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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 2 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Tanzania has a maternal mortality ratio of 556 per 100,000 live births, representing 21% of all deaths of women of reproductive age. Hemorrhage, mostly postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), is estimated to cause at lea...

    Authors: Dunstan R. Bishanga, John Charles, Gaudiosa Tibaijuka, Rita Mutayoba, Mary Drake, Young-Mi Kim, Marya Plotkin, Neema Rusibamayila and Barbara Rawlins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:223

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The paper explores how age, social position or class, and linguistic and cultural background intersect and place women in varying positions of control and vulnerability to obstetric violence in state health in...

    Authors: Dinusha Perera, Ragnhild Lund, Katarina Swahnberg, Berit Schei and Jennifer J. Infanti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:211

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women in health facilities continues to be a prevailing public health issue in many countries. Studies have reported significantly high prevalence of D&A among women during pregna...

    Authors: Joy Orpin, Shuby Puthussery, Rosemary Davidson and Barbara Burden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:213

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Reliable, population-based data on pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality, and risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes are scarce for low- and middle-income countries. Yet, such data are essential for unders...

    Authors: Siaka Koné, Eveline Hürlimann, Nahoua Baikoro, Daouda Dao, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K. N’Goran, Jürg Utzinger and Fabienne N. Jaeger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:216

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Quality antenatal care (ANC) is recognised as an opportunity for screening and early identification of pregnancy-related complications. In rural Ghana, challenges with access to diagnostic services demotivate ...

    Authors: Ibukun-Oluwa Omolade Abejirinde, Renate Douwes, Azucena Bardají, Rudolf Abugnaba-Abanga, Marjolein Zweekhorst, Jos van Roosmalen and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:209

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To improve maternity services in any country, there is need to monitor the quality of obstetric care. There is usually disparity of obstetric care and outcomes in most countries among women giving birth in dif...

    Authors: Bothwell Takaingofa Guzha, Thulani Lesley Magwali, Bismark Mateveke, Maxwell Chirehwa, George Nyandoro and Stephen Peter Munjanja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:205

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A shortage of skilled birth attendants and low quality of care in health facilities along with unattended home deliveries contribute to the high maternal and neonatal mortality in sub Saharan Africa. Identifyi...

    Authors: Tamara Mulenga, Misinzo Moono, Martha Mwendafilumba, Albert Manasyan and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:203

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth and neonatal mortality are very high in many low-income countries, including Malawi. Use of family planning to encourage birth spacing may optimize outcomes for subsequent pregnancies. However, repr...

    Authors: Dawn M. Kopp, Agatha Bula, Suzanne Maman, Lameck Chinula, Mercy Tsidya, Mwawi Mwale and Jennifer H. Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:197

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Episiotomy and perineal tears remain common in vaginal deliveries. This study estimated the frequency of and factors associated with perineal tears, episiotomies, and postnatal infections among women in two pr...

    Authors: Abraham de Jesús-García, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Geovani Valtierra-Gil, Felipe Rene Serrano-de los Santos, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Robert J. Ledogar, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:198

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although low birthweight (LBW) babies represent only 15.5% of global births, it is the leading underlying cause of deaths among newborns in countries where neonatal mortality rates are high. In Uganda, like ma...

    Authors: Malachi Ochieng Arunda, Anette Agardh and Benedict Oppong Asamoah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:189

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  11. Content type: Research article

    With an aim to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes, ‘birth preparedness and complication readiness’ (BP/CR) promotes timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. Objective of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Patrick Smeele, Richard Kalisa, Marianne van Elteren, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:190

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for...

    Authors: Callen Kwamboka Onyambu and Norah Mukiri Tharamba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:180

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The postpartum period provides an important opportunity to address unmet need for contraception and reduce short birth intervals. This study aims to assess the association between skilled maternal healthcare a...

    Authors: Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Tensae Tadesse Mekonnen, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha and Katherine Tumlinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:172

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries.

    Authors: Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara and Kayla F. Laserson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:175

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymp...

    Authors: Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak and Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:169

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on uterine balloon tamponade efficacy for severe hemorrhage is encouraging, little is known ...

    Authors: Aparna Ramanathan, Melody J. Eckardt, Brett D. Nelson, Moytrayee Guha, Monica Oguttu, Zaid Altawil and Thomas Burke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:168

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) is often a life-saving procedure, but can also lead to serious complications, even more so in low-resource settings. Therefore unnecessary CS should be avoided and optimal circumstances ...

    Authors: Luuk Dekker, Tessa Houtzager, Omary Kilume, John Horogo, Jos van Roosmalen and Angelo Sadock Nyamtema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:164

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and infant mortality remains high in Nigeria primarily due to low use of skilled birth attendants. Huge disparities exist between southern and northen Nigeria on use of skilled birth attendants with s...

    Authors: George I. Eluwa, Sylvia B. Adebajo, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, Shittu Abdu-Aguye, Daniel Pearlman, Umma Bawa, Aira Olorukooba, Hadiza Khamofu and Robert Chiegli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:158

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in...

    Authors: Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie and Bereket Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:160

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  20. Content type: Research article

    We sought to determine if female community health volunteers (FCHVs) and literate women in Nepal can accurately determine success of medical abortion (MA) using a symptom checklist, compared to experienced abo...

    Authors: Kathryn L. Andersen, Mary Fjerstad, Indira Basnett, Shailes Neupane, Valerie Acre, Sharad Sharma and Emily Jackson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:161

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbearing injury that results from poorly managed obstructed labour, leading to the development of holes between the vagina and bladder and/or rectum. Effects of this inj...

    Authors: Eniya Lufumpa, Lucy Doos and Antje Lindenmeyer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:155

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that birth companionship, and in particular, continuous support during labor and delivery, can improve women’s childbirth experience and birth outcomes. Yet, little is known about the extent ...

    Authors: Patience Afulani, Caroline Kusi, Leah Kirumbi and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:150

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The ePartogram is a tablet-based application developed to improve care for women in labor by addressing documented challenges in partograph use. The application is designed to provide real-time decision suppor...

    Authors: Lindsay Elizabeth Litwin, Christina Maly, Asma Ramadan Khamis, Cyndi Hiner, Jérémie Zoungrana, Khadija Mohamed, Mary Drake, Michael Machaku, Mustafa Njozi, Salhiya Ali Muhsin, Yusuph K. Kulindwa and Patricia P. Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:147

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Infection with vaginal microorganisms during labour can lead to maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity.

    Authors: Charlotte Bell, Laura Hughes, Trevor Akister, Vin Ramkhelawon, Amie Wilson and David Lissauer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:139

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men’s involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and b...

    Authors: Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:138

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal hear...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L. Ersdal, Estomih R. Mduma, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T. Wangwe and Hussein Kidanto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:134

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonography is essential in the prenatal diagnosis and care for the pregnant mothers. However, the measurements obtained often contain a small percentage of unavoidable error that may have serious clinical...

    Authors: Sam Ali, Rosemary Kusaba Byanyima, Sam Ononge, Jerry Ictho, Jean Nyamwiza, Emmanuel Lako Ernesto Loro, John Mukisa, Angella Musewa, Annet Nalutaaya, Ronald Ssenyonga, Ismael Kawooya, Benjamin Temper, Achilles Katamba, Joan Kalyango and Charles Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:129

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  28. Content type: Research article

    While HIV and unintended pregnancies are both occupational risks faced by female sex workers, the epidemiology of pregnancy and its drivers in this population remains understudied. This includes Cambodia, wher...

    Authors: Putu Duff, Jennifer L. Evans, Ellen S. Stein, Kimberly Page and Lisa Maher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:128

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that use of antenatal services by pregnant women and delivery in health facilities with skilled birth attendants contribute to better delivery outcomes. However, a gap exists in Ghana betwee...

    Authors: Michael Boah, Abraham B. Mahama and Emmanuel A. Ayamga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:125

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC) is a primary health care level initiative promoted in low- and middle-income countries to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. Tailored support, including ...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Ali Mehryar Karim, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Nebreed Fesseha Zemichael, Tewabech Gebrekiristos Wereta, Deepthi Wickremasinghe, Zinar Nebi Keweti, Zewditu Kebede and Wuleta Aklilu Betemariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:123

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Delivery by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is strongly recommended to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. The percentage of births attended by SBAs is low in Bangladesh (42% in 2014), though this rate var...

    Authors: Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Allysha Choudhury, Atia Sharmeen, Swagata Ghosh and Anna Kalbarczyk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:122

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  32. Content type: Research article

    During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women ...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle and Katherine González-Ruíz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:117

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The CRADLE-3 trial is a stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial aiming to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity by implementing a novel vital sign device (CRADLE Vital Sign Alert) and training package into...

    Authors: Nicola Vousden, Elodie Lawley, Hannah L. Nathan, Paul T. Seed, Adrian Brown, Tafadzwa Muchengwa, Umesh Charantimath, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Muchabayiwa Francis Gidiri, Shivaprasad Goudar, Lucy C. Chappell, Jane Sandall and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:115

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Thailand recommends influenza vaccination among pregnant women. We conducted a cohort study to determine if the prevalence of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with influenza vaccine among Thai pre...

    Authors: Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Darunee Ditsungnoen, Surasak Kaoiean, Podjanee Phadungkiatwatana, Nattinee Srisantiroj, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Fatimah S. Dawood and Kim A. Lindblade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:110

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in pregnant women is a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and related risk factors of anaemia during pregnancy in a large mult...

    Authors: Li Lin, Yumei Wei, Weiwei Zhu, Chen Wang, Rina Su, Hui Feng and Huixia Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:111

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The increasing rate of caesarean deliveries has become a serious concern for public health experts globally. Various medical and non-medical factors, such as maternal socio-demographics, are found to be respon...

    Authors: Aaisha Amjad, Uzair Amjad, Rubeena Zakar, Ahmed Usman, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:113

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce inform...

    Authors: Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam and Maria Jusler Kalsingh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:109

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although Primary Health Care (PHC) was designed to provide universal access to skilled pregnancy care for the prevention of maternal deaths, very little is known of the factors that predict the use of PHC for ...

    Authors: Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Seun Anjorin, Wilson Imongan and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:106

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progres...

    Authors: Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:102

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Despite its wider benefits and access made at community level, contraceptive methods are one of underutilized services in study area and it is believed to be influenced by misconceptions and socio cultural val...

    Authors: Misganu Endriyas, Akine Eshete, Emebet Mekonnen, Tebeje Misganaw and Mekonnen Shiferaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:98

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In 2015 the maternal mortality ratio for Ethiopia was 353 per 100,000 live births. Large numbers of women do not use maternal health services. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the use of matern...

    Authors: Aschenaki Z. Kea, Olivia Tulloch, Daniel G. Datiko, Sally Theobald and Maryse C. Kok

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:96

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) is not recommended for PMTCT in Malawi HIV Guidelines, contrary to most high-income countries where CS is indicated if viral suppression is sub-optimal pre-delivery. We describe patterns...

    Authors: Lyson Tenthani, Joep J. van Oosterhout, Andreas D. Haas, Malango Msukwa, Nozgechi Phiri, Frank Chimbwandira, Kali Tal, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Janne Estill and Olivia Keiser

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:95

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In low-resource settings, a significant proportion of fetal, neonatal, and maternal deaths can be attributed to intrapartum-related complications. Certain risk factors, such as non-cephalic presentation, have ...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, James M. Tielsch, Steven C. LeClerq, Caitlin E. Kennedy and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:89

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In Kenya, skilled attendance at delivery is well below the international target of 90% and the maternal mortality ratio is high at 362 (CI 254–471) per 100,000 live births despite various interventions. The pr...

    Authors: Caroline Nyongesa, Xiaoyue Xu, John J. Hall, William M. Macharia, Faith Yego and Brigid Hall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:88

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Globally, anemia is a public health problem affecting the life of more than two billion people. Pregnant women are at high risk of iron deficiency anemia due to increased nutrient requirement during pregnancy....

    Authors: Mekdemariam Getachew, Mebrahtu Abay, Hiwet Zelalem, Tirhas Gebremedhin, Teklit Grum and Alemayehu Bayray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:83

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Kenya abolished delivery fees in all public health facilities through a presidential directive effective on June 1, 2013 with an aim of promoting health facility delivery service utilization and reducing pregn...

    Authors: C. M. Gitobu, P. B. Gichangi and W. O. Mwanda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:77

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Newborn deaths comprise nearly half of under-5 deaths in Ghana, despite the fact that skilled birth attendants (SBAs) are present at 68% of births, which implies that evidence-based care during labor, birth an...

    Authors: Patricia P. Gomez, Allyson R. Nelson, Amos Asiedu, Etta Addo, Dora Agbodza, Chantelle Allen, Martha Appiagyei, Cynthia Bannerman, Patience Darko, Julia Duodu, Fred Effah and Hannah Tappis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:72

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Despite declining trends maternal mortality remains an important public health issue in Mozambique. The delays to reach an appropriate health facility and receive care faced by woman with pregnancy related com...

    Authors: Leonardo Antonio Chavane, Patricia Bailey, Osvaldo Loquiha, Martinho Dgedge, Marc Aerts and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:71

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Complete blood count is one of the routinely advised blood investigation during pregnancy. It is also utilized as a diagnostic tool for neonatal anemia, sepsis and determining hemostatic status of the newborn....

    Authors: Sameer Timilsina, Sirisa Karki, Aajeevan Gautam, Pujan Bhusal, Gita Paudel and Deepak Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:70

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Different studies have shown the advantages of abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy to promote full fetal development. Given that pregnant women do not always abstain from smoking, this study aim...

    Authors: Mariana Caricati Kataoka, Ana Paula Pinho Carvalheira, Anna Paula Ferrari, Maíra Barreto Malta, Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite Carvalhaes and Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima Parada

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:67

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