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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 15 of 18

  1. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains the major source of HIV infection in young children. Targeting pregnant women attending antenatal clinics provide a unique oppo...

    Authors: Wakgari Deressa, Assefa Seme, Anteneh Asefa, Getachew Teshome and Fikre Enqusellassie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:328

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Ethiopia’s population policy specifically aims to reduce TFR from 7.7 to 4.0 and to increase contraceptive use from 4.0% to 44.0% between 1990 and 2015. In 2011, the use of contraceptive methods increased seve...

    Authors: Yibeltal Tebekaw, Bezuhan Aemro and Charles Teller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:326

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Drug use during pregnancy may be dangerous to the fetus. There is high consumption of prescribed drugs among pregnant women. This condition may be much higher in developing countries. There is no sufficient ev...

    Authors: Chanie Admasie, Belaynew Wasie and Gedefaw Abeje

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:325

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Maternal mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa. Health facility intra-partum strategies with skilled birth attendance have been shown to be most effective to address maternal mortality. In Zambia, the h...

    Authors: Selia Ng’anjo Phiri, Knut Fylkesnes, Ana Lorena Ruano and Karen Marie Moland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:323

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these setti...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Festo Mazuguni, Sigilbert Mrema, Salim Abdulla and Blaise Genton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:322

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Improving maternal health is one of the eight millennium development goals adopted at the millennium summit in the year 2000. Within this frame work, the international community is committed to reduce the mate...

    Authors: Andrea B Pembe, Chetto Paulo, Brenda S D’mello and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:320

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Worldwide, an estimated 2.9 million neonatal deaths occurred in 2012, accounting for 44% of all under-five deaths. In Pakistan, more than 200,000 newborns die annually and neonatal mortality rates are higher t...

    Authors: Ali Turab, Lisa G Pell, Diego G Bassani, Sajid Soofi, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Shaun K Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:315

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Long-term obesity after pregnancy is associated with obesity prior to pregnancy and retention of weight postpartum. This study aims to identify socioeconomic differences in prepregnancy body mass index, quanti...

    Authors: Shu-Kay Ng, Cate M Cameron, Andrew P Hills, Roderick J McClure and Paul A Scuffham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:314

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Skilled birth attendance is critical in the provision of child birth related services. Yet, literature is scanty on the outcomes of child birth related complications in situations where majority of women deliv...

    Authors: Wilson N Liambila and Shiphrah N Kuria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:311

    Content type: Research article

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  10. While seasonality of birth outcomes has been documented in a variety of settings, data from rural South Asia are lacking. We report a descriptive study of the seasonality of prematurity, low birth weight, smal...

    Authors: Michelle M Hughes, Joanne Katz, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Gary L Darmstadt and James M Tielsch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:310

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Between 40,000 and 80,000 pregnant women die annually from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Although magnesium sulphate and anti-hypertensive therapies can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with pre-ec...

    Authors: Hillary Bracken, Shuchita Mundle, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Alan Haycox, Mark Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff and Andrew Weeks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:308

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. World Health Organization recommends a standard daily oral dose of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements throughout pregnancy to begin as early as possible. The aim of the present study was to determine the pr...

    Authors: Yasir Bin Nisar, Michael J Dibley and Ali Mohammad Mir

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:305

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The maternal mortality ratio in India has been declining over the past decade, but remains unacceptably high at 212 per 100,000 live births. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and pre- eclampsia/eclampsia contribute...

    Authors: Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Prem Mony, Ramesh BM, Annamma Thomas, Ajay Gaikwad, Mohan HL, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses and Lisa Avery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:304

    Content type: Research article

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  14. An estimated 147,741 maternal deaths occurred in 2010 in 45 of the 47 countries in the African Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective of this study was to estimate the indirect cost of ma...

    Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Germano Mwige Mwabu, Juliet Nabyonga Orem and Rosenabi Deborah Karimi Muthuri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:299

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Increasing women’s status and male involvement are important strategies in reducing preventable maternal morbidity and mortality. While efforts to both empower women and engage men in maternal health care-seek...

    Authors: Larissa Jennings, Muzi Na, Megan Cherewick, Michelle Hindin, Britta Mullany and Saifuddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:297

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Improving maternal and reproductive health still remains a major challenge in most low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The growing inequality in access to maternal health interventions is an...

    Authors: Benedict O Asamoah, Anette Agardh, Karen Odberg Pettersson and Per-Olof Östergren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:295

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Early initiation of antenatal care (ANC) can reduce common maternal complications and maternal and perinatal mortality. Though Rwanda demonstrated a remarkable decline in maternal mortality and 98% of Rwandan ...

    Authors: Anatole Manzi, Fabien Munyaneza, Francisca Mujawase, Leonidas Banamwana, Felix Sayinzoga, Dana R Thomson, Joseph Ntaganira and Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:290

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Data pertaining to risk factors associated with stillbirths and very low Apgar scores is very sparse. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of, and examine the socio-demographic and obstetric fa...

    Authors: Edward Tieru Dassah, Alexander Tawiah Odoi and Baafuor Kofi Opoku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:289

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Antenatal care service which is among strategies to maintain maternal and fetal wellbeing is strongly recommended to be initiated early during pregnancy. To developing world where there is uncommon practice of...

    Authors: Temesgen Worku Gudayu, Solomon Meseret Woldeyohannes and Abdella Amano Abdo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:287

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Adequate antenatal care is important to both the health of a pregnant woman and her unborn baby. Given South Africa’s high rate of cellphone penetration, mobile health interventions have been touted as a poten...

    Authors: Yan Kwan Lau, Tali Cassidy, Damian Hacking, Kirsty Brittain, Hanne Jensen Haricharan and Marion Heap

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:284

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Supplementing women with antioxidants during pregnancy may reduce oxidative stress and thereby prevent or delay the onset pre-eclampsia. The ...

    Authors: Paul Kiondo, Gakenia Wamuyu-Maina, Julius Wandabwa, Gabriel S Bimenya, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye and Pius Okong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:283

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Audits provide a rational framework for quality improvement by systematically assessing clinical practices against accepted standards with the aim to develop recommendations and interventions that target modif...

    Authors: Hasan S Merali, Stuart Lipsitz, Nathanael Hevelone, Atul A Gawande, Angela Lashoher, Priya Agrawal and Jonathan Spector

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:280

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Availability of skilled care at birth remains a major problem in most developing countries. In an effort to increase access to skilled birth attendance, the Kenyan government implemented the community midwifer...

    Authors: Margaret Titty Mannah, Charlotte Warren, Shiphrah Kuria and Adetoro A Adegoke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:279

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The length of time between two successive live births (birth interval), is associated with child survival in the developing world. Short birth intervals (<24 months) contribute to infant and child mortality ri...

    Authors: Tobias F Chirwa, Jocelyn N Mantempa, Felly Lukumu Kinziunga, Joseph D Kandala and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:271

    Content type: Research article

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  25. After the launch of Janani Suraksha Yojana, a conditional cash transfer scheme in India, the proportion of women giving birth in institutions has rapidly increased. However, there are important gaps in quality...

    Authors: Kirti Iyengar, Motilal Jain, Sunil Thomas, Kalpana Dashora, William Liu, Paramsukh Saini, Rajesh Dattatreya, Indrani Parker and Sharad Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:270

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Male involvement in various health practices is recognized as an important factor in improving maternal and child health outcomes. Male involvement interventions involve men in a variety of ways, at varying le...

    Authors: Mari Dumbaugh, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang, Alexander Manu, Guus HA ten Asbroek, Betty Kirkwood and Zelee Hill

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:269

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Interventions to reduce maternal mortality have focused on delivery in facilities, yet in many low-resource settings rates of facility-based birth have remained persistently low. In Tanzania, rates of facility...

    Authors: Shannon A McMahon, Asha S George, Joy J Chebet, Idda H Mosha, Rose NM Mpembeni and Peter J Winch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:268

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hypothermia contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries, yet little is known about thermal care practices in rural African settings. We assessed adoption and community acceptability...

    Authors: Donat Shamba, Joanna Schellenberg, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Irene Mashasi, Suzanne Penfold, Marcel Tanner, Tanya Marchant and Zelee Hill

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:267

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Over the last decades there has been a reduction of social inequalities in Brazil, as well as a strong expansion of health services, including prenatal care. The objective of the present study was to estimate ...

    Authors: Ariane Cristina Ferreira Bernardes, Raimundo Antonio da Silva, Liberata Campos Coimbra, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto Alves, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri and Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:266

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Skilled attendance at delivery is recognized as one of the most important factors in preventing maternal death. However, more than 50% of births in Kenya still occur in non-institutional locations supported by...

    Authors: Yoshito Kawakatsu, Tomohiko Sugishita, Kennedy Oruenjo, Steve Wakhule, Kennedy Kibosia, Eric Were and Sumihisa Honda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:265

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Skilled attendance at delivery is critical in prevention of maternal deaths. However, many women in low- and middle-income countries still deliver without skilled assistance. This study was carried out to iden...

    Authors: Calistus Wilunda, Gianluca Quaglio, Giovanni Putoto, Peter Lochoro, Giovanni Dall’Oglio, Fabio Manenti, Andrea Atzori, Rose Miligan Lochiam, Risa Takahashi, Aline Mukundwa and Koyejo Oyerinde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:259

    Content type: Research article

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  32. There are limited data on the impact of cesarean section delivery on HIV-1 infected women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of mode of delivery on HIV-1 disease progress...

    Authors: Jennifer A Unger, Barbra A Richardson, Phelgona A Otieno, Carey Farquhar, Dalton Wamalwa and Grace C John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:257

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Birth weight reflects gestational conditions and development during the fetal period. Low birth weight (LBW) may be associated with antenatal care (ANC) adequacy and quality. The purpose of this study was to a...

    Authors: Cátia Regina Branco da Fonseca, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho and Rosana Fiorini Puccini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:255

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Improving the quality of care women receive during childbirth is as important as ensuring increased availability of care and numbers of healthcare providers. To be able to improve quality of care, it is import...

    Authors: Elizabeth O’Donnell, Bettina Utz, Diana Khonje and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:248

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The maternal near-miss (MNM) concept has been developed to assess life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, childhood, and puerperium. In recent years, caesarean section (CS) rates have increased rapidly i...

    Authors: Helena Litorp, Hussein L Kidanto, Mattias Rööst, Muzdalifat Abeid, Lennarth Nyström and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Each year almost 3 million newborns die within the first 28 days of life, 2.6 million babies are stillborn, and 287,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth worldwide. Effective and cost-ef...

    Authors: Lindsay Mangham-Jefferies, Catherine Pitt, Simon Cousens, Anne Mills and Joanna Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:243

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:64

  37. With a view to improve neonatal survival, data on birth outcomes are critical for planning maternal and child health care services. We present information on neonatal survival from Ifakara Health and Demograph...

    Authors: Majige Selemani, Mathew A Mwanyangala, Sigilbert Mrema, Amri Shamte, Dan Kajungu, Abdallah Mkopi, Michael Johnson Mahande and Rose Nathan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:240

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Obesity during pregnancy is reported in approximately one in five pregnant women worldwide. It increases the risk of pregnancy complications many of which necessitate Cesarean section (CS). This study determin...

    Authors: Waqar Al-Kubaisy, Mazin Al-Rubaey, Redhwan A Al-Naggar, Ban Karim and Nor Aini Mohd Noor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:235

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Given regional variability and minimal improvement in infant mortality rates in Pakistan, this study aimed to explicate sociocultural influences impacting mothers’ efforts to maintain or improve newborn health.

    Authors: Shahirose Premji, Shaneela Khowaja, Salima Meherali and Rachelle Forgeron

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:232

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In 2007, 95% of women in Botswana delivered in health facilities with 73% attending at least 4 antenatal care visits. HIV-prevalence in pregnant women was 28.7%. The maternal mortality ratio in 2010 was 163 de...

    Authors: Farai D Madzimbamuto, Sunanda C Ray, Keitshokile D Mogobe, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Raina Phillips, Miriam Haverkamp, Mosidi Mokotedi and Mpho Motana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:231

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In spite of major gains in contraceptive prevalence over the last few decades, many women in most parts of the developing world who would like to delay or avoid pregnancy do not use any method of contraception...

    Authors: Jean Christophe Fotso, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Teresa Saliku and Rhoune Ochako

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:224

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant mortality globally, including Brazil. We will evaluate whether oral magnesium citrate reduces the risk of placental dysfunction and its negative consequences for bo...

    Authors: Joao Guilherme B Alves, Carla Adriane Fonseca Leal de Araújo, Isabelle E A Pontes, Angélica C Guimarães and Joel G Ray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:222

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Treatment and care for female genital fistula have become increasingly available over the last decade in countries across Africa and South Asia. Before the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetric...

    Authors: Joseph K Ruminjo, Veronica Frajzyngier, Muhammad Bashir Abdullahi, Frank Asiimwe, Thierno Hamidou Barry, Abubakar Bello, Dantani Danladi, Sanda Oumarou Ganda, Sa’ad Idris, Maman Inoussa, Maura Lynch, Felicity Mussell, Dulal Chandra Podder, Abba Wali and Mark A Barone

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:220

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Maternal mortality continues to be a heavy burden in low and middle income countries where half of all deliveries take place in homes without skilled attendance. The study aimed to investigate the underlying a...

    Authors: Selia Ng’anjo Phiri, Torvid Kiserud, Gunnar Kvåle, Jens Byskov, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Charles Michelo, Elizabeth Echoka and Knut Fylkesnes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:219

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Several maternity units in the developing world lack facilities for caesarean section and often have to transfer patients in extremis. This case controlled study aimed to appraise predictive factors for caesar...

    Authors: Oluwarotimi Ireti Akinola, Adetokunbo O Fabamwo, Adetokunbo O Tayo, Kabiru A Rabiu, Yusuf A Oshodi and Mercy E Alokha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:217

    Content type: Research article

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  46. There is renewed interest in stillbirth prevention for lower-middle income countries. Early initiation of and properly timed antenatal care (ANC) is thought to reduce the risk of many adverse birth outcomes. T...

    Authors: Roxanne Beauclair, Greg Petro and Landon Myer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:204

    Content type: Research article

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  47. High maternal and perinatal mortalities occur from deliveries conducted in prayer houses in Nigeria. Although some regulatory efforts have been deployed to tackle this problem, less attention has been placed o...

    Authors: Abiodun I Adanikin, Uche Onwudiegwu and Akinyemi A Akintayo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:196

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is the major cause of maternal mortality in Ghana and worldwide. Active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL) is a globally recommended three-step method that in clinical ...

    Authors: Stina Mannheimer Schack, Amna Elyas, Gladys Brew and Karen Odberg Pettersson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:193

    Content type: Research article

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  49. A postpartum hemorrhage prevention program to increase uterotonic coverage for home and facility births was introduced in two districts of Liberia. Advance distribution of misoprostol was offered during antena...

    Authors: Jeffrey Michael Smith, Saye Dahn Baawo, Marion Subah, Varwo Sirtor-Gbassie, Cuallau Jabbeh Howe, Gbenga Ishola, Bentoe Z Tehoungue and Vikas Dwivedi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:189

    Content type: Research article

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