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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal hear...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L. Ersdal, Estomih R. Mduma, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T. Wangwe and Hussein Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:134

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  2. Content type: Research article

    While HIV and unintended pregnancies are both occupational risks faced by female sex workers, the epidemiology of pregnancy and its drivers in this population remains understudied. This includes Cambodia, wher...

    Authors: Putu Duff, Jennifer L. Evans, Ellen S. Stein, Kimberly Page and Lisa Maher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:128

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that use of antenatal services by pregnant women and delivery in health facilities with skilled birth attendants contribute to better delivery outcomes. However, a gap exists in Ghana betwee...

    Authors: Michael Boah, Abraham B. Mahama and Emmanuel A. Ayamga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:125

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC) is a primary health care level initiative promoted in low- and middle-income countries to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. Tailored support, including ...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Ali Mehryar Karim, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Tewabech Gebrekiristos Wereta, Deepthi Wickremasinghe, Zinar Nebi Keweti, Zewditu Kebede and Wuleta Aklilu Betemariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:123

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Delivery by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is strongly recommended to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. The percentage of births attended by SBAs is low in Bangladesh (42% in 2014), though this rate var...

    Authors: Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Allysha Choudhury, Atia Sharmeen, Swagata Ghosh and Anna Kalbarczyk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:122

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  6. Content type: Research article

    During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women ...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle and Katherine González-Ruíz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:117

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The CRADLE-3 trial is a stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial aiming to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity by implementing a novel vital sign device (CRADLE Vital Sign Alert) and training package into...

    Authors: Nicola Vousden, Elodie Lawley, Hannah L. Nathan, Paul T. Seed, Adrian Brown, Tafadzwa Muchengwa, Umesh Charantimath, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Muchabayiwa Francis Gidiri, Shivaprasad Goudar, Lucy C. Chappell, Jane Sandall and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:115

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Thailand recommends influenza vaccination among pregnant women. We conducted a cohort study to determine if the prevalence of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with influenza vaccine among Thai pre...

    Authors: Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Surasak Kaoiean, Podjanee Phadungkiatwatana, Nattinee Srisantiroj, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Fatimah S. Dawood and Kim A. Lindblade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:110

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in pregnant women is a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and related risk factors of anaemia during pregnancy in a large mult...

    Authors: Li Lin, Yumei Wei, Weiwei Zhu, Chen Wang, Rina Su, Hui Feng and Huixia Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:111

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The increasing rate of caesarean deliveries has become a serious concern for public health experts globally. Various medical and non-medical factors, such as maternal socio-demographics, are found to be respon...

    Authors: Aaisha Amjad, Uzair Amjad, Rubeena Zakar, Ahmed Usman, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:113

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce inform...

    Authors: Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam and Maria Jusler Kalsingh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:109

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Although Primary Health Care (PHC) was designed to provide universal access to skilled pregnancy care for the prevention of maternal deaths, very little is known of the factors that predict the use of PHC for ...

    Authors: Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Seun Anjorin, Wilson Imongan and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:106

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progres...

    Authors: Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:102

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite its wider benefits and access made at community level, contraceptive methods are one of underutilized services in study area and it is believed to be influenced by misconceptions and socio cultural val...

    Authors: Misganu Endriyas, Akine Eshete, Emebet Mekonnen, Tebeje Misganaw and Mekonnen Shiferaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:98

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In 2015 the maternal mortality ratio for Ethiopia was 353 per 100,000 live births. Large numbers of women do not use maternal health services. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the use of matern...

    Authors: Aschenaki Z. Kea, Olivia Tulloch, Daniel G. Datiko, Sally Theobald and Maryse C. Kok

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:96

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) is not recommended for PMTCT in Malawi HIV Guidelines, contrary to most high-income countries where CS is indicated if viral suppression is sub-optimal pre-delivery. We describe patterns...

    Authors: Lyson Tenthani, Joep J. van Oosterhout, Andreas D. Haas, Malango Msukwa, Nozgechi Phiri, Frank Chimbwandira, Kali Tal, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Janne Estill and Olivia Keiser

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:95

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In low-resource settings, a significant proportion of fetal, neonatal, and maternal deaths can be attributed to intrapartum-related complications. Certain risk factors, such as non-cephalic presentation, have ...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, James M. Tielsch, Steven C. LeClerq, Caitlin E. Kennedy and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:89

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In Kenya, skilled attendance at delivery is well below the international target of 90% and the maternal mortality ratio is high at 362 (CI 254–471) per 100,000 live births despite various interventions. The pr...

    Authors: Caroline Nyongesa, Xiaoyue Xu, John J. Hall, William M. Macharia, Faith Yego and Brigid Hall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:88

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Globally, anemia is a public health problem affecting the life of more than two billion people. Pregnant women are at high risk of iron deficiency anemia due to increased nutrient requirement during pregnancy....

    Authors: Mekdemariam Getachew, Mebrahtu Abay, Hiwet Zelalem, Tirhas Gebremedhin, Teklit Grum and Alemayehu Bayray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:83

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Kenya abolished delivery fees in all public health facilities through a presidential directive effective on June 1, 2013 with an aim of promoting health facility delivery service utilization and reducing pregn...

    Authors: C. M. Gitobu, P. B. Gichangi and W. O. Mwanda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:77

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