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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) drugs is an important public health concern, especially in the vulnerable population of pregnant women due to potential risks to both the mother and fetus. Few studi...

    Authors: Rizka Novia Atmadani, Owen Nkoka, Sendi Lia Yunita and Yi-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  2. ‘Preconception health’ or ‘pre-pregnancy health’ are terms used to describe the health status of males and females prior to pregnancy. The goal of preconception health strategies is to optimise the health of f...

    Authors: Laura McGowan, Emer Lennon-Caughey, Cheryl Chun, Michelle C. McKinley and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Few studies have investigated whether maternal age and education level modify the association of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with preterm labor. We hypothesized that the association of HBV infect...

    Authors: Songxu Peng, Hongyan Chen, Xiu Li, Yukai Du and Yong Gan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The causes of preterm birth are multi-dimensional, including delayed and inadequate prenatal services as well as other medical and socioeconomic factors. This study aimed to examine the different levels of ass...

    Authors: Hyewon Lee, Ilya Okunev, Eric Tranby and Michael Monopoli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Evidence of placental maternal vascular malperfusion is associated with significant perinatal outcomes such as preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and preterm birth. Elevations in pre-pregnancy blood...

    Authors: Jacqueline Atlass, Marie Menke, W. Tony Parks and Janet M. Catov

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Guidelines recommend identifying in early pregnancy women at elevated risk of pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a pre-eclampsia risk prediction model for nulliparous women attend...

    Authors: Ziad T. A. Al-Rubaie, H. Malcolm Hudson, Gregory Jenkins, Imad Mahmoud, Joel G. Ray, Lisa M. Askie and Sarah J. Lord

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered in pregnancy and is a leading cause of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. However, its magnitude and risk factors yet not adequately ass...

    Authors: Leta Hinkosa, Almaz Tamene and Negeso Gebeyehu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertension in Ethiopia ranges from 2.2 to 18.3%. However, so far little is known about the adverse perinatal outcomes of pregnancy-induced hypertension in Tigray regional ...

    Authors: Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe, Abiodun O. Ilesanmi, Christopher O. Aimakhu and Afework Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a highly morbid condition in which treatment exists, but the pregnancy remains high-risk until delivery. It may have serious sequelae, including fetal death, and in the...

    Authors: Fiona L. Mackie, Helen Pattison, Jelena Jankovic, R. Katie Morris and Mark D. Kilby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The incidence of PAS disorders increased rapidly in recent years, and introvoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI has been applied in the assessment of placenta. The study aims to investigate whether the parameter...

    Authors: Tao Lu, Hong Pu, Kui-de Li, Jie Mei, Meng-wei Huang and Shao-yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:531

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Giant ovarian cyst is very rare in gravid-puerperium period. It is a cause of a maternal-fetal morbidity. We report a case of a giant benign ovarian cyst in gravid-puerperium period which was diagnosed and man...

    Authors: Sibraogo Kiemtoré, Hyacinthe Zamané, Yobi Alexis Sawadogo, Rodrigue Sansan Sib, Evelyne Komboigo, Ali Ouédraogo and Blandine Bonané

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:523

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Maternal undernutrition is highly prevalent in resource-poor settings. Hence, this study was intended to determine factors associated with the dietary practice and nutritional status of pregnant women in Dessi...

    Authors: Tona Zema Diddana

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:517

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although vaccination of pregnant women against influenza is recommended, the vaccination rate remains low. We conducted a study to identify determinants of influenza vaccination uptake in pregnancy in order to...

    Authors: Stéphanie Bartolo, Emilie Deliege, Ophélie Mancel, Philippe Dufour, Sophie Vanderstichele, Marielle Roumilhac, Yamina Hammou, Sophie Carpentier, Rodrigue Dessein, Damien Subtil and Karine Faure

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:510

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Plasma volume expansion is an important physiologic change across gestation. High or low expansion has been related to adverse pregnancy outcomes, yet there is a limited understanding of normal/healthy plasma ...

    Authors: Sixtus Aguree and Alison D. Gernand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:508

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Vitamin A deficiency is known for its adverse health consequences, such as blindness, growth retardation and death. To curb the problem, Ethiopia has implemented various public health measures although little ...

    Authors: Abebaw Baytekus, Amare Tariku and Ayal Debie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:506

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Spontaneous formation of urinoma is a rare condition, especially for pregnant women. We report a patient in the third trimester of pregnancy with a spontaneous renal rupture who then develops a urinoma from ur...

    Authors: Ya Chen, Yun Fang Yan, Ying Zhang, Xianming Carroll, Hui Rong Li, Li Tao, Mei Guo Sun and Sandra Leeper-Woodford

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:505

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Stunted growth in early infancy is a public health problem in low-and-middle income countries. Evidence suggests heavy agricultural work during pregnancy is inversely associated with maternal body mass index (...

    Authors: Rebecca Pradeilles, Elizabeth Allen, Haris Gazdar, Hussain Bux Mallah, Azmat Budhani, Rashid Mehmood, Sidra Mazhar, Ayesha Mysorewala, Saba Aslam, Alan D. Dangour and Elaine Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:504

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety and outcome of the embolization of non-gonadal collateral supplying gestational sac (GS) in addition to uterine artery embolization (UAE), followed b...

    Authors: Guodong Zhang, Jijun Li, Jun Tang, Lei Zhang, Dechao Wang and Zengtao Sun

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:502

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Anaemia during pregnancy is a major public health problem in developing countries. It is important to regularly monitor haemoglobin level in pregnancy and factors associated with it to inform clinical and prev...

    Authors: Anthony Wemakor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:495

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Previous studies have shown that among women with polycystic ovary syndrome who have difficulties conceiving, frozen-embryo transfer resulted in increased live birth rates and decreased ovarian hyperstimulatio...

    Authors: Jiaying Lin, Jialyu Huang, Ningling Wang, Yanping Kuang and Renfei Cai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:487

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a severe type of congenital heart disease (CHD) and it confers substantial risk to mother and fetus for pregnant women. However, the outcome of pregnancy in women with TOF has not ...

    Authors: Kana Wang, Junguo Xin, Xiaodong Wang, Haiyan Yu and Xinghui Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:486

    Content type: Research article

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  22. TORCH infections caused by Toxoplasma gondii (TOX), rubella virus (RV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex virus 1,2 (HSV-1,2) are associated with congenital anomalies. The study aimed to analyze the charac...

    Authors: Lin-Chuan Wang, Fang Yan, Jing-Xiong Ruan, Yao Xiao and Yan Yu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:484

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has serious effects on both mother and child. Like Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, it is increasing in prevalence world-wide. In addition to obesity, sleep duration has been named...

    Authors: Mai Myoga, Mayumi Tsuji, Rie Tanaka, Eiji Shibata, David J. Askew, Yukiyo Aiko, Ayako Senju, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Toru Hachisuga, Shunsuke Araki, Koichi Kusuhara, Seiichi Morokuma and Masafumi Sanefuji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:483

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite the well-documented associations between poor maternal oral health and increased risk for adverse birth outcomes and dental caries in children after birth, prenatal oral health care is under-utilized, ...

    Authors: Jin Xiao, Colleen Fogarty, Tong Tong Wu, Naemah Alkhers, Yan Zeng, Marie Thomas, Moustafa Youssef, Lin Wang, Lauren Cowen, Hossam Abdelsalam and Anna Nikitkova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:480

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Several societies and associations have produced and disseminated clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, the quality of such guidelines has not been appraised so ...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding, Li Li and Xiuhong Pan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:478

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hypothyroidism in pregnancy is an arena of ongoing research, with international conflicts regarding screening, management, and outcomes. Various studies have described the outcomes depending on geographical an...

    Authors: Zareen Kiran, Aisha Sheikh, Sarwar Malik, Areeba Meraj, Maha Masood, Safana Ismail, Muhammad Owais Rashid, Quratulain Shaikh, Numan Majeed, Luman Sheikh and Najmul Islam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:476

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality/morbidity relates to Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Achieving this goal is supported by antenatal care (ANC), health facility delivery, an...

    Authors: James Orwa, Michaela Mantel, Micheal Mugerwa, Sharon Brownie, Eunice Siaity Pallangyo, Loveluck Mwasha, Kahabi Isangula, Leonard Subi, Secilia Mrema, Grace Edwards, David Siso, Edna Selestine, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:474

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preventable alcohol-related developmental disability fetal alcohol syndrome. In Zambia, alcohol use and associated ris...

    Authors: Imelda K. Moise

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:472

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Nutritional status of women during pregnancy has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes.

    Authors: Mona Hashim, Hadia Radwan, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Shaker Obaid, Hessa Al Ghazal, Marwa Al Hilali, Rana Rayess, Noor Chehayber, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed and Farah Naja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:463

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The antenatal period is associated with a decline in physical activity among women. Midwives are viewed central to the dissemination of information during pregnancy, however, there is little research relating ...

    Authors: Marlize De Vivo and Hayley Mills

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:462

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Prediction of preeclampsia is a challenge to overcome. The vast majority of prospective studies in large general obstetric populations have failed in the purpose of obtain a useful and effective model of predi...

    Authors: Jussara Mayrink, Renato T. Souza, Francisco E. Feitosa, Edilberto A. Rocha Filho, Débora F. Leite, Janete Vettorazzi, Iracema M. Calderon, Maria L. Costa, Louise Kenny, Philip Baker and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:460

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Malaria in pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal and child health. Intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with three doses of Sulfadoxine/Pyrimethamine is an effective preventive measure for malaria in p...

    Authors: Christian Obasi Akpa, Joshua Odunayo Akinyemi, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Eniola Adetola Bamgboye, Tukur Dahiru, Ayo Stephen Adebowale and IkeOluwapo Oyeneye Ajayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:457

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gestational diabetes mellitus carries serious risks to mother and fetus and causes social, mental, and psychological consequences which can affect mothers’ quality of life. Accordingly, this study aims to deve...

    Authors: S. Mokhlesi, M. Simbar, F. Ramezani Tehrani, N. Kariman and H. Alavi Majd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:454

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We sought to determine whether prenatal supplementation with the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) would increase markers of insulin sensitivity in maternal or cord ...

    Authors: Joey A. England, Joses Jain, Bradley D. Holbrook, Ronald Schrader, Clifford Qualls and Ellen Mozurkewich

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:452

    Content type: Technical advance

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  35. There is limited information on potentially modifiable risk factors for stillbirth, such as gestational weight gain (GWG). Our purpose was to explore the association between GWG and stillbirth using the GWG z−...

    Authors: Cassandra M. Pickens, Carol J. Hogue, Penelope P. Howards, Michael R. Kramer, Martina L. Badell, Donald J. Dudley, Robert M. Silver, Robert L. Goldenberg, Halit Pinar, George R. Saade, Michael W. Varner and Barbara J. Stoll

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:451

    Content type: Research article

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  36. High rates of psychological-distress, trauma and social complexity are reported among young pregnant women. At the Royal Women’s Hospital, Australia, young pregnant women acknowledge wanting tools to improve m...

    Authors: Amanda Styles, Virginia Loftus, Susan Nicolson and Louise Harms

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are both associated with increased risk of future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Knowledge of the relationship between these pregnancy complications and...

    Authors: Heidi L. Sandsæter, Julie Horn, Janet W. Rich-Edwards and Hege S. Haugdahl

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:448

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Early pregnancy failure (EPF) is a common complication of pregnancy. If women do not abort spontaneously, they will undergo medical or surgical treatment in order to remove the products of conception from the ...

    Authors: Joyce van den Berg, Charlotte C. Hamel, Marcus P. Snijders, Sjors F. Coppus and Frank P. Vandenbussche

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:443

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Preterm birth is the leading cause of mortality and disability in newborn and infants. Having a short cervix increases the risk of preterm birth, which can be accessed by a transvaginal ultrasound scan during ...

    Authors: Rodolfo C. Pacagnella, Ben W. Mol, Anderson Borovac-Pinheiro, Renato Passini Jr., Marcelo L. Nomura, Kleber Cursino Andrade, Nathalia Ellovitch, Karayna Gil Fernandes, Thaísa Guedes Bortoletto, Cynara Maria Pereira, Maria Julia Miele, Marcelo Santucci França and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:442

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases in the population, the exposure to antidiabetic drugs (ADDs) during pregnancies is expected to grow, as has been seen over the last decade. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Katrina Mott, Marsha E. Reichman, Sengwee Toh, Caren Kieswetter, Katherine Haffenreffer and Susan E. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Tanzania adopted the revised World Health Organization policy in 2013 recommending a minimum of ≥3 doses of Intermittent Preventive Treatment during pregnancy with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) to protec...

    Authors: Witness Mkalukwatage Mchwampaka, Donath Tarimo, Frank Chacky, Ahmed Mohamed, Rogath Kishimba and Angela Samwel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:440

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Partner infection is a significant factor in preventing mother-to-child syphilis transmission. We compared pregnancy outcomes between syphilis discordant and syphilis concordant couples.

    Authors: Xiao-hui Zhang, Yan-min Chen, Yu Sun, Li-qian Qiu and Dan-qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Preterm (< 37 weeks gestation) and post–term birth (≥42 weeks gestation) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality for mother and infant. Obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) is increasing in wom...

    Authors: Emma Slack, Kate E. Best, Judith Rankin and Nicola Heslehurst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:434

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Caesarean section (CS) delivery has a significant effect on maternal and neonatal health especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors and their ind...

    Authors: Farhana Hasan, Md. Mesbahul Alam and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:433

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The risk of cardiovascular disease in women increases after menopause. It has been shown that women with lower pre-menopausal ovarian reserve may experience increased cardiovascular risk. We sought to determin...

    Authors: Hadi Erfani, Maryam Rahmati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Fereidoun Azizi, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Stillbirth is a devastating pregnancy outcome that has a profound and lasting impact on women and families. Globally, there are over 2.6 million stillbirths annually and progress in reducing these deaths has b...

    Authors: V. Flenady, G. Gardener, F. M. Boyle, E. Callander, M. Coory, C. East, D. Ellwood, A. Gordon, K. M. Groom, P. F. Middleton, J. E. Norman, K. A. Warrilow, M. Weller, A. M. Wojcieszek and C. Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:430

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy. Therefore, the histopathological findings, clinical course, and gross appearance of the resected uterus during pregnancy are not well known. We ...

    Authors: Mayu Shiomi, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Takeya Hara, Satoshi Nakagawa, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Kazuya Mimura, Yutaka Ueda, Takuji Tomimatsu and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:425

    Content type: Case report

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  48. About 25% of pregnant women in malaria-endemic areas are infected with malaria and this accounts for about 15% of maternal deaths globally. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrim...

    Authors: Alren O. Vandy, Nana Yaw Peprah, Joseph Yaw Jerela, Perfect Titiati, Abubakar Manu, Joseph Akamah, Ernest T. Maya and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:424

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: