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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Weight gain during pregnancy has an important impact on maternal and neonatal health. Unlike the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations for weight gain in singleton pregnancies, those for twin gestations ...

    Authors: Olha Lutsiv, Adam Hulman, Christy Woolcott, Joseph Beyene, Lucy Giglia, B. Anthony Armson, Linda Dodds, Binod Neupane and Sarah D. McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:330

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Recent policy and service provision recommends a woman-centred approach to maternity care. Midwife-led models of care are seen as one important strategy for enhancing women’s choice; a core element of woman-ce...

    Authors: Andrew Hunter, Declan Devane, Catherine Houghton, Annmarie Grealish, Agnes Tully and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:322

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Metformin is widely used to treat gestational diabetes (GDM), but many women remain hyperglycaemic and require additional therapy. We aimed to determine recruitment rate and participant throughput in a randomi...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Reynolds, Fiona C. Denison, Ed Juszczak, Jennifer L. Bell, Jessica Penneycard, Mark W. J. Strachan, Robert S. Lindsay, Claire I. Alexander, Corinne D. B. Love, Sonia Whyte, Fiona Mackenzie, Ben Stenson and Jane E. Norman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:316

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  4. Content type: Case report

    The increase in serum estradiol (E2) concentrations during the follicular phase becomes the index of oocyte maturation in vivo. When ovarian stimulation is performed to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) patient...

    Authors: Kaori Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Imakawa and Chuyu Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:312

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to ide...

    Authors: Ghadeer K. Al-Shaikh, Gehan H. Ibrahim, Amel A. Fayed and Hazem Al-Mandeel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:310

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive disorder usually occurs after 20 weeks of gestation. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Ethiopia,...

    Authors: Teklit Grum, Abiy Seifu, Mebrahtu Abay, Teklit Angesom and Lidiya Tsegay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:307

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  7. Content type: Research article

    During pregnancy, the hyperdynamic physiology of circulation can exacerbate many cardiovascular disorders. Congestive heart failure (CHF) usually occurs during late pregnancy, which is significantly associated...

    Authors: Ying-Jen Chang, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen, Ming-Ping Wu, Chia-Hung Yu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chia-Ming Chen and Chin-Chen Chu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:302

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Process evaluation is an essential part of designing and assessing complex interventions. The vitamin D and lifestyle intervention study (DALI) study is testing different strategies to prevent development of g...

    Authors: Judith G. M. Jelsma, David Simmons, Nina Gobat, Stephen Rollnick, Kinga Blumska, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Fabiola Juarez, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Andre van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Dirk Timmerman, David Hill…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:293

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Zambia’s maternal mortality ratio was estimated at 398/100,000 live births in 2014. Successful aversion of deaths is dependent on availability and usability of signal functions for emergency obstetric and neon...

    Authors: Tannia Tembo, Gershom Chongwe, Bellington Vwalika and Lungowe Sitali

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:288

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Our aims were to (1) describe the frequency of physical activity and prenatal healthcare provider advice about physical activity during pregnancy and (2) examine determinants and correlates of 3rd trimester ph...

    Authors: Eilann C. Santo, Peter W. Forbes, Emily Oken and Mandy B. Belfort

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:286

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In light of the adverse outcomes for mothers and offspring related to maternal obesity, identification of subgroups of women at risk of prepregnancy obesity and its related-adverse issues is crucial for optimi...

    Authors: Julie Boudet-Berquier, Benoit Salanave, Jean-Claude Desenclos and Katia Castetbon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:273

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Sufficient iodine intake is needed during pregnancy to ensure proper fetal development. The iodine levels of women in their first trimester of pregnancy in Catalonia are currently unknown. This data would help...

    Authors: Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Gemma Falguera, Gemma Prieto, Roser Casamitjana and Pere Toran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:249

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Presently, the matter of pregnancy outcomes of patients with pregnancy related AKI (PR-AKI) were disputed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of PR-AKI on pregnancy outcomes.

    Authors: Youxia Liu, Xinxin Ma, Jie Zheng, Xiangchun Liu and Tiekun Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:235

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated the drug utilization patterns and factors predicting drug use in pregnant women with migraine. This longitudinal drug utilization study aimed to describe patterns of analgesic use...

    Authors: Gerd-Marie Eskerud Harris, Mollie Wood, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Christofer Lundqvist and Hedvig Nordeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:224

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks of gestation) is a major problem in obstetrics and affects an estimated 15 million pregnancies worldwide annually. A history of previous preterm birth is the strongest risk...

    Authors: Laura Visser, Marjon A. de Boer, Christianne J. M. de Groot, Tobias A. J. Nijman, Marieke A. C. Hemels, Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp, Judith E. Bosmans, Marjolein Kok, Judith O. van Laar, Marieke Sueters, Hubertina Scheepers, Joris van Drongelen, Maureen T. M. Franssen, J. Marko Sikkema, Hans J. J. Duvekot, Mireille N. Bekker…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:223

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth is in quantity and in severity the most important contributor of perinatal morbidity and mortality both in well- and low-resource countries. Cervical pessary and cervical cerclage are both consid...

    Authors: Bouchra Koullali, Liselotte E.M. van Kempen, Maud D. van Zijl, Christiana A. Naaktgeboren, Ewoud Schuit, Dick J. Bekedam, Maureen T.M. Franssen, Sebastiaan W.A. Nij Bijvank, Marieke Sueters, Marchien van Baal, Marjon A. de Boer, Angelo B. Hooker, Brenda B.J. Hermsen, Toon A.A.M. Toolenaar, Joost J. Zwart, David P. van der Ham…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:215

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    In this protocol we describe a mixed methods study in the province of South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo evaluating the effectiveness of different demand side strategies to increase maternal health servi...

    Authors: Mari Dumbaugh, Wyvine Bapolisi, Jennie van de Weerd, Michel Zabiti, Paula Mommers, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka and Sonja Merten

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:212

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a late serious complication of caesarean section. The incidence of CSP has increased worldwide in recent years. Early diagnosis and prompt therapy are crucial to avoid catastr...

    Authors: Zhi-Da Qian, Yue Weng, Yong-Jiang Du, Chun-Fen Wang and Li-Li Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:208

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The Auckland Stillbirth study demonstrated a two-fold increased risk of late stillbirth for women who did not go to sleep on their left side. Two further studies have confirmed an increased risk of late stillb...

    Authors: Robin S. Cronin, Carol Chelimo, Edwin A. Mitchell, Kara Okesene-Gafa, John M. D. Thompson, Rennae S. Taylor, B. Lynne Hutchison and Lesley M. E. McCowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:190

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been linked to depression, but the preventive effect of n-3PUFAs supplementation on maternal depression needs further investigation. We aimed to evaluate the eff...

    Authors: Juliana dos Santos Vaz, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim Adegboye, Antonio Egidio Nardi and Gilberto Kac

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:180

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of prenatal lifestyle intervention to prevent gestational diabetes and improve maternal glucose metabolism remains to be established. The Norwegian Fit for Delivery (NFFD) randomized, control...

    Authors: Linda R. Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Nina C. Øverby, Elling Bere, Monica K. Torstveit, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Elisabet R. Hillesund, Are Pripp and Tore Henriksen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:167

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Globally, the prevalence of post term pregnancy (PTP) is about 5-10%, but the rate varies considerably between and within countries. PTP is defined as a pregnancy ≥294 days, but the definition is arbitrary. Ma...

    Authors: Anna Wessberg, Ingela Lundgren and Helen Elden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:162

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Adverse birth and neonatal outcomes disproportionately affect African American women and infants compared to those of other races/ethnicities. While significant research has sought to identify underlying facto...

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Corwin, Carol J. Hogue, Bradley Pearce, Cherie C. Hill, Timothy D. Read, Jennifer Mulle and Anne L. Dunlop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:161

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:395

  24. Content type: Research article

    Ghana’s current Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 319 per 100,000 live births makes achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal of 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births or less by 2030 appear to be il...

    Authors: William Gudu and Bright Addo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:159

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) considers pregnant women to be a risk group for severe influenza disease. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate influenza disease incidence in pregnant women in order...

    Authors: Mark A. Katz, Bradford D. Gessner, Jeanene Johnson, Becky Skidmore, Marian Knight, Niranjan Bhat, Helen Marshall, David J. Horne, Justin R. Ortiz and Deshayne B. Fell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:155

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:192

  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Excessive maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational weight gain are related to pregnancy- and birth outcomes. The interpregnancy time window offers a unique opportunity to intervene in order to acquire a healthy ...

    Authors: Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Margriet Bijlholt, Kelly Amuli, Dorine Heynickx and Roland Devlieger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:154

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In 2011 Switzerland reported the highest infant mortality rate among Western European countries, as well as the highest percentage of foreign population (23%). The comparison of the Swiss and foreign populatio...

    Authors: Philippe Wanner and Paola Bollini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:151

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Peri-conceptional use of folic acid supplements is recommended to prevent neural tube defects. Correct supplement use seems to be less common among ethnic minorities. We examined ethnic differences in folic ac...

    Authors: Tarja I. Kinnunen, Line Sletner, Christine Sommer, Martine C. Post and Anne Karen Jenum

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:143

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Globally, an estimated 289,000 maternal deaths occurred in 2013. Majority of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Mobility of pastoralists is a well-recognized survival strategy in ar...

    Authors: Wako Golicha Wako and Dejene Hailu Kassa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:144

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety and tolerability of intravenous iron sucrose with that of oral ferrous fumarate in iron deficiency anemia during 14 to 34 weeks of pregnancy.

    Authors: Shruti B. Bhavi and Purushottam B. Jaju

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:137

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may pose a threat to the fetus. Women infected prior to conception are unlikely to transmit the parasite to the fetus. If maternal serology indicates a po...

    Authors: Gry Findal, Anne Helbig, Guttorm Haugen, Pål A. Jenum and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:127

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and he...

    Authors: Yeyi Zhu, Monique M. Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A. Mevi and Assiamira Ferrara

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:122

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pharmacogenetics is an emerging field currently being implemented to improve safety when prescribing drugs. While many women who take drugs during pregnancy would likely benefit from such personalized drug the...

    Authors: Aizati N. A. Daud, Eefke L. Bergsma, Jorieke E. H. Bergman, Hermien E. K. De Walle, Wilhelmina S. Kerstjens-Frederikse, Bert J. Bijker, Eelko Hak and Bob Wilffert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:120

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    In the United States, preterm birth (PTB) before 37 weeks gestational age occurs at an unacceptably high rate, and large racial disparities persist. To date, medical and public health interventions have achiev...

    Authors: Liwei Chen, Amy H. Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Emily Heberlein, Lu Zhang and Xiaoqian Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:118

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of health care options are utilised by pregnant women in Australia. The out-of-pocket costs of maternity care in Australia vary depending on many factors including model of care utilised, health i...

    Authors: Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom and David Sibbritt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:114

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Parental obesity is highly predictive of child obesity, and preterm infants are at greater risk of obesity, but little is known about obese and non-obese mothers’ responsiveness to preterm infant cues during f...

    Authors: Evanthia A. Arianas, Kristin M. Rankin, Kathleen F. Norr and Rosemary C. White-Traut

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:113

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Ectopic pregnancy (EP) occurs in 1% of pregnancies and is reported to be more common in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. An abdominal ectopic pregnancy (AEP) is a...

    Authors: Atsushi Yanaihara, Shirei Ohgi, Kenichirou Motomura, Yuko Hagiwara, Tae Mogami, Keisuke Saito and Takumi Yanaihara

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:108

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  38. Content type: Research article

    A healthy diet is important for pregnancy outcome and the current and future health of woman and child. The aims of the study were to explore the changes from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy in consumption of...

    Authors: Marianne Skreden, Elling Bere, Linda R. Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad and Nina C. Øverby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:107

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy is associated with a variety of health benefits including a reduced risk of pregnancy related conditions such as pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension and lea...

    Authors: Melanie Hayman, Peter Reaburn, Matthew Browne, Corneel Vandelanotte, Stephanie Alley and Camille E. Short

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:96

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, Uganda started implementing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) in line with the WHO 2012 guidelines. This study explored experiences of HIV in...

    Authors: Esther Buregyeya, Rose Naigino, Aggrey Mukose, Fred Makumbi, Godfrey Esiru, Jim Arinaitwe, Joshua Musinguzi and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:94

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Patient decision aids (PtDAs) help people make difficult, values-sensitive decisions. Prenatal screening for assessing the risk of genetic conditions in the fetus is one such decision and patient decision aids...

    Authors: Maria Esther Leiva Portocarrero, Anik M. C. Giguère, Johanie Lépine, Mirjam M. Garvelink, Hubert Robitaille, Agathe Delanoë, Isabelle Lévesque, Brenda J. Wilson, François Rousseau and France Légaré

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:90

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a late serious complication of cesarean section. There has been an increase in the incidence of CSP worldwide in recent years. It’s a life-threatening condition because of the ...

    Authors: Zhi-Da Qian, Yue Weng, Chun-Fen Wang, Li-Li Huang and Xiao-Ming Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:84

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Our recent paper, based on a pilot cohort of 119 women, showed that serum progesterone <35 nmol/L was prognostic of spontaneous miscarriage by 16 weeks in women with threatened miscarriage in early pregnancy. ...

    Authors: Sze Min Lek, Chee Wai Ku, John C. Allen Jr, Rahul Malhotra, Nguan Soon Tan, Truls Østbye and Thiam Chye Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:78

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Though nausea and vomiting is very common during pregnancy, no studies have investigated the impact of this condition on the women’s daily lives in a Scandinavian population. The aim of this study was to descr...

    Authors: Kristine Heitmann, Hedvig Nordeng, Gro C. Havnen, Anja Solheimsnes and Lone Holst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:75

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Asthma and pregnancy are both sources of anxiety for women. Although there has been a focus on physiological management of asthma and pregnancy, there has been little research on the impact that personalised s...

    Authors: Graham R. Williamson, Anita O’Connor and Elmslie-Jones Kayleigh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:69

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Congenital tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis. The diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm neonates because of the non-specific clinical presentation and the lack of awareness of ma...

    Authors: Veronica Samedi, Stephen K. Field, Essa Al Awad, Gregory Ratcliffe and Kamran Yusuf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:66

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth contributes to 0.5 million deliveries in the United States (one of eight pregnancies) and poses a huge burden on public health with costs in the billions. Of particular concern is that the rate o...

    Authors: Susan E. Carlson, Byron J. Gajewski, Christina J. Valentine, Lynette K. Rogers, Carl P. Weiner, Emily A. DeFranco and Catalin S. Buhimschi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:62

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal education needs to be renewed and adapted to the needs of women. Objectives: to assess women needs, identify factors that influence the desired outcomes, and propose a framework for developing new pe...

    Authors: Isabel Artieta-Pinedo, Carmen Paz-Pascual, Gonzalo Grandes and Maite Espinosa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:58

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) may have profound psychological consequences for those involved. Evidence suggests that women’s experience of care influences their psychological adjustment to...

    Authors: Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Andrew C. G. Breeze and Pauline Fox

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:60

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