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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 14 of 18

  1. Reviews of perinatal deaths are mostly facility based. Given the number of women who, globally, deliver outside of facilities, this data may be biased against total population data. We aimed to analyse populat...

    Authors: Emma R Allanson, Mari Muller and Robert C Pattinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:37

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Health facility delivery is considered a critical strategy to improve maternal health. The Government of Nepal is promoting institutional delivery through different incentive programmes and the establishment o...

    Authors: Rajani Shah, Eva A Rehfuess, Mahesh K Maskey, Rainald Fischer, Prem B Bhandari and Maria Delius

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:27

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In western Kenya, maternal mortality is a major public health problem estimated at 730/100,000 live births, higher than the Kenyan national average of 488/100,000 women. Many women do not attend antenatal care...

    Authors: Linda Mason, Stephanie Dellicour, Feiko Ter Kuile, Peter Ouma, Penny Phillips-Howard, Florence Were, Kayla Laserson and Meghna Desai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:26

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Armed conflict has been described as an important contributor to the social determinants of health and a driver of health inequity, including maternal health. These conflicts may severely reduce access to mate...

    Authors: Primus Che Chi, Patience Bulage, Henrik Urdal and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:18

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Increasing the number of women birthing with skilled birth attendants (SBAs) as one of the strategies to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity must be partnered with a minimum standard of care. This manuscri...

    Authors: Gabie Hoogenboom, May Myo Thwin, Kris Velink, Marijke Baaijens, Prakaykaew Charrunwatthana, François Nosten and Rose McGready

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:17

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Majority of deaths from obstetric complications are preventable. But every pregnant woman face risks which may not always be detected through the risk assessment approach during antenatal care (ANC). Therefore...

    Authors: Hinsermu Bayu, Mulatu Adefris, Abdella Amano and Mulunesh Abuhay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:15

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Women’s delays in reaching emergency obstetric care (EmOC) facilities contribute to high maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity in low-income countries, yet few studies have quantified travel times to ...

    Authors: Atsumi Hirose, Matthias Borchert, Jonathan Cox, Ahmad Shah Alkozai and Veronique Filippi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:14

    Content type: Research article

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  8. As obesity has increased worldwide, so have levels of obesity during pregnancy and excess gestational weight gain (GWG). The aim of this paper was to describe GWG among American Samoan women and examine the as...

    Authors: Nicola L Hawley, William Johnson, Chantelle N Hart, Elizabeth W Triche, John Ah Ching, Bethel Muasau-Howard and Stephen T McGarvey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:10

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Kenya has a maternal mortality ratio of 488 per 100,000 live births. Preventing maternal deaths depends significantly on the presence of a skilled birth attendant at delivery. Kenyan national statistics estima...

    Authors: Anne Gitimu, Christine Herr, Happiness Oruko, Evalin Karijo, Richard Gichuki, Peter Ofware, Alice Lakati and Josephat Nyagero

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:9

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In many low-income countries, formal post-partum care utilization is much lower than that of skilled delivery and antenatal care. While Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) might play a role in post-partum care...

    Authors: Gladys R Mahiti, Angwara D Kiwara, Columba K Mbekenga, Anna-Karin Hurtig and Isabel Goicolea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:8

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Complications of abortion are one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide, along with hemorrhage, sepsis, and hypertensive diseases of pregnancy. In Afghanistan little data exist on the capacity ...

    Authors: Nasratullah Ansari, Partamin Zainullah, Young Mi Kim, Hannah Tappis, Adrienne Kols, Sheena Currie, Jaime Haver, Jos van Roosmalen, Jacqueline EW Broerse and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:6

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Despite the available cost effective antenatal testing and treatment, syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are still among common infections affecting pregnant women especially in developing countri...

    Authors: John DT Lawi, Mariam M Mirambo, Moke Magoma, Martha F Mushi, Hyasinta M Jaka, Balthazary Gumodoka and Stephen E Mshana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:3

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Short birth intervals are known to have negative effects on pregnancy outcomes. We analysed data from a large population surveillance system in rural Bangladesh to identify predictors of short birth interval a...

    Authors: Hendrik CC de Jonge, Kishwar Azad, Nadine Seward, Abdul Kuddus, Sanjit Shaha, James Beard, Anthony Costello, Tanja AJ Houweling and Ed Fottrell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:427

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The single most critical intervention to improve maternal and neonatal survival is to ensure that a competent health worker with midwifery skills is present at every birth, and transport is available to a refe...

    Authors: Samuel Bosomprah, Genevieve Cecelia Aryeetey, Justice Nonvignon and Richard M Adanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:415

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To reduce financial barriers to access, and improve access to and use of skilled maternal and newborn healthcare services, the government of Ghana, in 2003, implemented a new maternal healthcare policy that pr...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Michael Parker, Raymond Fitzpatrick and Easmon Otupiri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:425

    Content type: Research article

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  16. South Africa’s health system is based on the primary care model in which low-risk maternity care is provided at community health centres and clinics, and ‘high-risk’ care is provided at secondary/tertiary hosp...

    Authors: George Justus Hofmeyr, Thozeka Mancotywa, Nomvula Silwana-Kwadjo, Batembu Mgudlwa, Theresa A Lawrie and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:417

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In June of 2010, an antenatal ultrasound program was introduced to perform basic screening examinations at a health care clinic in rural Uganda. The impact of the program on the existing antenatal care infrast...

    Authors: Andrew B Ross, Kristen K DeStigter, Anastasia Coutinho, Sonia Souza, Anthony Mwatha, Alphonsus Matovu, Michael Grace Kawooya and Ssembatya Renny

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:424

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The circumstances under which women obtain unsafe abortion vary and depend on the traditional methods known and the type of providers present. In rural Tanzania women often resort to traditional providers who ...

    Authors: Vibeke Rasch, Pernille H Sørensen, Anna R Wang, Flora Tibazarwa and Anna K Jäger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:419

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:355

  19. Progress towards attaining the maternal mortality and maternal health targets set by Millennium Development Goal 5 has been slow in most African countries. Assessing antenatal care and institutional delivery s...

    Authors: Yohannes Adama Melaku, Berhe Weldearegawi, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Semaw Ferede Abera, Loko Abraham, Alemseged Aregay, Yemane Ashebir, Friehiwot Eshetu, Ashenafi Haile, Yihunie Lakew and John Kinsman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:418

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In 2005 Ethiopia took the important step to protect women’s reproductive health by liberalizing the abortion law. As a result women were given access to safe pregnancy termination in first and second trimester...

    Authors: Kristine Ivalu Bonnen, Dereje Negussie Tuijje and Vibeke Rasch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:416

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ethiopia is among seven high-mortality countries which have achieved the fourth millennium development goal with over two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality rate. However, the proportion of neonatal deat...

    Authors: Mihretab Melesse Salasibew, Suzanne Filteau and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:412

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This paper describes use of a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programme to encourage use of critical MNCH services among rural women in Nigeria.

    Authors: Ugo Okoli, Laura Morris, Adetokunbo Oshin, Muhammad A Pate, Chidimma Aigbe and Ado Muhammad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:408

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Life-threatening events during pregnancy are currently used as a measure to assess quality of obstetric care. The aim of this study is to assess prevalence of near miss cases and maternal deaths, to elucidate ...

    Authors: Ernestina David, Fernanda Machungo, Giovanni Zanconato, Elena Cavaliere, Sidonia Fiosse, Celeste Sululu, Benvinda Chiluvane and Staffan Bergström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:401

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In common with other countries, teenage pregnancy is attracting policy attention in Sri Lanka because of the risks it poses to maternal and infant health and social and economic well-being. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Neelamani Rajapaksa-Hewageegana, Sarah Maria Salway, Hilary Piercy and Sarath Samarage

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:394

    Content type: Research article

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  25. While studies have suggested that depression and HIV-related stigma may impede access to care, a growing body of literature also suggests that access to HIV care itself may help to decrease internalized HIV-re...

    Authors: Bulent Turan, Kristi L Stringer, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Sheri D Weiser, Craig R Cohen and Janet M Turan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:400

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The number of preterm birth is increasing worldwide, especially in low income countries. Malawi has the highest incidence of preterm birth in the world, currently estimated at 18.1 percent. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Austrida Gondwe, Alister C Munthali, Per Ashorn and Ulla Ashorn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:399

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It is important to understand the risk factors for fetal and neonatal mortality which is a major contributor to high under five deaths globally. Fetal and neonatal mortality is a sensitive indicator of materna...

    Authors: Faith Yego, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles, Paul Nyongesa and Jennifer Stewart Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:389

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In Ghana, the site of this study, the maternal mortality ratio and under-five mortality rate remain high indicating the need to focus on maternal and child health programming. Ghana has high use of antenatal c...

    Authors: Ilene S Speizer, William T Story and Kavita Singh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:398

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy in 50-90% of pregnant women and resolves in all but 10% of these women. Many obstetricians encounter this problem and should be familiar with the probable outc...

    Authors: Joan Enabulele and Louis Ibhawoh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:388

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are important causes of morbidity and mortality. The levels of calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) in pregnancy may implicate their possible role in pregnancy-induced hypertens...

    Authors: Richard Kobina Dadzie Ephraim, Derick Nii Mensah Osakunor, Seth Wiredu Denkyira, Henrietta Eshun, Samuel Amoah and Enoch Odame Anto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:390

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The reproductive decisions made by PLHIV and their partners have a long-term consequences for the survival and wellbeing of their families and a society at large. Evidence relating to fertility and reproductiv...

    Authors: Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Bosena Tebeje and Temamen Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:382

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Antenatal care (ANC) attendance is a strong predictor of maternal outcomes. In Nigeria, government health planners at state level and below have limited access to population-based estimates of ANC coverage and...

    Authors: Khalid Omer, Nshadi John Afi, Moh'd Chadi Baba, Maijiddah Adamu, Sani Abubakar Malami, Angela Oyo-Ita, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:380

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Ineffective management of obstetric emergencies contributes significantly to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in Mexico. PRONTO (Programa de Rescate Obstétrico y Neonatal: Tratamiento Óptimo y Oportu...

    Authors: Dilys Walker, Susanna Cohen, Jimena Fritz, Marisela Olvera, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Jessica Greenberg Cowan, Dolores Gonzalez Hernandez, Julia C Dettinger and Jenifer O Fahey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:367

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Every year, more than a million of the world's newborns die on their first day of life; as many as two-thirds of these deaths could be saved with essential care at birth and the early newborn period. Simple in...

    Authors: Christina Lulu Makene, Marya Plotkin, Sheena Currie, Dunstan Bishanga, Patience Ugwi, Henry Louis, Kiholeth Winani and Brett D Nelson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:381

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Surveillance of drug quality for antibiotics, antiretrovirals, antimalarials and vaccines is better established than surveillance for maternal health drugs in low-income countries, particularly uterotonic drug...

    Authors: Cynthia Stanton, Deepak Nitya Nand, Alissa Koski, Ellie Mirzabagi, Steve Brooke, Breanne Grady and Luke C Mullany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:386

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aimed to assess fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) among RhD negative pregnant mothers using two techniques, Kleihauer-Betke (KBT) and Flow cytometry (FCM). To determine if patient-specific doses of prop...

    Authors: Fekadu Urgessa, Aster Tsegaye, Yirgu Gebrehiwot and Asaye Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:358

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In India a lack of access to emergency obstetric care contributes to maternal deaths. In 2005 Gujarat state launched a public-private partnership (PPP) programme, Chiranjeevi Yojana (CY), under which the state pa...

    Authors: Parthasarathi Ganguly, Kate Jehan, Ayesha de Costa, Dileep Mavalankar and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:352

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Preconception care is defined as the promotion of the health and well-being of a woman and her partner before pregnancy. Improving preconception health can result in improved reproductive health outcomes. Chin...

    Authors: Xinliang Zhao, Xiaoqing Jiang, Junzhen Zhu, Guozheng Li, Xiaoyan He, Fengying Ma, Qian Meng, Qinying Cao, Yucui Meng, Christopher Howson, Nanbert Zhong and Yaping Tian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:360

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The association between fetal gender and pregnancy outcomes has been thoroughly demonstrated in western populations. However, this association has not been thoroughly documented in China. The primary objective...

    Authors: Lei Hou, Xin Wang, Guanghui Li, Liying Zou, Yi Chen and Weiyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:372

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A substantial reduction in neonatal deaths is required in India to meet the Millennium Development Goal of a two-thirds reduction in child mortality by 2015. We report neonatal mortality estimates and utilisat...

    Authors: G Anil Kumar, Rakhi Dandona, Priyanka Chaman, Priyanka Singh and Lalit Dandona

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:357

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a high impact priority intervention highly recommended for improving maternal and neonatal health outcomes. In 2008, Ethiopia conducted a national EmONC survey ...

    Authors: Alemnesh H Mirkuzie, Mitike Molla Sisay, Alemnesh Tekelebirhan Reta and Mulu Muleta Bedane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:354

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In rural Bangladesh, more than 75% of all births occur at home in the absence of skilled birth attendants. Population-based data are lacking on the burden and risk factors for obstetric complications in settin...

    Authors: Shegufta S Sikder, Alain B Labrique, Abu A Shamim, Hasmot Ali, Sucheta Mehra, Lee Wu, Saijuddin Shaikh, Keith P West Jr and Parul Christian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:347

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In Pakistan, 51% of women are anaemic in pregnancy yet only 44% of women use antenatal iron-folic acid (IFA) supplements. Little information exits on the perception and barriers to the use of IFA supplements d...

    Authors: Yasir Bin Nisar, Ashraful Alam, Brekhna Aurangzeb and Michael J Dibley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:344

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cultural practice have often overlooked when providing maternal and child health care services. Low birth weight is the second cause of neonatal mortality in the world but it is a major factor in a developing ...

    Authors: Rosnah Sutan and Satrinawati Berkat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:342

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Nigeria’s high perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) could be most effectively reduced by targeting factors that are associated with increased newborn deaths. Low access to skilled birth attendants (SBAs) and weak h...

    Authors: Peter Onubiwe Nkwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke, Agozie C Ubesie and Robinson Chukwudi Onoh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:341

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Suboptimal weight gain during pregnancy may result in adverse outcomes for both the mother and child, including increased risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, delivery of low birth weight and small-...

    Authors: Sarah Hanieh, Tran T Ha, Julie A Simpson, Tran T Thuy, Nguyen C Khuong, Dang D Thoang, Thach D Tran, Tran Tuan, Jane Fisher and Beverley-Ann Biggs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:339

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Neonatal mortality reduction in China over past two decades was reported from nationwide sampling surveys, however, how high risk pregnancy affected neonatal outcome is unknown. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Libo Sun, Hongni Yue, Bo Sun, Liangrong Han, Zhaofang Tian, Meihua Qi, Shuyan Lu, Chunming Shan, Jianxin Luo, Yujing Fan, Shouzhong Li, Maotian Dong, Xiaofeng Zuo, Yixing Zhang, Wenlong Lin, Jinzhong Xu…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:338

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Health professionals and public health experts in maternal and newborn health encourage women to deliver at health facilities in an effort to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. In the existing literature, ...

    Authors: Francis Levira, Lauren Gaydosh and Astha Ramaiya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:329

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Ninety-six percent of the world’s 3 million neonatal deaths occur in developing countries where the majority of births occur outside of a facility. Community-based approaches to the identification and manageme...

    Authors: Anna Hedstrom, Tove Ryman, Christine Otai, James Nyonyintono, Ryan M McAdams, Deborah Lester and Maneesh Batra

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:327

    Content type: Research article

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