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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Despite the well-documented associations between poor maternal oral health and increased risk for adverse birth outcomes and dental caries in children after birth, prenatal oral health care is under-utilized, ...

    Authors: Jin Xiao, Colleen Fogarty, Tong Tong Wu, Naemah Alkhers, Yan Zeng, Marie Thomas, Moustafa Youssef, Lin Wang, Lauren Cowen, Hossam Abdelsalam and Anna Nikitkova

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:480

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Several societies and associations have produced and disseminated clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, the quality of such guidelines has not been appraised so ...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding, Li Li and Xiuhong Pan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:478

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hypothyroidism in pregnancy is an arena of ongoing research, with international conflicts regarding screening, management, and outcomes. Various studies have described the outcomes depending on geographical an...

    Authors: Zareen Kiran, Aisha Sheikh, Sarwar Malik, Areeba Meraj, Maha Masood, Safana Ismail, Muhammad Owais Rashid, Quratulain Shaikh, Numan Majeed, Luman Sheikh and Najmul Islam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:476

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Improving maternal health by reducing maternal mortality/morbidity relates to Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Achieving this goal is supported by antenatal care (ANC), health facility delivery, an...

    Authors: James Orwa, Michaela Mantel, Micheal Mugerwa, Sharon Brownie, Eunice Siaity Pallangyo, Loveluck Mwasha, Kahabi Isangula, Leonard Subi, Secilia Mrema, Grace Edwards, David Siso, Edna Selestine, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:474

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preventable alcohol-related developmental disability fetal alcohol syndrome. In Zambia, alcohol use and associated ris...

    Authors: Imelda K. Moise

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:472

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Nutritional status of women during pregnancy has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes.

    Authors: Mona Hashim, Hadia Radwan, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Shaker Obaid, Hessa Al Ghazal, Marwa Al Hilali, Rana Rayess, Noor Chehayber, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed and Farah Naja

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:463

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The antenatal period is associated with a decline in physical activity among women. Midwives are viewed central to the dissemination of information during pregnancy, however, there is little research relating ...

    Authors: Marlize De Vivo and Hayley Mills

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:462

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prediction of preeclampsia is a challenge to overcome. The vast majority of prospective studies in large general obstetric populations have failed in the purpose of obtain a useful and effective model of predi...

    Authors: Jussara Mayrink, Renato T. Souza, Francisco E. Feitosa, Edilberto A. Rocha Filho, Débora F. Leite, Janete Vettorazzi, Iracema M. Calderon, Maria L. Costa, Louise Kenny, Philip Baker and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:460

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Malaria in pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal and child health. Intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with three doses of Sulfadoxine/Pyrimethamine is an effective preventive measure for malaria in p...

    Authors: Christian Obasi Akpa, Joshua Odunayo Akinyemi, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Eniola Adetola Bamgboye, Tukur Dahiru, Ayo Stephen Adebowale and IkeOluwapo Oyeneye Ajayi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:457

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Gestational diabetes mellitus carries serious risks to mother and fetus and causes social, mental, and psychological consequences which can affect mothers’ quality of life. Accordingly, this study aims to deve...

    Authors: S. Mokhlesi, M. Simbar, F. Ramezani Tehrani, N. Kariman and H. Alavi Majd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:454

    Content type: Research article

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  11. We sought to determine whether prenatal supplementation with the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) would increase markers of insulin sensitivity in maternal or cord ...

    Authors: Joey A. England, Joses Jain, Bradley D. Holbrook, Ronald Schrader, Clifford Qualls and Ellen Mozurkewich

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:452

    Content type: Technical advance

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  12. There is limited information on potentially modifiable risk factors for stillbirth, such as gestational weight gain (GWG). Our purpose was to explore the association between GWG and stillbirth using the GWG z−...

    Authors: Cassandra M. Pickens, Carol J. Hogue, Penelope P. Howards, Michael R. Kramer, Martina L. Badell, Donald J. Dudley, Robert M. Silver, Robert L. Goldenberg, Halit Pinar, George R. Saade, Michael W. Varner and Barbara J. Stoll

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:451

    Content type: Research article

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  13. High rates of psychological-distress, trauma and social complexity are reported among young pregnant women. At the Royal Women’s Hospital, Australia, young pregnant women acknowledge wanting tools to improve m...

    Authors: Amanda Styles, Virginia Loftus, Susan Nicolson and Louise Harms

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are both associated with increased risk of future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Knowledge of the relationship between these pregnancy complications and...

    Authors: Heidi L. Sandsæter, Julie Horn, Janet W. Rich-Edwards and Hege S. Haugdahl

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:448

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Early pregnancy failure (EPF) is a common complication of pregnancy. If women do not abort spontaneously, they will undergo medical or surgical treatment in order to remove the products of conception from the ...

    Authors: Joyce van den Berg, Charlotte C. Hamel, Marcus P. Snijders, Sjors F. Coppus and Frank P. Vandenbussche

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:443

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Preterm birth is the leading cause of mortality and disability in newborn and infants. Having a short cervix increases the risk of preterm birth, which can be accessed by a transvaginal ultrasound scan during ...

    Authors: Rodolfo C. Pacagnella, Ben W. Mol, Anderson Borovac-Pinheiro, Renato Passini Jr., Marcelo L. Nomura, Kleber Cursino Andrade, Nathalia Ellovitch, Karayna Gil Fernandes, Thaísa Guedes Bortoletto, Cynara Maria Pereira, Maria Julia Miele, Marcelo Santucci França and Jose G. Cecatti

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:442

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases in the population, the exposure to antidiabetic drugs (ADDs) during pregnancies is expected to grow, as has been seen over the last decade. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Katrina Mott, Marsha E. Reichman, Sengwee Toh, Caren Kieswetter, Katherine Haffenreffer and Susan E. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Tanzania adopted the revised World Health Organization policy in 2013 recommending a minimum of ≥3 doses of Intermittent Preventive Treatment during pregnancy with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) to protec...

    Authors: Witness Mkalukwatage Mchwampaka, Donath Tarimo, Frank Chacky, Ahmed Mohamed, Rogath Kishimba and Angela Samwel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:440

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Partner infection is a significant factor in preventing mother-to-child syphilis transmission. We compared pregnancy outcomes between syphilis discordant and syphilis concordant couples.

    Authors: Xiao-hui Zhang, Yan-min Chen, Yu Sun, Li-qian Qiu and Dan-qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Preterm (< 37 weeks gestation) and post–term birth (≥42 weeks gestation) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality for mother and infant. Obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) is increasing in wom...

    Authors: Emma Slack, Kate E. Best, Judith Rankin and Nicola Heslehurst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:434

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Caesarean section (CS) delivery has a significant effect on maternal and neonatal health especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors and their ind...

    Authors: Farhana Hasan, Md. Mesbahul Alam and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:433

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The risk of cardiovascular disease in women increases after menopause. It has been shown that women with lower pre-menopausal ovarian reserve may experience increased cardiovascular risk. We sought to determin...

    Authors: Hadi Erfani, Maryam Rahmati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Fereidoun Azizi, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stillbirth is a devastating pregnancy outcome that has a profound and lasting impact on women and families. Globally, there are over 2.6 million stillbirths annually and progress in reducing these deaths has b...

    Authors: V. Flenady, G. Gardener, F. M. Boyle, E. Callander, M. Coory, C. East, D. Ellwood, A. Gordon, K. M. Groom, P. F. Middleton, J. E. Norman, K. A. Warrilow, M. Weller, A. M. Wojcieszek and C. Crowther

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:430

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy. Therefore, the histopathological findings, clinical course, and gross appearance of the resected uterus during pregnancy are not well known. We ...

    Authors: Mayu Shiomi, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Takeya Hara, Satoshi Nakagawa, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Kazuya Mimura, Yutaka Ueda, Takuji Tomimatsu and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:425

    Content type: Case report

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  25. About 25% of pregnant women in malaria-endemic areas are infected with malaria and this accounts for about 15% of maternal deaths globally. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrim...

    Authors: Alren O. Vandy, Nana Yaw Peprah, Joseph Yaw Jerela, Perfect Titiati, Abubakar Manu, Joseph Akamah, Ernest T. Maya and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:424

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Background: Fertility preservation must be discussed with reproductive age women before cancer treatment. Heart transplantation raises complex issues in pregnancy. Pregnancy in a heart transplant woman after p...

    Authors: Ana Sofia Pais, Nuno Guerra, Daniela Couto, Ana Paula Sousa and Teresa Almeida-Santos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:421

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Health care providers should counsel pregnant patients on physical activity and nutrition to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about provider advice on these lifestyle behaviors among women ...

    Authors: Kara M. Whitaker, Meghan Baruth, Rebecca A. Schlaff, Hailee Talbot, Christopher P. Connolly, Jihong Liu and Sara Wilcox

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy and obstetric complications. The “healthy living in pregnancy” (GeliS) study was performed in a routine care setting wi...

    Authors: Julia Hoffmann, Julia Günther, Kristina Geyer, Lynne Stecher, Kathrin Rauh, Julia Kunath, Dorothy Meyer, Christina Sitzberger, Monika Spies, Eva Rosenfeld, Luzia Kick, Renate Oberhoffer and Hans Hauner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To assess the maternal characteristics and nutritional status according to body mass index (BMI) at 6–14 weeks of gestation and to examine the relationship between maternal nutritional status in early pregnanc...

    Authors: Bishwajit Bhowmik, Tasnima Siddique, Anindita Majumder, Ibrahimu Mdala, Israt A. Hossain, Zahid Hassan, Ishrat Jahan, Nayla Cristina do V. Moreira, Abdul Alim, Abdul Basit, Graham A. Hitman, Abul Kalam A. Khan and Akhtar Hussain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mental disorders in pregnancy are common causes of morbidity and mortality with associated risks of adverse neonatal outcomes. Our aims were to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported mental disorders in wome...

    Authors: David Mongan, Janine Lynch, Donncha Hanna, Ciaran Shannon, Shona Hamilton, Claire Potter, Colin Gorman, Orlagh McCambridge, Rachel Morrow and Ciaran Mulholland

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Studies of healthcare service use during the pregnancy-postpartum cycle often rely on self-reported data. The reliability of self-reported information is often questioned as administrative data or medical reco...

    Authors: Lina Sofia Morón-Duarte, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Diego G. Bassani, Andrea Dâmaso Bertoldi, Marlos R. Domingues, Fernando C. Wehrmeister and Mariangela Freitas Silveira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:410

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Incarceration of the gravid uterus is a rare obstetric disorder that contributes to pregnancy-related complications. To understand its clinical characteristics and managements, we have reviewed the etiology, r...

    Authors: Cha Han, Chen Wang, Lulu Han, Guoyan Liu, Huiyang Li, Fuman She, Fengxia Xue and Yingmei Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:408

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Japan has an exceptionally high proportion of low-weight births and underweight women. It has been suggested that an appropriate increase in gestational weight gain (GWG) for underweight women will help to pre...

    Authors: Noriko SATO and Naoyuki MIYASAKA

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:402

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using an activity-tracking device (ATD) during pregnancy and compare self-reported to ATD-calculated energy expenditure in a 2-phase study.

    Authors: Michelle A. Kominiarek, Lauren C. Balmert, Hallie Tolo, William Grobman and Melissa Simon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The optimal criteria to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remain contested. The Swedish National Board of Health introduced the 2013 WHO criteria in 2015 as a recommendation for initiation of treatm...

    Authors: Helena Fadl, Maryam Saeedi, Scott Montgomery, Anders Magnuson, Erik Schwarcz, Kerstin Berntorp, Verena Sengpiel, Elisabeth Storck-Lindholm, Helena Strevens, Anna-Karin Wikström, Sophia Brismar-Wendel, Martina Persson, Stefan Jansson, Fredrik Ahlsson, Carina Ursing, Linda Ryen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are characterized by hemodynamic disturbances. Altered thyroid function is a risk factor for poor outcomes of pregnancy. However, the associations between thyroid func...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Bo Gao, Xin Zeng, Jing Yang, Lei Zhang, Ganwei Xu, Ruizhe Jia and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:396

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The management of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) during pregnancy remains challenging as both the maternal and fetal outcomes should be considered. Several reports suggested that chemotherapy can be administered...

    Authors: Abdullah M. Alrajhi, Sarah A. Alhazzani, Nouf M. Alajaji, Fouad H. Alnajjar, Nawal F. Alshehry and Imran K. Tailor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:394

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a global health problem with increased risk and morbidities during pregnancy. This study investigated the magnitude of viral STIs among pregnant women from three rural...

    Authors: Gilbert Ng’wamkai, Kalista V. Msigwa, Damas Chengula, Frank Mgaya, Clotilda Chuma, Betrand Msemwa, Vitus Silago, Mtebe Majigo, Stephen E. Mshana and Mariam M. Mirambo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The historically high cesarean section rate and the recent change in second-child policy could increase the risk of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) in China. This study aims to assess risk factors and consequenc...

    Authors: Ri-hua Xie, Xiaoyan Guo, Meng Li, Yan Liao, Laura Gaudet, Mark Walker, Huizhong Lei and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Diagnosis and management of non-obstetric abdominal pathologies during pregnancy are clinically challenging for both obstetricians and general surgeons. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of pregnant patients...

    Authors: J. Vujic, K. Marsoner, A. H. Lipp-Pump, P. Klaritsch, H. J. Mischinger and P. Kornprat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:382

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pregnancy after kidney transplantation has been considered as high risk for maternal and fetal complications. After careful patient selection successful pregnancies are described. Little is known about fetal o...

    Authors: Friederike Bachmann, Klemens Budde, Marie Gerland, Cornelia Wiechers, Nils Heyne, Silvio Nadalin, Sara Brucker and Cornelia Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:376

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Endometriosis is a common disease occurring in 1–2% of all women of reproductive age. Although there is increasing evidence on the association between endometriosis and adverse perinatal outcomes, little is kn...

    Authors: Mayo Miura, Takafumi Ushida, Kenji Imai, Jingwen Wang, Yoshinori Moriyama, Tomoko Nakano-Kobayashi, Satoko Osuka, Fumitaka Kikkawa and Tomomi Kotani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:373

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Excess gestational weight gain has long- and short-term implications for women and children, and postpartum weight retention is associated with an increased risk of long-term obesity. Despite the existence of ...

    Authors: Beth Murray-Davis, Lindsay Grenier, Stephanie A. Atkinson, Michelle F. Mottola, Olive Wahoush, Lehana Thabane, Feng Xie, Jennifer Vickers-Manzin, Caroline Moore and Eileen K. Hutton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:368

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Research on antenatal depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is lacking in Malaysia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated wi...

    Authors: Kai Wei Lee, Siew Mooi Ching, Fan Kee Hoo, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Seng Choi Chong, Maiza Tusimin and Noraihan Mohd Nordin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:367

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy in the world. While pregnancy during adolescence poses higher risks for the mother and the baby, the utilisation of maternity care to mitigate th...

    Authors: Tensae Mekonnen, Tinashe Dune and Janette Perz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:366

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Pregnancy in patients with pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased risk of maternal and fetal death. Physiological changes during pregnancy, labor and the postpartum period may all lead to acute de...

    Authors: Luca Valko, Gyorgyi Csosza, Akos Merei, Diana Muhl, Reka Faludi, Kristof Karlocai, Andras Lorx and Janos Gal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:365

    Content type: Case report

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  47. There was a wider disparity in the diet characterization among most studies on diet and pregnancy outcomes in different countries, and the research in northern China is limited. Therefore, the purpose of the p...

    Authors: Liyan Huang, Li Shang, Wenfang Yang, Danyang Li, Cuifang Qi, Juan Xin, Shanshan Wang, Liren Yang, Lingxia Zeng and Mei Chun Chung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:362

    Content type: Research article

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  48. This study investigated the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) identified on routine prenatal screening and perinatal outcomes for mother and infant.

    Authors: Karina Chaves, John Eastwood, Felix A. Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Sarah Khanlari and Andrew Page

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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