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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 17 of 18

  1. The delays in receiving adequate emergency maternal care described by Thaddeus and Maine twenty years ago are still occurring, as exemplified in this study of cases of maternal deaths in a subdistrict in rural...

    Authors: Suzanne Belton, Bronwyn Myers and Frederika Rambu Ngana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:39

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Maternal mortality is high in Africa, especially in Kenya where there is evidence of insufficient progress towards Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Five, which is to reduce the global maternal mortality rate ...

    Authors: Faith Yego, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles, Jennifer Stewart Williams and Paul Nyongesa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:38

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The global Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate is reported to be 15.5% with more than 95% of these LBW infants being from developing countries. LBW is a major factor associated with neonatal deaths in developing count...

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Kay Sauer, Rajendra Karkee and Yun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:32

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Demand-side financing, where funds for specific services are channelled through, or to, prospective users, is now employed in health and education sectors in many low- and middle-income countries. This systema...

    Authors: Susan F Murray, Benjamin M Hunter, Ramila Bisht, Tim Ensor and Debra Bick

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:30

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Applying mobile phones in healthcare is increasingly prioritized to strengthen healthcare systems. Antenatal care has the potential to reduce maternal morbidity and improve newborns’ survival but this benefit ...

    Authors: Stine Lund, Birgitte B Nielsen, Maryam Hemed, Ida M Boas, Azzah Said, Khadija Said, Mkoko H Makungu and Vibeke Rasch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:29

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The investigation of severe maternal morbidity (SAMM) and maternal near miss (NM) and associated risk factors is important for the global reduction of maternal mortality. This study investigated the prevalence...

    Authors: Larissa Paes Leme Galvão, Fabiano Alvim-Pereira, Caio Menezes Machado de Mendonça, Filipe Emanuel Fonseca Menezes, Kaique Andre do Nascimento Góis, Ruy Farias Ribeiro Jr and Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in Bangladesh, the majority of which is due to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), blood loss of 500 mL or more. Many deaths due to PPH occur at home where approx...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Suzanne Bell, Martine Holston and Mohammad A Quaiyum

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:24

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Misperceptions regarding maternal health outcomes after vaginal delivery (VD) and cesarean delivery (CD) may contribute to the increasing trend towards CD. The effects of mode of delivery on parents’ perceived...

    Authors: Wen-Ying Li, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Antenatal anaemia, iron deficiency and common mental disorders (CMD) are prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of antenatal exposur...

    Authors: Thach D Tran, Tuan Tran, Julie A Simpson, Ha T Tran, Trang T Nguyen, Sarah Hanieh, Terence Dwyer, Beverley-Ann Biggs and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:8

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Approximately 1.2 million stillbirths occur in the intrapartum period, and a further 717,000 annual neonatal deaths are caused by intrapartum events, most of which occur in resource poor settings. We aim to te...

    Authors: Azusa Iwamoto, Nadine Seward, Audrey Prost, Matthew Ellis, Andrew Copas, Edward Fottrell, Kishwar Azad, Prasanta Tripathy and Anthony Costello

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:245

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Preeclampsia is a disorder with a reported incidence of 2%-8% among all pregnancies, accounting for more than 50,000 deaths worldwide each year. In low- and middle- income countries maternal/perinatal morbidit...

    Authors: Arusyak Harutyunyan, Haroutune Armenian and Varduhi Petrosyan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:244

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To reduce its high maternal and neonatal mortality rate and meet Millennium Development Goals four and five, Lao PDR has adopted a national ‘Strategy and Planning Framework of Implementation of Maternal, Neona...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Soudavanh Soysouvanh, Chaeun Lee, Minah Kang, Juhwan Oh and Jo Durham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:243

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The association of grand multiparity and poor pregnancy outcome has not been consistent for decades. Classifying grand multiparous women as a high-risk group without clear evidence of a consistent association ...

    Authors: Andrew H Mgaya, Siriel N Massawe, Hussein L Kidanto and Hans N Mgaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:241

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of care during childbirth. Previous research found that a good environment at a health facility can increase the number of deliveries at that facility. In ...

    Authors: Chieko Matsubara, Joseph Green, Linda Teresa Astorga, Edgardo L Daya, Honorato C Jervoso, Edgardo M Gonzaga and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:235

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In northern Vietnam the Neonatal health - Knowledge Into Practice (NeoKIP, Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN44599712) trial has evaluated facilitation as a knowledge translation intervention to improve neonatal...

    Authors: Leif Eriksson, Duong M Duc, Ann Catrine Eldh, Vu Pham N Thanh, Tran Q Huy, Mats Målqvist and Lars Wallin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:234

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Obstetric fistula is a worldwide problem that is devastating for women in developing countries. The cardinal cause of obstetric fistula is prolonged obstructed labour and delay in seeking emergency obstetric c...

    Authors: Nassar Kasamba, Dan K Kaye and Scovia N Mbalinda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:229

    Content type: Research article

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  17. An estimated 358,000 maternal deaths still occur worldwide each year. The place of delivery is of great significance to the reduction of maternal mortality. Moreover, socio-economic factors, cultural traits, a...

    Authors: Mayo Ono, Akiko Matsuyama, Mohamed Karama and Sumihisa Honda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:214

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Maternal morbidity estimations are not based on well-documented methodologies and thus have limited validity for informing efforts to address the issue and improve maternal health. To fill this gap, maternal m...

    Authors: Rachel C Vanderkruik, Özge Tunçalp, Doris Chou and Lale Say

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:213

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although antenatal care coverage in Ghana is high, there exist gaps in the continued use of maternity care, especially utilization of skilled assistance during delivery. Many pregnant women seek care from diff...

    Authors: Phyllis Dako-Gyeke, Moses Aikins, Richmond Aryeetey, Laura Mccough and Philip Baba Adongo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:211

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Obstetric hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality, particularly in low-resource settings where women face significant delays in accessing definitive treatment. The Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garmen...

    Authors: Alison M El Ayadi, Elizabeth Butrick, Jillian Geissler and Suellen Miller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:208

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide and especially in Latin America. High quality evidence indicates that calcium supplementation during pregnancy signific...

    Authors: Erika Barbosa Camargo, Luci Fabiane Scheffer Moraes, Celsa Moura Souza, Rita Akutsu, Jorge Maia Barreto, Edina Mariko Koga da Silva, Ana Pilar Betrán and Maria Regina Torloni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:206

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Exclusive breastfeeding is an important component of child survival and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in resource-poor settings like Malawi. In Malawi, children under the age of six months ...

    Authors: Ursula K Kafulafula, Mary K Hutchinson, Susan Gennaro, Sally Guttmacher and Andrew Kumitawa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:203

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) is a new and psychometrically valid measure of pregnancy intention that was developed in the United Kingdom. An improved understanding of pregnancy intention in...

    Authors: Jennifer Hall, Geraldine Barrett, Nicholas Mbwana, Andrew Copas, Address Malata and Judith Stephenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:200

    Content type: Research article

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  24. There are several barriers for pregnant women to deliver in a health care facility. This prospective cohort study investigated factors affecting facility delivery and reasons for unplanned place of delivery af...

    Authors: Rajendra Karkee, Colin W Binns and Andy H Lee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:193

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Maternal morbidity and mortality remains high in Uganda; largely due to inadequate antenatal care (ANC), low skilled deliveries and poor quality of other maternal health services. In order to address both the ...

    Authors: Michael Ediau, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Simba Machingaidze, George Otim, Alex Olwedo, Robert Iriso and Nazarius M Tumwesigye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:189

    Content type: Research article

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  26. An evidence-based strategy exists to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality associated with severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (PE/E), but it may be difficult to implement in low-resource settings. This study exa...

    Authors: Young Mi Kim, Nasratullah Ansari, Adrienne Kols, Hannah Tappis, Sheena Currie, Partamin Zainullah, Patricia Bailey, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:186

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Maternal and infant mortality rates in the district of Chitral in Pakistan are alarmingly high. One of the major reasons for this is the inability of women to access skilled care due to the high costs associat...

    Authors: Qayyum Ali Noorani, Iqbal Azam, Babar T Shaikh, Tharanga Ranasinghe, Shazia Abbas, Shakeela Wali, Paul Rippey and Wajiha Javed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:185

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Politics plays a critical role in agenda setting in health affairs; therefore, understanding the priorities of the political agenda in health is very important. The political priority for safe motherhood has b...

    Authors: Tej Ram Jat, Prakash Ramchandra Deo, Isabel Goicolea, Anna-Karin Hurtig and Miguel San Sebastian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:181

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Few women in Uganda access intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP). Previous studies have shown that high costs, frequent stock-out of drugs, suppli...

    Authors: Anthony K Mbonye, Stephanie Yanow, Josephine Birungi and Pascal Magnussen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:178

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Neonatal death accounts for one fifth of all under-five mortality in Uganda. Suboptimal newborn care practices resulting from hypothermia, poor hygiene and delayed initiation of breastfeeding are leading predi...

    Authors: Mangwi Richard Ayiasi, Kathleen Van Royen, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lynn Atuyambe, Bart Criel, Christopher Orach Garimoi and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:176

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Indigenous Australians experience significantly disproportionate poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Despite the recognised importance of maternal infant health (MIH), there i...

    Authors: Sue Kildea, Helen Stapleton, Rebecca Murphy, Machellee Kosiak and Kristen Gibbons

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:167

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Perinatal mortality is known to be high in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some women may carry a particularly high risk which would be reflected in a high recurrence risk. We aim to estimate the recurrence risk of perina...

    Authors: Michael J Mahande, Anne K Daltveit, Blandina T Mmbaga, Joseph Obure, Gileard Masenga, Rachel Manongi and Rolv T Lie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:166

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In Burundi, the annual incidence of obstetric fistula is estimated to be 0.2-0.5% of all deliveries, with 1000–2000 new cases per year. Despite this relatively high incidence, national capacity for identifying...

    Authors: Katie Tayler-Smith, Rony Zachariah, Marcel Manzi, Wilma van den Boogaard, An Vandeborne, Aristide Bishinga, Eva De Plecker, Vincent Lambert, Bavo Christiaens, Gamaliel Sinabajije, Miguel Trelles, Stephan Goetghebuer, Tony Reid and Anthony Harries

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:164

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Quality of intrapartum care is an important intervention towards increasing clients’ utilization of skilled attendance at birth and accelerating improvements in newborn’s and maternal survival and wellbeing. E...

    Authors: Omar Kigenyi, Getachew B Tefera, Elizabeth Nabiwemba and Christopher G Orach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:162

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Few studies have evaluated the prevalence of HBV in the general Cameroonian population or among antenatal attendants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, correlates and patterns of Hepatitis...

    Authors: Nelson J Fomulu, Frederick LI Morfaw, Judith N Torimiro, Philip Nana, Mve V Koh and Takang William

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:158

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In settings where sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence is high, the postpartum period is a time of increased biological susceptibility to pregnancy related sepsis. Enabling women living with...

    Authors: Charlotte E Warren, Timothy Abuya and Ian Askew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:150

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Maternal morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa remains high despite global efforts to reduce it. In order to lower maternal morbidity and mortality in the immediate term, reduction of delay in the prov...

    Authors: Ellen JT Nelissen, Estomih Mduma, Hege L Ersdal, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Jos JM van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:141

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Over the past decades, attachment research has predominantly focused on the attachment relationship that infants develop with their parents or that adults had with their own parents. Far less is known about th...

    Authors: Hedwig JA van Bakel, A Janneke BM Maas, Charlotte MJM Vreeswijk and Ad JJM Vingerhoets

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:138

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite the pregnancy complications related to home births, homes remain yet major place of delivery in Pakistan and 65 percent of totals births take place at home. This work analyses the determinants of place...

    Authors: Sajid Amin Javed, Muhammad Danish Anjum, Waqas Imran, Azad Haider, Ayesha Shiraz, Farzana Shaheen and Muhammad Iftikhar ul Husnain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:137

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Every year an estimated three million neonates die globally and two hundred thousand of these deaths occur in Pakistan. Majority of these neonates die in rural areas of underdeveloped countries from preventabl...

    Authors: Ali Turab, Shabina Ariff, Muhammad A Habib, Imran Ahmed, Masawar Hussain, Akhtar Rashid, Zahid Memon, Mohammad I Khan, Sajid Soofi and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Depression in pregnancy has adverse health outcomes for mothers and children. The magnitude and risk factors of maternal depression during pregnancy is less known in developing countries. This study examines t...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba, Mesganaw Fantahun and Michelle J Hindin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:135

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Lower physical and social functioning in pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight infants, butt few studies have examined racial differences in pregnant women’s p...

    Authors: Li Liu, Rosanna Setse, Ruby Grogan, Neil R Powe and Wanda K Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:125

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Caesarean section(C/S) has been found to increase rates of maternal infectious morbidities five times more than vaginal delivery. The provision of intravenous prophylactic antibiotics 30 to 60 minutes prior to...

    Authors: Fadhili M Lyimo, Anthony N Massinde, Benson R Kidenya, Eveline T Konje and Stephen E Mshana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:123

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Mothers who attend antenatal care late miss the opportunity of early detection of HIV and STDs, malaria and anaemia prophylaxis, health education and treatment or prevention of complications. Whereas many wome...

    Authors: Ivan Kisuule, Dan K Kaye, Florence Najjuka, Stephen K Ssematimba, Anita Arinda, Gloria Nakitende and Lawrence Otim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:121

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Though birth interval has beneficial effects on health status of the mother and their children, it is affected by range of factors some of which are rooted in social and cultural norms and the reproductive beh...

    Authors: Zenebu Begna, Sahilu Assegid, Wondwosen Kassahun and Mulusew Gerbaba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:116

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Rising caesarean section (CS) rates have been observed worldwide in recent decades. This study sought to analyse trends in CS rates and outcomes among a variety of obstetric groups at a university hospital in ...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Hussein L Kidanto, Lennarth Nystrom, Elisabeth Darj and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:107

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is one of the highest in the world. Near misses occur in larger numbers than maternal deaths hence they allow for a more comprehensive analysis of risk factors and determina...

    Authors: Ikeola A Adeoye, Adedeji A Onayade and Adesegun O Fatusi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:93

    Content type: Research article

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