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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The use of valid dietary assessment methods is crucial to analyse adherence to dietary recommendations among pregnant women. This study aims to assess the relative validity of a self-administered Web-based 24-...

    Authors: Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, Jacynthe Lafrenière, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille and Anne-Sophie Morisset

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:112

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy causes adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is recommended as a chemoprevention therapy. Zomba di...

    Authors: Steven Chifundo Azizi, Gershom Chongwe, Helen Chipukuma, Choolwe Jacobs, Jessy Zgambo and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:108

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women’s health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in an...

    Authors: Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola and Patrick Musonda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:101

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in pregnancy and account for the highest proportion of primary care antibiotic prescriptions issued to pregnant women in the UK. It is well known that antibiotic use ...

    Authors: Flavia Ghouri, Amelia Hollywood and Kath Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:99

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The OptiBIRTH study incorporates a multicentre cluster randomised trial in 15 hospital sites across three European countries. The trial was designed to test a complex intervention aimed at improving vaginal bi...

    Authors: Maaike Fobelets, Katrien Beeckman, Gilles Faron, Déirdre Daly, Cecily Begley and Koen Putman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:92

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Glycaemic target recommendations vary widely between international professional organisations for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Some studies have reported women’s experiences of having GDM, b...

    Authors: Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Judith McAra-Couper and Caroline A. Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:91

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has serious consequences such as increased risks of preeclampsia, macrosomia and cesarean delivery. Even though the mechanistic basis of GDM has not been completely understo...

    Authors: Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Sara Al-Musharaf, Mona A. Fouda, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Kaiser Wani, Naji J. Aljohani, Amal Al-Serehi, Eman Sheshah, Naemah M. Alshingetti, Iqbah Z. Turkistani, A. Afrah Alharbi, Buthaynah A. Alraqebah, Aisha Mansoor Ali, Gawaher Al-Saeed and Nasser M. Al-Daghri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:86

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used by pregnant women to manage conditions such as epilepsy and bipolar disorder even though they pose a risk to the developing foetus. This study aimed to determine the overall...

    Authors: Noni Richards, David Reith, Michael Stitely and Alesha Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:84

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Men can play a significant role in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. Maternal health programmes are increasingly looking for innovative interventions to engage men to help impr...

    Authors: Alice Norah Ladur, Edwin van Teijlingen and Vanora Hundley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:81

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Heterotopic interstitial pregnancy is a rare variant of heterotopic pregnancies, and it poses challenges in treating the heterotopic pregnancy and preserving the intrauterine pregnancy. However, there is no cl...

    Authors: Yuan Jiang, Jie Chen, Huaijun Zhou, Mingming Zheng, Ke Han, Jingxian Ling, Xianghong Zhu, Xiaoqiu Tang, Rong Li and Ying Hong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:78

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  11. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the impact of adopting the 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria on the rates of gestational diabetes (GDM), pregnancy outcomes and identification of women at future risk of type...

    Authors: Claudia Chi, See Ling Loy, Shiao-Yng Chan, Cherie Choong, Shirong Cai, Shu E. Soh, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Peter D. Gluckman, Keith M. Godfrey, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Michael S. Kramer and Yap-Seng Chong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:69

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Pre-eclampsia (PE) is related to an impaired endothelial function. Endothelial dysfunction accounts for altered vascular reactivity, activation of the coagulation cascade and loss of vascular integrity. Impair...

    Authors: Dominique Mannaerts, Ellen Faes, Jan Gielis, Emeline Van Craenenbroeck, Paul Cos, Marc Spaanderman, Wilfried Gyselaers, Jerome Cornette and Yves Jacquemyn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:60

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising in all developed countries. This study aimed at assessing the short-term economic burden of GDM from the Italian healthcare system perspective.

    Authors: Michela Meregaglia, Livia Dainelli, Helen Banks, Chiara Benedetto, Patrick Detzel and Giovanni Fattore

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:58

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia is among the leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide, occurs in 2-8% of all pregnancies, and is estimated to account for at least 9 % of maternal deaths in Africa. Studies fro...

    Authors: Dorah Mrema, Rolv Terje Lie, Truls Østbye, Michael Johnson Mahande and Anne Kjersti Daltveit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:56

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  15. Content type: Research article

    HFE hemochromatosis is an inborn error of iron metabolism linked to a defect in the regulation of hepcidin synthesis. This autosomal recessive disease typically manifests later in women than men. Although it is c...

    Authors: Virginie Scotet, Philippe Saliou, Marianne Uguen, Carine L’Hostis, Marie-Christine Merour, Céline Triponey, Brigitte Chanu, Jean-Baptiste Nousbaum, Gerald Le Gac and Claude Ferec

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:53

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  16. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the associations between vitamin D status in early and late pregnancy with neonatal small for gestational age (SGA), low birth weight (LBW) and preterm delivery. Furthermore, associations betwe...

    Authors: Linnea Bärebring, Maria Bullarbo, Anna Glantz, Lena Hulthén, Joy Ellis, Åse Jagner, Inez Schoenmakers, Anna Winkvist and Hanna Augustin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:51

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Malignancy during pregnancy has become a significant cause of maternal death in developed countries, likely due to both an older pregnant population, and increases of cervical cancer in younger women. Our aim ...

    Authors: Masayuki Sekine, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Tabata, Tamotsu Sudo, Ryuichiro Nishimura, Koji Matsuo, Brendan H. Grubbs, Takayuki Enomoto and Tomoaki Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:50

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) has the potential to identify and manage obstetric complications, educate women about risks during pregnancy and promote skilled birth attendance during childbirth. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Ania Salem, Oriane Lacour, Stefano Scaringella, Josea Herinianasolo, Anne Caroline Benski, Giovanna Stancanelli, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat and Nicole Christine Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Experiencing a stillbirth can be a potent stressor for psychological distress in the subsequent pregnancy and possibly after the subsequent birth. The impact on women’s relationship with her partner in the sub...

    Authors: Ida Kathrine Gravensteen, Eva-Marie Jacobsen, Per Morten Sandset, Linda Bjørk Helgadottir, Ingela Rådestad, Leiv Sandvik and Øivind Ekeberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:41

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Although Ethiopia is scaling up Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, women’s use of MWHs varies markedly between facilities. To maximize MWH utilization, it is essential t...

    Authors: Tienke Vermeiden, Floris Braat, Girmay Medhin, Asheber Gaym, Thomas van den Akker and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:38

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The major causes of maternal and neonatal mortality in the Philippines are hemorrhages and obstructed labor due to placental implantation abnormalities (PIAs), twin pregnancies and fetal malpresentations. All ...

    Authors: Godofreda V. Dalmacion, Ramon T. Reyles, Antonia E. Habana, Lalaine Mae V. Cruz, Maricelle C. Chua, Analyn T. Ngo, Milagros J. Tia-Jocson and Emmanuel S. Baja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the leading cause of poor perinatal outcomes in Ethiopia, there is no study that shows the national prevalence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate...

    Authors: Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu and Achenef Asmamaw Muche

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:34

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce c...

    Authors: Tommy Carlsson and Elisabet Mattsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:26

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Fear of Childbirth (FOC) is a common problem affecting women’s health and wellbeing, and a common reason for requesting caesarean section. The aims of this review were to summarise published research on preval...

    Authors: C. Nilsson, E. Hessman, H. Sjöblom, A. Dencker, E. Jangsten, M. Mollberg, H. Patel, C. Sparud-Lundin, H. Wigert and C. Begley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:28

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Probiotics are living microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit. It has been speculated that probiotics might help prevent preterm birth, but in two previous systemati...

    Authors: Alexander Jarde, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Paul Moayyedi, Jennifer C. Stearns, Stephen M. Collins, Joseph Beyene and Sarah D. McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:14

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Although the onset of gestational diabetes (GDM) is known to be a significant risk factor for the future development of type 2 diabetes, this risk specifically in women with GDM diagnosed by the International ...

    Authors: Yukari Kugishima, Ichiro Yasuhi, Hiroshi Yamashita, So Sugimi, Yasushi Umezaki, Sachie Suga, Masashi Fukuda and Nobuko Kusuda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:19

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Cancer during pregnancy is relatively rare but may lead to maternal mortality. We aimed to assess the incidence of cancer related maternal mortality and the neonatal outcome in these patients. Also, doctor- an...

    Authors: Jorine de Haan, Christianne A. R. Lok, Joke S. Schutte, Lia van Zuylen and Christianne J. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:10

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Severe, early-onset fetal growth restriction due to placental insufficiency is associated with a high risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity with long-lasting sequelae. Placental insufficiency is the result...

    Authors: A. Pels, L. C. Kenny, Z. Alfirevic, P. N. Baker, Peter von Dadelszen, C. Gluud, C. T. Kariya, B. W. Mol, A. T. Papageorghiou, A. G. van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, W. Ganzevoort and K. M. Groom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:440

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Raised blood pressure (BP) affects approximately 10% of pregnancies worldwide, and a high proportion of affected women develop pre-eclampsia. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of self-monitoring of ...

    Authors: Katherine L. Tucker, Kathryn S. Taylor, Carole Crawford, James A. Hodgkinson, Clare Bankhead, Tricia Carver, Elizabeth Ewers, Margaret Glogowska, Sheila M. Greenfield, Lucy Ingram, Lisa Hinton, Khalid S. Khan, Louise Locock, Lucy Mackillop, Christine McCourt, Alexander M. Pirie…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:442

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Despite numerous publications stating the importance of multidisciplinary care for women with pre-existing medical conditions, there is a lack of evidence regarding structure or processes of multidisciplinary ...

    Authors: Cath Taylor, David R. McCance, Lucy Chappell, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Sara A. Thorne, Khaled M. K. Ismail, James S. A. Green and Debra Bick

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:434

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to quantify spontaneous first trimester miscarriage rates per woman among parous women. A vast amount of data has accumulated regarding miscarriage rates per recognized pregnancy ...

    Authors: Judy Slome Cohain, Rina E. Buxbaum and David Mankuta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:437

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity worldwide. Raised blood pressure (BP) affects 10% of pregnancies worldwide, of which almost half develop pre-eclampsia. T...

    Authors: Lisa Hinton, Katherine L. Tucker, Sheila M. Greenfield, James A. Hodgkinson, Lucy Mackillop, Christine McCourt, Trisha Carver, Carole Crawford, Margaret Glogowska, Louise Locock, Mary Selwood, Kathryn S. Taylor and Richard J. McManus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:427

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Unmet need for family planning has implications for women and their families, such as unsafe abortion, physical abuse, and poor maternal health. Contraceptive knowledge has increased across low-income settings...

    Authors: Joseph K. Wulifan, Albrecht Jahn, Hervé Hien, Patrick Christian Ilboudo, Nicolas Meda, Paul Jacob Robyn, T. Saidou Hamadou, Ousmane Haidara and Manuela De Allegri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:426

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Maternal vitamin D status has been associated with both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and fetal growth restriction, however, the evidence is inconsistent. In Finland, maternal vitamin D status has improv...

    Authors: Helena H. Hauta-alus, Heli T. Viljakainen, Elisa M. Holmlund-Suila, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M. Valkama, Otto M. Helve, Timo K. Hytinantti, Outi M. Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:420

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote use of skilled maternal and neonatal care so that they can get timely skilled care, particularly during child birth. There is mini...

    Authors: Eshetu Andarge, Aderajew Nigussie and Mekitie Wondafrash

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:412

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emerge...

    Authors: Birjna A. Hirani, Bariki L. Mchome, Nicholaus S. Mazuguni and Michael J. Mahande

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:411

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of t...

    Authors: Matteo C. Sattler, Judith G. M. Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M. Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A. van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R. Mathiesen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:404

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Today, scientific evidence has supported the popular belief that physical activity is associated with biological health in pregnant women. A randomized controlled trial was used to assess the benefits of physi...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Felipe Lobelo, Ana C. Aguilar-de Plata, Mikel Izquierdo and Antonio García-Hermoso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:396

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, pertussis remains a major health problem among children. During the recent outbreaks of pertussis, maternal antenatal immunisation was introduced in several industrial countries. This systematic rev...

    Authors: Marie Furuta, Jacqueline Sin, Edmond S. W. Ng and Kay Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:390

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Pre-pregnancy obesity and postpartum mental disorders are prevalent health risks to both the mother and the offspring. The objective of our study was to examine whether a history of childhood maltreatment is a...

    Authors: Michaela Nagl, Franziska Lehnig, Holger Stepan, Birgit Wagner and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:391

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy remain a major global health issue not only because of the associated high adverse maternal outcomes but there is a close accompaniment of significant perinatal morbidity an...

    Authors: Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, Michael Y. Ntumy, Samuel A. Obed and Joseph D. Seffah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:388

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Maternal critical illness occurs in 1.2 to 4.7 of every 1000 live births in the United States and approximately 1 in 100 women who become critically ill will die. Patient characteristics and comorbid condition...

    Authors: Kazuyoshi Aoyama, Rohan D’Souza, Eiichi Inada, Stephen E. Lapinsky and Robert A. Fowler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:372

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in relation to fasting (FG) and 2-h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG) levels and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); we invest...

    Authors: Natarajan Padmapriya, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Shen Liang, See Ling Loy, Shirong Cai, Iris Shen Zhe, Kenneth Kwek, Keith M. Godfrey, Peter D. Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Jerry Kok Yen Chan and Falk Müller-Riemenschneider

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:364

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements and low awareness of fetal movements are associated with a negative birth outcome. Mindfetalness is a method developed for women to facilitate systematic observ...

    Authors: Anna Akselsson, Susanne Georgsson, Helena Lindgren, Karin Pettersson and Ingela Rådestad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:359

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean delivery (CD) increases the risk of postpartum infection by 5 to 20 fold. Prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) is the goal of antibiotic prophylaxis. This study was carried out to assess the o...

    Authors: Chinta Annie Jyothirmayi, Ajay Halder, Bijesh Yadav, Santosh Thomas Samuel, Anil Kuruvilla and Ruby Jose

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:340

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The management of pregnancy-associated-cancer (PAC) requires epidemiological evaluation of the pathways of care. The aim of this study was to describe maternal and neonatal outcomes of PAC in Martinique.

    Authors: Kathleen Melan, Jean-Luc Volumenie, Gaël Wan-Ajouhu, Stephen Ulric-Gervaise, Jacqueline Veronique-Baudin and Clarisse Joachim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:334

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of chiropractic management for a subgroup of pregnant women with dominating one-sided pelvic girdle pain (PGP).

    Authors: Anne Marie Gausel, Inger Kjærmann, Stefan Malmqvist, Knut Andersen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen and Inger Økland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:331

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Psychiatric illness before delivery increases the risk of giving birth by caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR) but little is known about these women’s mental health after childbirth. In this study we a...

    Authors: Louise Möller, Ann Josefsson, Marie Bladh, Caroline Lilliecreutz, Ellika Andolf and G. Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:326

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