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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    The place of birth has been rapidly changing from home to health facility in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) following the strategy to improve the maternal and neonatal mortality. This change in the...

    Authors: Tomomi Takayama, Khampheng Phongluxa, Daisuke Nonaka, Chika Sato, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Nouhak Inthavong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:333

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking beh...

    Authors: Coralie N’Gbichi, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, David Wainaina Wambui, Pauline Bakibinga, Isaac Kisiangani, Pauline Njoroge, Rumana Noor, Ngugi Njoroge, Raha Abdi Salah and Elmi Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:332

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Each year nearly 7.7 million children under five years die around the world; out of which approximately 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost all these (99%) deaths occur in the...

    Authors: Javed Memon, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Reza Majdzadeh, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Owais Raza and Shahrzad Nematollahi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:329

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  4. Content type: Research article

    We examined the utilisation, equity and determinants of full antenatal care (ANC), defined as 4 or more antenatal visits, at least one tetanus toxoid (TT) injection and consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) for...

    Authors: Gunjan Kumar, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Akanksha Srivastava, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Maharaj Kishan Bhan, Nita Bhandari and Sarmila Mazumder

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:327

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) educational program focuses on training of first-level birth attendants in neonatal resuscitation skills for the first minute of life (The Golden Minute). Pre-post studies of H...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Akash Bang, Kunal Kurhe, Savita Bhargav, Amber Prakash, Spoorthy Arramraj and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:324

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is a medical condition resulting from either pre-existing diabetes or insulin resistance developed during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia in ...

    Authors: Safiness Simon Msollo, Haikael David Martin, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Pammla Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:315

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ...

    Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:310

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare providers are the vital link between evidence-based policies and women receiving high quality maternity care. Explanations for suboptimal care often include poor working conditions for staff and a l...

    Authors: Rachel Arnold, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan and Immy Holloway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:307

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) and dietary intake are important modifiable factors associated with health outcomes. However, Chinese pregnant women’s PA and dietary intake are only vaguely understood. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Mi Xiang, Jing Zhang, Huigang Liang, Zhiruo Zhang, Masayuki Konishi, Huanhuan Hu, Mio Nishimaki, Hyeon-Ki Kim, Hiroki Tabata, Hisao Shimizu, Takashi Arao and Shizuo Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:295

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Increasing the utilization of facility-based care for women and newborns in low-resource settings can reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Men influence whether women and newborns receive care ...

    Authors: Jesse A. Greenspan, Joy J. Chebet, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Maurus Mpunga, Peter J. Winch, Japhet Killewo, Abdullah H. Baqui and Shannon A. McMahon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:293

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Male partner antenatal clinic (ANC) attendance may improve maternal uptake of maternal child health (MCH) services.

    Authors: Beryne Odeny, Christine J. McGrath, Agnes Langat, Jillian Pintye, Benson Singa, John Kinuthia, Abraham Katana, Lucy Ng’ang’a and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:284

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Provision of family planning services during the immediate post-partum phase is considered effective and cost-efficient for promoting healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies. This research aims to test the e...

    Authors: Xaher Gul, Waqas Hameed, Sharmeen Hussain, Ishaque Sheikh and Junaid-ur-Rehman Siddiqui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:283

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Until recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) infections were considered mild and self-limiting. Since 2015, they have been associated with an increase in microcephaly and other birth defects in newborns. While this assoc...

    Authors: Jill F. Lebov, Juan F. Arias, Angel Balmaseda, William Britt, José F. Cordero, Luiz Augusto Galvão, Ana Lucía Garces, K. Michael Hambidge, Eva Harris, Albert Ko, Nancy Krebs, Ernesto T. A. Marques, Alexander M. Martinez, Elizabeth McClure, Democrito B. Miranda-Filho, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:282

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Egypt has seen substantial decreases in maternal mortality and reached near universal coverage for antenatal care (ANC). The objective of this paper is to describe the changes over time (1991–2014) in the use ...

    Authors: Miguel Pugliese-Garcia, Emma Radovich, Nevine Hassanein, Oona M. R. Campbell, Karima Khalil and Lenka Benova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:268

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Gestational weight gain (GWG) has implications for perinatal outcomes, the guidelines for maternal weight gain, however, remain understudied among twin pregnancies. This study aimed to assess the associations ...

    Authors: Dongxin Lin, Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Gengdong Chen, Pengsheng Li, Huiting Ma, Shaoxin Ye, Jiaming Rao, Huishan Zhang, Meng Zeng, Yan Liu, Xiaoling Guo and Zhengping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:262

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite the many maternal healthcare policy programmes in Ghana such as free the antenatal care (ANC) and the fee-exemption policy under the National Health Insurance Scheme, among others, the country has yet ...

    Authors: Joshua Sumankuuro, Memuna Yankasa Mahama, Judith Crockett, Shaoyu Wang and Jeanine Young

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:260

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, catastrophic disease affecting women in the third trimester of pregnancy or in the post-partum period. It is usually a diagnosis of exclusion and requires a str...

    Authors: Enesia Ziki, Shingi Bopoto, M. G. Madziyire and D. Madziwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:259

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In many low and low-middle income countries, the incidence of polyhydramnios is unknown, in part because ultrasound technology is not routinely used. Our objective was to report the incidence of polyhydramnios...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Robert Nathan, Adrien Lokangaka, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Daniel Ishoso, Antoinette Tshefu, Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, Margo S. Harrison, Dennis Wallace, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Nancy Krebs, Michael Hambidge, Waldemar Carlo…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:258

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  19. Content type: Research article

    There is some evidence that suggests misoprostol may supplement the action of oxytocin in preventing post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of the admini...

    Authors: Frederick Morfaw, Mercy Fundoh, Christopher Pisoh, Bi Ayaba, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Laura N. Anderson and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:257

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The maternal mortality rate in Lao PDR (Laos) is still the highest in Southeast Asia, at 197 per 100,000 live births. Antenatal care (ANC) could contribute to maternal and child mortality reduction. The qualit...

    Authors: Sysavanh Phommachanh, Dirk R. Essink, Maaike Jansen, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse, Pamela Wright and Mayfong Mayxay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:255

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Globally, prematurity is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality contributing 30–40% of neonatal mortality. The consequences of preterm deliveries are enormous with developmental and childhood complicat...

    Authors: Ernest Konadu Aseidu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari, Kofi Mensah Nyarko and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:248

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Dien Bien Province in northwest Vietnam is predominantly populated with ethnic minority groups, who experience worse maternal and child health outcomes than the general population. Various factors are associat...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Duong Thuy Linh, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:243

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ragged placental membranes is a distinct entity from retained placenta and not uncommonly reported in midwifery texts. Although the incidence of postpartum endometritis is merely 1–5% after vaginal births, it ...

    Authors: Hian Yan Voon, Jun Yan Pow, Lee Na Tan, Haris Njoo Suharjono and Wan Sim Teo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:240

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

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  28. Content type: Research article

    While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms and their predictors among women living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, and who present with a risk of depression d...

    Authors: Emily C. Garman, Marguerite Schneider and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:202

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) are prevalent in Malaysia. Prior evidence linking maternal ADS and AAS with adverse birth outcomes and caesarean section (CS) or instrumental delivery i...

    Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Sakinah Md Rifin, Mohd Aznan Md Aris, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:201

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence in marital relationship is higher among women married at young age. Although sexual violence has been found to increase risk for unintended pregnancy, there is a limited published data from Nep...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Pramita Silwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:196

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The effects of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs on maternal and child health (MCH) service use in conflicted affected countries such as Afghanistan are not known.

    Authors: Karen M. Edmond, Abo Ishmael Foshanji, Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Machlin Burke, Natalie Strobel and Farhad Farewar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:193

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 h of birth. Provision of quality Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) is very crucial and the current recommended interventio...

    Authors: Betell Berhane, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam, Berhane Fisseha, Samson Kahsay and Alem Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:190

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In countries where the proportion of births attended by skilled providers is low, maternal mortality is high. According to the 2016 EDHS report, the proportion of births attended by skilled providers was only ...

    Authors: Ahmed Siraj, Woubishet Teka and Habtemu Hebo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:185

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents are especially vulnerable due to increased biological, social and economic risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth, yet most pregnancy and childbirth-related complications are preventa...

    Authors: Kristy Hackett, Lindsey Lenters, Ashley Vandermorris, Curtis LaFleur, Sam Newton, Sidney Ndeki and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:184

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Little is known of the burden of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization among pregnant women in Jordan. We conducted a pilot study to determine the prevalence of GBS among pregnant women in Amman, Jordan, where...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Asem Shehabi, Abel Mani Suleimat, Samir Faouri, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Abeer Al Jammal, James Chappell, Kimberly B. Fortner, Anna B. Chamby, Tara M. Randis, Adam J. Ratner, David M. Aronoff and Natasha Halasa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:177

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Gaps in postnatal care use represent missed opportunities to prevent maternal and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. As one in every three non-facility deliveries in Nigeria is assisted by a traditional bir...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Margaret McConnell, Thomas J. Bossert and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:150

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Each year, about 20 million Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies are born with very high proportion (96.5%) occuring in developing countries. In the last decade, the incidence of LBW in Ghana has not declined. Brong ...

    Authors: Zakariah Adam, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscillia Nortey, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:174

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant...

    Authors: Miteku Andualem Limenih, Habitamu Gebrehana Belay and Habitamu Abie Tassew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:171

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Regular fetal heart rate monitoring during labor can drastically reduce fresh stillbirths and neonatal mortality through early detection and management of fetal distress. Fetal monitoring in low-resource setti...

    Authors: Sara Rivenes Lafontan, Hussein L. Kidanto, Hege L. Ersdal, Columba K. Mbekenga and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:165

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  48. Content type: Research article

    To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal related to maternal and neonatal outcomes, the World Health Organization advocates for a first antenatal care (ANC) contact before 12 weeks of gestation. In order to...

    Authors: Thinley Dorji, Mrinalini Das, Rafael Van den Bergh, Myo Minn Oo, Sonam Gyamtsho, Karma Tenzin, Tashi Tshomo and Sonam Ugen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:158

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate health care...

    Authors: Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:152

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