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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 18

  1. While congenital syphilis is a significant public health problem that can cause severe disabilities, little is known about the situation in Uganda. We describe prevalence, associated factors and clinical prese...

    Authors: Sam Oloya, David Lyczkowski, Patrick Orikiriza, Max Irama, Yap Boum, Richard Migisha, Julius P. Kiwanuka and Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Lack of a unified and comparable classification system to unravel the underlying causes of stillbirth hampers the development and implementation of targeted interventions to reduce the unacceptably high stillb...

    Authors: Eseoghene Dase, Oghenebrume Wariri, Egwu Onuwabuchi, Jacob A. K. Alhassan, Iliya Jalo, Nazeem Muhajarine, Uduak Okomo and Aliyu U. ElNafaty

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:383

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Malaria and HIV are common infections in Africa and cause substantial morbidity and mortality in pregnant women. We aimed to assess the association of malaria with anemia in pregnant women and to explore the j...

    Authors: Paddy Ssentongo, Djibril M. Ba, Anna E. Ssentongo, Jessica E. Ericson, Ming Wang, Duanping Liao and Vernon M. Chinchilli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Psychological interventions for antenatal depression are an integral part of evidence-based care but need to be contextualised for respective sociocultural settings. In this study, we aimed to understand women...

    Authors: Tesera Bitew, Roxanne Keynejad, Simone Honikman, Katherine Sorsdahl, Bronwyn Myers, Abebaw Fekadu and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:371

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Maternal mortality is attributed to combination of contextual factors that cause delay in seeking care, leading to poor utilization of skilled health services. Community participation is one of the acknowledge...

    Authors: Irene Ifeyinwa Eze, Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Celestina Adaeze Nweze and Chigozie Jesse Uneke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:369

    Content type: Research article

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  6. There is wide variation in the utilization of institutional delivery service in Ethiopia. Various socioeconomic and cultural factors affect the decision where to give birth. Although there has been a growing i...

    Authors: Adane Nigusie, Telake Azale and Mezgebu Yitayal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:364

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This study explored effects of couples’ communication and male participation in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) on delivery in a health facility (“institutional delivery”). A cross-section...

    Authors: Gilda G. Sitefane, Joya Banerjee, Diwakar Mohan, Connie S. Lee, Jim Ricca, Myra L. Betron and Rosa Marlene Manjate Cuco

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:360

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Overwhelmingly, women in Middle Eastern countries experience birth as dehumanising and disrespectful. Women’s stories can be a very powerful way of informing health services about the impact of the care they r...

    Authors: Suha Abed Almajeed Abdallah Hussein, Hannah G. Dahlen, Olayide Ogunsiji and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:357

    Content type: Research article

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  9. For every neonate who dies, many others experience a near miss event that could have but did not result in death. Neonatal near miss is three to eight times more frequent than neonatal deaths and, therefore, i...

    Authors: Tesfalidet Tekelab, Catherine Chojenta, Roger Smith and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Globally, every day, approximately 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. The majority of these deaths occur after childbirth (post-partum period) mostly within 24 h. Raisin...

    Authors: Abayneh Desalegn Dangura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:340

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Over the past two decades, there has been a steady rise in the rate of Cesarean section delivery globally. As a result, short-term and long-term maternal and neonatal complications are rising. The objective of...

    Authors: Wasim Khasawneh, Nail Obeidat, Dawood Yusef and Jomana W. Alsulaiman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aimed to identify the utilization and factors associated with antenatal care, delivery, and postnatal care services in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alem Desta, Tesfu Alemu, Atakelti Abrha and Hagos Godefy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Induction of labor (IoL) is an increasingly common obstetric procedure. Foley catheter IoL is recommended by WHO. It is associated with the lowest rate of uterine hyperstimulation syndrome and similar duration...

    Authors: Hang Min Chia, Peng Chiong Tan, Sze Ping Tan, Mukhri Hamdan and Siti Zawiah Omar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Early initiation of breastfeeding (within an hour of birth) has benefits for newborn health and survival. Optimal breastfeeding supports growth, health, and development. Health facilities provide essential pre...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Rukundo K. Benedict and Wenjuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In many low and medium human development index countries, the rate of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality is high. One factor which may influence this is the decision-to-delivery interval of emergenc...

    Authors: Noemi J. Hughes, Imelda Namagembe, Annettee Nakimuli, Musa Sekikubo, Ashley Moffett, Charlotte J. Patient and Catherine E. Aiken

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous community-based research shows that secondary prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with misoprostol only given to women with above-average measured blood loss produces similar clinical outcomes c...

    Authors: Holly A. Anger, Rasha Dabash, Nevine Hassanein, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Medhat Nawar, Dyanna Charles, Miral Breebaart and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:317

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa tend to have low adherence to antenatal and postnatal care regimens, contributing to high infant and child mortality rates. Despite low adherence figures and the high retur...

    Authors: Kristina Esopo, Lilly Derby and Johannes Haushofer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. With the formulation of the National Safe Motherhood Policy in 1998, safe motherhood has forever been a priority program in Nepal. Under the safe motherhood program, every woman is provided with essential mate...

    Authors: Bidusha Neupane, Sujan Rijal, Srijana G.C. and Til Bahadur Basnet

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In low-income countries like Ethiopia, where families have poor access to or do not utilize the services of formal health care systems, community health workers provide postnatal care services through home vis...

    Authors: Yemane Berhane Tesfau, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie and Hagos Godefay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Infant mortality is one of the leading public health problems globally; the problem is even more staggering in low-income countries. In Ethiopia seven in ten child deaths occurred during infancy in 2016. Even ...

    Authors: Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Ayenew Molla Lakew and Kedir Abdela Gonete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Depression is a common and severe disorder among low-income adolescent mothers in low-and middle-income countries where resources for treatment are limited. We wished to identify factors influencing health ser...

    Authors: Lola Kola, Ian M. Bennett, Amritha Bhat, Olatunde O. Ayinde, Bibilola D. Oladeji, Dolapo Abiona, Jibril Abdumalik, Neda Faregh, Pamela Y. Collins and Oye Gureje

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Timely intrapartum referral between facilities is pivotal in reducing maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity but is distressing to women, resource-intensive and likely to cause delays in care provision. We ...

    Authors: Tina Lavender, Carol Bedwell, Kieran Blaikie, Valentina Actis Danna, Chris Sutton, Chowa Tembo Kasengele, Sabina Wakasiaka, Bellington Vwalika and Rose Laisser

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Ectopia vesicae, or bladder exstrophy, is a rare malformation, more frequently found in males. Very few cases of pregnancy with unrepaired ectopia vesicae have been reported in literature. The majority of thes...

    Authors: Shaohua Liu, Xinhua Qu, Linlin Song, Ning Li and Aiqun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:290

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Good quality maternal and newborn care at primary health facilities is essential, but in settings with high maternal and newborn mortality the evidence for the protective effect of facility delivery is inconsi...

    Authors: Keith Tomlin, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Nasir Umar, Joanna Schellenberg, Deepthi Wickremasinghe and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chamas for Change (Chamas) is a group-based health education and microfinance program for pregnant and postpartum women that aims to address inequities contributing to high rates of maternal and infant mortality ...

    Authors: Lauren Y. Maldonado, Julia J. Songok, John W. Snelgrove, Christian B. Ochieng, Sheilah Chelagat, Justus E. Ikemeri, Monica A. Okwanyi, Donald C. Cole, Laura J. Ruhl and Astrid Christoffersen-Deb

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  26. North Eastern Kenya has persistently had poor maternal, new-born and child health (MNCH) indicators. Barriers to access and utilisation of MNCH services are structural, individual and community-level factors r...

    Authors: Isaac Kisiangani, Mohamed Elmi, Pauline Bakibinga, Shukri F. Mohamed, Lyagamula Kisia, Peter M. Kibe, Peter Otieno, Naïm Afeich, Amina Abdullahi Nyaga, Ngugi Njoroge, Rumana Noor and Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In low and middle-income countries, pregnancy and delivery complications may deprive women and their newborns of life or the realization of their full potential. Provision of quality obstetric emergency and ch...

    Authors: Eveline T. Konje, Jennifer Hatfield, Susan Kuhn, Reginald S. Sauve, Moke Magoma and Deborah Dewey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Engaging citizens and communities to make services accountable is vital to achieving health development goals. Community participation in health management committees can increase public accountability of heal...

    Authors: Joanna Morrison, Kirti Tumbahangphe, Aman Sen, Lu Gram, Bharat Budhathoki, Rishi Neupane, Rita Thapa, Kunta Dahal, Bidur Thapa, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Childbirth is considered as the most challenging psychological event in a woman’s life. It has a major effect on women’s lives with long-term positive or negative impacts. Cultural, religious, and socioeconomi...

    Authors: Marzieh Khamehchian, Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Nastaran HeydariKhayat, Mahboubeh Rezaei and Mahdieh Sabery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The uneven global and national distribution of obstetric fistulas suggests a complex network of determinants contributing to fistula development. This study aims to create an understanding of the determinants ...

    Authors: Geerte C. den Hollander and Erica W. M. Janszen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:300

  31. The occurrence of uterine rupture has dropped significantly in high income countries. It continues, however, to be a major public and clinical health problem in low income countries including Ethiopia. Aim of ...

    Authors: Achamyelesh Gebretsadik, Hailemichael Hagos and Kebede Tefera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Effectiveness of prenatal iron supplementation program depends on utilization of the supplement by pregnant women. Nevertheless, in Ethiopia, regardless of increasing efforts, lower proportion of pregnant wome...

    Authors: Ermias Wabeto Wana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:243

    Content type: Research article

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  33. We assessed the effects of a nurse mentoring program on neonatal mortality in eight districts in India.

    Authors: Ramesh Banadakoppa Manjappa, Arin Kar, Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Jyothi S. Hallad, Troy Cunningham, Rajaram Potty, H. L. Mohan, Maryanne Crockett, Janet Bradley, Elizabeth Fischer, H. Sudarshan, James F. Blanchard, Stephen Moses and Lisa Avery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Evidence regarding health effects of tobacco cessation during pregnancy is mainly restricted to cigarette while water pipe is the preferred method of tobacco smoking among women in the Middle-East. The present...

    Authors: Shahrzad Nematollahi, Koroush Holakouie-Naieni, Abdolhossain Madani, Hossein Shabkhiz, Elham Torabi and Samane Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Abdominal pregnancies have been reported in both high-income countries as well as low- and middle-income countries. They are frequently missed in routine antenatal care in resource-limited settings and delayed...

    Authors: Justin Lussy Paluku, Benjamin Kambale Kalole, Cathy Mufungizi Furaha, Eugenie Mukekulu Kamabu, Gaspard Makambo Mohilo, Benjamin Kasereka Kataliko and Susan Andrea Bartels

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:238

    Content type: Case report

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  36. There is conflicting evidence about the role of oral magnesium supplementation in the prevention of preterm birth and related adverse outcomes. The objective of this study was to compare magnesium citrate with...

    Authors: Carla Adriane Leal de Araújo, Joel Geoffrey Ray, José Natal Figueiroa and João Guilherme Alves

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Food insecurity (FI) occurs when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food. FI has been associated with negative effects on human health, including during the prenatal and neo...

    Authors: Ana Lucia Pires Augusto, Aléxia Vieira de Abreu Rodrigues, Talita Barbosa Domingos and Rosana Salles-Costa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Preeclampsia is the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Magnesium sulfate is considered first-line therapy against eclampsia and magnesium deficiency in pregnancy has been ...

    Authors: Carla Adriane Leal de Araújo, Larissa de Sousa Oliveira, Isabela Melo Buarque de Gusmão, Angélica Guimarães, Moranna Ribeiro and João Guilherme Bezerra Alves

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Expectant parents may have positive and negative emotions during pregnancy and receive support from different sources. Studies on life situation and support among couples have rarely been conducted. This study...

    Authors: Nitikorn Phoosuwan, Pornpun Manasatchakun, Leif Eriksson and Pranee C. Lundberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are among the most common causes of perinatal death. The disorders are highly linked to multiple factors that make prediction and prevention challenging. Early diagnosis and...

    Authors: Kenean Getaneh Tlaye, Melese Linger Endalfer, Mesfin Wudu Kassaw, Mussie Mulugeta Gebremedhin and Yared Asmare Aynalem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  41. SubSaharan Africa has a disproportionate burden of HIV and preterm births (PTB). We hypothesized that PTB in HIV-1 infected women are more likely a result of prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) and could lea...

    Authors: Chidebere E. Onwughara, Dhayendre Moodley, Nthabiseng Valashiya and Motshedisi Sebitloane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Antenatal depression is the most prevalent common mental health disorder affecting pregnant women. Here, we report the prevalence of and associated factors for antenatal depression among pregnant women attendi...

    Authors: M. Kaiyo-Utete, J. M. Dambi, A. Chingono, F. S. M. Mazhandu, T. B. Madziro-Ruwizhu, C. Henderson, T. Magwali, L. Langhaug and Z. M. Chirenje

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In low- and middle-income countries, the proportion of pregnant women who use health facilities for delivery remains low. Although delivering in a health facility with skilled health providers can make the cri...

    Authors: Angela E. Micah and David R. Hotchkiss

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:195

    Content type: Research article

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  44. While maternal mortality has declined worldwide in the past 25 years, this is not the case for Cameroon. Since there is a predominantly young population in this country, high maternal mortality ratios may pers...

    Authors: Catherine Meh, Amardeep Thind and Amanda L. Terry

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Despite the effort to reduce stillbirth, Ethiopia remains one of the countries with the highest rate in the world. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the trends of stillbirth among births from reproductive...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Lemma Derseh Gezie and Solomon Gedlu Nigatu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Over the last two decades, Gambia has made noticeable progress in the reducing the high maternal mortality rates and improving child survival rates. Nonetheless, numerous infrastructural and financial constrai...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A considerable number of previous studies have examined the trends, correlates, and consequences of premarital childbearing among adolescents and young women in Africa. However, very little is known about whet...

    Authors: Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon, Vesper H. Chisumpa, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Mwiza G. Singini and Oluwaseyi D. Somefun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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