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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Unintended pregnancy has become a significant public health and reproductive health problem that has had a substantial and appreciable adverse impact on mother, child, and the general public. Despite the param...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In women with singleton pregnancies, maternal adaptation is considered a stress test for later life cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to assess maternal adaptation in women with twin pregnancie...

    Authors: Maria C. Adank, Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Romy Gonçalves, M. Kamran Ikram, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Eric A. P. Steegers and Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:327

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Studies have shown that women of reproductive age develop eating disorders (EDs). Few studies have examined EDs in women by performing long-term follow-ups during pregnancy and after delivery. Our study aimed ...

    Authors: Mariko Makino, Mitsuo Yasushi and Sueharu Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. It affects approximately one in six couples seeking pregnancy in France or western countries. Many lifestyle fact...

    Authors: Charlotte Dupont, Philippe Aegerter, Aude-Marie Foucaut, Aymeric Reyre, François J. Lhuissier, Marie Bourgain, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Isabelle Cédrin-Durnerin, Lise Selleret, Emmanuel Cosson and Rachel Lévy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:322

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Interventions to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have had limited success This pilot study examined the effectiveness of a single goal (SG) high dietary fiber intervention to prevent excessive ...

    Authors: Holly R. Hull, Amy Herman, Heather Gibbs, Byron Gajewski, Kelli Krase, Susan E. Carlson, Debra K. Sullivan and Jeannine Goetz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk for a future type 2 diabetes mellitus in women and their children. As linkage between maternal health and non-communicable diseases, ant...

    Authors: Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Touria Lekhal, Wim Van Damme and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  7. It is known that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has adverse effects on pregnancy and birth outcomes. We aimed to assess the impact of ETS in pregnant women with and without asthma.

    Authors: Nasrin Fazel, Michael Kundi, Asghar Kazemzadeh, Habibollah Esmaily, Roya Akbarzadeh and Raheleh Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The data on the association between the microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia (PE) is limited.

    Authors: Xin Huang, Zuodong Li, Zhou Gao, Dapeng Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ying Li, Chunmei Mi and Jun Lei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:302

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is the second most common direct cause of maternal deaths accounting for 14% of maternal deaths worldwide. Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are among the hypertensive diso...

    Authors: Jane R. Manyahi, Hans Mgaya and Ali Said

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Recent studies suggest that there is a link between the gut microbiota and glucose metabolism. This study aimed to compare the gut microbiota during early pregnancy of women with hyperglycymia to those with no...

    Authors: Beibei Gao, Mengdan Zhong, Qiong Shen, Ying Wu, Mengdie Cao, Songwen Ju and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Since labor and delivery units often serve as emergency units for pregnant women, the use of obstetric triage systems with poor or inadequate quality can lead to unintended consequences such as over and under-...

    Authors: Asieh Moudi, Mina Iravani, Mahin Najafian, Armin Zareiyan, Arash Forouzan and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Primary splenic cysts are very rarely diagnosed in pregnancy, with only thirteen cases described in the literature. We examine the approach towards diagnosing and managing uniquely large abdominal masses that ...

    Authors: Philip Chung, Ben Swinson, Nicholas O’Rourke and Bart Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:273

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare autosomal recessive lipid disorder often associated with recurrent episodes of pancreatitis. It is documented in most cases with FCS due to the mutations of ke...

    Authors: Min-Huan Lin, Xiao-Hui Tian, Xiu-Lan Hao, Hui Fei, Jian-Lan Yin, Dan-Dan Yan and Tian Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:272

    Content type: Case report

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  14. For healthy women entering birth after uneventful pregnancy, midwife-led models of care have the potential to reduce interventions and increase the vaginal birth rate. In Germany, 98.4% of women are giving bir...

    Authors: Waltraut M. Merz, Laura Tascon-Padron, Marie-Therese Puth, Andrea Heep, Sophia L. Tietjen, Matthias Schmid and Ulrich Gembruch

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Senses of Birth (SoB) is a health education intervention in Brazil that aims to reduce unnecessary cesareans in the country by providing information on reproductive rights, benefits and risks of childbirth, an...

    Authors: Luísa M. M. Fernandes, Sônia Lansky, Bernardo J. Oliveira, Amélia A. L. Friche, Christine T. Bozlak and Benjamin A. Shaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The estimated global premature birth rate for 2014 was 10.6%, equating to an estimate of 14.84 million live premature births. The experience of premature birth does not impact solely on the infant and mother a...

    Authors: Patricia Leahy-Warren, Chelsea Coleman, Róisín Bradley and Helen Mulcahy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Inadequate maternal weight gain increases the risk of small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) are at risk of significant early pregnancy weight loss and insufficient tot...

    Authors: Tale Meinich and Jone Trovik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:255

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Since the inception of newborn screening programs in China in the 1990s, pregnancy among patients with inherited, metabolic disorders has become more common. This study explores the management and outcomes of ...

    Authors: Lin Wang, Fang Ye, Hui Zou, Kundi Wang, Zhihua Chen, Qin Hui, Bingjuan Han, Chun He, Xiaowen Li and Ming Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Antenatal depression is a serious problem worldwide that has devastating consequences not only for the mother but also for the child and family. The pooled evidence regarding the prevalence and associated fact...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki and Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Women who gain too much weight in pregnancy are at increased risk of disease and of having children with increased risk. Interventions to improve health behaviours are usually designed for a general population...

    Authors: T. Morris, S. Strömmer, C. Vogel, N. C. Harvey, C. Cooper, H. Inskip, K. Woods-Townsend, J. Baird, M. Barker and W. Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Traditional massage seems to be safe but not entirely risk free, though serious adverse events are very rare. This report is aimed at illustrating a rare but fatal presentation of massive pulmonary embolism ca...

    Authors: Krongkarn Sutham, Sukumpat Na-Nan, Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Pakorn Chaksuwat and Theera Tongsong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:237

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Providing information about prenatal tests is a clinical challenge and the public frequently accesses the Web to read pregnancy-related information. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate the qua...

    Authors: Susanne Georgsson and Tommy Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Social concerns about unintentional HIV status disclosure and HIV-related stigma are barriers to pregnant women’s access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) care. There is limited quan...

    Authors: Björn Nordberg, Erin E. Gabriel, Edwin Were, Eunice Kaguiri, Anna Mia Ekström, Anna Kågesten and Susanne Rautiainen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Excessive gestational weight gain is a modifiable risk factor for the development of obstetric and neonatal complications, and can have a lifelong impact on the health of both mother and offspring. The purpose...

    Authors: Christopher Arthur, Ellen Di Corleto, Emma Ballard and Alka Kothari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:223

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Chinese government introduced the maternal health services as part of the Basic Public Health Service (BPHS) project in 2009. While China has made progress in reducing maternal mortality, the longitudinal ...

    Authors: Pengyu Zhao, Xueyan Han, Lili You, Yu Zhao, Li Yang and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The incidence of female stroke has increased gradually and has begun occurring at a younger age in recent years. Given that women live longer than men, stroke would cause more negative and longer-term impacts ...

    Authors: Chun-Chung Huang, Chien-Chu Huang, Shao-Yi Lin, Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Wu-Chou Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chang-Huei Tsao, Chun-Min Lo and Wu-Chien Chien

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:217

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Triangulating findings from MDSR with other sources can better inform maternal health programs. A national Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) assessment and the Maternal Death Surveillance and Respon...

    Authors: Azmach Hadush, Ftalew Dagnaw, Theodros Getachew, Patricia E. Bailey, Ruth Lawley and Ana Lorena Ruano

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:206

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cervical cancer during pregnancy is rare. The management for stage IB3 during pregnancy remains unclear and challenging. We report a successful preserved pregnancy in a stage IB3 patient who was treated with n...

    Authors: Ying Guo, Dandan Zhang, Yuhong Li and Yudong Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:202

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide. Most preterm babies are at an increased risk of central nervous system impairments as well as respiratory and gastrointestinal complications. The aim of...

    Authors: Yu-Kang Chang, Yuan-Tsung Tseng and Kow-Tong Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is now a global health problem. Poor blood glucose control during pregnancy may lead to maternal and neonatal/foetal complications. Recently, the development of information ...

    Authors: Weihua Xie, Pinyuan Dai, Yu Qin, Ming Wu, Bingquan Yang and Xiaojin Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Iron deficiency in pregnancy is associated with inferior maternal and fetal outcomes. Postpartum depression, prematurity, intrauterine growth restriction, impaired childhood cognition and transfusion are all s...

    Authors: H. VanderMeulen, R. Strauss, Y. Lin, A. McLeod, J. Barrett, M. Sholzberg and J. Callum

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:230

  32. Blood flow in the corpus luteum is associated with luteal function. However, the impact of luteal blood flow on methotrexate (MTX) treatment in women with unruptured tubal pregnancy has not been reported. The ...

    Authors: Li Wang, Meili Pei, Ting Yang, Juan Zhao and Xiaofeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study aims to explore the potential association between unintended pregnancy and maternal health complications. Secondarily, we test whether antenatal care (ANC) and community health worker (CHW) visits m...

    Authors: Nabamallika Dehingia, Anvita Dixit, Yamini Atmavilas, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Kultar Singh, Jay Silverman and Anita Raj

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Frequently observed sleep/wake problems among pregnant women need comprehensive evaluation. This study was conducted to clarify the sleep/wake problems among pregnant women without gestational complications du...

    Authors: Shiho Umeno, Chiho Kato, Yuki Nagaura, Hideaki Kondo and Hiromi Eto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:179

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality for women, especially during the perinatal period. Opioid overdose has become a significant cause of maternal death in the Unite...

    Authors: Daisy J. Goodman, Elizabeth C. Saunders and Kristina B. Wolff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Aortic dissection is a rare and emergent condition. Aortic dissection during pregnancy is not much known but it is quite lethal to both mother and infant. Earlier reports published show that clinicians conduct...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Bin Yan, Xue Cui, Jinghong Liu and Fangxin Shi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:177

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Hyperhomocysteinemia may be a risk factor for endothelial dysfunction. Folate and vitamin B12 regulate the homocysteine metabolic process. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between subsequent event...

    Authors: Chenggui Liu, Dan Luo, Qin Wang, Yan Ma, Longyu Ping, Ting Wu, Jian Tang, Duanliang Peng and PingZhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mild to moderate iodine deficiency in pregnant women may expose them to the increased risk of the development of goiter and thyroid disorder. There is a relationship between low maternal UIC (Urinary iodine co...

    Authors: Soraya Saleh Gargari, Reyhaneh Fateh, Mina Bakhshali-bakhtiari, Masoumeh Saleh, Masoumeh Mirzamoradi and Mahmood Bakhtiyari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Labor induction is among the common and widely practiced obstetric interventions aiming at achieving vaginal delivery. However, cesarean section (CS) delivery incidences have been reported following its use. T...

    Authors: Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande and Joseph Obure

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Various forms of life stressors have been implicated as causes of antenatal depression. However, there is a lack of understanding of which forms of stress lead to antenatal depression and through what mechanis...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Emma R. Miller, Richard Woodman, Telake Azale Bisetegn and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Adverse obstetric outcomes are correlated with altered circulating hormone levels at the time implantation by the trophectoderm. What’ more, embryo freezing process may also have adverse effect on perinatal ou...

    Authors: Shiqiao Hu, Bei Xu, Rui Long and Lei Jin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Psychological distress during pregnancy is common: up to 20% of the childbearing women experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Apart from the adverse effects on the woman herself, pregnancy distress can...

    Authors: Lianne P. Hulsbosch, Ivan Nyklíček, Eva S. Potharst, Margreet Meems, Myrthe G. B. M. Boekhorst and Victor J. M. Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Immigrants in Germany exhibit higher levels of social disadvantage when compared to the non-immigrated population. Turkish-origin immigrants constitute an important immigrant group in Germany and show disparit...

    Authors: Jacob Spallek, Laura Scholaske, Medlin Kurt, Denise Lindner-Matthes and Sonja Entringer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:158

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Despite significant research, the reasons for racial health disparities among adverse birth outcomes (ABO) remain largely unknown. The bulk of research into racial health disparities among ABO in the United St...

    Authors: James A. Thompson and Melissa A. Suter

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Most studies have showed that maternal depression is associated with pregnancy complications. However, there were limited evidences in Chinese population. We examined the associations of antenatal depression s...

    Authors: Xiuxiu Li, Rui Gao, Xiaowei Dai, Hong Liu, Jinxin Zhang, Xuemei Liu, Dongmei Si, Te Deng and Wei Xia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women is one component of HIV prevention strategies. However, programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV started in antenatal care. The...

    Authors: Zebideru Zewdie, Mezgebu Yitayal, Yigzaw Kebede and Abebaw Gebeyehu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Despite the supplementation of iron-folic acid is the recommended strategy during the antenatal period; iron deficiency anemia is the commonest hematologic complication during pregnancy. Therefore, this system...

    Authors: Fikadu Waltengus Sendeku, Getnet Gedefaw Azeze and Selamawit Lake Fenta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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