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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. In 2015, the stillbirth rate after 28 weeks (late gestation) in Australia was 35% higher than countries with the lowest rates globally. Reductions in late gestation stillbirth rates have steadily improved in A...

    Authors: C. J. Andrews, D. Ellwood, P. F. Middleton, A. Gordon, M. Nicholl, C. S. E. Homer, J. Morris, G. Gardener, M. Coory, M. Davies-Tuck, F. M. Boyle, E. Callander, A. Bauman and V. J. Flenady

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:694

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of preventable brain harm and cognitive impairment in children. Portuguese women of childbearing age, pregnant women and their progeny were shown to have inadequate i...

    Authors: Maria Lopes-Pereira, Susana Roque, Patrício Costa, Anna Quialheiro, Nadine Correia Santos, Ana Goios, Laura Vilarinho, Margarida Correia-Neves and Joana Almeida Palha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:693

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Exposure to environmental stressors can lead to shorter leukocyte telomere length and increase the risk of chronic diseases. Preservation of leukocyte telomere length by reducing oxidative stress exposure and ...

    Authors: Etienne Nsereko, Aline Uwase, Claude Mambo Muvunyi, Stephen Rulisa, David Ntirushwa, Patricia Moreland, Elizabeth J. Corwin, Nicole Santos, Jue Lin, Jyu-Lin Chen, Manasse Nzayirambaho and Janet M. Wojcicki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:692

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic condition characterized by capillary hyperpermeability which can be predicted by preovulatory ovarian responses such as number of follicles. A variety ...

    Authors: Miaad Jabbar Alhilali, Abbas Parham, Armin Attaranzadeh, Malihe Amirian and Mohammad Azizzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:691

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aims to explore the relationships between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), rate of GWG during the second and third trimesters (GWGrate) and birth weight among Chinese...

    Authors: Yawen Wang, Haihui Ma, Yahui Feng, Yongle Zhan, Sansan Wu, Shuya Cai, Yingjie Shi, Yunli Chen, Liangkun Ma and Yu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:690

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Propionic acidemia (PA) is a severe monogenic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the mitochondrial protein propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) enzyme, which is caused by mutations in the PCCA or PCCB gene. Pre...

    Authors: Ye Tian, Guojie Wang, Wujuan Shi and Xiaohong Bai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:689

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Downstream remodeling of the spiral arteries (SpA) decreases utero-placental resistance drastically, allowing sustained and increased blood flow to the placenta under all circumstances. We systematically evalu...

    Authors: Veronique Schiffer, Laura Evers, Sander de Haas, Chahinda Ghossein-Doha, Salwan Al-Nasiry and Marc Spaanderman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:680

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To date, the rates of potentially life-threatening condition (PTLC), maternal near miss (MNM) and maternal deaths in pregnant patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and variables associated to it have n...

    Authors: Luiza Russo de Morais, Beatriz Costa Patz, Felipe Favorette Campanharo, Patricia Médici Dualib, Sue Yazaki Sun and Rosiane Mattar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:679

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The current evidence about anemia and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy remains elusive in China. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of anemia and IDA and their risk factors...

    Authors: Jing Tan, Guolin He, Yana Qi, Hongmei Yang, Yiquan Xiong, Chunrong Liu, Wen Wang, Kang Zou, Andy H. Lee, Xin Sun and Xinghui Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:670

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The fullPIERS risk prediction model was developed to identify which women admitted with confirmed diagnosis of preeclampsia are at highest risk of developing serious maternal complications. The model discrimin...

    Authors: U. Vivian Ukah, Beth A. Payne, Jennifer A. Hutcheon, Lucy C. Chappell, Paul T. Seed, Frances Inez Conti-Ramsden, J. Mark Ansermino, Laura A. Magee and Peter von Dadelszen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:668

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Unplanned pregnancy is a significant public health issue in both low- and high-income countries. The burden of unplanned pregnancy is reflected in women opting for pregnancy terminations and it can be detrimen...

    Authors: Iddamalgoda Dissanayakage Jayani Chalindra Ranatunga and Kapila Jayaratne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:667

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Determination of the optimal timing for termination of pregnancy in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) during the extremely preterm period is still difficult. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (B...

    Authors: Eishin Nakamura, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Yoshihisa Ono, Yasushi Takai and Hiroyuki Seki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:662

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is strong evidence that women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who receive a minimum of three appointments with a dietitian may require medication less often. The aim of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Nina MELONCELLI, Adrian BARNETT and Susan de JERSEY

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:661

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Antepartum activity restriction (AAR) is a common recommendation given to women at risk for preterm delivery. However, such treatment has been shown to cause heavy emotional burdens on the women receiving it s...

    Authors: Hsiao-Ying Hung, Su-Pin Hung and Ying-Ju Chang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:659

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The first months postpartum can be challenging for parents, leading to elevated symptoms of parenting stress, depression and anxiety. In turn, distressed parents are at higher risk for providing suboptimal qua...

    Authors: Marjolein Missler, Annemieke van Straten, Jaap Denissen, Tara Donker and Roseriet Beijers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:658

    Content type: Research article

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  16. HELLP syndrome may increase adverse pregnancy outcomes, though the incidence of it is not high. At present, the impact of HELLP syndrome on P-AKI (acute kidney injury during pregnancy) and maternal and infant ...

    Authors: Qiang Liu, Guan-jun Ling, Shao-quan Zhang, Wen-qing Zhai and Yi-juan Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:657

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Ectopic pregnancy is a major life- and fertility-threatening women’s health concern. As a result of advances in examination technology, an increasing number of ectopic pregnancies can be diagnosed early and tr...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Yu Zhang, Lu Gan, Xiao-ying Liu and Shan-ping Du

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:654

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Preeclampsia is a severe disease in pregnant women, which is primarily managed by early screening and prevention. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have increasingly been shown to be important biological regulators inv...

    Authors: Yonggang Zhang, Hongling Yang, Yipeng Zhang, Junzhu Shi and Ronggui Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:652

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Studies investigating the associations of maternal syphilis treatment with birth outcomes mainly concentrated in economically developed areas. Limited data are available in economically underdeveloped areas, s...

    Authors: Zhihua Wan, Huan Zhang, Haigang Xu, Yang Hu, Cai Tan and Yuling Tao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:648

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) is a prenatal complication that may contribute to long-term behavioral and neurodevelopmental differences in offspring. This systematic review summarizes research on the ...

    Authors: Sorayya Kheirouri and Mohammad Alizadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:645

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Global investments in neonatal survival have resulted in a growing number of children with morbidities surviving and requiring ongoing care. Little is known about the caregivers of these children in low- and m...

    Authors: Marie Claire Abimana, Egide Karangwa, Ibrahim Hakizimana, Catherine M. Kirk, Kathryn Beck, Ann C. Miller, Silas Havugarurema, Sadallah Bahizi, Alphonsine Uwamahoro, Kim Wilson, Mathieu Nemerimana and Alphonse Nshimyiryo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:643

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Pregnant women’s exposure to secondhand smoke is a very serious health issue in China. The purpose of our research is to identify factors that predict the probability of exposure to secondhand smoke among preg...

    Authors: Jiangyun Chen, Xinhui Li and Pengqian Fang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:642

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Evidence-based medicine has shown that successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is associated with fewer complications than an elective repeat cesarean. Although spontaneous vaginal births and reductions...

    Authors: Qiuping Liao, Jinying Luo, Lianghui Zheng, Qing Han, Zhaodong Liu, Wei Qi, Tingting Yang and Jianying Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:639

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Observational data from the retrospective, non-randomized Pregnancy REmote MOnitoring I (PREMOM I) study showed that remote monitoring (RM) may be beneficial for prenatal observation of women at risk for gestatio...

    Authors: Dorien Lanssens, Inge M. Thijs and Wilfried Gyselaers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:626

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Preeclampsia/eclampsia is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet patients’ perspectives about their diagnosis are not well understood. Our study examines patient knowledge among women...

    Authors: Avina Joshi, Titus Beyuo, Samuel A. Oppong, Cheryl A. Moyer and Emma R. Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:625

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Each day, approximately 810 women die during pregnancy and childbirth and 94% of the deaths take place in low and middle income countries. Only 45% of the births in South Asia are attended by skilled professio...

    Authors: Januka Khatiwada, Basilua Andre Muzembo, Koji Wada and Shunya Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:622

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is common and is likely to be associated with metabolic complications in the mother. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of two doses of vitamin D supplementa...

    Authors: Soudabe Motamed, Bahareh Nikooyeh, Maryam Kashanian, Maryam Chamani, Bruce W. Hollis and Tirang R. Neyestani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:619

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Given the importance of the childbirth experience, its effects on women’s life and society, and the need for its assessment by accurate instruments, this study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of...

    Authors: Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:616

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are reported as unintended and rates are highest among women of low socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between u...

    Authors: Alanna M. Cruz-Bendezú, Grace V. Lovell, Brianna Roche, Meghan Perkins, Tiffany L. Blake-Lamb, Elsie M. Taveras and Meg Simione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:615

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Postpartum depression is considered to be one of the most common health threats during pregnancy and postpartum, affecting not only the woman herself but also the offspring and the whole family system. Evidenc...

    Authors: Alexandra Johann and Ulrike Ehlert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:609

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a higher risk of cesarean delivery (CD) than glucose-tolerant women. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a risk score for predicting primary CD...

    Authors: Chadakarn Phaloprakarn and Siriwan Tangjitgamol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:607

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Low birthweight (LBW) is a significant public health issue, and maternal smoking is the most prevalent preventable cause of LBW. But there is limited evidence on association of LBW among children and cigarette...

    Authors: Ruiping Wang, Ting Sun, Qiong Yang, Qing Yang, Jian Wang, Huan Li, Yue Tang, Liang Yang and Jie Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:603

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Preterm birth (PTB; gestational age < 37 weeks) is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Low and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have been previously cited as risk factors for ...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Eick, Michael Welton, Mechelle D. Claridy, Skarlet G. Velasquez, Nicholas Mallis and José F. Cordero

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:599

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Although physical activity (PA) in pregnancy benefits most women, not much is known about pregnancy-related changes in PA and its association with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Heng Yaw Yong, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Zulida Rejali, Jacques Bindels, Yvonne Yee Siang Tee and Eline M. van der Beek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:597

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The management of pregnant women with sickle cell disease (SCD) poses a major challenge for maternal healthcare services owing to the potential for complications associated with morbidity and mortality. Trustw...

    Authors: Yasser S. Amer, Yasser Sabr, Ghada M. ElGohary, Amer M. Altaki, Osamah T. Khojah, Ahmed El-Malky and Musa F. Alzahrani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:595

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis during pregnancy (HTG-APP) is a rare but severe disease with high maternal-fetal mortality risk, which constitutes a systemic inflammatory process accompanied by...

    Authors: Longhuan Zeng, Xueying Cai, Jiayi Chen, Guangyong Jin and Yongke Zheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:592

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Several studies concluded that there is a reduction of maternal deaths with improved access to caesarean section, while other studies showed the existence of a direct association between the two variables. In ...

    Authors: Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Tefera Taddele and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:588

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Facility-based childbirth has increased globally. Unfortunately, there have also been reports of women experiencing disrespect and abuse by healthcare providers during childbirth. This study aimed to measure t...

    Authors: Kana Shimoda, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence rates and risks of pregnancy complications among nulliparous and multiparous women with advanced maternal age (AMA, ≥35 years) in China.

    Authors: Jiayou Luo, Chunli Fan, Miyang Luo, Junqun Fang, Shujin Zhou and Fenfang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

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  40. During the ongoing global outbreak of COVID-19, pregnant women who are susceptible to COVID-19 should be highly concerned. The issue of vertical transmission and the possibility of neonatal infection is a majo...

    Authors: Dongmei Cao, Miaomiao Chen, Min Peng, Heng Yin and Guoqiang Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:580

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is the standard drug for eclampsia prophylaxis and treatment. In China, the effective therapeutic serum magnesium level is 1.8–3.0 mmol/L. There is little information on how to achieve a...

    Authors: Jingjing Li, Lian Tang, Ruiheng Tang, Lan Peng, Liqiang Chai, Liping Zhu and Yanxia Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The role of the male partner and wider family in maternal health, especially in case of emergencies, has been receiving increasing attention over the last decade. Qualitative research has highlighted that wome...

    Authors: Anna Galle, Malica De Melo, Sally Griffin, Nafissa Osman, Kristien Roelens and Olivier Degomme

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Annually, 2.6 million stillbirths occur around the world, with approximately 98% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. The stillbirth rates in these countries are 10 times higher than the rates in hig...

    Authors: Khulood K. Shattnawi, Yousef S. Khader, Mohammad S. Alyahya, Nihaya Al-Sheyab and Anwar Batieha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:571

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. While evidence has shown an association between place of birth and birth outcomes, factors contributing to the choice of home birth have not been adequately investigated in Tanzania while more than 30% of deli...

    Authors: Fabiola V. Moshi and Christopher H. Mbotwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In recent years, there have been many reports on the pregnancy outcomes of fresh blastocyst transfer (BT) and frozen-thawed BT, but the conclusions are controversial and incomplete. To compare the pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Meiling Yang, Li Lin, Chunli Sha, Taoqiong Li, Wujiang Gao, Lu Chen, Ying Wu, Yanping Ma and Xiaolan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:559

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Conventional cigarette (CC) smoking is one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are considered to be safer than CCs during pregnancy, the evidence is y...

    Authors: Sooyong Kim and Sanda Cristina Oancea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Optimal pregnancy spacing is an important incidence in reproductive women’s health. Short or long pregnancy spacing leads to the greatest health, social and economic problems such as increase in maternal and i...

    Authors: Tania Dehesh, Elaheh Salarpour, Neda Malekmohammadi and Sepideh Arjomand Kermani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal problem during pregnancy, with an estimated prevalence ranging from 30–78% (Mota MJ et al. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 28(2):351-7,2015 and Abebe E et al. J Med...

    Authors: Gong Long, Zhang Yao Yao, Yang Na, Yi Ping, Sun Wei and Tan Mingsheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:551

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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