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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Misreporting of energy intake is common and can contribute to biased estimates of the relationship between diet and disease. Energy intake misreporting is poorly understood in pregnancy and there is limited re...

    Authors: L. J. Moran, S. A. McNaughton, Z. Sui, C. Cramp, A. R. Deussen, R. M. Grivell and J. M. Dodd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:204

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia, a multisystem disorder in pregnancies complicates with maternal and fetal morbidity. Early- and late-onset preeclampsia, defined as preeclampsia developed before and after 34 weeks of gestation, ...

    Authors: Shu-Han You, Po-Jen Cheng, Ting-Ting Chung, Chang-Fu Kuo, Hsien-Ming Wu and Pao-Hsien Chu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:199

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ensuring equitable access to maternal health care including antenatal, delivery, postnatal services and fertility control methods, is one of the most critical challenges for public health sector. There are sig...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Agbessi Amouzou, Michael Ekholuenetale and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:194

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Maternal predictors of folic acid (FA) supplementation use to reduce offspring risk of neural tube defects are well known, while paternal determinants for maternal FA use are less known. Such knowledge is impo...

    Authors: Jan Helge Seglem Mortensen, Nina Øyen, Roy M. Nilsen, Tatiana Fomina, Steinar Tretli and Tone Bjørge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:188

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies reported that exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy may be associated with gestational hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the association between the use of antidepressants d...

    Authors: Neily Zakiyah, Loes F. ter Heijne, Jens H. Bos, Eelko Hak, Maarten J. Postma and Catharina C. M. Schuiling-Veninga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:187

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The reported long-term effects of poor maternal nutrition and uptake of recommended supplements before and during pregnancy was the impetus behind this study. Our objectives were to investigate and understand ...

    Authors: Gillian Funnell, Kevin Naicker, John Chang, Natasha Hill and Reem Kayyali

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:182

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine infection. The only way to protect against congenital CMV infection is to practice CMV prevention behaviors. CMV seroprevalence rates ...

    Authors: Rosemary Thackeray, Brianna M. Magnusson, Erica Bennion, Natalia N. Nielsen and Ryan J. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:181

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, the...

    Authors: Binu Gurung, Louise J. Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth and Tracy E. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:179

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and other complications. Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor that may help to prevent these comp...

    Authors: C. Flannery, S. McHugh, A. E. Anaba, E. Clifford, M. O’Riordan, L. C. Kenny, F. M. McAuliffe, P. M. Kearney and M. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:178

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Data on the prevalence of persistent symptoms in the first year after preeclampsia are limited. Furthermore, possible risk factors for these sequelae are poorly defined. We investigated kidney function, blood ...

    Authors: Michael Girsberger, Catherine Muff, Irene Hösli and Michael Jan Dickenmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:177

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Delay on timely initiation of antenatal care has a great impact on adverse pregnancy out comes. However, evidences in Ethiopia revealed that majority of pregnant mothers did not start their first visit as reco...

    Authors: Atsede Alle Ewunetie, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Belsity Temesgen Meselu, Muluye Molla Simeneh and Bekele Tesfaye Meteku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:173

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodin...

    Authors: Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah and Angela Odame

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:166

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question...

    Authors: Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent and Michael Ussher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:156

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) adopted more stringent diagnostic criteria for GDM in 2013, to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, there is no global consensus on these new diagnostic criteria, because of...

    Authors: Eva A. R. Goedegebure, Sarah H. Koning, Klaas Hoogenberg, Fleurisca J. Korteweg, Helen L. Lutgers, Mattheus J. M. Diekman, Eva Stekkinger, Paul P. van den Berg and Joost J. Zwart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:152

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  15. Content type: Research article

    We investigated whether various inflammatory and immune proteins in plasma predict intra-amniotic infection and imminent preterm delivery in women with preterm labor and compared their predictive ability with ...

    Authors: Hyunsoo Park, Kyo Hoon Park, Yu Mi Kim, Song Yi Kook, Se Jeong Jeon and Ha-Na Yoo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:146

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Transient hyperprolactinemia was proven to adversely affect the outcome of IVF. We aimed to identify changes in serum prolactin levels in patients undergoing ICSI, and to evaluate the effect of these changes o...

    Authors: Ahmed Kamel, Ayman A. Halim, Mohamed Shehata, Salwa AlFarra, Yahia El-faissal, Wafaa Ramadan and Ahmed M. Hussein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:141

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To better understand previous associations reported regarding nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), an investigation into timing of symptom onset for NVP and PGP in pregnancy, as...

    Authors: Arthur Chortatos, Per Ole Iversen, Margaretha Haugen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland and Marit B. Veierød

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:137

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In 2015, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended delayed umbilical cord clamping for at least 30–60 s for all infants. However, there is limited data regarding the maternal safety of delayed cord clampi...

    Authors: Chayatat Ruangkit, Matthew Leon, Kasim Hassen, Katherine Baker, Debra Poeltler and Anup Katheria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:131

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Uterine rupture in the non-laboring uterus is a rare occurrence, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality for the mother and fetus. Management of this presentation is complex at pre-viable gestati...

    Authors: Lesley Hawkins, Deborah Robertson, Helena Frecker, Howard Berger and Abheha Satkunaratnam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:132

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Low birth weight has important short- and long-term health implications. Previously it has been shown that pregnancies affected by hyperemesis gravidarum in the mother are at higher risk of having low birth we...

    Authors: Clive J. Petry, Ken K. Ong, Kathryn Beardsall, Ieuan A. Hughes, Carlo L. Acerini and David B. Dunger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:133

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this met...

    Authors: Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:121

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The use of valid dietary assessment methods is crucial to analyse adherence to dietary recommendations among pregnant women. This study aims to assess the relative validity of a self-administered Web-based 24-...

    Authors: Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, Jacynthe Lafrenière, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille and Anne-Sophie Morisset

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:112

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy causes adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is recommended as a chemoprevention therapy. Zomba di...

    Authors: Steven Chifundo Azizi, Gershom Chongwe, Helen Chipukuma, Choolwe Jacobs, Jessy Zgambo and Charles Michelo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:108

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women’s health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in an...

    Authors: Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola and Patrick Musonda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:101

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in pregnancy and account for the highest proportion of primary care antibiotic prescriptions issued to pregnant women in the UK. It is well known that antibiotic use ...

    Authors: Flavia Ghouri, Amelia Hollywood and Kath Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:99

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The OptiBIRTH study incorporates a multicentre cluster randomised trial in 15 hospital sites across three European countries. The trial was designed to test a complex intervention aimed at improving vaginal bi...

    Authors: Maaike Fobelets, Katrien Beeckman, Gilles Faron, Déirdre Daly, Cecily Begley and Koen Putman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:92

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Glycaemic target recommendations vary widely between international professional organisations for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Some studies have reported women’s experiences of having GDM, b...

    Authors: Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Judith McAra-Couper and Caroline A. Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:91

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has serious consequences such as increased risks of preeclampsia, macrosomia and cesarean delivery. Even though the mechanistic basis of GDM has not been completely understo...

    Authors: Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Sara Al-Musharaf, Mona A. Fouda, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Kaiser Wani, Naji J. Aljohani, Amal Al-Serehi, Eman Sheshah, Naemah M. Alshingetti, Iqbah Z. Turkistani, A. Afrah Alharbi, Buthaynah A. Alraqebah, Aisha Mansoor Ali, Gawaher Al-Saeed and Nasser M. Al-Daghri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:86

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used by pregnant women to manage conditions such as epilepsy and bipolar disorder even though they pose a risk to the developing foetus. This study aimed to determine the overall...

    Authors: Noni Richards, David Reith, Michael Stitely and Alesha Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:84

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Men can play a significant role in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. Maternal health programmes are increasingly looking for innovative interventions to engage men to help impr...

    Authors: Alice Norah Ladur, Edwin van Teijlingen and Vanora Hundley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:81

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Heterotopic interstitial pregnancy is a rare variant of heterotopic pregnancies, and it poses challenges in treating the heterotopic pregnancy and preserving the intrauterine pregnancy. However, there is no cl...

    Authors: Yuan Jiang, Jie Chen, Huaijun Zhou, Mingming Zheng, Ke Han, Jingxian Ling, Xianghong Zhu, Xiaoqiu Tang, Rong Li and Ying Hong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:78

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  32. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the impact of adopting the 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria on the rates of gestational diabetes (GDM), pregnancy outcomes and identification of women at future risk of type...

    Authors: Claudia Chi, See Ling Loy, Shiao-Yng Chan, Cherie Choong, Shirong Cai, Shu E. Soh, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Peter D. Gluckman, Keith M. Godfrey, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Michael S. Kramer and Yap-Seng Chong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:69

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Pre-eclampsia (PE) is related to an impaired endothelial function. Endothelial dysfunction accounts for altered vascular reactivity, activation of the coagulation cascade and loss of vascular integrity. Impair...

    Authors: Dominique Mannaerts, Ellen Faes, Jan Gielis, Emeline Van Craenenbroeck, Paul Cos, Marc Spaanderman, Wilfried Gyselaers, Jerome Cornette and Yves Jacquemyn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:60

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising in all developed countries. This study aimed at assessing the short-term economic burden of GDM from the Italian healthcare system perspective.

    Authors: Michela Meregaglia, Livia Dainelli, Helen Banks, Chiara Benedetto, Patrick Detzel and Giovanni Fattore

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:58

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia is among the leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide, occurs in 2-8% of all pregnancies, and is estimated to account for at least 9 % of maternal deaths in Africa. Studies fro...

    Authors: Dorah Mrema, Rolv Terje Lie, Truls Østbye, Michael Johnson Mahande and Anne Kjersti Daltveit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:56

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  36. Content type: Research article

    HFE hemochromatosis is an inborn error of iron metabolism linked to a defect in the regulation of hepcidin synthesis. This autosomal recessive disease typically manifests later in women than men. Although it is c...

    Authors: Virginie Scotet, Philippe Saliou, Marianne Uguen, Carine L’Hostis, Marie-Christine Merour, Céline Triponey, Brigitte Chanu, Jean-Baptiste Nousbaum, Gerald Le Gac and Claude Ferec

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:53

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  37. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the associations between vitamin D status in early and late pregnancy with neonatal small for gestational age (SGA), low birth weight (LBW) and preterm delivery. Furthermore, associations betwe...

    Authors: Linnea Bärebring, Maria Bullarbo, Anna Glantz, Lena Hulthén, Joy Ellis, Åse Jagner, Inez Schoenmakers, Anna Winkvist and Hanna Augustin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:51

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Malignancy during pregnancy has become a significant cause of maternal death in developed countries, likely due to both an older pregnant population, and increases of cervical cancer in younger women. Our aim ...

    Authors: Masayuki Sekine, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Tabata, Tamotsu Sudo, Ryuichiro Nishimura, Koji Matsuo, Brendan H. Grubbs, Takayuki Enomoto and Tomoaki Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:50

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care (ANC) has the potential to identify and manage obstetric complications, educate women about risks during pregnancy and promote skilled birth attendance during childbirth. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Ania Salem, Oriane Lacour, Stefano Scaringella, Josea Herinianasolo, Anne Caroline Benski, Giovanna Stancanelli, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat and Nicole Christine Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:46

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Experiencing a stillbirth can be a potent stressor for psychological distress in the subsequent pregnancy and possibly after the subsequent birth. The impact on women’s relationship with her partner in the sub...

    Authors: Ida Kathrine Gravensteen, Eva-Marie Jacobsen, Per Morten Sandset, Linda Bjørk Helgadottir, Ingela Rådestad, Leiv Sandvik and Øivind Ekeberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:41

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Although Ethiopia is scaling up Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, women’s use of MWHs varies markedly between facilities. To maximize MWH utilization, it is essential t...

    Authors: Tienke Vermeiden, Floris Braat, Girmay Medhin, Asheber Gaym, Thomas van den Akker and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:38

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The major causes of maternal and neonatal mortality in the Philippines are hemorrhages and obstructed labor due to placental implantation abnormalities (PIAs), twin pregnancies and fetal malpresentations. All ...

    Authors: Godofreda V. Dalmacion, Ramon T. Reyles, Antonia E. Habana, Lalaine Mae V. Cruz, Maricelle C. Chua, Analyn T. Ngo, Milagros J. Tia-Jocson and Emmanuel S. Baja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:32

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Although hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the leading cause of poor perinatal outcomes in Ethiopia, there is no study that shows the national prevalence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate...

    Authors: Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu and Achenef Asmamaw Muche

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:34

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce c...

    Authors: Tommy Carlsson and Elisabet Mattsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:26

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Fear of Childbirth (FOC) is a common problem affecting women’s health and wellbeing, and a common reason for requesting caesarean section. The aims of this review were to summarise published research on preval...

    Authors: C. Nilsson, E. Hessman, H. Sjöblom, A. Dencker, E. Jangsten, M. Mollberg, H. Patel, C. Sparud-Lundin, H. Wigert and C. Begley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:28

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Although the onset of gestational diabetes (GDM) is known to be a significant risk factor for the future development of type 2 diabetes, this risk specifically in women with GDM diagnosed by the International ...

    Authors: Yukari Kugishima, Ichiro Yasuhi, Hiroshi Yamashita, So Sugimi, Yasushi Umezaki, Sachie Suga, Masashi Fukuda and Nobuko Kusuda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:19

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