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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis during pregnancy (HTG-APP) is a rare but severe disease with high maternal-fetal mortality risk, which constitutes a systemic inflammatory process accompanied by...

    Authors: Longhuan Zeng, Xueying Cai, Jiayi Chen, Guangyong Jin and Yongke Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:592

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Several studies concluded that there is a reduction of maternal deaths with improved access to caesarean section, while other studies showed the existence of a direct association between the two variables. In ...

    Authors: Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Tefera Taddele and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:588

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Facility-based childbirth has increased globally. Unfortunately, there have also been reports of women experiencing disrespect and abuse by healthcare providers during childbirth. This study aimed to measure t...

    Authors: Kana Shimoda, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence rates and risks of pregnancy complications among nulliparous and multiparous women with advanced maternal age (AMA, ≥35 years) in China.

    Authors: Jiayou Luo, Chunli Fan, Miyang Luo, Junqun Fang, Shujin Zhou and Fenfang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

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  5. During the ongoing global outbreak of COVID-19, pregnant women who are susceptible to COVID-19 should be highly concerned. The issue of vertical transmission and the possibility of neonatal infection is a majo...

    Authors: Dongmei Cao, Miaomiao Chen, Min Peng, Heng Yin and Guoqiang Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:580

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is the standard drug for eclampsia prophylaxis and treatment. In China, the effective therapeutic serum magnesium level is 1.8–3.0 mmol/L. There is little information on how to achieve a...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Lian Tang, Ruiheng Tang, Lan Peng, Liqiang Chai, Liping Zhu and Yanxia Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The role of the male partner and wider family in maternal health, especially in case of emergencies, has been receiving increasing attention over the last decade. Qualitative research has highlighted that wome...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Malica De Melo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Annually, 2.6 million stillbirths occur around the world, with approximately 98% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. The stillbirth rates in these countries are 10 times higher than the rates in hig...

    Authors: Khulood K. Shattnawi, Yousef S. Khader, Mohammad S. Alyahya, Nihaya Al-Sheyab and Anwar Batieha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:571

    Content type: Research article

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  9. While evidence has shown an association between place of birth and birth outcomes, factors contributing to the choice of home birth have not been adequately investigated in Tanzania while more than 30% of deli...

    Authors: Fabiola V. Moshi and Christopher H. Mbotwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In recent years, there have been many reports on the pregnancy outcomes of fresh blastocyst transfer (BT) and frozen-thawed BT, but the conclusions are controversial and incomplete. To compare the pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Meiling Yang, Li Lin, Chunli Sha, Taoqiong Li, Wujiang Gao, Lu Chen, Ying Wu, Yanping Ma and Xiaolan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:559

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Conventional cigarette (CC) smoking is one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are considered to be safer than CCs during pregnancy, the evidence is y...

    Authors: Sooyong Kim and Sanda Cristina Oancea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Optimal pregnancy spacing is an important incidence in reproductive women’s health. Short or long pregnancy spacing leads to the greatest health, social and economic problems such as increase in maternal and i...

    Authors: Tania Dehesh, Elaheh Salarpour, Neda Malekmohammadi and Sepideh Arjomand Kermani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Fear of childbirth is related to but not synonymous with general anxiety, and represents a superior predictor for maternal and infant outcomes. There is a need to improve the identification and provision of su...

    Authors: P. Slade, K. Balling, K. Sheen and G. Houghton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The prolonged effects of disasters on reproductive outcomes among the survivors are less studied, and the findings are inconsistent. We examined the associations of maternal exposure to the 2008 Wenchuan earth...

    Authors: Qiguo Lian, Jiaying Ni, Jun Zhang, Julian Little, Shan Luo and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:552

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal problem during pregnancy, with an estimated prevalence ranging from 30–78% (Mota MJ et al. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 28(2):351-7,2015 and Abebe E et al. J Med...

    Authors: Gong Long, Zhang Yao Yao, Yang Na, Yi Ping, Sun Wei and Tan Mingsheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:551

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has lifelong implications for the woman and her infant. Treatment reduces adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes although uncertainty remains about the optimal diagnostic c...

    Authors: Caroline A. Crowther, Lesley M. E. McCowan, Janet A. Rowan, Richard Edlin and Christopher J. D. McKinlay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Heterotopic pregnancy occurred after frozen embryo transfer with two D3 embryos, and the case had a history of bilateral salpingectomy due to salpingocyesis. An ectopic heterotopic pregnancy was implanted in t...

    Authors: Xianping Wang, Ding Ma, Yangang Zhang, Yanhua Chen, Yuxia Zhang, Zhongyu Liu, Xingyu Bi, Xueqing Wu and Junmei Fan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:542

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Maternal influenza and pertussis vaccinations have been proven safe and effective in reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Though recommended, not all pregnant women receive these important vac...

    Authors: David Drezner, Michal Youngster, Hodaya Klainer and Ilan Youngster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Globally, the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age is about 29.4%, and anemia impacts about 40% of pregnant women and more than 20% of non-pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal observatio...

    Authors: Yu Wu, Hanfeng Ye, Jihong Liu, Qiuyue Ma, Yanling Yuan, Qian Pang, Jue Liu, Cai Kong and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Accurately determining the normal range of early pregnancy markers can help to predict adverse pregnancy outcomes. The variance in ovulation days leads to uncertain accuracy of reference intervals for natural ...

    Authors: Yan Ouyang, Jiabi Qin, Ge Lin, Shuanglin Xiang and Xihong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A prerequisite to the interventions for well-being improvement in high-risk pregnancy (HRP) is to make the concept clear, objective, and measurable. Despite the wealth of studies into the concept of well-being...

    Authors: Kobra Mirzakhani, Abbas Ebadi, Farhad Faridhosseini and Talaat Khadivzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Person-centered maternity care is providing care that is respectful and responsive to individual women’s preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that their values guide all clinical decisions during childb...

    Authors: Fentaw Teshome Dagnaw, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Aragaw Tesfaw Desale and Melaku Tadege Engdaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Previous studies in pregnancy have not focused in evaluating the effect of walking during pregnancy and prevention of insomnia. Our general objective is to determine the effect of a walking program in preventi...

    Authors: C. Amezcua-Prieto, M. Naveiro-Fuentes, N. Arco-Jiménez, R. Olmedo-Requena, R. Barrios-Rodríguez, I. Vico-Zúñiga, S. Manzanares Galán, J. Mozas-Moreno, J. J. Jiménez-Moleón and J. L. Gallo-Vallejo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Studies show that childbirth fear is a common problem among Iranian women. Therefore, most Iranian women prefer caesarean section for giving birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of a psychoeducatio...

    Authors: Laya Firouzan, Roghieh Kharaghani, Saeedeh Zenoozian, Reza Moloodi and Elham Jafari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The World Health Organization’s definition of maternal morbidity refers to “a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing and/or functioning. Many studies have documented the, mostly negative, effects of maternal i...

    Authors: Jenny A. Cresswell, Kelli D. Barbour, Doris Chou, Affette McCaw-Binns, Veronique Filippi, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Maria Barreix, Max Petzold, Nenad Kostanjsek, Sara Cottler-Casanova and Lale Say

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Metformin use in pregnancy is controversial because metformin crosses the placenta and the safety on the fetus has not been well-established. This retrospective study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in wom...

    Authors: Shu-Fu Lin, Shang-Hung Chang, Chang-Fu Kuo, Wan-Ting Lin, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Yu-Tung Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literatur...

    Authors: Louise Ronnje, John-Kalle Länsberg, Olga Vikhareva, Stefan R. Hansson, Andreas Herbst and Mehreen Zaigham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:511

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare complication of caesarean delivery and a special type of ectopic pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. Early di...

    Authors: Lin-yu Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhu, Jian Jiang and Tian-an Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:508

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Despite ample clinical evidence that gaining excess weight in pregnancy results in negative health outcomes for women and infants, more than half of women in Western industrialized nations gain in excess of na...

    Authors: Meredith Vanstone, Marina Sadik, Sherry Van Blyderveen, Anne Biringer, Wendy Sword, Louis Schmidt and Sarah D. Mcdonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Creatine (Cr), an amino acid derivative, is one of the most important sources of energy acting as both a spatial and temporal energy buffer through its phosphorylated analogue phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Francesca Strigini, Giovanni Cioni and Roberta Battini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:506

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Maternal obesity has severe physical impacts such as increased chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, mental health impacts are given less attention within antenatal care. Evidence suggest...

    Authors: Nafisa Insan, Emma Slack, Nicola Heslehurst and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Travel time and healthcare financing are critical determinants of the provision of quality maternal health care in low resource settings. Despite the availability of pregnancy-related mHealth and smart travel ...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Israel Mbekezeli Dabengwa, Liberty Makacha, Newton Nyapwere, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Laurine Chikoko, Marianne Vidler and Prestige Tatenda Makanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  33. HIV testing is the cornerstone for HIV care and support services, including Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Knowledge of HIV status is associated with better reproductive health choi...

    Authors: Miriam Nakanwagi, Lilian Bulage, Benon Kwesiga, Alex Riolexus Ario, Doreen Agasha Birungi, Ivan Lukabwe, John Bosco Matovu, Geoffrey Taasi, Linda Nabitaka, Shaban Mugerwa and Joshua Musinguzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a commonly reported maternal morbidity that negatively impacts the well-being of women during pregnancy and extends long term into the post-partum period. The burden of maternal mor...

    Authors: Moges Gashaw, Solomon Gedlu and Balamurugan Janakiraman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have been associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. However, whether euthyroid women with anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) posit...

    Authors: Ning Yuan, Jianbin Sun, Zhi Li, Sanbao Chai, Xiaomei Zhang and Linong Ji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Untreated antenatal depression and anxiety can be associated with short and long term health impacts on the pregnant woman, her infant and the rest of the family. Alternative interventions to those currently a...

    Authors: Hayley A. Bradley, Siobhan A. Campbell, Roger T. Mulder, Jaqueline M. T. Henderson, Lesley Dixon, Joseph M. Boden and Julia J. Rucklidge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:488

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. The prevalence of preterm birth and low birth weight has been increasing slightly in recent years. A few studies have suggested that psychosocial stress during pregnancy may increase risk for these adverse bir...

    Authors: Kari A. Weber, Suzan L. Carmichael, Wei Yang, Sarah C. Tinker and Gary M. Shaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mood and anxiety issues are the main mental health complaints of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Services targeting such women can reduce perinatal complications related to psychiatric diffic...

    Authors: Luisa Caropreso, Sarah Saliba, Lindsay Hasegawa, Jack Lawrence, Caitlin J. Davey and Benicio N. Frey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, but the evidence on the impact of coexistent PCOS and GDM is rather ...

    Authors: Varun Manoharan and Vincent W. Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Birth defects are the main cause of fetal death, infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. However, the etiology of birth defects remains largely unknown. Maternal folate status during periconception plays an ...

    Authors: Mengru Li, Yi Zhang, Xiaotian Chen, Dingmei Wang, Mi Ji, Yuan Jiang, Yalan Dou, Xiaojing Ma, Wei Sheng, Weili Yan and Guoying Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:475

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. The association between gestational weight gain and neonatal body composition has been inconsistent, exposing the need for further research. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether gestational weight gai...

    Authors: Sylvia R. Nehab, Letícia D. Villela, Fernanda V. M. Soares, Andrea D. Abranches, Daniele M. R. Araújo, Leila M. L. da Silva, Yasmin N. V. Amaral, Saint Clair G. Junior, Maria Dalva B. B. Meio and Maria Elisabeth Moreira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Previous evidence has suggested that lower gestational vitamin D levels might increase the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The results remain inconsistent and require further exploration.

    Authors: Geng-dong Chen, Ting-ting Pang, Peng-sheng Li, Zi-xing Zhou, Dong-xin Lin, Da-zhi Fan, Xiao-ling Guo and Zheng-ping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Macrosomia is a major adverse pregnancy outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Although BMI, symphysis-fundal height (SFH) and abdominal circumference (AC) are associated with foetal weight, there are...

    Authors: Zhi Guo Chen, Ya Ting Xu, Lu Lu Ji, Xiao Li Zhang, Xiao Xing Chen, Rui Liu, Chao Wu, Yan Ling Wang, Han Yang Hu and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Hookworm infection is a major public health problem in developing countries. The main way people become infected with hookworm’s larva is through direct skin contact with contaminated soil when walking on bare...

    Authors: Sewnet Wongiel Misikir, Moges Wobie, Mengistie Kassahun Tariku and Simachew Animen Bante

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  45. One in five women experience psychological distress in the perinatal period. To support women appropriately, Australian guidelines recommend routine depression screening and psychosocial risk assessment by mid...

    Authors: V. Schmied., N. Reilly, E. Black, D. Kingston, K. Talcevska., V. Mule. and M-P Austin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Previous studies revealed positive, negative, and no influence of social capital on the health outcomes of pregnant women. It was considered that such differences were caused by the disparities of outcome meas...

    Authors: Ryoko Morozumi, Kenta Matsumura, Kei Hamazaki, Akiko Tsuchida, Ayako Takamori and Hidekuni Inadera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Threatened preterm delivery (TPD) is the leading cause of inpatient admissions during pregnancy. The ability to predict the risk of imminent preterm delivery is thus a major priority in obstetrics. The aim of ...

    Authors: Emilie Marie, Guillaume Ducarme, Marion Boivin, Virginie Badon, Hélène Pelerin, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Zeineb Lamoureux, Valéry-Pierre Riche, Norbert Winer, Thibault Thubert and Vincent Dochez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:442

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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