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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have shown inconsistent associations between anxiety during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome. This inconsistency may be due to lack of controlling for the timing and type of maternal anx...

    Authors: Eyal Ravid, Liat Salzer, Liat Arnon, Michal Eisner, Arnon Wiznitzer, Aron Weller, Lee Koren and Eran Hadar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:287

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with an increase in maternal arterial stiffness, which may be reflected by photoplethysmography (PPG) of the pulse wave. The aim of this study was to investigate area difference...

    Authors: Ying Feng, Dan Drzymalski, Baihui Zhao, Xuan Wang and Xinzhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:280

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behavior is associated with adverse health outcomes in the general population. Whether sedentary behavior during pregnancy is associated with newborn outcomes, such as birth size, is not established,...

    Authors: Sylvia E. Badon, Alyson J. Littman, K. C. Gary Chan, Michelle A. Williams and Daniel A. Enquobahrie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:267

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is considered to be associated with favorable fetal outcomes, such as a decreased risk for spontaneous abortion. However, the relationship between NVP and preterm bir...

    Authors: Naomi Mitsuda, Masamitsu Eitoku, Keiko Yamasaki, Masahiko Sakaguchi, Kahoko Yasumitsu-Lovell, Nagamasa Maeda, Mikiya Fujieda and Narufumi Suganuma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:268

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hemoglobin (Hb) measurement is a standard test among pregnant women during the first perinatal visit that is used to evaluate physical status and anemia. However, studies focusing on Hb levels and pregnancy ou...

    Authors: Chen Wang, Li Lin, Rina Su, Weiwei Zhu, Yumei Wei, Jie Yan, Hui Feng, Boya Li, Shuang Li and Huixia Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:263

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Investigators have hypothesized that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may modulate the immune response. However, available evidence is conflicting. We performed this study to investigate the effect of prenat...

    Authors: Ellen L. Mozurkewich, Deborah R. Berman, Anjel Vahratian, Chelsea M. Clinton, Vivian C. Romero, Julie L. Chilimigras, Delia Vazquez, Clifford Qualls and Zora Djuric

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:261

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  7. Content type: Debate

    In February 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) released “Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)” (EPMM Strategies), a direction-setting report outlining global targets and strate...

    Authors: R. Rima Jolivet, Allisyn C. Moran, Meaghan O’Connor, Doris Chou, Neelam Bhardwaj, Holly Newby, Jennifer Requejo, Marta Schaaf, Lale Say and Ana Langer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:258

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Maternal iodine deficiency (ID) during pregnancy has been recognized as a major cause of abortion, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, perinatal mortality and irreversible mental retardation. In Ethiopia lim...

    Authors: Mengistu Fereja, Samson Gebremedhin, Tafere Gebreegziabher, Meron Girma and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:257

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) as well as overweight/obesity during pregnancy are risk factors for detrimental anthropometric and hormonal neonatal outcomes, identified to ‘program’ adverse health pr...

    Authors: Raffael Ott, Jens H. Stupin, Andrea Loui, Elisabeth Eilers, Kerstin Melchior, Rebecca C. Rancourt, Karen Schellong, Thomas Ziska, Joachim W. Dudenhausen, Wolfgang Henrich and Andreas Plagemann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:250

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women are at increased susceptibility to vitamin D deficiency. Hence, there is continuing interest in determining how vitamin D influences pregnancy health. We aimed to compare vitamin D status in two...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Wilson, Alison J. Leviton, Shalem Y. Leemaqz, Paul H. Anderson, Jessica A. Grieger, Luke E. Grzeskowiak, Petra E. Verburg, Lesley McCowan, Gustaaf A. Dekker, Tina Bianco-Miotto and Claire T. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:251

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Latina women are at increased risk for antenatal depressive disorders, which are common during pregnancy and are associated with elevated risk for poor maternal health and birth outcomes. Physical activity is ...

    Authors: Kathleen Szegda, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Penelope Pekow, Sally Powers, Glenn Markenson, Nancy Dole and Lisa Chasan-Taber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:252

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Premature birth is a primary cause of infant mortality and its etiology varies in different countries. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is a common infectious agent transmitted through sexual contact. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Amjad Ahmadi, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Koroush Sayehmiri, Fatemeh Sayehmiri and Nour Amirmozafari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:240

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly used for reducing or stopping smoking, with some studies showing positive outcomes. However, little is known about views on ECs during pregnancy or postpartum and p...

    Authors: Katharine Bowker, Sophie Orton, Sue Cooper, Felix Naughton, Rachel Whitemore, Sarah Lewis, Linda Bauld, Lesley Sinclair, Tim Coleman, Anne Dickinson and Michael Ussher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:233

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To review the similarities and differences in Pakistani, Bangladeshi and White British mothers health beliefs (attitudes, knowledge and perceptions) and health behaviour regarding their consumption of folic ac...

    Authors: Rebecca Garcia, Nasreen Ali, Malcolm Griffiths and Gurch Randhawa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:234

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia is among the most common medical complications of pregnancy. The clinical utility of invasive hemodynamic monitoring in preeclampsia (e.g., Swan-Ganz catheter) is controversial. Thoracic impedance...

    Authors: Anat Lavie, Maya Ram, Shaul Lev, Yair Blecher, Uri Amikam, Yael Shulman, Tomer Avnon, Eran Weiner and Ariel Many

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:229

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (SNBHW) recommended the new diagnostic criteria for GDM based upon Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes (HAPO) study thresholds. Due to limited knowled...

    Authors: Maryam Saeedi, Ulf Hanson, David Simmons and Helena Fadl

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:225

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Australia has a maternal mortality ratio of 6.8/100000 live births, a rate akin to other developed countries and consistent with the high level care provided within the Australian health care system. With mate...

    Authors: Skandarupan Jayaratnam, Sonia Kua, Caroline deCosta and Richard Franklin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:221

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Early marriage and pregnancy is a risk factor for poor maternal and child health and socio-economic outcomes. Bokeo and Luang Namtha provinces in northern Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) has high rates ...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Souphaphone Houaboun, Vassana Thammavongsa, Phouthong Phummavongsa, Kongmany Chaleunvong and Jo Durham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:219

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  19. Content type: Research article

    High myopia, a cause of serious visual impairment, is a significant global public health concern. We investigate longitudinal changes in macular choroidal thickness (CT) during pregnancy and 6-months postpartu...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Li Li, Hongyuan Zhang, Yan Li, Xu Chen and Yue Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:220

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  20. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to systematically compare arterial/venous thrombosis, fetal loss and stillbirth in pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), primary anti-phospholipid syndrome (PAPS) and secondary anti-...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:212

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Much interest has been focussed on both maternal obesity and gestational weight gain (GWG), particularly on their role in influencing birth weight (BW). Several large reviews have reported that excessive GWG i...

    Authors: Amy C. O’Higgins, Anne Doolan, Thomas McCartan, Laura Mullaney, Clare O’Connor and Michael J. Turner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:218

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome has been considered as a childhood syndrome. The underlying etiology of PFAPA syndrome is unclear however, currently cons...

    Authors: Kuniaki Ota, Joanne Kwak-Kim, Toshifumi Takahashi and Hideki Mizunuma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:207

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Misreporting of energy intake is common and can contribute to biased estimates of the relationship between diet and disease. Energy intake misreporting is poorly understood in pregnancy and there is limited re...

    Authors: L. J. Moran, S. A. McNaughton, Z. Sui, C. Cramp, A. R. Deussen, R. M. Grivell and J. M. Dodd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:204

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia, a multisystem disorder in pregnancies complicates with maternal and fetal morbidity. Early- and late-onset preeclampsia, defined as preeclampsia developed before and after 34 weeks of gestation, ...

    Authors: Shu-Han You, Po-Jen Cheng, Ting-Ting Chung, Chang-Fu Kuo, Hsien-Ming Wu and Pao-Hsien Chu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:199

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Ensuring equitable access to maternal health care including antenatal, delivery, postnatal services and fertility control methods, is one of the most critical challenges for public health sector. There are sig...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Agbessi Amouzou, Michael Ekholuenetale and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:194

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Maternal predictors of folic acid (FA) supplementation use to reduce offspring risk of neural tube defects are well known, while paternal determinants for maternal FA use are less known. Such knowledge is impo...

    Authors: Jan Helge Seglem Mortensen, Nina Øyen, Roy M. Nilsen, Tatiana Fomina, Steinar Tretli and Tone Bjørge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:188

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies reported that exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy may be associated with gestational hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the association between the use of antidepressants d...

    Authors: Neily Zakiyah, Loes F. ter Heijne, Jens H. Bos, Eelko Hak, Maarten J. Postma and Catharina C. M. Schuiling-Veninga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:187

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The reported long-term effects of poor maternal nutrition and uptake of recommended supplements before and during pregnancy was the impetus behind this study. Our objectives were to investigate and understand ...

    Authors: Gillian Funnell, Kevin Naicker, John Chang, Natasha Hill and Reem Kayyali

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:182

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine infection. The only way to protect against congenital CMV infection is to practice CMV prevention behaviors. CMV seroprevalence rates ...

    Authors: Rosemary Thackeray, Brianna M. Magnusson, Erica Bennion, Natalia N. Nielsen and Ryan J. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:181

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, the...

    Authors: Binu Gurung, Louise J. Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth and Tracy E. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:179

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and other complications. Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor that may help to prevent these comp...

    Authors: C. Flannery, S. McHugh, A. E. Anaba, E. Clifford, M. O’Riordan, L. C. Kenny, F. M. McAuliffe, P. M. Kearney and M. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:178

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Data on the prevalence of persistent symptoms in the first year after preeclampsia are limited. Furthermore, possible risk factors for these sequelae are poorly defined. We investigated kidney function, blood ...

    Authors: Michael Girsberger, Catherine Muff, Irene Hösli and Michael Jan Dickenmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:177

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Delay on timely initiation of antenatal care has a great impact on adverse pregnancy out comes. However, evidences in Ethiopia revealed that majority of pregnant mothers did not start their first visit as reco...

    Authors: Atsede Alle Ewunetie, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Belsity Temesgen Meselu, Muluye Molla Simeneh and Bekele Tesfaye Meteku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:173

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodin...

    Authors: Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah and Angela Odame

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:166

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question...

    Authors: Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent and Michael Ussher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:156

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) adopted more stringent diagnostic criteria for GDM in 2013, to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, there is no global consensus on these new diagnostic criteria, because of...

    Authors: Eva A. R. Goedegebure, Sarah H. Koning, Klaas Hoogenberg, Fleurisca J. Korteweg, Helen L. Lutgers, Mattheus J. M. Diekman, Eva Stekkinger, Paul P. van den Berg and Joost J. Zwart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:152

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  37. Content type: Research article

    We investigated whether various inflammatory and immune proteins in plasma predict intra-amniotic infection and imminent preterm delivery in women with preterm labor and compared their predictive ability with ...

    Authors: Hyunsoo Park, Kyo Hoon Park, Yu Mi Kim, Song Yi Kook, Se Jeong Jeon and Ha-Na Yoo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:146

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Transient hyperprolactinemia was proven to adversely affect the outcome of IVF. We aimed to identify changes in serum prolactin levels in patients undergoing ICSI, and to evaluate the effect of these changes o...

    Authors: Ahmed Kamel, Ayman A. Halim, Mohamed Shehata, Salwa AlFarra, Yahia El-faissal, Wafaa Ramadan and Ahmed M. Hussein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:141

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To better understand previous associations reported regarding nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), an investigation into timing of symptom onset for NVP and PGP in pregnancy, as...

    Authors: Arthur Chortatos, Per Ole Iversen, Margaretha Haugen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland and Marit B. Veierød

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:137

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In 2015, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended delayed umbilical cord clamping for at least 30–60 s for all infants. However, there is limited data regarding the maternal safety of delayed cord clampi...

    Authors: Chayatat Ruangkit, Matthew Leon, Kasim Hassen, Katherine Baker, Debra Poeltler and Anup Katheria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:131

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Uterine rupture in the non-laboring uterus is a rare occurrence, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality for the mother and fetus. Management of this presentation is complex at pre-viable gestati...

    Authors: Lesley Hawkins, Deborah Robertson, Helena Frecker, Howard Berger and Abheha Satkunaratnam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:132

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Low birth weight has important short- and long-term health implications. Previously it has been shown that pregnancies affected by hyperemesis gravidarum in the mother are at higher risk of having low birth we...

    Authors: Clive J. Petry, Ken K. Ong, Kathryn Beardsall, Ieuan A. Hughes, Carlo L. Acerini and David B. Dunger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:133

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this met...

    Authors: Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:121

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