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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Congenital anomalies are a worldwide problem, causing perinatal and infant deaths and postnatal physical disabilities. This study aimed to determine the pattern and associated factors of the congenital anomali...

    Authors: Sozan K. Ameen, Shahla Kareem Alalaf and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:501

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  2. Content type: Research article

    An observational study was conducted to examine the role of maternal anthropometry, including mid-arm muscle area (MAMA) and others, as risk factors for low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) ...

    Authors: Paul Petraro, Isabel Madzorera, Christopher P. Duggan, Donna Spiegelman, Karim Manji, Rodrick Kisenge, Roland Kupka and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:500

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have dramatically infiltrated populations living in abject poverty in Low- and Middle-income Countries (LMICs), and poor maternal and child health outcomes have been frequently r...

    Authors: Rajan Paudel, Kwan Lee, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Seok-Ju Yoo, Dilaram Acharya, Rajendra Kadel, Samaj Adhikari, Mohan Paudel and Narayan Mahotra

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:484

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal death in low- and middle-income countries. In Nepal, abortion is reported to be the third leading cause of maternal death. We aimed to investigate the prevalen...

    Authors: Abinath Yogi, Prakash K.C and Subas Neupane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:376

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Depression during pregnancy has far-reaching adverse consequences on mothers, children and the whole family. The magnitude and determinants of prenatal depressive symptoms in low-resource countries are not wel...

    Authors: Yitbarek Kidane Woldetensay, Tefera Belachew, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Shibani Ghosh, Maria Elena Lacruz, Veronika Scherbaum and Eva Johanna Kantelhardt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:374

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality comprises an increasing proportion of childhood deaths in the developing world. Essential newborn care practices as recommended by the WHO may improve neonatal outcomes in resource limited s...

    Authors: Krystle Perez, Jacquelyn Patterson, Jessica Hinshaw, Carlos Escobar, David Parajon, Laura Parajon and Carl Bose

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:371

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Disrespectful and abusive maternity care is a complex phenomenon. In Namibia, HIV and high maternal mortality ratios make it vital to understand factors affecting maternity care quality. We report on two studi...

    Authors: Jennifer Wesson, Ndapewa Hamunime, Claire Viadro, Martha Carlough, Puumue Katjiuanjo, Pamela McQuide and Pearl Kalimugogo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:363

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) are major contributors to maternal and neonatal deaths in developing countries, associated with 10–15% of direct maternal deaths and nearly a quarter of stillbirths and newbor...

    Authors: Barbara Rawlins, Marya Plotkin, Jean Pierre Rakotovao, Ashebir Getachew, Maria Vaz, Jim Ricca, Pam Lynam, Frank Kagema and Patricia Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:346

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Presence of maternal near-miss conditions in women is strongly associated with the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, but not well-understood in low-income countries. The study aimed to ascertain the ef...

    Authors: Ewnetu Firdawek Liyew, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:345

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this comparative, cross-sectional study was to identify factors affecting delays in accessing emergency obstetric care and clinical consequences of delays among preeclamptic and non-pr...

    Authors: Katharine Hutchinson, Malcolm Bryant, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Deborah Price, Lora Sabin, Lindsay Bryson, Roger Jean Charles and Eugene Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:337

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In Malawi there are too few maternity healthcare workers to enable delivery of high quality care to women. These staff are often overworked and have low job satisfaction. Skilled maternity healthcare workers a...

    Authors: Abi Merriel, Julia Hussein, Address Malata, Arri Coomarasamy and Michael Larkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:336

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous preterm birth is commencement of labor with intact or pre labor rapture of membrane and birth before 37 weeks of gestation. The aim of this study was to identify common factors associated with spon...

    Authors: Ababe Tamirat Deressa, Amsale Cherie, Teshome Melese Belihu and Gemechu Ganfure Tasisa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:332

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Targeted clinical interventions have been associated with a decreased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In conflict-affected countries such as South Sudan, however, implementation of lifesaving interve...

    Authors: Samira Sami, Ribka Amsalu, Alexander Dimiti, Debra Jackson, Solomon Kenyi, Janet Meyers, Luke C. Mullany, Elaine Scudder, Barbara Tomczyk and Kate Kerber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:325

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Effects of depression on parenting and on cognitive development of newborns are augmented when symptoms continue throughout the first postnatal year. Current classification systems recognize maternal depressio...

    Authors: Dina Sami Khalifa, Kari Glavin, Espen Bjertness and Lars Lien

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:324

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence is prevalent in conflict-affected settings and may result in sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). There are limited data on how women with SVRPs make decisions about pregnancy continuat...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Monica A. Onyango, Gillian Burkhardt, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Katherine Albutt, Ashley Greiner, Michael VanRooyen and Susan Bartels

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:322

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has one of the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality in the world. It is assumed that employed mothers in paid work will be more empowered to opt for safer institutional deliveries. There i...

    Authors: Sara Rizvi Jafree, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:316

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence about husbands’ roles on women’s utilization of skilled maternity care in Ethiopia, a country with low utilization coverage of skilled birth attendants and high maternal mortality. Th...

    Authors: Wondwosen Teklesilasie and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:315

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This is a facility-based study designed to assess perceived quality of care and satisfaction of reproductive health services under the output-based approach (OBA) services in Kenya from clients’ perspective.

    Authors: Boniface Oyugi, Urbanus Kioko, Stephen Mbugua Kaboro, Clarice Okumu, Sarah Ogola-Munene, Shaminder Kalsi, Simon Thiani, Shadrack Gikonyo, Julius Korir, Billy Baltazar and Moses Ranji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:310

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Adequate nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure optimal birth outcomes, maternal health and offspring development. However, little is known about the dietary intake and nutritional status of pregnan...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Symington, Jeannine Baumgartner, Linda Malan, Lizelle Zandberg, Cristian Ricci and Cornelius M. Smuts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:308

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female genital mutilation (FGM) remains a serious concern and has affected 23.8 million women and girls, with the highest prevalence in Somali regional state. Even though FGM is reported to be ass...

    Authors: Kiros Gebremicheal, Fisehaye Alemseged, Haimanot Ewunetu, Daniel Tolossa, Abdibari Ma’alin, Mahlet Yewondwessen and Samuel Melaku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:305

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a global public health concern with potential implications for the health of a mother and her offspring. However, data on the prevalence and risk factors of GDM in Latin ...

    Authors: Gloria T. Larrabure-Torrealva, Stephanie Martinez, Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Sixto E. Sanchez, Pedro A. Mascaro, Hugo Ingar, Walter Castillo, Rina Zumaeta, Mirtha Grande, Vicky Motta, Percy Pacora, Bizu Gelaye and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:303

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has the highest rate of stillbirths globally. Not much attention has been given so far to exploring the sociocultural factors hindering the reportage of stillbirths and the causes of death. Therefore,...

    Authors: Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa, Aisha Jalil and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:302

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The participation of the father during the perinatal period is an important strategy for improving the mother’s health. Very few studies exist about the father’s role in promoting the health of the mother in I...

    Authors: Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Ziba Farajzadegan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:297

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Globally, maternal mortality is still a challenge. In Ghana, maternal morbidity and mortality rates remain high, particularly in rural areas. Postnatal Care (PNC) is one of the key strategies for improving mat...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah, Maxwell Dalaba, Ernest Kanyomse, Daniel Azongo, Dominic Anaseba, Samuel Oladokun and Abraham Rexford Oduro

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:295

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Compassionate and respectful maternity care is one of the most important facilitating factors to increase access to skilled maternity care. Disrespect and abuse is a violation of human rights and is the main h...

    Authors: Biresaw Wassihun and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:294

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium sulfate is the preferred pharmacological intervention for the prevention and treatment of eclamptic seizures in pregnancy. Pain associated with intramuscular injections and the need for an electronic...

    Authors: Thomas Easterling, Mary Hebert, Hillary Bracken, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Salwa Shaarawy, Dyanna Charles, Tamer Abdel-Aziz, Ahmed Shokry Nasr, Sherif Mohamed Safwal and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:290

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The postpartum period represents a critical window where many maternal and child deaths occur. We assess the quality of postpartum care (PPC) as well as efforts to improve service delivery through additional t...

    Authors: Amnesty LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Charles Kilewo, Ann Yang, Selena An, Diwakar Mohan, Idda Mosha, Giulia Besana, Chrisostom Lipingu, Jennifer Callaghan-Koru, Marissa Silverman, Peter J. Winch and Asha S. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:282

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal balanced protein energy supplementation consumed by undernourished women improves mid-upper arm circumference in early infancy. This study aimed to identify whether locally produced maternal food-base...

    Authors: Briony Stevens, Kerrianne Watt, Julie Brimbecombe, Alan Clough, Jenni A. Judd and Daniel Lindsay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:286

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women can misinform or withhold their reproductive and medical information from providers when they interact with them during care decision-making interactions, although, the information clients revea...

    Authors: Linda L. Yevoo, Irene A. Agyepong, Trudie Gerrits and Han van Dijk

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:274

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia houses the second largest population of female adolescents in Africa. Adolescent childbearing can have detrimental effect to the health and wellbeing of women and their offspring. This study examined ...

    Authors: Yared Mekonnen, Daniel S. Telake and Endeshaw Wolde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:276

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  31. Content type: Research article

    While barriers to uptake of antenatal care (ANC) among pregnant women have been explored, much less is known about how integrating prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes within ANC servi...

    Authors: Euphemia L. Sibanda, Sarah Bernays, Ian V. D. Weller, James G. Hakim and Frances M. Cowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:271

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of recent prospective data on the incidence of postpartum infections and associated risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective studies estimate that puerperal sepsis causes approximat...

    Authors: Joseph Ngonzi, Lisa M. Bebell, Yarine Fajardo, Adeline A. Boatin, Mark J. Siedner, Ingrid V. Bassett, Yves Jacquemyn, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden, Jerome Kabakyenga, Blair J. Wylie, David R. Bangsberg and Laura E. Riley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:270

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, Nigeria’s Federal Ministry of Health published its National Strategic Framework for the Elimination of Obstetric Fistula (NSFEOF), 2011–2015. The framework has since lapsed and there is no tangible ev...

    Authors: Oluwakemi C. Amodu, Bukola O. Salami and Magdalena S. Richter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:269

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and perinatal mortality in Mozambique were declining at a slow pace, despite progress in coverage of institutional childbirth. Implementation of quality emergency obstetric care including vacuum extra...

    Authors: D. Geelhoed, V. de Deus, M. Sitoe, O. Matsinhe, M. I. Lampião Cardoso, C. V. Manjate, P. I. Pinto Matsena and C. Mosse Lazaro

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:266

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality and morbidity remain unacceptably high in developing countries. Behind every maternal death, many other women suffered from acute and chronic obstetric complications. Women who survive sever...

    Authors: Abebaw Wasie Kasahun and Wako Golicha Wako

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:260

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  36. Content type: Debate

    Morbidity associated with iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy is increased in the presence of sickle cell anaemia. Iron supplementation in pregnant sicklers in a bid to resolve iron deficiency anaemia is reco...

    Authors: Desmond Aroke, Diego Nitcheu Tchouakam, Benjamin Momo Kadia and Simeon Pierre Choukem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:256

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In Haiti, the number of women dying in pregnancy, during childbirth and the weeks after giving birth remains unacceptably high. The objective of this research was to explore determinants of maternal mortality ...

    Authors: Tonya MacDonald, Suzanne Jackson, Marie-Carmèle Charles, Marius Periel, Marie-Véna Jean-Baptiste, Alex Salomon and Éveillard Premilus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:254

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Investigating cases of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and severe maternal outcome (SMO) and the quality of maternal health care using near-miss approach has become popular over recent years. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Wondimagegnehu Sisay Woldeyes, Dejene Asefa and Geremew Muleta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:255

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In rural Tanzania access to emergency obstetric and newborn care is threatened by poor roads and understaffed facilities among other challenges. Districts in Kigoma, Pwani and Morogoro regions were targeted by...

    Authors: Sunday Dominico, Patricia E. Bailey, Nguke Mwakatundu, Mkambu Kasanga and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:248

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In the past fifteen years, Afghanistan has made substantial progress in extending primary health care. However, coverage of essential health interventions proven to improve maternal and neonatal health outcome...

    Authors: Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Burke, Abo Ismael Foshanji, Farhad Farewar, Malalai Naziri, Sediq Seddiqi and Karen M. Edmond

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:246

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Preventable maternal and infant mortality continues to be significantly higher in Latin American indigenous regions compared to non-indigenous, with inequalities of race, gender and poverty exacerbated by defi...

    Authors: Jennie Gamlin and Seth Holmes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:243

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the components of care to be provided to pregnant women. In Ethiopia, characterizing the spatial distribution of antenatal care utilization is essential to prioritize risk areas ...

    Authors: Abraham Yeneneh, Kassahun Alemu, Abel Fekadu Dadi and Atinkut Alamirrew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:242

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status an...

    Authors: Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H. Seuc, James M. Roberts, José M. Belizán and G. Justus Hofmeyr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:236

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Globally, tetanus toxoid protective dose immunization of the mothers is one of the strategies of maternal and neonatal tetanus prevention. Ethiopia has planned the national tetanus protection at birth coverage...

    Authors: Muhabaw Shumye Mihret, Miteku Andualem Limenih and Temesgen Worku Gudayu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:235

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  45. Content type: Research article

    A significant proportion of newborn and maternal deaths can be prevented through simple and cost-effective strategies. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the PRONTO obstetric-emergency ma...

    Authors: Jimena Fritz, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Gustavo Angeles, Alejandra Montoya and Dilys Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:232

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Management of epilepsy during pregnancy in a resource-limited setting (RLS) is challenging. This study aimed to assess obstetric outcomes and effects on babies of women with epilepsy (WWE) exposed to Anti-epil...

    Authors: Priyadarshani Galappatthy, Chiranthi Kongala Liyanage, Marianne Nishani Lucas, Dilini T. L. M. Jayasekara, Sachith Aloka Abhayaratna, Chamari Weeraratne, Kusum De Abrew, Padma Sriyani Gunaratne, Ranjani Gamage and Chandrika N. Wijeyaratne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:230

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan ranks 149th in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and has failed to keep pace with other countries in the region, except Afghanistan, with respect to health indicators. Home deliveries are linked to a...

    Authors: Muhammad Iftikhar ul Husnain, Mudassar Rashid and Usman Shakoor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:226

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  48. Content type: Research article

    High mother-to-child (MTC) transmission rate of HIV might contribute to the increased pandemic rate. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitude and practices of health personnel working in m...

    Authors: Elie Nkwabong, Romuald Meboulou Nguel, Nelly Kamgaing and Anne Sylvie Keddi Jippe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:227

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  49. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 2.6 million stillbirths occur every year, with the majority occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding the cause of and factors associated with stillbirth is important to help in...

    Authors: Abdul Halim, Mamuda Aminu, Juan Emmanuel Dewez, Animesh Biswas, A. K. M. Fazlur Rahman and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:224

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