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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth and neonatal mortality are very high in many low-income countries, including Malawi. Use of family planning to encourage birth spacing may optimize outcomes for subsequent pregnancies. However, repr...

    Authors: Dawn M. Kopp, Agatha Bula, Suzanne Maman, Lameck Chinula, Mercy Tsidya, Mwawi Mwale and Jennifer H. Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:197

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Episiotomy and perineal tears remain common in vaginal deliveries. This study estimated the frequency of and factors associated with perineal tears, episiotomies, and postnatal infections among women in two pr...

    Authors: Abraham de Jesús-García, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Geovani Valtierra-Gil, Felipe Rene Serrano-de los Santos, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Robert J. Ledogar, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:198

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although low birthweight (LBW) babies represent only 15.5% of global births, it is the leading underlying cause of deaths among newborns in countries where neonatal mortality rates are high. In Uganda, like ma...

    Authors: Malachi Ochieng Arunda, Anette Agardh and Benedict Oppong Asamoah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:189

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  4. Content type: Research article

    With an aim to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes, ‘birth preparedness and complication readiness’ (BP/CR) promotes timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. Objective of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Patrick Smeele, Richard Kalisa, Marianne van Elteren, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:190

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for...

    Authors: Callen Kwamboka Onyambu and Norah Mukiri Tharamba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:180

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The postpartum period provides an important opportunity to address unmet need for contraception and reduce short birth intervals. This study aims to assess the association between skilled maternal healthcare a...

    Authors: Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Tensae Tadesse Mekonnen, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha and Katherine Tumlinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:172

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries.

    Authors: Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara and Kayla F. Laserson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:175

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymp...

    Authors: Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak and Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:169

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on uterine balloon tamponade efficacy for severe hemorrhage is encouraging, little is known ...

    Authors: Aparna Ramanathan, Melody J. Eckardt, Brett D. Nelson, Moytrayee Guha, Monica Oguttu, Zaid Altawil and Thomas Burke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:168

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) is often a life-saving procedure, but can also lead to serious complications, even more so in low-resource settings. Therefore unnecessary CS should be avoided and optimal circumstances ...

    Authors: Luuk Dekker, Tessa Houtzager, Omary Kilume, John Horogo, Jos van Roosmalen and Angelo Sadock Nyamtema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:164

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and infant mortality remains high in Nigeria primarily due to low use of skilled birth attendants. Huge disparities exist between southern and northen Nigeria on use of skilled birth attendants with s...

    Authors: George I. Eluwa, Sylvia B. Adebajo, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, Shittu Abdu-Aguye, Daniel Pearlman, Umma Bawa, Aira Olorukooba, Hadiza Khamofu and Robert Chiegli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:158

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in...

    Authors: Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie and Bereket Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:160

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  13. Content type: Research article

    We sought to determine if female community health volunteers (FCHVs) and literate women in Nepal can accurately determine success of medical abortion (MA) using a symptom checklist, compared to experienced abo...

    Authors: Kathryn L. Andersen, Mary Fjerstad, Indira Basnett, Shailes Neupane, Valerie Acre, Sharad Sharma and Emily Jackson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:161

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbearing injury that results from poorly managed obstructed labour, leading to the development of holes between the vagina and bladder and/or rectum. Effects of this inj...

    Authors: Eniya Lufumpa, Lucy Doos and Antje Lindenmeyer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:155

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that birth companionship, and in particular, continuous support during labor and delivery, can improve women’s childbirth experience and birth outcomes. Yet, little is known about the extent ...

    Authors: Patience Afulani, Caroline Kusi, Leah Kirumbi and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:150

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The ePartogram is a tablet-based application developed to improve care for women in labor by addressing documented challenges in partograph use. The application is designed to provide real-time decision suppor...

    Authors: Lindsay Elizabeth Litwin, Christina Maly, Asma Ramadan Khamis, Cyndi Hiner, Jérémie Zoungrana, Khadija Mohamed, Mary Drake, Michael Machaku, Mustafa Njozi, Salhiya Ali Muhsin, Yusuph K. Kulindwa and Patricia P. Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:147

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Infection with vaginal microorganisms during labour can lead to maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity.

    Authors: Charlotte Bell, Laura Hughes, Trevor Akister, Vin Ramkhelawon, Amie Wilson and David Lissauer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:139

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men’s involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and b...

    Authors: Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:138

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal hear...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L. Ersdal, Estomih R. Mduma, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T. Wangwe and Hussein Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:134

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonography is essential in the prenatal diagnosis and care for the pregnant mothers. However, the measurements obtained often contain a small percentage of unavoidable error that may have serious clinical...

    Authors: Sam Ali, Rosemary Kusaba Byanyima, Sam Ononge, Jerry Ictho, Jean Nyamwiza, Emmanuel Lako Ernesto Loro, John Mukisa, Angella Musewa, Annet Nalutaaya, Ronald Ssenyonga, Ismael Kawooya, Benjamin Temper, Achilles Katamba, Joan Kalyango and Charles Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:129

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