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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a common complication during pregnancy, however, HG associated simultaneous onset of blood cell destruction due to electrolyte abnormalities is rare. In this case, a woman with r...

    Authors: Xiyu Pan, Ran Chu, Jinyu Meng, Qiannan Wang, Yue Zhang, Kun Song, Xingsheng Yang and Beihua Kong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:366

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Relevant studies focusing on epidemiological of profiles hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from global data that report the cause-specific prevalence and trends of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at glob...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Xin Xie, Ting Yuan, Yanyan Wang, Fei Zhao, Zhangjian Zhou and Hao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There are no accurate estimates of the prevalence of non-severe maternal morbidities. Given the lack of instruments to fully assess these morbidities, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed an instrumen...

    Authors: M. N. Lamus, S. Pabon, C. MPoca, J. P. Guida, M. A. Parpinelli, J. G. Cecatti, M. F. Vidarte and M. L. Costa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Iron supplementation is considered an imperative strategy for anemia prevention and control during pregnancy in Pakistan. Although there is some evidence on the predictors of iron deficiency anemia among Pakis...

    Authors: Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Shama Razzaq, Nayab Khowaja, Sarah Gutkind, Fazal Ur Raheman and Nadir Suhail

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Struma ovarii is a special type of ovarian dermoid cyst and accounts for approximately 2–3 % of all dermoid tumours. Benign struma ovarii may manifest as distant metastasis, called peritoneal strumosis, which ...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Jingxue Wang and Qian Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:347

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with major birth defects and developmental disabilities. Questionnaires concerning alcohol consumption during pregnancy underestimate alcohol use while the us...

    Authors: Leonieke J. Breunis, Sophie Wassenaar, Barbara J. Sibbles, Ab A. Aaldriks, Hilmar H. Bijma, Eric A.P. Steegers and Birgit C.P. Koch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Previous studies have focused on pregnancy outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET) performed using different endometrial preparation protocols. Few studies have evaluated the effect of endometrial preparat...

    Authors: Cheng Li, Yi-Chen He, Jing-Jing Xu, Yu Wang, Han Liu, Chen-Chi Duan, Chao-Yi Shi, Lei Chen, Jie Wang, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang and Yan-Ting Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Birthweight has been declining consistently for more than 30 years in Japan. This rapid rise in low birthweight is one of the worst among the countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Develop...

    Authors: Noriko Kato, Catherine Sauvaget, Honami Yoshida, Tetsuji Yokoyama and Nobuo Yoshiike

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:337

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Psychosocial factors are of increasing interest as potential influencers in disease development. This study explores associations between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and maternal depression, adverse ch...

    Authors: Margaret Versteegen, Christine T. Bozlak, Heather Larkin and Allison A. Appleton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Some women avoid sexual intercourse during pregnancy due to the physiological changes they undergo during this period as well as their fear of causing harm to the fetus and to themselves, which can lead to pro...

    Authors: Shiva Alizadeh, Hedyeh Riazi, Hamid Alavi Majd and Giti Ozgoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although maternal deaths are rare in developed regions, the morbidity associated with severe postpartum hemorrhage (SPPH) remains a major problem. To determine the prevalence and risk factors of SPPH, we analy...

    Authors: Chen-ning Liu, Fu-bing Yu, Yun-zhe Xu, Jin-sheng Li, Zhi-hong Guan, Man-na Sun, Chen-an Liu, Fang He and Dun-jin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Screening for antenatal depression and its determinants is highly recommended. However, there is no consensus on a standard conceptual framework to approach pregnant women in a primary health care setting. The...

    Authors: Sarah Naja, Noora Al Kubaisi, Rajvir Singh, Hiba Abdalla and Iheb Bougmiza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sexual function, a significant contributor to quality of life, is affected by various factors, including overall mental health. COVID-19 is a current pandemic that influences the mental health of various popul...

    Authors: Fatemeh Effati-Daryani, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Azam Mohammadi, Somayeh Zarei and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A uterine manipulator cannot be used to elevate the ovary in benign ovarian surgery during pregnancy. This report describes our method of elevation of the ovary using a metreurynter with the success rate of th...

    Authors: Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Kiko Yamamoto, Risa Fujishima, Tamaki Yahata, Yoshie Yo, Masao Shimaoka and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The association of antenatal depression with adverse pregnancy, birth, and postnatal outcomes has been an item of scientific interest over the last decades. However, the evidence that exists is controversial o...

    Authors: Despina Pampaka, Stefania I. Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J. Wright, Julie E. Buring, Douglas W. Dockery and Costas A. Christophi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The United States is currently facing a maternal morbidity and mortality crisis, with the highest rates of any resource-rich nation. In efforts to address this, new guidelines for postpartum care suggest that ...

    Authors: Laura Tucker, Alan Cuevas Villagomez and Tamar Krishnamurti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Poor maternal nutrition adversely affects pregnancy and birth outcomes. In many societies, there are dietary restrictions due to misconceptions or food taboos during pregnancy which consequently results in the...

    Authors: Dereje Tsegaye, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) are emerging as important regulators of physiological development and disease pathogenesis. However, the roles of exosomal circRNAs from umbilical cord blood in preeclampsia (...

    Authors: Minkai Cao, Juan Wen, Chaozhi Bu, Chunyan Li, Yu Lin, Hong Zhang, Yanfang Gu, Zhonghua Shi, Yan Zhang, Wei Long and Le Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The quality of prenatal care is critical for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), only 64 % of women worldwide have access to over four sessi...

    Authors: Reihaneh Pirjani, Ashraf Moini, Javad Heshmati, Azar Mardi-Mamaghani, Mahnaz Esmaeili, Mehrnoosh Shafaatdoost, Arezoo Maleki-Hajiagha, Elham Karimi, Mojgan Hossein-boroujerdi, Fatemeh Shokri, Zahra Mosanezhad, Niloofar Bajool, Matina Noori, Ladan Hosseini, Emma Persad and Mahdi Sepidarkish

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:297

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. The adequate maternal sleep duration required for favorable obstetric outcomes is unknown. We evaluated the association between maternal sleep duration and low birth weight infants, small for gestational age i...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Murata, Hyo Kyozuka, Toma Fukuda, Shun Yasuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Seiichi Morokuma, Akiko Sato, Yuka Ogata, Kosei Shinoki, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Hashimoto, Hidekazu Nishigori and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Both Caroli disease (CD) and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) are autosomal recessive disorders, which are more commonly found in infants and children, for whom surviving to adulthood is r...

    Authors: Xiuzhen Yao, Weiqun Ao, Jianhua Fang, Guoqun Mao, Chuanghua Chen, Lifang Yu, Huaijie Cai and Chenke Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:294

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome are two uncommon disorders that mimic each other clinically, but are distinct pathophysiologically...

    Authors: Sau Xiong Ang, Chie-Pein Chen, Fang-Ju Sun and Chen-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Malignancy during pregnancy is increasing, and the most common type of malignancy is uterine cervical cancer. When planning the treatment of cervical cancer, it is important to look for signs of metastasis bef...

    Authors: Tatsuya Ishiguro, Nobumichi Nishikawa, Shiro Ishii, Kosuke Yoshihara, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Sosuke Adachi, Takafumi Watanabe, Shu Soeda and Takayuki Enomoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:288

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The current fact of increasing rates of cesarean deliveries is a catastrophe. Recurrent cesareans result in intraperitoneal adhesions that would lead to maternal morbidity during delivery. Great efforts are di...

    Authors: Mohamed Elprince, Omima T. Taha, Zakia M. Ibrahim, Rasha E. Khamees, Mahmoud A. Greash, Khaled A. Atwa, Ahmed M. Gadallah, Noha al-Okda, Radwa M. Abdel Aal, Mohamed F. Ibrahim, Ahmed A. Aboelroose, Osama E. Ashour, Asmaa M. Elgedawy, Amira M. Elbahie, Hanan M. Ghoneim and Amal A. Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Sleep disorders, which are among the foremost important medical care issues, are prevalent in pregnancy. The present study is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of insomnia in the third trimester of pregnancy. ...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Niloofar Darvishi, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Rostam Jalali, Alireza Daneshkhah, Yalda Bartina and Masoud Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pseudoaneurysm of the uterine artery (UPA) is a rare cause of potentially life-threatening hemorrhage during pregnancy and puerperium. It is an uncommon condition that mainly occurs after traumatic injury to a...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Cécile Monod, Katharina Redling, Heike Willi, Martin Takes, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer, Gwendolin Manegold-Brauer and Irene Hösli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Pregnancy distress is a combination of anxiety, stress, and depression during pregnancy. The first step in preventing pregnancy distress is to identify women at risk. The present study assessed adaptation and ...

    Authors: Leili Salehi, Zoherh Mohmoodi, Fatemeh Rajati and Victor Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:281

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health issue in women and children and is associated with adverse impacts on child growth, such as rickets. However, prior studies have mainly focused on measuring vitam...

    Authors: Xin Li, Jiaxiao Yu, Li Wen, Qingshu Li, Jianying Yan, Jing Tian, Chao Tong, Qi Tong, Hongbo Qi, Richard Saffery, Mark D. Kilby and Philip N. Baker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is sufficient meta-analytic evidence that antenatal interventions for women at risk (selective prevention) or for women with severe psychological symptoms (indicated prevention) are effective in reducing...

    Authors: Marjolein Missler, Tara Donker, Roseriet Beijers, Marketa Ciharova, Charlotte Moyse, Ralph de Vries, Jaap Denissen and Annemieke van Straten

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:276

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Endometriosis affects the responsiveness to ovarian stimulation. This study aimed to assess the role of Dienogest pretreatment for endometriosis suppression as compared to Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonis...

    Authors: Eissa Khalifa, Hashem Mohammad, Ameer Abdullah, Mazen Abdel-Rasheed, Mohammed Khairy and Mahmoud Hosni

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has become alarming public health concern. It is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and increased risk of postpartum type 2 diabetes. Pre-pregnant body mass index (B...

    Authors: Zhenhong Zhang, Qian Xu, Yanping Chen, Lun Sui, Lu Jiang, Qianqian Shen, Minyu Li, Guoju Li and Qiuzhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:262

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. Computed tomography (CT) is the preferred imaging technique for the evaluation of COVID-19 pneumonia. However, it is not suitable as a monitoring tool for pregnant women because of the risk of ionizing radiati...

    Authors: Qing Deng, Sheng Cao, Hao Wang, Yao Zhang, Liao Chen, Zhaohui Yang, Zhoufeng Peng and Qing Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pregnant women use information sources for their own health and health of their children. However, despite the importance of trusting the information sources, pregnant women may not have the ability to verify ...

    Authors: Safoura Taheri, Mahmoud Tavousi, Zohre Momenimovahed, Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Nazanin Rezaei, Nasibeh Sharifi and Ziba Taghizadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:252

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Virtual reality (VR) is a computer technology that simulates the real world to allow users to communicate with a similar but artificial environment. VR technologies can be used in pregnancy to help mothers gai...

    Authors: Sadrieh Hajesmaeel-Gohari, Fatemeh Sarpourian and Elaheh Shafiei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In 2010, the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) proposed new criteria indicating that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can be diagnosed if the fasting threshold of ≤92 ...

    Authors: Ryosuke Shindo, Shigeru Aoki, Sayuri Nakanishi, Toshihiro Misumi and Etsuko Miyagi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The aim of the study was a retrospective comparison of the differences in maternal-foetal outcomes between women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM).

    Authors: Valentina Guarnotta, Mariagrazia Irene Mineo, Emanuela Giacchetto, Maria Pia Imbergamo and Carla Giordano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome is a highly morbid condition that can affect parental attachment and depression risk. Studies addressing this rare condition are hard to conduct and thus lacking in the literatur...

    Authors: Georges Rameh, Pia Tohme, Rudy Abi-Habib and Gihad E Chalouhi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:242

    Content type: Correspondence

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  38. In this correspondence we thank the authors for highlighting the importance of our work, and agree with the limitations they have raised regarding performing this study.

    Authors: Fiona L. Mackie, R. Katie Morris and Mark D. Kilby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:241

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. Domestic violence during pregnancy as one of the most common social problems and major challenges of health systems can affect the health of the mother and fetus. The study aimed to compare the two groups of i...

    Authors: Sepideh Dinmohammadi, Mohsen Dadashi, Elahe Ahmadnia, Leila Janani and Roghieh Kharaghani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and excessive body weight are two key risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes. However, it is not clear whether restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) is favorable to ...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Wenyu Huang, Cheng Liu, Qi Yan, Li Zhang, Zhihong Tian, Xianxian Yuan and Guanghui Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  41. China has one of the highest caesarean section (C-Section) rates in the world. In recent years, China has been experiencing a massive flow of migration due to rapid urbanization. In this study, we aimed to dif...

    Authors: Ming Liu, Mengqi Xue, Qing Yang, Wenchong Du, Xiaoling Yan, Jing Tan, Tao Duan and Jing Hua

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Premature delivery is among the leading causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity in developed societies, which is an important obstetrics problem. Maternal periodontitis is a prevalent condition that has be...

    Authors: Peace Uwambaye, Cyprien Munyanshongore, Stephen Rulisa, Harlan Shiau, Assuman Nuhu and Michael S. Kerr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Increasing the use of healthcare is a significant step in improving health outcomes in both the short and long term. However, the degree of the relationship between utilization of health services and health ou...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Linus Baatiema and Abdul-Aziz Seidu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Raising awareness of the importance of fetal movements (FMs) and advising women on the appropriate action to take if they experience reduced FMs, is important for minimising or avoiding adverse perinatal outco...

    Authors: Valerie Smith, Kathryn Muldoon, Vivienne Brady and Hannah Delaney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Every day in 2017, approximately 810 women died from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth, with 99% of these maternal deaths occurring in low and lower-middle-income countries. Sub-Saharan Af...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Zinc is an essential element for normal embryogenesis and embryonic and neonatal development. Therefore, we compared the birth weights of neonates born to mothers who consumed zinc supplement during pregnancy ...

    Authors: Hassan Boskabadi, Gholamali Maamouri, Javad Akhondian, Farah Ashrafzadeh, Abbas Boskabadi, Raheleh Faramarzi, Elahe Heidar, Nafiseh Pourbadakhshan, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Maryam Zakerihamidi, Atiyeh Mohammadzadeh Vatanchi, Mohammad Sokhtanloo, Naghmeh Razaghi, Farnaz Kalani, Hosein Ataei, Azadeh Darabi…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Pregnancy loss is common and several factors (e.g. chromosomal anomalies, parental age) are known to increase the risk of occurrence. However, much existing research focuses on recurrent loss; comparatively li...

    Authors: Erin Strumpf, Ariella Lang, Nichole Austin, Shelley A. Derksen, James M. Bolton, Marni D. Brownell, Dan Chateau, Patricia Gregory and Maureen I. Heaman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Approximately one in five pregnant women have obesity. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of antenatal, intrapartum, and perinatal complications, but many women with obesity have uncomplicated pregna...

    Authors: Sophie Relph, Yanfang Guo, Alysha L. J. Harvey, Matias C. Vieira, Daniel J. Corsi, Laura M. Gaudet and Dharmintra Pasupathy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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