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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 17

  1. Despite the effort to reduce stillbirth, Ethiopia remains one of the countries with the highest rate in the world. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the trends of stillbirth among births from reproductive...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Lemma Derseh Gezie and Solomon Gedlu Nigatu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Over the last two decades, Gambia has made noticeable progress in the reducing the high maternal mortality rates and improving child survival rates. Nonetheless, numerous infrastructural and financial constrai...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A considerable number of previous studies have examined the trends, correlates, and consequences of premarital childbearing among adolescents and young women in Africa. However, very little is known about whet...

    Authors: Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon, Vesper H. Chisumpa, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Mwiza G. Singini and Oluwaseyi D. Somefun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Anemia though is a major risk factor for unfavorable pregnancy outcomes; no previous studies have yet described the hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and anemia prevalence among pregnant women of remote mid weste...

    Authors: Deepak Sharma, Kapil Amgain, Prem Prasad Panta and Bishal Pokhrel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a preventable complication, however, it remains being the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide including Thailand.

    Authors: Phat Prapawichar, Ameporn Ratinthorn, Ketsarin Utriyaprasit and Chukiat Viwatwongkasem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Postpartum febrile morbidity is relatively common, occurring in approximately 5–7% of births. Differentiating between potentially serious and benign causes of postpartum pyrexia (PP) is fundamental in curbing ...

    Authors: Yannick Lechedem Ngunyi, Gregory Halle-Ekane, Nicholas Tendongfor, Etheldreda Leinyuy Mbivnjo, Armel Evouna Mbarga, Derick Nembulefack, Clifford Abonge Lo-oh and Thomas Obinchemti Egbe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The northern part of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan experienced armed conflict since September 2007 till the autumn of 2011. Conflict involved widespread insurgency activity and military interv...

    Authors: Haroon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Ayesha Imtiaz, Naeem Ullah, Mukesh Dherani and Atif Rahman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Category-1 emergency caesarean section delivery is the commonly performed surgical procedure in pregnant women associated with significant mortality and morbidity both in the mother and fetus. The decision to ...

    Authors: Mamaru Mollalign Temesgen, Amare Hailekirose Gebregzi, Habtamu Getinet Kasahun, Seid Adem Ahmed and Yophtahe Berhe Woldegerima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There is ample evidence of associations between short birth interval and adverse maternal and child health outcomes, including infant and maternal mortality. Short birth interval is more common among women in ...

    Authors: Juan Pimentel, Umaira Ansari, Khalid Omer, Yagana Gidado, Muhd Chadi Baba, Neil Andersson and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Preeclampsia is a relatively frequent condition during pregnancy and childbirth. The administration of magnesium sulphate as a prophylactic and treatment measure is an evidence-based practice for eclampsia; ho...

    Authors: Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Wilton Rodrigues Medeiros, Pedro Jesus Saturno-Hernández, Kelienny de Meneses Sousa, Matheus Silva Mello, Érico de Lima Vale, Tatyana Maria Silva de Souza Rosendo, Edna Marta Mendes da Silva and Marise Reis de Freitas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sub-optimal maternal lipid levels during pregnancy may be implicated in the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to low birth weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA). We aimed to determine whether ma...

    Authors: Sandra G. Okala, Ebrima A. Sise, Fatou Sosseh, Andrew M. Prentice, Laura A. Woollett and Sophie E. Moore

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Globally, birth asphyxia is one of the leading causes of neonatal death. In Tanzania, neonatal deaths are estimated to be 25 deaths per 1000 live births and birth asphyxia accounts for 31% of those deaths.

    Authors: Angelina A. Joho, Stephen M. Kibusi and Ipyana Mwampagatwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Birth preparedness and complication readiness are broadly endorsed by governments and international agencies to reduce maternal and neonatal health threats in low income countries. Maternal education is broadl...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Pammla Petrucka and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Globally, male involvement has been identified as a priority target area to be strengthened in the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. However, there are limited studies on husband invol...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe Adane, Nega Assefa, Bizatu Mengistie and Asmamaw Demis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Domestic violence is a leading cause of social morbidity and may increase during and after pregnancy. In high-income countries screening, referral and management interventions are available as part of standard...

    Authors: Diandra Daley, Mary McCauley and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Afghanistan has one of the world’s highest maternal mortality ratios, with more than 60% of women having no access to a skilled birth attendant in some areas. The main challenges for childbearing Afghan women ...

    Authors: Trude Thommesen, Hallgeir Kismul, Ian Kaplan, Khadija Safi and Graziella Van den Bergh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Fiji is a serious public health issue. However, there are no recent studies on GDM among pregnant women in Fiji. The aim of this study was to examine prevalence of, and s...

    Authors: Falahola Fuka, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu, Kingsley Agho, Rajat Gyaneshwar, Swaran Naidu, James Fong and David Simmons

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  18. When started early in pregnancy and continued up till childbirth, antenatal care (ANC) can be effective in reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes. While the proportion of women who attend ANC at least once in low...

    Authors: Stephen Oswald Maluka, Chakupewa Joseph, Sian Fitzgerald, Robert Salim and Peter Kamuzora

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Globally, newborn death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths and more than 80% of newborn deaths are the result of preventable and treatable conditions. Findings on the prevalence and associated factors of e...

    Authors: Yoseph Alamneh, Fentahun Adane, Tadesse Yirga and Melaku Desta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite research suggesting an association between certain herb use during pregnancy and delivery and postnatal complications, herbs are still commonly used among pregnant women in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). Thi...

    Authors: R. Fukunaga, D. Morof, C. Blanton, A. Ruiz, G. Maro and F. Serbanescu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Adolescent pregnancy is an important health and social issue that affects both individual and social well-being. However, deriving a national estimate is challenging in a country with multiple incomplete natio...

    Authors: Bunyarit Sukrat, Chusak Okascharoen, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Wichai Aekplakorn, Jiraporn Arunakul, Kittipong Saejeng, Dankmar Böhning and Ammarin Thakkinstian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and rectus abdominis muscles (RAM) of pregnant diabetic rats exhibit atrophy, co-localization of fast and slow fibers and an increased collagen type I/III ratio. However, the role of...

    Authors: Marilza V. C. Rudge, Fátima P. Souza, Joelcio F. Abbade, Raghavendra L. S. Hallur, João Paulo C. Marcondes, Fernanda Piculo, Gabriela Marini, Giovana Vesentini, Lehana Thabane, Steven S. Witkin, Iracema M. P. Calderon, Angélica M. P. Barbosa, M. V. Rudge, A. M. P. Barbosa, I. M. P. Calderon, F. P. Souza…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:117

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Tanzania’s One Plan II health sector program aims to increase facility deliveries from 50 to 80% from 2015 to 2020. Success is uneven among certain Maasai pastoralist women in Northern Tanzania who robustly pr...

    Authors: Paul D. Mosley, Kisiaya Saruni and Bernadetha Lenga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  24. All pregnancies are at risk and have to be attended by skilled professionals. In Ethiopia however nearly half (45.7%) of the women were giving birth at home after antenatal care (ANC) visits in which skilled p...

    Authors: Atalay Goshu Muluneh, Yaregal Animut and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is uncertainty regarding the status of emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) in the Cameroonian context where maternal and neonatal mortality are persistently high. This study sought to evaluate ...

    Authors: Reine Suzanne Kadia, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Christian Akem Dimala, Desmond Aroke, Noel Vogue and Bruno Kenfack

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:95

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Nut butter-based Ready to Use Supplemental Foods (RUSF) are an effective way to add nutrients and calories to diets of malnourished and food insecure populations. The RUSF formulations have been further modifi...

    Authors: Catherine Chunda-Liyoka, Mwansa Ketty Lubeya, Mercy Imakando, Sophia Kisling, Sonoor Majid, Mary S. Willis, Charles Wood, Chipepo Kankasa and Concetta C. DiRusso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Regular physical activity (PA) has health benefits, including reducing the risk of complications during pregnancy. In Ethiopia, little is known about PA status and its determinants among pregnant women. The pu...

    Authors: Teklehaimanot Tekle Hailemariam, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis, Berihu Fisseha Gebremeskel, Tsiwaye Gebreyesus Haile and Theresa Monaco Spitznagle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The provision of quality health services has been a global priority to reduce neonatal and maternal deaths. In Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the coverage of institutional childbirth stayed at a l...

    Authors: Sayaka Horiuchi, Bounthanome Nakdouangma, Thipphaphone Khongsavat, Shogo Kubota and Kazue Yamaoka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Maternal and child mortality remain a global health concern despite different interventions that have been implemented to address this issue. Adequate antenatal care (ANC) is crucial in reducing maternal and n...

    Authors: Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Germaine Tuyisenge, Celestin Hategeka and Mohammad Ehsanul Karim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In order improve the quality of birth care and women satisfaction with birthing process it is recommended that every woman should be offered the option to experience labour and childbirth with a companion of h...

    Authors: Denis Kampayana Kashaija, Lilian Teddy Mselle and Dickson Ally Mkoka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:85

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Newborn mortality in Oceania declined slower than other regions in the past 25 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the Early Essential Newborn Care program (EENC) in 2015 in Solomon Islands, ...

    Authors: Shidan Tosif, Anna Jatobatu, Anita Maepioh, Amy Gray, Howard Sobel, Priya Mannava and Trevor Duke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Evidenced-based practice is a key component of quality care. However, studies in the Philippines have identified gaps between evidence and actual maternity practices. This study aims to describe the practice o...

    Authors: Chisato Masuda, Shirley Kristine Ferolin, Ken Masuda, Chris Smith and Mitsuaki Matsui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Stillbirths bring grief to both mother and family but have been underreported in Cameroon. We aimed at determining the stillbirth rates and associated risk factors in the Buea Regional Hospital (BRH) and the L...

    Authors: Thomas Obinchemti Egbe, Edwin Nkwelle Ewane and Nicholas Tendongfor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness interventions have a significant role in the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality risk. Inadequacy of birth and emergency preparedness were depicted as one...

    Authors: Fikru Letose, Bitiya Admassu and Gurmesa Tura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Rising caesarean section rates is a concern worldwide. This study aimed to use Robson’s ten group classification to identify which groups of women were contributing most to the rising caesarean section rates i...

    Authors: Shamala Devi Karalasingam, Ravichandran Jeganathan, Ravindran Jegasothy and Daniel D. Reidpath

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Advanced maternal age generally denotes age after 35 years during the time of delivery. Despite the fact that being pregnant at any reproductive age is not risk-free, older gravidity usually culminates with ad...

    Authors: Mihret-ab Mehari, Hayat Maeruf, Carmen C. Robles, Solomon Woldemariam, Tesfay Adhena, Mussie Mulugeta, Abera Haftu, Hadgay Hagose and Henok Kumsa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In resource-limited settings, childbirth remains a matter of life and death. High levels of childbirth fear in primigravid women are inevitable. To date, few studies have explored interventions to reduce child...

    Authors: Berlington M. J. Munkhondya, Tiwonge Ethel Munkhondya, Ellen Chirwa and Honghong Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Egypt has achieved important reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality and experienced increases in the proportion of births attended by skilled professionals. However, substandard care has been highlighte...

    Authors: Miguel Pugliese-Garcia, Emma Radovich, Oona M. R. Campbell, Nevine Hassanein, Karima Khalil and Lenka Benova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Sub-Saharan Africa faces a disproportionate burden of perinatal deaths globally. However, data to inform targeted interventions on an institutional level is lacking, especially in rural settings. The objective...

    Authors: Martha A. Tesfalul, Paul Natureeba, Nathan Day, Ochar Thomas and Stephanie L. Gaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Since 2000 considerable attention has been placed on maternal health outcomes as the 5th Millennium Goal. In Uganda, only 65% of births are delivered by a skilled birth attendant, contributing to the 435 women...

    Authors: Jaya A. R. Dantas, Debra Singh and May Lample

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Before the advent of Western medicine in Tanzania, women gave birth in an upright position either by sitting, squatting or kneeling. Birthing women would hold ropes or trees as a way of gaining strength and st...

    Authors: Lilian Teddy Mselle and Lucia Eustace

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death in Tanzania. The Every Second Matters for Mothers and Babies- Uterine Balloon Tamponade (ESM-UBT) device was developed to address this problem...

    Authors: Oluwakemi Adegoke, Sandra Danso-Bamfo, Margaret Sheehy, Vincent Tarimo, Thomas F. Burke and Lorraine F. Garg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In urban Kenya, couples face a wide variety of choices for delivery options; however, many women end up delivering in different facilities from those they had intended while pregnant. One potential consequence...

    Authors: V. Naanyu, V. Mujumdar, C. Ahearn, M. McConnell and J. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Evidence from observational studies suggests that a greater intake of ultra-processed foods during pregnancy is associated with a higher chance of obesity, increased gestational weight gain, and neonatal adipo...

    Authors: Daniela Saes Sartorelli, Lívia Castro Crivellenti, Marina Garcia Manochio-Pina, Naiara Franco Baroni, Mariana Rinaldi Carvalho, Rosa Wanda Diez-Garcia and Laércio Joel Franco

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. By 2015, Malawi had not achieved Millennium Development Goal 4, reducing maternal mortality by about 35% from 675 to 439 deaths per 100,000 livebirths. Hypothesised reasons included low uptake of antenatal car...

    Authors: Chiyembekezo Kachimanga, Elizabeth L. Dunbar, Samuel Watson, Katie Cundale, Henry Makungwa, Emily B. Wroe, Charles Malindi, Lawrence Nazimera, Daniel Palazuelos, Jeanel Drake, Thomas Gates, Thomas van den Akker and Jawaya Shea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Iron and Folic Acid are two of the micronutrients recommended for pregnant women to support optimal maternal outcomes with regard to preventing anaemia and foetal birth defects. It is difficult to establish if...

    Authors: Moses C. Simuyemba, Phoebe A. Bwembya, Mumbi Chola and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The early postnatal period is a dangerous time for both mother and baby where morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent if proper care is not done. Post natal care (PNC) knowledge has significant role in re...

    Authors: Ghirmay Ghebreigziabher Beraki, Eyasu H. Tesfamariam, Amanuel Gebremichael, Berhanemeskel Yohannes, Kessete Haile, Shewit Tewelde and Simret Goitom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Major obstetric haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal mortality and accounts for one-third of maternal deaths in of Africa. This study aimed to assess the population-based incidence, causes, management an...

    Authors: Anke Heitkamp, Simcha Lot Aronson, Thomas van den Akker, Linda Vollmer, Stefan Gebhardt, Jos van Roosmalen, Johanna I. de Vries and Gerhard Theron

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnancy, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, is associated with maternal morbidity and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth and low birthweight. In low-middle ...

    Authors: Anne CC Lee, Luke C. Mullany, Alain K. Koffi, Iftekhar Rafiqullah, Rasheda Khanam, Lian V. Folger, Mahmoodur Rahman, Dipak K. Mitra, Alain Labrique, Parul Christian, Jamal Uddin, Parvez Ahmed, Salahuddin Ahmed, Arif Mahmud, Sushil K. DasGupta, Nazma Begum…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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