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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    Puerperal sepsis is an infection of the genital tract, which occurs from rupture of amniotic sacs and within 42ndday after delivery. It happens mainly after discharge in the 1st 24 h of parturition. It is the thi...

    Authors: Getu Alemu Demisse, Samuel Dessau Sifer, Buseraseman Kedir, Daniel Belema Fekene and Gizachew Abdissa Bulto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:95

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Globally, 2.6 million stillbirths occur every year. Of these, 98% occur in developing countries. According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, the neonatal mortality rate in Zambia in 2014 was 2.4%. In 2016...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Miyoshi, Keiichi Matsubara, Norimi Takata and Yasunori Oka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:90

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal mortality is a devastating pregnancy outcome affecting millions of families in many low and middle-income countries including Nepal. This paper examined the more distant factors associated with perin...

    Authors: Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Kingsley E. Agho, Andre M. N. Renzaho, Monjura K. Nisha, Michael Dibley and Camille Raynes-Greenow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:88

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal deaths account for 7% of the global burden of disease, with developing countries contributing about 98% of deaths. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors contributing to adv...

    Authors: Blessmore Vimbai Chaibva, Steve Olorunju, Simon Nyadundu and Andy Beke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:86

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The first one month of life; the neonatal period is the most risky time for child survival. In Ethiopia, neonatal mortality is unacceptably high, and the trend in reduction is slower as compared to infant and ...

    Authors: Tujare Tunta Orsido, Netsanet Abera Asseffa and Tezera Moshago Berheto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:83

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to Option B plus Antiretroviral Therapy plays a vital role in preventing mother to child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and development of drug resistance. This study was aimed to asses...

    Authors: Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Desalegn Tsegaw Hibistu, Teshome Abuka Abebo, Feleke Tafesse Asfaw, Kaleegziabher Lukas, Tariku Laelago, Ermias Abera Turuse, Henok Gebreyohaness Kebede, Abraham Abate Altaye and Fanuel Belayneh Bekele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:82

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Each year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, a global burden borne disproportionately by families in lower-income countries. Maternal HIV infection increases a woman’s risk of delivering prematu...

    Authors: Joan T. Price, Bellington Vwalika, Bethany L. Freeman, Stephen R. Cole, Helen B. Mulenga, Jennifer Winston, Felistas M. Mbewe, Elwyn Chomba, Lynne M. Mofenson, Dwight J. Rouse, Robert L. Goldenberg and Jeffrey S. A. Stringer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:81

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Applicability of the World Health Organization (WHO) maternal near miss criteria in low-income settings is not systematically addressed in the literature. The objective of this review was to determine the appl...

    Authors: Abera Kenay Tura, To Lam Trang, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen, Sicco Scherjon, Joost Zwart and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:79

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Experiences and perceptions of poor quality of care is a powerful determinant of utilisation of maternity services. With many reports of disrespect and abuse in healthcare facilities in low-resource settings, ...

    Authors: Yasmin Jolly, Mamuda Aminu, Florence Mgawadere and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:42

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) is a means to identify high-risk pregnancies and educate women so that they might experience a healthier delivery and outcome. There is a lack of evidence about whether receipt of ANC is a...

    Authors: Claire R. McNellan, Emily Dansereau, Marielle C. G. Wallace, Danny V. Colombara, Erin B. Palmisano, Casey K. Johanns, Alexandra Schaefer, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Bernardo Hernandez, Emma Iriarte and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:66

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. This study determined causes and ...

    Authors: Rabiatu Sageer, Eugene Kongnyuy, Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe, Omolaso Omosehin, Elijah Ayowole Ogunsola and Bola Sanni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:63

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Studies have revealed associations between preceding short and long birth-to-birth or birth-to-pregnancy intervals and poor pregnancy outcomes. Most of these studies, however, have examined the effect of inter...

    Authors: Bareng A. S. Nonyane, Maureen Norton, Nazma Begum, Rasheduzzaman M. Shah, Dipak K. Mitra, Gary L. Darmstadt and Abdullah H. Baqui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:62

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent pregnancy remains a major challenge in both developed and developing countries. Early and unintended pregnancies among adolescents are associated with several adverse health, educational, social and...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Elizabeth A. Sully and Joyce N. Mumah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:59

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH). Depression is linked to poor adherence to anti-retroviral medication while in the peri-natal period may...

    Authors: Eugenia Nyamukoho, Walter Mangezi, Bazondlile Marimbe, Ruth Verhey and Dixon Chibanda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:53

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Advances in science and technology coupled with globalization are changing access to and utilization of reproductive health services. This includes the transnational phenomenon of families who use surrogate mo...

    Authors: Gloria Torres, Anne Shapiro and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:46

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The role of men’s participation in prenatal, delivery and postpartum care is very important, well defined and cannot be over emphasized. Very few studies exist about men’s role in promoting the health of the m...

    Authors: Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Ziba Farajzadegan and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:45

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Inadequately treated, preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) may rapidly lead to severe complications in both mothers and neonates, and are estimated to cause 60,000 global maternal deaths annually. Simulation-base...

    Authors: Julia H. Raney, Melissa C. Morgan, Amelia Christmas, Mona Sterling, Hilary Spindler, Rakesh Ghosh, Aboli Gore, Tanmay Mahapatra and Dilys M. Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:41

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Eliminating disrespect and abuse in health care facilities during childbirth could be a contributory factor in improving pregnancy outcomes and avoiding preventable illnesses and deaths. This study aims to pro...

    Authors: Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Ezeomu Audrina Olotu, Olaitan O. Oyedun, Stanley O. Eferakeya, Faith I. Ilesanmi, Ayotomiwa T. Fagbemi and Omowunmi C. Fasae

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:39

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Quality intrapartum and newborn care is considered to be poor in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, studies done in Ethiopia are limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the magnitude and factors assoc...

    Authors: Girmatsion Fisseha, Yemane Berhane and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:37

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Birth defects (BD) are considered a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Personal, cultural, and health care system barriers may increase the incidence of BD in low and middle income countries. ...

    Authors: Janithra De Silva, Sujeewa Amarasena, Kapila Jayaratne and Bilesha Perera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:35

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Nigeria suffers from the highest burden of mother-to-child transmission worldwide. To increase retention in care and prevention programmes, we piloted and evaluated a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme ...

    Authors: Jenny X. Liu, Jennifer Shen, Nicholas Wilson, Svetha Janumpalli, Patrick Stadler and Nancy Padian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has recorded substantial progress in maternal health recently. However, poor utilization of maternal health care services is challenging further improvement. Although male partners are decision-makers...

    Authors: Bedru Hussen Mohammed, Janice Mary Johnston, Dana Vackova, Semira Mehammed Hassen and Huso Yi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:28

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent motherhood has been repeatedly linked to poor child outcomes in high income countries and urban areas in low- and middle-income countries. We examine the structural, personal, and caretaking challen...

    Authors: Karl le Roux, Joan Christodoulou, Linnea Stansert-Katzen, Elaine Dippenaar, Christina Laurenzi, Ingrid M. le Roux, Mark Tomlinson and Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:24

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study reviews the attitudes and behaviours in rural Nepalese society towards women with disabilities, their pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood. Society often perceives people with disabilities as differ...

    Authors: Hridaya R. Devkota, Maria Kett and Nora Groce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:20

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    WHO recommends that HIV infected women receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) minimally during pregnancy and breastfeeding (“Option B”), or ideally throughout their lives regardless of clinical stage (“Option B+...

    Authors: Aybuke Koyuncu, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Sandra Irene McCoy, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Raluca Buzdugan, Constancia Watadzaushe, Jeffrey Dirawo, Angela Mushavi, Agnes Mahomva, Frances Cowan and Nancy Padian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:15

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Multiple interrelated pathways contribute to the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, and variants in susceptibility genes may play a role among Filipinos, an ethnically distinct group with high prevalence of the dis...

    Authors: Melissa D. Amosco, Gloria R. Tavera, Van Anthony M. Villar, Justin Michael A. Naniong, Lara Marie G. David-Bustamante, Scott M. Williams, Pedro A. Jose and Cynthia P. Palmes-Saloma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:11

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Poor maternal health delivery in developing countries results in more than half a million maternal deaths during pregnancy, childbirth or within a few weeks of delivery. This is partly due to unavailability an...

    Authors: Gladys Buruwaa Nuamah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Kofi Akohene Mensah, Daniel Boateng, Dan Yedu Quansah, Dominic Dobin and Kwasi Addai-Donkor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:6

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage is a rare complication of preeclampsia during pregnancy associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Compared with the non-pregnant women stroke rates are relatively ra...

    Authors: Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Nkemnji Standley Awungafac and Jacqueline Ze Minkande

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:506

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a topical issue in Nigeria. Dearth of data on vital events posed a huge challenge to policy formulation and design of interventions to address the scourge. This study estimated the l...

    Authors: Usman Gulumbe, Olatunji Alabi, Olusola A. Omisakin and Semeeh Omoleke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:503

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Congenital anomalies are a worldwide problem, causing perinatal and infant deaths and postnatal physical disabilities. This study aimed to determine the pattern and associated factors of the congenital anomali...

    Authors: Sozan K. Ameen, Shahla Kareem Alalaf and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:501

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  31. Content type: Research article

    An observational study was conducted to examine the role of maternal anthropometry, including mid-arm muscle area (MAMA) and others, as risk factors for low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) ...

    Authors: Paul Petraro, Isabel Madzorera, Christopher P. Duggan, Donna Spiegelman, Karim Manji, Rodrick Kisenge, Roland Kupka and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:500

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have dramatically infiltrated populations living in abject poverty in Low- and Middle-income Countries (LMICs), and poor maternal and child health outcomes have been frequently r...

    Authors: Rajan Paudel, Kwan Lee, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Seok-Ju Yoo, Dilaram Acharya, Rajendra Kadel, Samaj Adhikari, Mohan Paudel and Narayan Mahotra

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:484

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal death in low- and middle-income countries. In Nepal, abortion is reported to be the third leading cause of maternal death. We aimed to investigate the prevalen...

    Authors: Abinath Yogi, Prakash K.C and Subas Neupane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:376

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Depression during pregnancy has far-reaching adverse consequences on mothers, children and the whole family. The magnitude and determinants of prenatal depressive symptoms in low-resource countries are not wel...

    Authors: Yitbarek Kidane Woldetensay, Tefera Belachew, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Shibani Ghosh, Maria Elena Lacruz, Veronika Scherbaum and Eva Johanna Kantelhardt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:374

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal mortality comprises an increasing proportion of childhood deaths in the developing world. Essential newborn care practices as recommended by the WHO may improve neonatal outcomes in resource limited s...

    Authors: Krystle Perez, Jacquelyn Patterson, Jessica Hinshaw, Carlos Escobar, David Parajon, Laura Parajon and Carl Bose

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:371

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Disrespectful and abusive maternity care is a complex phenomenon. In Namibia, HIV and high maternal mortality ratios make it vital to understand factors affecting maternity care quality. We report on two studi...

    Authors: Jennifer Wesson, Ndapewa Hamunime, Claire Viadro, Martha Carlough, Puumue Katjiuanjo, Pamela McQuide and Pearl Kalimugogo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:363

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) are major contributors to maternal and neonatal deaths in developing countries, associated with 10–15% of direct maternal deaths and nearly a quarter of stillbirths and newbor...

    Authors: Barbara Rawlins, Marya Plotkin, Jean Pierre Rakotovao, Ashebir Getachew, Maria Vaz, Jim Ricca, Pam Lynam, Frank Kagema and Patricia Gomez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:346

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Presence of maternal near-miss conditions in women is strongly associated with the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, but not well-understood in low-income countries. The study aimed to ascertain the ef...

    Authors: Ewnetu Firdawek Liyew, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:345

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this comparative, cross-sectional study was to identify factors affecting delays in accessing emergency obstetric care and clinical consequences of delays among preeclamptic and non-pr...

    Authors: Katharine Hutchinson, Malcolm Bryant, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Deborah Price, Lora Sabin, Lindsay Bryson, Roger Jean Charles and Eugene Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:337

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In Malawi there are too few maternity healthcare workers to enable delivery of high quality care to women. These staff are often overworked and have low job satisfaction. Skilled maternity healthcare workers a...

    Authors: Abi Merriel, Julia Hussein, Address Malata, Arri Coomarasamy and Michael Larkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:336

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous preterm birth is commencement of labor with intact or pre labor rapture of membrane and birth before 37 weeks of gestation. The aim of this study was to identify common factors associated with spon...

    Authors: Ababe Tamirat Deressa, Amsale Cherie, Teshome Melese Belihu and Gemechu Ganfure Tasisa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:332

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Targeted clinical interventions have been associated with a decreased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In conflict-affected countries such as South Sudan, however, implementation of lifesaving interve...

    Authors: Samira Sami, Ribka Amsalu, Alexander Dimiti, Debra Jackson, Solomon Kenyi, Janet Meyers, Luke C. Mullany, Elaine Scudder, Barbara Tomczyk and Kate Kerber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:325

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Effects of depression on parenting and on cognitive development of newborns are augmented when symptoms continue throughout the first postnatal year. Current classification systems recognize maternal depressio...

    Authors: Dina Sami Khalifa, Kari Glavin, Espen Bjertness and Lars Lien

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:324

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence is prevalent in conflict-affected settings and may result in sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). There are limited data on how women with SVRPs make decisions about pregnancy continuat...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Monica A. Onyango, Gillian Burkhardt, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Katherine Albutt, Ashley Greiner, Michael VanRooyen and Susan Bartels

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:322

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Pakistan has one of the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality in the world. It is assumed that employed mothers in paid work will be more empowered to opt for safer institutional deliveries. There i...

    Authors: Sara Rizvi Jafree, Rubeena Zakar, Mudasir Mustafa and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:316

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  46. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence about husbands’ roles on women’s utilization of skilled maternity care in Ethiopia, a country with low utilization coverage of skilled birth attendants and high maternal mortality. Th...

    Authors: Wondwosen Teklesilasie and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:315

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  47. Content type: Research article

    This is a facility-based study designed to assess perceived quality of care and satisfaction of reproductive health services under the output-based approach (OBA) services in Kenya from clients’ perspective.

    Authors: Boniface Oyugi, Urbanus Kioko, Stephen Mbugua Kaboro, Clarice Okumu, Sarah Ogola-Munene, Shaminder Kalsi, Simon Thiani, Shadrack Gikonyo, Julius Korir, Billy Baltazar and Moses Ranji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:310

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    Adequate nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure optimal birth outcomes, maternal health and offspring development. However, little is known about the dietary intake and nutritional status of pregnan...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Symington, Jeannine Baumgartner, Linda Malan, Lizelle Zandberg, Cristian Ricci and Cornelius M. Smuts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:308

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  49. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female genital mutilation (FGM) remains a serious concern and has affected 23.8 million women and girls, with the highest prevalence in Somali regional state. Even though FGM is reported to be ass...

    Authors: Kiros Gebremicheal, Fisehaye Alemseged, Haimanot Ewunetu, Daniel Tolossa, Abdibari Ma’alin, Mahlet Yewondwessen and Samuel Melaku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:305

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