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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 16 of 18

  1. Nutritional requirements are increased during pregnancy and lactation. The aim of this study was to compare the food intake and prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake among pregnant, lactating and reproducti...

    Authors: Quenia dos Santos, Rosely Sichieri, Dirce ML Marchioni and Eliseu Verly Junior

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality in the world. Institutional delivery is the key intervention in reducing maternal mortality and complications. However, the uptake of the service has remained...

    Authors: Seifu Hagos, Debebe Shaweno, Meselech Assegid, Alemayehu Mekonnen, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Saifuddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:178

    Content type: Research article

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  3. As part of a National Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) Needs Assessment, a special study was undertaken in July 2010 to examine the quality of cesarean deliveries in Afghanistan and examine the uti...

    Authors: Cherrie Lynn Evans, Young Mi Kim, Khalid Yari, Nasratullah Ansari and Hannah Tappis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:176

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Access to emergency obstetric care by competent staff can reduce maternal mortality. India has launched the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) conditional cash transfer program to promote institutional births. Durin...

    Authors: Sarika Chaturvedi, Sourabh Upadhyay and Ayesha De Costa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:174

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Deaths during the neonatal period account for almost two-thirds of all deaths in the first year of life and 40 percent of deaths before the age of five. Most of these deaths could be prevented through proven c...

    Authors: Usha Dhingra, Joel Gittelsohn, Atifa Moh’d Suleiman, Shekhia Moh’d Suleiman, Arup Dutta, Said Mohammed Ali, Shilpi Gupta, Robert E Black and Sunil Sazawal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:173

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Evaluation of the quality of antenatal care (ANC) using indicators should be part of the efforts to improve primary care services in developing countries. The growing use of the electronic health record (EHR) ...

    Authors: Svetlana V Doubova, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo and Bernardo Hernández-Prado

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:168

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Neonatal mortality is a global challenge; identification of individual and community determinants associated with it are important for targeted interventions. However in most low and middle income countries (L...

    Authors: Gbenga A Kayode, Evelyn Ansah, Irene Akua Agyepong, Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Diederick E Grobbee and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:165

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Antenatal Care (ANC), use of skilled delivery attendants and postnatal care (PNC) services are key maternal health services that can significantly reduce maternal mortality. Understanding the factors that affe...

    Authors: Shegaw Mulu Tarekegn, Leslie Sue Lieberman and Vincentas Giedraitis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:161

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Health centres and hospitals play a crucial role in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity by offering respectively Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) and Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric ...

    Authors: Georges Dayitaba Compaoré, Issiaka Sombié, Rasmané Ganaba, Sennen Hounton, Nicolas Meda, Vincent De Brouwere and Matthias Borchert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:158

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Geophagy, a form of pica, is the deliberate consumption of soil and is relatively common across Sub-Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, pregnant women commonly eat soil sticks sold in the market (pemba), soil from walls...

    Authors: Elias C Nyanza, Mary Joseph, Shahirose S Premji, Deborah SK Thomas and Cynthia Mannion

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:144

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Reliable, timely information is the foundation of decision making for functioning health systems; the quality of decision making rests on quality data. Routine monitoring, reporting, and review of cesarean sec...

    Authors: Evelyn Landry, Celia Pett, Renee Fiorentino, Joseph Ruminjo and Cristina Mattison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:139

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Evidence shows that the three delays, delay in 1) deciding to seek medical care, 2) reaching health facilities and 3) receiving adequate obstetric care, are still contributing to maternal deaths in low-income ...

    Authors: Tesfay Gebrehiwot, Miguel San Sebastian, Kerstin Edin and Isabel Goicolea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:137

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Preeclampsia and eclampsia, which are the most frequent hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, are associated with renal involvements. We aimed to assess the time trend in blood pressure levels, renal function a...

    Authors: Francois Folefack Kaze, Francis A Njukeng, Andre-Pascal Kengne, Gloria Ashuntantang, Robinson Mbu, Marie Patrice Halle and Tazoacha Asonganyi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:134

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To address it's persistently high maternal mortality rate of 276/100,000 live births, the government of Pakistan created a new cadre of community based midwives (CMW). One expectation is that CMWs will improve...

    Authors: Zubia Mumtaz, Andrea Cutherell and Afshan Bhatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:131

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. It is estimated that 18.5 million Caesarean Sections (CS) are conducted annually worldwide and about one-third of them are done without medical indications and described as “unnecessary”. Although developed co...

    Authors: Mamuda Aminu, Bettina Utz, Abdul Halim and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:130

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BPCR) interventions are widely promoted by governments and international agencies to reduce maternal and neonatal health risks in developing countries; however, t...

    Authors: Dieudonné Soubeiga, Lise Gauvin, Marie A Hatem and Mira Johri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:129

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The overarching goal of this study was to qualitatively assess baseline knowledge and perceptions regarding preterm birth (PTB) and oral health in an at-risk, low resource setting surrounding Lilongwe, Malawi....

    Authors: Judy Levison, Debora Nanthuru, Grace Chiudzu, Peter N Kazembe, Henry Phiri, Susan M Ramin and Kjersti M Aagaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:123

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Health workforce shortages are key obstacles to the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals. Task shifting is seen as a way to improve access to pregnancy and childbirth care. However, t...

    Authors: Onikepe Oluwadamilola Owolabi, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin and Neil Pakenham-Walsh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:118

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Neonatal deaths account for over 40% of all under-5 year deaths; their reduction is increasingly critical for achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. An estimated 3 million newborns die annually during their ...

    Authors: Akash Bang, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Patricia Hibberd, Archana Patel, Shivaprasad Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Norman Goco, Sreelatha Meleth, Richard J Derman, Edward A Liechty, Elizabeth McClure, Waldemar A Carlo and Linda L Wright

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:116

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Neonatal mortality has remained resistant to change in the wake of declining child mortality. Suboptimal newborn care practices are predisposing factors to neonatal mortality. Adherence to four ANC consultatio...

    Authors: Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Simon Kasasa, Bart Criel, Christopher Garimoi Orach and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:114

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Research directed to optimizing maternal nutrition commencing prior to conception remains very limited, despite suggestive evidence of its importance in addition to ensuring an optimal nutrition environment in...

    Authors: K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Ana Garces, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Balachandra S Kodkany, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L Bose, Lester Figueroa, Robert L Goldenberg, Richard J Derman, Jacob E Friedman, Daniel N Frank, Elizabeth M McClure, Kristen Stolka…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:111

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Nepal is on track to achieve MDG 5 but there is a huge sub-national disparity with existing high maternal mortality in western and hilly regions. The national priority is to reduce this disparity to achieve th...

    Authors: Gajananda P Bhandari, Narayan Subedi, Janak Thapa, Bishnu Choulagai, Mahesh K Maskey and Sharad R Onta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:109

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Provision of quality emergency obstetric care relies upon the presence of skilled health attendants working in an environment where drugs and medical supplies are available when needed and in adequate quantity...

    Authors: Dickson Ally Mkoka, Isabel Goicolea, Angwara Kiwara, Mughwira Mwangu and Anna-Karin Hurtig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:108

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Information tracking changes of birthweight is scarce in China. To examine trends of low birthweight (birthweight < 2500 g) and macrosomia (birthweight ≥ 4000 g) and potential risk factors in Beijing, hospital...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Shan, Fangfang Chen, Wenpeng Wang, Juan Zhao, Yue Teng, Minghui Wu, Honghong Teng, Xue Zhang, Hong Qi, Xiaohong Liu, Chunying Tan and Jie Mi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:105

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Provision of essential newborn care (ENC) can save many newborn lives in poor resource settings but coverage is far from universal and varies by country and place of delivery. Understanding gaps in current cov...

    Authors: Christina Pagel, Audrey Prost, Munir Hossen, Kishwar Azad, Abdul Kuddus, Swati Sarbani Roy, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, Naomi Saville, Aman Sen, Catherine Sikorski, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello and Sonya Crowe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:99

    Content type: Research article

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  26. South Africa has one of the world’s highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and interpersonal trauma. These co-occurring public health problems raise the need to understand alcohol consumption ...

    Authors: Karmel W Choi, Laurie A Abler, Melissa H Watt, Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Donald Skinner, Desiree Pieterse and Kathleen J Sikkema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:97

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sero-positivity rates of the rubella virus among pregnant women vary widely throughout the world. In Tanzania, rubella vaccination is not included in the national immunization schedule and there is therefore n...

    Authors: Berno Mwambe, Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana, Anthony N Massinde, Benson R Kidenya, Denna Michael, Domenica Morona, Charles Majinge and Uwe Groß

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:95

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Good quality antenatal care (ANC) reduces maternal and neonatal mortality and improves health outcomes, particularly in low-income countries. Quality of ANC is measured by three dimensions: number of visits, t...

    Authors: Chandni Joshi, Siranda Torvaldsen, Ray Hodgson and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:94

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The study of the indications for cesarean section (CS) and its outcomes are useful for hospitals, clinicians, and researchers in determining strategies to lower the primary and repeat CS rate. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Mohammed A Al Rowaily, Fahad A Alsalem and Mostafa A Abolfotouh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:92

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Maternal mortality remains a major public health issue worldwide, with persistent high rates prevailing principally in underdeveloped countries. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors fo...

    Authors: Alvaro José Correia Pacheco, Leila Katz, Alex Sandro Rolland Souza and Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:91

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adverse birth outcomes are major public health problems in developing countries. Data, though scarce in developing countries including Ethiopia, on adverse birth outcomes and the risk factors are important for...

    Authors: Akilew Awoke Adane, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Leta Gedefaw Ararsa, Bikes Destaw Bitew and Berihun Megabiaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:90

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In many low-income countries women tend to deliver at home, and delays in receiving appropriate maternal care can be fatal. A contextual understanding of these delays is important if countries are to meet deve...

    Authors: Joanna Morrison, Rita Thapa, Machhindra Basnet, Bharat Budhathoki, Kirti Tumbahangphe, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:89

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Obstetric hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal mortality in resource limited areas. An inexpensive pneumatic anti-shock garment was devised of bicycle tubes and tailored cloth which can be prepared...

    Authors: Nancy L Kerr, Mark Hauswald, Suman Raj Tamrakar, David A Wachter and Gillian M Baty

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:81

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Bangladesh is one of the few countries that may actually achieve the fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) in time, despite skilled birth attendance remaining low. The purpose of this paper is to examine the...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Suzanne Bell and Md Abdul Quaiyum

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:78

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Current evidence for optimal management of fetal nuchal cord detected after the head has birthed supports techniques that avoid ligation of the umbilical cord circulation. Routine audit found frequent unsafe m...

    Authors: Megan Parr, Colley Paw Dabu, Nan San Wai, Paw Si Say, Ma Ner, Nay Win Tun, Aye Min, Mary Ellen Gilder, François H Nosten and Rose McGready

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:76

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In high-resource settings, obstetric ultrasound is a standard component of prenatal care used to identify pregnancy complications and to establish an accurate gestational age in order to improve obstetric care...

    Authors: Elizabeth M McClure, Robert O Nathan, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette Tshefu, David Swanson, Hillary Mabeya, Lester Figuero, Waseem Mirza, David Muyodi, Holly Franklin, Adrien Lokangaka, Dieudonne Bidashimwa, Omrana Pasha…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:73

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. In pregnancy, violence can have serious health consequences that could affect both mother and child. In Ghana there are limited data on this subject. We sought to assess the relationship between physical viole...

    Authors: Michelle Sharon Pool, Easmon Otupiri, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Ank de Jonge and Charles Agyemang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:71

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Interventions given to women admitted in latent or active phase of labor may influence the outcomes of labor and ameliorate complications which can affect the mother and fetus. Labour management, maternal and ...

    Authors: Clotrida Chuma, Albert Kihunrwa, Dismas Matovelo and Marietha Mahendeka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:68

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Violence against pregnant women has been associated with gestational and perinatal disorders. Psychological violence is the type least investigated and its associated factors have been little studied. The pres...

    Authors: Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto e Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Lourdes Maria Leitão Nunes de Rocha, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Nilzângela Lima Medeiros, Danielle Cristina Silva Costa, Heloisa Bettiol and Marco Antônio Barbieri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:66

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Child mortality is an important indicator of a country’s developmental status. Neonatal mortality and stillbirth shared a higher proportion of child deaths. However, in developing countries where there is no c...

    Authors: Muluken Gizaw, Mitike Molla and Wubegzier Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:64

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The coverage and uptake of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services has remained very low in Ethiopia. One of the pillars of improving quality of health services is measuring and addr...

    Authors: Anteneh Asefa and Getnet Mitike

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:57

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Preterm birth (PTB) (<37weeks) complicates approximately 15 million deliveries annually, 60% occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Several maternal morbidities increase the risk of spontaneous...

    Authors: Joshua P Vogel, Anne CC Lee and João Paulo Souza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:56

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mode of delivery remains a topic of debate in vertex/non-vertex twin pregnancies. We used the WHO Global Survey dataset to determine the risk of adverse maternal/perinatal outcomes associated with presentation...

    Authors: Joshua P Vogel, Erica Holloway, Cristina Cuesta, Guillermo Carroli, João Paulo Souza and Jon Barrett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:55

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Development of appropriate interventions to increase male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth is vital to strategies for improving health outcomes of women with obstetric complications. The objective was t...

    Authors: Dan K Kaye, Othman Kakaire, Annettee Nakimuli, Michael O Osinde, Scovia N Mbalinda and Nelson Kakande

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:54

    Content type: Research article

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