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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is now the commonest congenital form of infective neurological handicap, recognized by the Institute of Medicine as the leading priority for the developed world in congenital in...

    Authors: Susan P Walker, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Erica M Wood, Paul Shekleton and Michelle L Giles

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:96

    Content type: Debate

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  2. Postpartum follow up of women who have been found to have gestational diabetes during pregnancy is essential because of the strong association of gestational diabetes with subsequent type 2 diabetes. Postal re...

    Authors: Emer Heatley, Philippa Middleton, William Hague and Caroline Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:92

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Magnesium sulphate is currently recommended for neuroprotection of preterm infants for women at risk of preterm birth at less than 30 weeks’ gestation, based on high quality evidence of benefit. However there ...

    Authors: Caroline A Crowther, Philippa F Middleton, Dominic Wilkinson, Pat Ashwood and Ross Haslam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:91

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. To identify risk factors, beyond fetal weight, associated with adverse maternal outcomes in delivering infants with a birthweight of 4000 g or greater, and to quantify their role in maternal complications.

    Authors: Florent Fuchs, Jean Bouyer, Patrick Rozenberg and Marie-Victoire Senat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:90

    Content type: Research article

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  5. First trimester Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein A (PAPP-A) levels, routinely measured for aneuploidy screening, may predict development of preeclampsia. This study tests the hypothesis that first trimester...

    Authors: Aditi R Saxena, Ellen W Seely, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, S Ananth Karumanchi and Thomas F McElrath

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:85

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive, multi-system pregnancy disorder whose pathophysiology remains unclear. Elevations in circulating soluble endoglin (sENG) and placental/blood ENG mRNA expression antedate the clinic...

    Authors: Mandy J Bell, James M Roberts, Sandra A Founds, Arun Jeyabalan, Lauren Terhorst and Yvette P Conley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:82

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In Australia, approximately 0.1% of births occur to women 45 years or older and this rate has been increasing in recent years. There are however, few population based studies examining perinatal outcomes among...

    Authors: Mary C Carolan, Mary-Ann Davey, Maryanne Biro and Michelle Kealy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:80

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) has well recognised adverse health implications for the mother and her newborn that are both short and long term. Obesity is a significant risk factor for developing GDM and...

    Authors: Cate Nagle, Helen Skouteris, Heather Morris, Alison Nankervis, Bodil Rasmussen, Peter Mayall and Richard L Kennedy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:65

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Preeclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy affects 2-8% of women and is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk later in life. There is little information about the knowledge o...

    Authors: May-Britt Heidrich, Daniela Wenzel, Constantin S von Kaisenberg, Cordula Schippert and Frauke M von Versen-Höynck

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:61

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Delaying the first childbirth to an advanced age has increased significantly during the last decades, but little is known about older first time mothers’ experience of childbirth. This study investigates the a...

    Authors: Vigdis Aasheim, Ulla Waldenström, Svein Rasmussen and Erica Schytt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:53

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Obesity is increasing in the child-bearing population as are the rates of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is associated with higher rates of Cesarean Section for the mother and increased risks of ma...

    Authors: Marloes Dekker Nitert, Helen L Barrett, Katie Foxcroft, Anne Tremellen, Shelley Wilkinson, Barbara Lingwood, Jacinta M Tobin, Chris McSweeney, Peter O’Rourke, H David McIntyre and Leonie K Callaway

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:50

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Inconsistent data on the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and a range of pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth (PTB) and small for gestational age (SGA) raise new questions. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Manuela Pfinder, Anton E Kunst, Reinhold Feldmann, Manon van Eijsden and Tanja G M Vrijkotte

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:49

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pregnancy-associated cancer is associated with maternal morbidities and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and is reported to be increasing. Hospital discharge data have the potential to provide timely information on...

    Authors: Yuen Yi Cathy Lee, Christine L Roberts, Jane Young and Timothy Dobbins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:37

    Content type: Research article

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  14. If it is well known that obesity increases morbidity for both mother and fetus and is associated with a variety of adverse reproductive outcomes, then few studies have assessed the relation between obesity and...

    Authors: Anne-Frederique Minsart, Pierre Buekens, Myriam De Spiegelaere and Yvon Englert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is one of the most common causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures...

    Authors: Jeffrey Michael Smith, Richard F Lowe, Judith Fullerton, Sheena M Currie, Laura Harris and Erica Felker-Kantor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:34

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The objective of this study was to examine the association of maternal and paternal height with pregnancy length, and with the risk of pre- and post-term birth. In addition we aimed to study whether cardiovasc...

    Authors: Kirsti Myklestad, Lars Johan Vatten, Elisabeth Balstad Magnussen, Kjell Åsmund Salvesen and Pål Richard Romundstad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:33

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Maternal perception of fetal movements has been used as a measure of fetal well-being. Yet a Cochrane review does not recommend formal fetal movement counting compared to discretional fetal movement counting. ...

    Authors: Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Adrienne Gordon, Qiushuang Li and Jon A Hyett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:32

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Excessive gestational weight gain is associated with adverse infant, childhood and maternal outcomes and research to develop interventions to address this issue is ongoing. The views of women on gestational we...

    Authors: W S Leslie, A Gibson and C R Hankey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Physical symptoms are common in pregnancy and are predominantly associated with normal physiological changes. These symptoms have a social and economic cost, leading to absenteeism from work and additional med...

    Authors: Katie F Foxcroft, Leonie K Callaway, Nuala M Byrne and Joan Webster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Postpartum depression is a serious problem for women and their offspring. Micronutrient supplements are recommended for pregnant women because of their documented protective effects for the offspring, but thei...

    Authors: Brenda MY Leung, Bonnie J Kaplan, Catherine J Field, Suzanne Tough, Misha Eliasziw, Mariel Fajer Gomez, Linda J McCargar and Lisa Gagnon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy is associated with poor perinatal outcome. Even if pregnant women with diabetes are monitored according to current guidelines, they do much worse than their normoglycaemic counterpar...

    Authors: Daphne N Voormolen, J Hans DeVries, Arie Franx, Ben WJ Mol and Inge M Evers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:164

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. The proportions of preterm birth (PTB, ie., delivered before 37 gestational weeks) and low birth weight (LBW, ie., birth weight less than 2500 g at delivery) have been rising in developed countries. We sought ...

    Authors: Takashi Yorifuji, Hiroo Naruse, Saori Kashima, Takeshi Murakoshi, Tsuguhiko Kato, Sachiko Inoue, Hiroyuki Doi and Ichiro Kawachi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:162

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Research has shown that exposure to interpersonal violence is associated with poorer mental health outcomes. Understanding the impact of interpersonal violence on mental health in the early postpartum period h...

    Authors: Lise A Malta, Sheila W McDonald, Kathy M Hegadoren, Carol A Weller and Suzanne C Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:153

    Content type: Research article

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  24. From 2000 a routine survey of mothers with newborn infants was commenced in South Western Sydney. The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The aim of the study was to determine the ...

    Authors: John G Eastwood, Bin B Jalaludin, Lynn A Kemp, Hai N Phung and Bryane EW Barnett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:148

    Content type: Research article

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  25. British women are increasingly delaying childbirth. The proportion giving birth over the age of 35 rose from 12% in 1996 to 20% in 2006. Women over this age are at a higher risk of perinatal death, and antepar...

    Authors: Kate F Walker, George Bugg, Marion Macpherson, Carol McCormick, Chris Wildsmith, Gordon Smith and Jim Thornton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:145

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Despite twinning being common in Africa, few prospective twin studies have been conducted. We studied twinning rate, perinatal mortality and the clinical characteristics of newborn twins in urban Guinea-Bissau.

    Authors: Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Najaaraq Lund, Frida Staarup Jepsen, Luis Camala, Margarida Alfredo Gomes, Kaare Christensen, Lene Christiansen, Dorte Møller Jensen, Peter Aaby, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Christine Stabell Benn and Morten Sodemann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:140

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this study was to compare maternal labour and birth outcomes between women who gave birth on a birth seat or in any other position for vaginal birth and further, to study the relationship between sy...

    Authors: Li Thies-Lagergren, Linda J Kvist, Kyllike Christensson and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:135

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In low-resource settings, where abortion is highly restricted and self-induced abortions are common, access to post-abortion care (PAC) services, especially treatment of incomplete terminations, is a priority....

    Authors: Tara Shochet, Ayisha Diop, Alioune Gaye, Madi Nayama, Aissata Bal Sall, Fawole Bukola, Thieba Blandine, Okunlola Michael Abiola, Blami Dao, Ogunbode Olayinka and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:127

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Fetal movement counting has long been suggested as a screening tool to identify impaired placental function. However, quantitative limits for decreased fetal movement perform poorly for screening purposes, ind...

    Authors: Brita Askeland Winje, Jo Røislien and J Frederik Frøen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:124

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A web-based inventory was developed as a voluntary registry of Canadian pregnancy and birth cohort studies, with the objective to foster collaboration and sharing of research tools among cohort study groups as...

    Authors: Marie-Pier Joly, Michel Boivin, Anne Junker, Alan Bocking, Michael S Kramer and Stephanie A Atkinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:117

    Content type: Database

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  31. Increasing rates of postpartum haemorrhage in developed countries over the past two decades are not explained by corresponding changes in risk factors and conjecture has been raised that maternal obesity may b...

    Authors: Elaine M Fyfe, John MD Thompson, Ngaire H Anderson, Katie M Groom and Lesley M McCowan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:112

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Australian Carbohydrate Intolerance Study in Pregnant Women (ACHOIS) showed that treatment of pregnant women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus is beneficial for both women and their infants. It is st...

    Authors: Caroline A Crowther, William M Hague, Philippa F Middleton, Peter A Baghurst, Andrew J McPhee, Thach S Tran, Lisa N Yelland, Pat Ashwood, Shan Han, Jodie M Dodd and Jeffrey S Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:106

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Psychiatric disorders have been associated with sleep disorders in men and non-pregnant women, but little is known about sleep complaints and disorders among pregnant women with psychiatric disorders.

    Authors: Chunfang Qiu, Bizu Gelaye, Neway Fida and Michelle A Williams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:104

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The purpose of the study was to evaluate intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) of variables concerning personal characteristics, structure, outcome and process in the Brazilian Network for Surveillance of ...

    Authors: Samira M Haddad, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti, Mary A Parpinelli, Maria L Costa and Joao P Souza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:101

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Maternal race/ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) are important factors determining birth outcome. Previous studies have demonstrated that, teenagers, and mothers with advanced maternal age (AMA), a...

    Authors: Beatriz E de Jongh, Robert Locke, David A Paul and Matthew Hoffman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:97

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Few studies have investigated the impact of sexual violence on health during pregnancy. We examined the association between sexual violence and the reporting of physical symptoms during pregnancy.

    Authors: Mirjam Lukasse, Lena Henriksen, Siri Vangen and Berit Schei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:83

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To determine whether patients with placenta previa who delivered preterm have an increased risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth.

    Authors: Offer Erez, Lena Novack, Vered Klaitman, Idit Erez-Weiss, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Doron Dukler and Moshe Mazor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:82

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Specific genetic contributions for preeclampsia (PE) are currently unknown. This genome-wide association study (GWAS) aims to identify maternal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy-number variants (...

    Authors: Linlu Zhao, Elizabeth W Triche, Kyle M Walsh, Michael B Bracken, Audrey F Saftlas, Josephine Hoh and Andrew T Dewan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:61

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnancy is 2-10% and is associated with both maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes as pyelonephritis and preterm delivery. Antibiotic treatment is reporte...

    Authors: Brenda M Kazemier, Caroline Schneeberger, Esteriek De Miranda, Aleid Van Wassenaer, Patrick M Bossuyt, Tatjana E Vogelvang, Frans JL Reijnders, Friso MC Delemarre, Corine JM Verhoeven, Martijn A Oudijk, Jeanine A Van Der Ven, Petra N Kuiper, Nicolette Feiertag, Alewijn Ott, Christianne JM De Groot, Ben Willem J Mol…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:52

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Carbon monoxide (CO) is produced endogenously, and can also be acquired from many exogenous sources: ie. cigarette smoking, automobile exhaust. Although toxic at high levels, low level production or exposure l...

    Authors: Carolina C Venditti, Richard Casselman and Graeme N Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:101

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Knowledge on how well we can predict primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) can help policy makers and health providers design current delivery protocols and PPH case management. The purpose of this paper is to i...

    Authors: Ndola Prata, Sabry Hamza, Suzanne Bell, Deborah Karasek, Farnaz Vahidnia and Martine Holston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:97

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS3) has been proposed as a candidate gene for preeclampsia. However, studies so far have produced conflicting results. This study examines the specific role of varian...

    Authors: Nikos Zdoukopoulos, Chrysa Doxani, Ioannis E Messinis, Ioannis Stefanidis and Elias Zintzaras

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:89

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The most common indication for cesarean section (CS) in nulliparous women is dystocia secondary to ineffective myometrial contractility. The aim of this study was to identify a molecular profile in myometrium ...

    Authors: Donal J Brennan, Sharon F McGee, Elton Rexhepaj, Darran P O'Connor, Michael Robson and Colm O'Herlihy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:74

    Content type: Research article

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