Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Research article

    Incident HIV during pregnancy and early postpartum period: a population-based cohort study in a rural area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    The evidence on the effect of pregnancy on acquiring HIV is conflicting, with studies reporting both higher and lower HIV acquisition risk during pregnancy when prolonged antiretroviral therapy was accessible....

    Terusha Chetty, Alain Vandormael, Claire Thorne and Anna Coutsoudis

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:248

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Longer travel time to district hospital worsens neonatal outcomes: a retrospective cross-sectional study of the effect of delays in receiving emergency cesarean section in Rwanda

    In low-resource settings, access to emergency cesarean section is associated with various delays leading to poor neonatal outcomes. In this study, we described the delays a mother faces when needing emergency ...

    Joseph Niyitegeka, Georges Nshimirimana, Allison Silverstein, Jackline Odhiambo, Yihan Lin, Theoneste Nkurunziza, Robert Riviello, Stephen Rulisa, Paulin Banguti, Hema Magge, Martin Macharia, Regis Habimana and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:242

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  3. Research article

    Carriage and serotype distribution of Streptococcus agalactiae in third trimester pregnancy in southern Ghana

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) among healthy, pregnant women attending antenatal care at different study sites in the Greater Accra R...

    Hans-Christian Slotved, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Josephine A. N. Banini and Niels Frimodt-Møller

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:238

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  4. Research article

    The prevalence and risk factors of preterm small-for-gestational-age infants: a population-based retrospective cohort study in rural Chinese population

    Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for ...

    Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q. Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-kun Zhang and Hui Pan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:237

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Improving health literacy through group antenatal care: a prospective cohort study

    To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women’s health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual ant...

    Jody R. Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J. Boyd, Tanima Banerjee and Richard M. K. Adanu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:228

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Correlates of facility delivery for rural HIV-positive pregnant women enrolled in the MoMent Nigeria prospective cohort study

    Low rates of maternal healthcare service utilization, including facility delivery, may impede progress in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and in reducing maternal and infant morta...

    Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Christopher Isah, Chinenye Fan-Osuala, Salome Erekaha, Habib O. Ramadhani, Udochisom Anaba, Olusegun A. Adeyemi, Grace Manji-Obadiah, Daniel Lee, Llewellyn J. Cornelius and Manhattan Charurat

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:227

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  7. Research article

    Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus based on various screening strategies in western Kenya: a prospective comparison of point of care diagnostic methods

    Early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is crucial to prevent short term delivery risks and long term effects such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the mother and infant. Diagnosing G...

    Sonak D. Pastakia, Benson Njuguna, Beryl Ajwang’ Onyango, Sierra Washington, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Wycliffe K Kosgei and Ponnusamy Saravanan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:226

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Home delivery among antenatal care booked women in their last pregnancy and associated factors: community-based cross sectional study in Debremarkos town, North West Ethiopia, January 2016

    In Ethiopia, nearly half of the mothers who were booked for antenatal care, who supposed to have institutional delivery, gave home delivery nationally. Home delivery accounts majority while few of childbirth w...

    Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Temesgen Worku Gudayu and Melese Siyoum Desta

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:225

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  9. Research article

    Cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system for emergency obstetrical and neonatal care in rural Ethiopia

    To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system an dedicated to emergency obstetrics and neonatal care (EmONC) in remote sub-Saharan settings.

    Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Hagos Solomon, Tsegaye Ademe, Jofrey Woldegebriel, Biadgo Almaz, Mohammed Zemedu, Fabio Manenti, Akalu Tibebe, Pasquale Farese, Aberra Seifu, Serena Menozzi and Giovanni Putoto

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:220

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  10. Research article

    The third delay: understanding waiting time for obstetric referrals at a large regional hospital in Ghana

    Delay in receiving care significantly contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality. Much has been studied about reducing delays prior to arrival to referral facilities, but the delays incurred upon arrival ...

    David M. Goodman, Emmanuel K. Srofenyoh, Adeyemi J. Olufolabi, Sung Min Kim and Medge D. Owen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:216

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Knowledge and provision of misoprostol among pharmacy workers in Senegal: a cross sectional study

    Making misoprostol widely available for management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and post abortion care (PAC) is essential for reducing maternal mortality. Private pharmacies (thereafter called “pharmacies”)...

    Kate Reiss, Katharine Footman, Eva Burke, Nafissatou Diop, Ramatoulaye Ndao, Babacar Mane, Maaike van Min and Thoai D. Ngo

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:211

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  12. Research article

    Antenatal depressive symptoms and utilisation of delivery and postnatal care: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia

    Uptake of delivery and postnatal care remains low in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), where 99% of global maternal deaths take place. However, the potential impact of antenatal depression on use of ins...

    Tesera Bitew, Charlotte Hanlon, Eskinder Kebede, Simone Honikman, Michael N. Onah and Abebaw Fekadu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:206

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Utilization of HIV testing services among pregnant mothers in low income primary care settings in northern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

    HIV testing of women in child bearing age is an entry point for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). This study aims to identify the proportion of women tested for HIV and to determine factor...

    Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Fentie Ambaw and Annelies Wilder-Smith

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:199

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  14. Research article

    Evaluation of a low-cost, low-power syringe pump to deliver magnesium sulfate intravenously to pre-eclamptic women in a Malawian referral hospital

    Magnesium sulfate is an affordable and effective treatment for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. In settings where infusion pumps are not available to regulate the flow rate of intravenous delivery, healthcare prov...

    Erica Skerrett, Edward Kommwa, Kelley Maynard, Alexa Juarez, Ronald Mataya, Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Z. Maria Oden

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:191

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Validating the WHO maternal near miss tool: comparing high- and low-resource settings

    WHO proposed the WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) tool, classifying women according to several (potentially) life-threatening conditions, to monitor and improve quality of obstetric care. The objective of this stu...

    Tom Witteveen, Hans Bezstarosti, Ilona de Koning, Ellen Nelissen, Kitty W. Bloemenkamp, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:194

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  16. Research article

    An exploratory study of men’s companionship, perceptions and experiences during pregnancy and delivery in Uganda

    Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men’s support is essential for making women’s world better. There are increasing ...

    H. Lwanga, L. Atuyambe, H. Sempewo, A. Lumala and R. N. B. Byaruhanga

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:196

    Published on: 19 June 2017

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