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Maternal health and pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has lifelong implications for the woman and her infant. Treatment reduces adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes although uncertainty remains about the optimal diagnostic c...

    Authors: Caroline A. Crowther, Lesley M. E. McCowan, Janet A. Rowan, Richard Edlin and Christopher J. D. McKinlay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Heterotopic pregnancy occurred after frozen embryo transfer with two D3 embryos, and the case had a history of bilateral salpingectomy due to salpingocyesis. An ectopic heterotopic pregnancy was implanted in t...

    Authors: Xianping Wang, Ding Ma, Yangang Zhang, Yanhua Chen, Yuxia Zhang, Zhongyu Liu, Xingyu Bi, Xueqing Wu and Junmei Fan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:542

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Maternal influenza and pertussis vaccinations have been proven safe and effective in reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Though recommended, not all pregnant women receive these important vac...

    Authors: David Drezner, Michal Youngster, Hodaya Klainer and Ilan Youngster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Globally, the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age is about 29.4%, and anemia impacts about 40% of pregnant women and more than 20% of non-pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal observatio...

    Authors: Yu Wu, Hanfeng Ye, Jihong Liu, Qiuyue Ma, Yanling Yuan, Qian Pang, Jue Liu, Cai Kong and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Accurately determining the normal range of early pregnancy markers can help to predict adverse pregnancy outcomes. The variance in ovulation days leads to uncertain accuracy of reference intervals for natural ...

    Authors: Yan Ouyang, Jiabi Qin, Ge Lin, Shuanglin Xiang and Xihong Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A prerequisite to the interventions for well-being improvement in high-risk pregnancy (HRP) is to make the concept clear, objective, and measurable. Despite the wealth of studies into the concept of well-being...

    Authors: Kobra Mirzakhani, Abbas Ebadi, Farhad Faridhosseini and Talaat Khadivzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Person-centered maternity care is providing care that is respectful and responsive to individual women’s preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that their values guide all clinical decisions during childb...

    Authors: Fentaw Teshome Dagnaw, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Aragaw Tesfaw Desale and Melaku Tadege Engdaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Previous studies in pregnancy have not focused in evaluating the effect of walking during pregnancy and prevention of insomnia. Our general objective is to determine the effect of a walking program in preventi...

    Authors: C. Amezcua-Prieto, M. Naveiro-Fuentes, N. Arco-Jiménez, R. Olmedo-Requena, R. Barrios-Rodríguez, I. Vico-Zúñiga, S. Manzanares Galán, J. Mozas-Moreno, J. J. Jiménez-Moleón and J. L. Gallo-Vallejo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Studies show that childbirth fear is a common problem among Iranian women. Therefore, most Iranian women prefer caesarean section for giving birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of a psychoeducatio...

    Authors: Laya Firouzan, Roghieh Kharaghani, Saeedeh Zenoozian, Reza Moloodi and Elham Jafari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The World Health Organization’s definition of maternal morbidity refers to “a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing and/or functioning. Many studies have documented the, mostly negative, effects of maternal i...

    Authors: Jenny A. Cresswell, Kelli D. Barbour, Doris Chou, Affette McCaw-Binns, Veronique Filippi, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Maria Barreix, Max Petzold, Nenad Kostanjsek, Sara Cottler-Casanova and Lale Say

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:518

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Metformin use in pregnancy is controversial because metformin crosses the placenta and the safety on the fetus has not been well-established. This retrospective study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in wom...

    Authors: Shu-Fu Lin, Shang-Hung Chang, Chang-Fu Kuo, Wan-Ting Lin, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Yu-Tung Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literatur...

    Authors: Louise Ronnje, John-Kalle Länsberg, Olga Vikhareva, Stefan R. Hansson, Andreas Herbst and Mehreen Zaigham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:511

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare complication of caesarean delivery and a special type of ectopic pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. Early di...

    Authors: Lin-yu Zhou, Xiao-dan Zhu, Jian Jiang and Tian-an Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:508

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Despite ample clinical evidence that gaining excess weight in pregnancy results in negative health outcomes for women and infants, more than half of women in Western industrialized nations gain in excess of na...

    Authors: Meredith Vanstone, Marina Sadik, Sherry Van Blyderveen, Anne Biringer, Wendy Sword, Louis Schmidt and Sarah D. Mcdonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Creatine (Cr), an amino acid derivative, is one of the most important sources of energy acting as both a spatial and temporal energy buffer through its phosphorylated analogue phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Francesca Strigini, Giovanni Cioni and Roberta Battini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:506

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Maternal obesity has severe physical impacts such as increased chances of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. However, mental health impacts are given less attention within antenatal care. Evidence suggest...

    Authors: Nafisa Insan, Emma Slack, Nicola Heslehurst and Judith Rankin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Travel time and healthcare financing are critical determinants of the provision of quality maternal health care in low resource settings. Despite the availability of pregnancy-related mHealth and smart travel ...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Israel Mbekezeli Dabengwa, Liberty Makacha, Newton Nyapwere, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Laurine Chikoko, Marianne Vidler and Prestige Tatenda Makanga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  18. HIV testing is the cornerstone for HIV care and support services, including Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Knowledge of HIV status is associated with better reproductive health choi...

    Authors: Miriam Nakanwagi, Lilian Bulage, Benon Kwesiga, Alex Riolexus Ario, Doreen Agasha Birungi, Ivan Lukabwe, John Bosco Matovu, Geoffrey Taasi, Linda Nabitaka, Shaban Mugerwa and Joshua Musinguzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a commonly reported maternal morbidity that negatively impacts the well-being of women during pregnancy and extends long term into the post-partum period. The burden of maternal mor...

    Authors: Moges Gashaw, Solomon Gedlu and Balamurugan Janakiraman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have been associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. However, whether euthyroid women with anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) posit...

    Authors: Ning Yuan, Jianbin Sun, Zhi Li, Sanbao Chai, Xiaomei Zhang and Linong Ji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Untreated antenatal depression and anxiety can be associated with short and long term health impacts on the pregnant woman, her infant and the rest of the family. Alternative interventions to those currently a...

    Authors: Hayley A. Bradley, Siobhan A. Campbell, Roger T. Mulder, Jaqueline M. T. Henderson, Lesley Dixon, Joseph M. Boden and Julia J. Rucklidge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:488

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. The prevalence of preterm birth and low birth weight has been increasing slightly in recent years. A few studies have suggested that psychosocial stress during pregnancy may increase risk for these adverse bir...

    Authors: Kari A. Weber, Suzan L. Carmichael, Wei Yang, Sarah C. Tinker and Gary M. Shaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mood and anxiety issues are the main mental health complaints of women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Services targeting such women can reduce perinatal complications related to psychiatric diffic...

    Authors: Luisa Caropreso, Sarah Saliba, Lindsay Hasegawa, Jack Lawrence, Caitlin J. Davey and Benicio N. Frey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, but the evidence on the impact of coexistent PCOS and GDM is rather ...

    Authors: Varun Manoharan and Vincent W. Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Birth defects are the main cause of fetal death, infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. However, the etiology of birth defects remains largely unknown. Maternal folate status during periconception plays an ...

    Authors: Mengru Li, Yi Zhang, Xiaotian Chen, Dingmei Wang, Mi Ji, Yuan Jiang, Yalan Dou, Xiaojing Ma, Wei Sheng, Weili Yan and Guoying Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:475

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. The association between gestational weight gain and neonatal body composition has been inconsistent, exposing the need for further research. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether gestational weight gai...

    Authors: Sylvia R. Nehab, Letícia D. Villela, Fernanda V. M. Soares, Andrea D. Abranches, Daniele M. R. Araújo, Leila M. L. da Silva, Yasmin N. V. Amaral, Saint Clair G. Junior, Maria Dalva B. B. Meio and Maria Elisabeth Moreira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Previous evidence has suggested that lower gestational vitamin D levels might increase the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The results remain inconsistent and require further exploration.

    Authors: Geng-dong Chen, Ting-ting Pang, Peng-sheng Li, Zi-xing Zhou, Dong-xin Lin, Da-zhi Fan, Xiao-ling Guo and Zheng-ping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Macrosomia is a major adverse pregnancy outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Although BMI, symphysis-fundal height (SFH) and abdominal circumference (AC) are associated with foetal weight, there are...

    Authors: Zhi Guo Chen, Ya Ting Xu, Lu Lu Ji, Xiao Li Zhang, Xiao Xing Chen, Rui Liu, Chao Wu, Yan Ling Wang, Han Yang Hu and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hookworm infection is a major public health problem in developing countries. The main way people become infected with hookworm’s larva is through direct skin contact with contaminated soil when walking on bare...

    Authors: Sewnet Wongiel Misikir, Moges Wobie, Mengistie Kassahun Tariku and Simachew Animen Bante

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  30. One in five women experience psychological distress in the perinatal period. To support women appropriately, Australian guidelines recommend routine depression screening and psychosocial risk assessment by mid...

    Authors: V. Schmied., N. Reilly, E. Black, D. Kingston, K. Talcevska., V. Mule. and M-P Austin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Previous studies revealed positive, negative, and no influence of social capital on the health outcomes of pregnant women. It was considered that such differences were caused by the disparities of outcome meas...

    Authors: Ryoko Morozumi, Kenta Matsumura, Kei Hamazaki, Akiko Tsuchida, Ayako Takamori and Hidekuni Inadera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Threatened preterm delivery (TPD) is the leading cause of inpatient admissions during pregnancy. The ability to predict the risk of imminent preterm delivery is thus a major priority in obstetrics. The aim of ...

    Authors: Emilie Marie, Guillaume Ducarme, Marion Boivin, Virginie Badon, Hélène Pelerin, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Zeineb Lamoureux, Valéry-Pierre Riche, Norbert Winer, Thibault Thubert and Vincent Dochez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:442

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Almost a third of Afghan women living in Iran are at childbearing age. Antenatal care (ANC) is an inextricable part of healthy pregnancy and could prevent the adverse birth outcomes. Almost 97% of Iranian expe...

    Authors: Omid Dadras, Fateme Dadras, Ziba Taghizade, Seyedahmad Seyedalinaghi, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There is still a dearth of knowledge on the burden of HEV infection in the global population of pregnant women. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global burden of HE...

    Authors: Jean Joel Bigna, Abdou Fatawou Modiyinji, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Marie A. Amougou, Moise Nola, Sébastien Kenmoe, Elvis Temfack and Richard Njouom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Determining the appropriate preconception care to reduce the occurrence of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) remains a challenge in modern obstetrics. This study aimed to examine the association between...

    Authors: Hyo Kyozuka, Tsuyoshi Murata, Toma Fukuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Aya Kanno, Shun Yasuda, Akiko Sato, Yuka Ogata, Masahito Kuse, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Hashimoto, Hidekazu Nishigori and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  36. First manifestation of Cushing’s syndrome during pregnancy is rare. The diagnosis of both Cushing’s and primary aldosteronism within a pregnancy has not been previously documented. Diagnosis is especially chal...

    Authors: Maria Kersten, Katharina Hancke, Wolfgang Janni and Katrina Kraft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:421

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Use of skilled health provider (SBA) during and after childbirth has been reported to reduce maternal and newborn deaths; and is one of the key indicators monitored in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Pro...

    Authors: Damian J. Damian, Judges Y. Tibelerwa, Beatrice John, Rune Philemon, Michael J. Mahande and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This was a hospital registry-based retrospective age-matched cohort study that aimed to compare pregnancy and neonatal outcomes of women with pre-existing mental disorders with those of mentally healthy women.

    Authors: Kotryna Sūdžiūtė, Greta Murauskienė, Kristina Jarienė, Algirdas Jaras, Meilė Minkauskienė, Virginija Adomaitienė and Irena Nedzelskienė

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Little is known about patient-provider communication on gestational weight gain among women pregnant with twins, a growing population at high risk for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. We examined if wom...

    Authors: Kara M. WHITAKER, Meghan BARUTH, Rebecca A. SCHLAFF, Christopher P. CONNOLLY, Jihong LIU and Sara WILCOX

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:417

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death worldwide. The WOMAN trial assessed the effects of tranexamic acid (TXA) on death and surgical morbidity in women with PPH. The trial recorded...

    Authors: Roberto Picetti, Lori Miller, Haleema Shakur-Still, Tracey Pepple, Danielle Beaumont, Eni Balogun, Etienne Asonganyi, Rizwana Chaudhri, Mohamed El-Sheikh, Bellington Vwalika, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Ian Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Down syndrome is a common chromosomal abnormality and prenatal screening can inform parents of the risk of their baby having Down syndrome. Little research has examined how decisions regarding both Down syndro...

    Authors: Wei-Hsiang Huang, Shu-Fang Shih, Chen-Li Lin and Chieh-Hsing Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and fetus. The present meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate thyroid dysfunction in Iranian pregnant women.

    Authors: Farnaz Sepasi, Tayebeh Rashidian, Mehdi Shokri, Gholamreza Badfar, Fatemeh Kazemi and Milad Azami

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Humanitarian crises can lead to the rapid change in the health needs of women and newborns, which may give rise to a complex situation that would require various interventions as solutions. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Dalia Hyzam, Mingyang Zou, Michael Boah, Abeer Saeed, Chenrui Li, Shixu Pan, Jinhe Zhai and Li-Jie Wu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Primiparous mothers who lack of experience and knowledge of child caring, are usually overwhelmed by multifarious stressors and challenges. Although professional support is needed for primiparas, there is a ga...

    Authors: Yiping Nan, Jingjun Zhang, Anum Nisar, Lanting Huo, Lei Yang, Juan Yin, Duolao Wang, Atif Rahman, Yan Gao and Xiaomei Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by disturbed glucose metabolism and activation of low-grade inflammation. We studied whether metformin treatment has favorable or unfavorable effects on inf...

    Authors: Mikael S. Huhtala, Kristiina Tertti, Juuso Juhila, Timo Sorsa and Tapani Rönnemaa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Compared with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) spread more rapidly and widely. The population was generally susceptible....

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Lan Dong, Lei Ming, Min Wei, Jun Li, Ruheng Hu and Jing Yang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Pre-eclampsia is a common obstetric complication of pregnancy in Nigeria, and oxidative stress has been implicated in its aetiopathogenesis. Despite this fact, there is a paucity of information regarding the s...

    Authors: Joseph Tochukwu Enebe, Cyril Chukwudi Dim, Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu, Nympha Onyinye Enebe, Ijeoma Angela Meka, Kingsley Chukwu Obioha, George Uchenna Eleje and Uchenna Ifeanyi Nwagha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:392

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability and reproducibility of the traditional qualitative method of assessing uterine cervical stiffness with those of a quantitative method using a novel devi...

    Authors: Sabrina Badir, Laura Bernardi, Francisco Feijó Delgado, Katharina Quack Loetscher, Gundula Hebisch and Irene Hoesli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:391

    Content type: Research article

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