Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Research article

    Midwives’ and patients’ perspectives on disrespect and abuse during labor and delivery care in Ethiopia: a qualitative study

    It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman’s rights and a deterrent to the use of life-saving, facility-based labor and delivery servic...

    Sahai Burrowes, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Dube Jara, Danielle Carter and Katheryn Smith

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:263

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Quality of Midwife-provided Intrapartum Care in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

    Despite much progress recently, Ethiopia remains one of the largest contributors to the global burden of maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. Ethiopia’s plan to meet the sustainable development goals f...

    Tegbar Yigzaw, Fantu Abebe, Lalem Belay, Yewulsew Assaye, Equlinet Misganaw, Ashebir Kidane, Desalegn Ademie, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg and Young-Mi Kim

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:261

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Trial of labour or elective repeat caesarean delivery:are women making an informed decision at Kenyatta national hospital?

    Trial of labour is a safe option for most women after one previous caesarean delivery. However, the proportion of women attempting trial of labour after previous caesarean delivery (TOLAC) has been declining i...

    Phocas Biraboneye S, Omondi Ogutu, Jos van Roosmalen, Samson Wanjala, Kizito Lubano and John Kinuthia

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:260

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  4. Research article

    Factors influencing timely initiation and completion of gestational diabetes mellitus screening and diagnosis - a qualitative study from Tamil Nadu, India

    In 2007, universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was introduced in Tamil Nadu, India. To identify factors hindering or facilitating timely initiation and completion of the GDM screening and...

    Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Thilde Rheinländer, Anil Kapur, Peter Damm, Veerasamy Seshiah and Ib C. Bygbjerg

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:255

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  5. Research article

    The specific and combined role of domestic violence and mental health disorders during pregnancy on new-born health

    Addressing impaired foetal growth is recognized as a public health priority. Certain risk factors for this condition, such as poor nutritional status at birth, have been found to be highly correlated with pove...

    Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Adriana Argeu, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi and Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:257

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Care of the mother-infant dyad: a novel approach to conducting and evaluating neonatal resuscitation simulation training in Bihar, India

    As the global under-five mortality rate declines, an increasing percentage is attributable to early neonatal mortality. A quarter of early neonatal deaths are due to perinatal asphyxia. However, neonatal resus...

    Brennan Vail, Hilary Spindler, Melissa C. Morgan, Susanna R. Cohen, Amelia Christmas, Pramod Sah, Malay B. Shah, Aritra Das and Dilys M. Walker

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:252

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  7. Research article

    A cross sectional study of maternal near miss and mortality at a rural tertiary centre in southern nigeria

    The study evaluated the pattern of severe maternal outcome, near miss indicators and associated patient and healthcare factors at a private referral hospital in rural Nigeria.

    Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Chukwuemeka Ezeama, Kelechi Osuagwu, Osita Samuel Umeononihu, Chibuzor Obiannika and Nkeiru Ezeama

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:251

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Women’s satisfaction with intrapartum care in St Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Addis Ababa Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

    Satisfaction during intrapartum care is the most influential attribute on maternal health service return behaviors and utilization. Measuring satisfaction of women with intrapartum care helps to address the pr...

    Tangute Demas, Tewodros Getinet, Delayehu Bekele, Teshome Gishu, Malede Birara and Yemesrach Abeje

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:253

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  9. Research article

    Incident HIV during pregnancy and early postpartum period: a population-based cohort study in a rural area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    The evidence on the effect of pregnancy on acquiring HIV is conflicting, with studies reporting both higher and lower HIV acquisition risk during pregnancy when prolonged antiretroviral therapy was accessible....

    Terusha Chetty, Alain Vandormael, Claire Thorne and Anna Coutsoudis

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:248

    Published on: 26 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Longer travel time to district hospital worsens neonatal outcomes: a retrospective cross-sectional study of the effect of delays in receiving emergency cesarean section in Rwanda

    In low-resource settings, access to emergency cesarean section is associated with various delays leading to poor neonatal outcomes. In this study, we described the delays a mother faces when needing emergency ...

    Joseph Niyitegeka, Georges Nshimirimana, Allison Silverstein, Jackline Odhiambo, Yihan Lin, Theoneste Nkurunziza, Robert Riviello, Stephen Rulisa, Paulin Banguti, Hema Magge, Martin Macharia, Regis Habimana and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:242

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Carriage and serotype distribution of Streptococcus agalactiae in third trimester pregnancy in southern Ghana

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) among healthy, pregnant women attending antenatal care at different study sites in the Greater Accra R...

    Hans-Christian Slotved, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Josephine A. N. Banini and Niels Frimodt-Møller

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:238

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  12. Research article

    The prevalence and risk factors of preterm small-for-gestational-age infants: a population-based retrospective cohort study in rural Chinese population

    Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for ...

    Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q. Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-kun Zhang and Hui Pan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:237

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  13. Research article

    Home delivery among antenatal care booked women in their last pregnancy and associated factors: community-based cross sectional study in Debremarkos town, North West Ethiopia, January 2016

    In Ethiopia, nearly half of the mothers who were booked for antenatal care, who supposed to have institutional delivery, gave home delivery nationally. Home delivery accounts majority while few of childbirth w...

    Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Temesgen Worku Gudayu and Melese Siyoum Desta

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:225

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  14. Research article

    Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus based on various screening strategies in western Kenya: a prospective comparison of point of care diagnostic methods

    Early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is crucial to prevent short term delivery risks and long term effects such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the mother and infant. Diagnosing G...

    Sonak D. Pastakia, Benson Njuguna, Beryl Ajwang’ Onyango, Sierra Washington, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Wycliffe K Kosgei and Ponnusamy Saravanan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:226

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  15. Research article

    Correlates of facility delivery for rural HIV-positive pregnant women enrolled in the MoMent Nigeria prospective cohort study

    Low rates of maternal healthcare service utilization, including facility delivery, may impede progress in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and in reducing maternal and infant morta...

    Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Christopher Isah, Chinenye Fan-Osuala, Salome Erekaha, Habib O. Ramadhani, Udochisom Anaba, Olusegun A. Adeyemi, Grace Manji-Obadiah, Daniel Lee, Llewellyn J. Cornelius and Manhattan Charurat

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:227

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  16. Research article

    Improving health literacy through group antenatal care: a prospective cohort study

    To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women’s health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual ant...

    Jody R. Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J. Boyd, Tanima Banerjee and Richard M. K. Adanu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:228

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  17. Research article

    Cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system for emergency obstetrical and neonatal care in rural Ethiopia

    To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system an dedicated to emergency obstetrics and neonatal care (EmONC) in remote sub-Saharan settings.

    Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Hagos Solomon, Tsegaye Ademe, Jofrey Woldegebriel, Biadgo Almaz, Mohammed Zemedu, Fabio Manenti, Akalu Tibebe, Pasquale Farese, Aberra Seifu, Serena Menozzi and Giovanni Putoto

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:220

    Published on: 12 July 2017

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