Ayaga Agula Bawah, Ernest Obed Nettey, Edward Anane Apraku, Charles Zandoh, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Delali Margaret Badasu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In 2010, the World Health Assembly passed a resolution calling upon countries to prevent birth defects where possible. Though birth defects surveillance programs are an important source of information to guide...

    Authors: Daniel Mumpe-Mwanja, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Dhelia Williamson, Diana Valencia, Robert Serunjogi, Ayoub Kakande, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Jolly Nankunda, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Margaret Achom Okwero, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Evidence suggests that many women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities across the world, but the magnitude of the problem is unknown. The occurrence of disrespect and abuse (D&A) in m...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Helma Manaharlal, Emidio Cumbane, Joelma Picardo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:369

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In low-income countries with poor coverage of healthcare services such as Mozambique, antenatal care serves as a vital tool for providing life-saving and cost-effective services for pregnant mothers. Nonethele...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:436

  37. Maternal perceptions about caesarean section contribute to delayed presentation of women for emergency obstetric care. This increases the risks of perinatal and neonatal mortality and slows down the reductions...

    Authors: Barnabas B. Naa Gandau, Benjamin D. Nuertey, Nana Ayegua Hagan Seneadza, Dominic Akaateba, Emmanuel Azusong, Judith Y. Yirifere, Herta B. Kankpeyeng and Edem M. A. Tette

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:350

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is broad agreement that antenatal care (ANC) interventions, skilled attendance at birth and management of complications arising after delivery are key strategies that can tackle the high burden of matern...

    Authors: Caroline A. Ochieng and Aloyce S. Odhiambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:339

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The place of birth has been rapidly changing from home to health facility in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) following the strategy to improve the maternal and neonatal mortality. This change in the...

    Authors: Tomomi Takayama, Khampheng Phongluxa, Daisuke Nonaka, Chika Sato, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Nouhak Inthavong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:333

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking beh...

    Authors: Coralie N’Gbichi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, David Wainaina Wambui, Pauline Bakibinga, Isaac Kisiangani, Pauline Njoroge, Rumana Noor, Ngugi Njoroge, Raha Abdi Salah and Elmi Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:332

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Each year nearly 7.7 million children under five years die around the world; out of which approximately 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost all these (99%) deaths occur in the...

    Authors: Javed Memon, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Reza Majdzadeh, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Owais Raza and Shahrzad Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for...

    Authors: Gunjan Kumar, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Akanksha Srivastava, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Maharaj Kishan Bhan, Nita Bhandari and Sarmila Mazumder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) educational program focuses on training of first-level birth attendants in neonatal resuscitation skills for the first minute of life (The Golden Minute). Pre-post studies of H...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Akash Bang, Kunal Kurhe, Savita Bhargav, Amber Prakash, Spoorthy Arramraj and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is a medical condition resulting from either pre-existing diabetes or insulin resistance developed during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia in ...

    Authors: Safiness Simon Msollo, Haikael David Martin, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Pammla Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ...

    Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:310

    Content type: Research article

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